Marie-Josée Fortin

Chercheur associé
Écologie spatiale

University of Toronto
Dept of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
25 Harbord Street
Toronto (Ontario) Canada, M5S 3G5

Phone: (416) 946-7886

Page départementale  | Laboratoire 

  • Postdoctoral Fellow. 1992-1994. Département de Biologie and Centre d'études nordiques, Université Laval, Québec, Canada. Advisor: Dr. Serge Payette.
  • Ph.D. 1992. Detection of ecotones: definition and scaling factors. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York at Stony Brook, New York, U.S.A. Advisor: Dr. Robert R. Sokal.
  • M.Sc. 1986. Analyse spatiale de la répartition des phénomènes écologiques: méthodes d'analyse spatiale, théorie de l'échantillonnage. Département de Sciences biologiques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Advisor: Dr. Pierre Legendre.
  • Bacc.Sc. 1983. Département de Sciences biologiques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Ecologist by training; she has four main research areas: spatial ecology, forest ecology, landscape ecology and spatial statistics. Her research program studies the effects of global changes (landuse and climate) on species spatial dynamics at the landscape and the geographical range levels both in multiuse forested ecosystems and aquatic networks to maintain biodiversity and species conservation.

Through her work, Marie-Josée Fortin, Canada Research Chair in Spatial Ecology, will provide ecologists with novel network analytical methods that can be used to propose management strategies to facilitate species dispersal in fragmented landscapes, to maintain the resilience of ecosystem services, or to prevent disease spread.

  • 2017 - Distinguished Visiting Professor Fellow: Swiss Federa l Institute for Forest, Snow & Landscape Research (Zurich, Switzerland)
  • 2016 - Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
  • 2016 - Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Spatial Ecology
  • 2012 - Distinguished Visiting Professor Fellowship, Science without Borders (CNPq) at INPA (Manaus, Brazil)
  • 2015 - Award for Outstanding Scientific Achievements from International Association for Landscape Ecology
  • 2014 - 2014 Highly Cited Researchers from Thomson Reuters
  • 2013 - Distinguished Landscape Ecologist Award from the US Chapter of the International Association for Landscape Ecology
  • 2002 - Premier’s Research Excellence Award, Ontario (PREA)
  • 2001 - Women in Geomatics Mentor Award. GEOIDE 3rd Annual Meeting, Fredericton
  • 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017 - Dean’s Excellence Award, Faculty Arts and Science, University of Toronto
You can download all my bibliography in the BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV or EndNote format.

  1. Dale, M.R.T., Fortin, M.-J. (2014) Spatial analysis: A guide for ecologists, second edition. 1-438 p
  2. Fortin, M.-J., Dale, M.R.T., Bertazzon, S. (2010) Spatial analysis of wildlife distribution and disease spread. 255-272 p
  3. Fortin, M.-J., Melles, S.J. (2009) Avian spatial responses to forest spatial heterogeneity at the landscape level: Conceptual and statistical challenges. 137-160 p
  4. Fortin, M.-J., Dale, M.R.T. (2005) Spatial analysis: A guide for ecologists. 1-365 p

Book chapters

  1. Filotas, E., Witte, I., Aquilue, N., Brimacombe, C., Drapeau, P., Keeton, W.S., Kneeshaw, D.D., Messier, C., Fortin, M.-J. (2023) Network Framework for Forest Ecology and Management. In Boreal Forests in the Face of Climate Change: Sustainable Management. (Montoro Girona, M., Morin, H., Gauthier, S. and Bergeron, Y., Eds.) Cham, Springer International Publishing, pages 685-717
  2. Doyon, F., Sturtevant, B.R., Papaik, M., Fall, A., Miranda, B., Kneeshaw, D.D., Messier, C., Fortin, M.-J., James, P.M.A. (2012) Assessing knowledge ambiguity in the creation of a model based on expert knowledge and comparison with the results of a landscape succession model in central Labrador. (Chap. 10) In Expert Knowledge and its Application in Landscape Ecology. (Perera, A.H., Drew, C.A. and Johnson, C.J., Eds.) Springer, pages 189-210

Edited books, special journal editions and proceedings

  1. Hof, A., Montoro Girona, M., Tremblay J., Fortin, M.-J. (2022) Using Landscape Simulation Models to Help Balance Conflicting Goals in Changing Forests. (Hof, A., Montoro Girona, M., Tremblay J. and Fortin, M.-J., Eds.) Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

Peer-reviewed articles

  1. Hof, A.R., Montoro Girona, M., Fortin, M.-J., Tremblay, J.A. (2021) Editorial: Using Landscape Simulation Models to Help Balance Conflicting Goals in Changing Forests. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9:818
  2. Rayfield, B., Paul, V., Tremblay, M.F., Fortin, M.-J., Hely, C., Bergeron, Y. (2021) Influence of habitat availability and fire disturbance on a northern range boundary. Journal of Biogeography, 48(2):394-404
  3. Aquilué, N., Filotas, E., Craven, D., Fortin, M.-J., Brotons, L., Messier, C. (2020) Evaluating forest resilience to global threats using functional response traits and network properties. Ecological Applications, 30(5)
  4. Terrail, R., Morin-Rivat, J., de Lafontaine, G., Fortin, M.-J., Arseneault, D. (2020) Effects of 20th-century settlement fires on landscape structure and forest composition in eastern Quebec, Canada. Journal of Vegetation Science, 31(1):40-52
  5. Robert, L.-E., Sturtevant, B.R., Kneeshaw, D.D., James, P.M.A., Fortin, M.-J., Wolter, P.T., Townsend, P.A., Cooke, B.J. (2020) Forest landscape structure influences the cyclic-eruptive spatial dynamics of forest tent caterpillar outbreaks. Ecosphere, 11(8)
  6. Teitelbaum, S., Montpetit, A., Bissonnette, J.-F., Chion, C., Chiasson, G., Doyon, F., Dupras, J., Fortin, M.-J., Leclerc, É., St-Amour, C. et al. (2019) Studying Resource-Dependent Communities Through a Social-Ecological Lens? Examining Complementarity with Existing Research Traditions in Canada. Society & Natural Resources, 32(1):93-112
  7. Marcer, A., Vidigal, D.S., James, P.M.A., Fortin, M.-J., Méndez-Vigo, B., Hilhorst, H.W.M., Bentsink, L., Alonso-Blanco, C., Picó, F.X. (2018) Temperature fine-tunes Mediterranean Arabidopsis thaliana life-cycle phenology geographically. Plant Biology, 20(S1):148-156
  8. Robert, L.-E., Sturtevant, B.R., Cooke, B.J., James, P.M.A., Fortin, M.-J., Townsend, P.A., Wolter, P.T., Kneeshaw, D.D. (2018) Landscape host abundance and configuration regulate periodic outbreak behavior in spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana. Ecography, 41(9):1556-1571
  9. Odriozola, I., Garcia-Baquero, G., Fortin, M.-J., Laskurain, N.A., Aldezabal, A. (2017) Grazing exclusion unleashes competitive plant responses in Iberian Atlantic mountain grasslands. Applied Vegetation Science, 20(1):50-61
  10. Ruppert, J.L.W., Vigliola, L., Kulbicki, M., Labrosse, P., Fortin, M.-J., Meekan, M.G. (2017) Human activities as a driver of spatial variation in the trophic structure of fish communities on Pacific coral reefs. Global Change Biology
  11. Pedersen, E.J., Thompson, P.L., Ball, R.A., Fortin, M.-J., Gouhier, T.C., Link, H., Moritz, C., Nenzen, H., Stanley, R.R.E., Taranu, Z.E. et al. (2017) Signatures of the collapse and incipient recovery of an overexploited marine ecosystem. Royal Society Open Science, 4(7)
  12. Eger, A.M., Curtis, J.M.R., Fortin, M.-J., Cote, I.M., Guichard, F. (2017) Transferability and scalability of species distribution models: A test with sedentary marine invertebrates. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 74(5):766-778
  13. Martensen, A.C., Saura, S., Fortin, M.-J. (2017) Spatio-temporal connectivity: assessing the amount of reachable habitat in dynamic landscapes. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8(10):1253-1264
  14. Naujokaitis-Lewis, I., Fortin, M.-J. (2016) Spatio-temporal variation of biotic factors underpins contemporary range dynamics of congeners. Global Change Biology, 22(3):1201-1213
  15. Poisot, T., Cirtwill, A.R., Cazelles, K., Gravel, D., Fortin, M.-J., Stouffer, D.B. (2016) The structure of probabilistic networks. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7(3):303-312
  16. Poisot, T., Gravel, D., Leroux, S., Wood, S.A., Fortin, M.-J., Baiser, B., Cirtwill, A.R., Araujo, M.B., Stouffer, D.B. (2016) Synthetic datasets and community tools for the rapid testing of ecological hypotheses. Ecography, 39(4):402-408
  17. Ruppert, J.L.W., Fortin, M.-J., Gunn, E.A., Martell, D.L. (2016) Conserving woodland caribou habitat while maintaining timber yield: A graph theory approach. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 46(7):914-923
  18. Mateo-Sanchez, M.C., Gaston, A., Ciudad, C., Garcia-Vinas, J.I., Cuevas, J., Lopez-Leiva, C., Fernandez-Landa, A., Algeet-Abarquero, N., Marchamalo, M., Fortin, M.-J. et al. (2016) Seasonal and temporal changes in species use of the landscape: how do they impact the inferences from multi-scale habitat modeling? Landscape Ecology, 31(6):1261-1276
  19. Ruppert, J.L.W., Fortin, M.-J., Meekan, M.G. (2016) The Ecological Role of Sharks on Coral Reefs: Response to Roff et al. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 31(8):586-587
  20. Daniel, C.J., Frid, L., Sleeter, B.M., Fortin, M.-J. (2016) State-and-transition simulation models: a framework for forecasting landscape change. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7(11):1413-1423
  21. Edge, C.B., Houlahan, J.E., Jackson, D.A., Fortin, M.-J. (2016) The response of amphibian larvae to environmental change is both consistent and variable. Oikos, 125(12):1700-1711
  22. Borges-Matos, C., Aragon, S., da Silva, M.N.F., Fortin, M.-J., Magnusson, W.E. (2016) Importance of the matrix in determining small-mammal assemblages in an Amazonian forest-savanna mosaic. Biological Conservation, 204:417-425
  23. Talluto, M.V., Boulangeat, I., Ameztegui, A., Aubin, I., Berteaux, D., Butler, A., Doyon, F., Drever, C.R., Fortin, M.-J., Franceschini, T. et al. (2016) Cross-scale integration of knowledge for predicting species ranges: A metamodelling framework. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25(2):238-249
  24. Legendre, P., Fortin, M.-J., Borcard, D. (2015) Should the Mantel test be used in spatial analysis? Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6(11):1239-1247
  25. Watts, A.G., Schlichting, P.E., Billerman, S.M., Jesmer, B.R., Micheletti, S., Fortin, M.-J., Funk, W.C., Hapeman, P., Muths, E., Murphy, M.A. (2015) How spatio-temporal habitat connectivity affects amphibian genetic structure. Frontiers in Genetics, 6(SEP)
  26. James, P.M.A., Cooke, B., Brunet, B.M.T., Lumley, L.M., Sperling, F.A.H., Fortin, M.-J., Quinn, V.S., Sturtevant, B.R. (2015) Life-stage differences in spatial genetic structure in an irruptive forest insect: Implications for dispersal and spatial synchrony. Molecular Ecology, 24(2):296-309
  27. Hall, A.M., Mccauley, S.J., Fortin, M.-J. (2015) Recreational boating, landscape configuration, and local habitat structure as drivers of odonate community composition in an island setting. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 8(1):31-42
  28. Watts, A.G., Lukasik, V.M., Fortin, M.-J., Alexander, S.M. (2015) Urbanization, Grassland, and Diet Influence Coyote (Canis latrans) Parasitism Structure. EcoHealth, 12(4):645-659
  29. Jin, L.S., Cadotte, M.W., Fortin, M.-J. (2015) Phylogenetic turnover patterns consistent with niche conservatism in montane plant species. Journal of Ecology, 103(3):742-749
  30. Norris, D., Fortin, M.-J., Magnusson, W.E. (2014) Towards monitoring biodiversity in amazonian forests: How regular samples capture meso-scale altitudinal variation in 25 km2 plots. PLOS ONE, 9(8)
  31. Saura, S., Bodin, O., Fortin, M.-J. (2014) EDITOR'S CHOICE: Stepping stones are crucial for species' long-distance dispersal and range expansion through habitat networks. Journal of Applied Ecology, 51(1):171-182
  32. Terrail, R., Arseneault, D., Fortin, M.-J., Dupuis, S., Boucher, Y. (2014) An early forest inventory indicates high accuracy of forest composition data in pre-settlement land survey records. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25(3):691-702
  33. Da Silva, K.E., Martins, S.V., Fortin, M.-J., Ribeiro, M.C., De Azevedo, C.P., Soares Ribeiro, C.A.A?., Santos, N.T. (2014) Tree species community spatial structure in a terra frme amazon forest, brazil [Estructura espacial de la comunidad de especies arboreas en el “terra frme”?, selva amazonica, Brasil]. Bosque, 35(3):347-355
  34. Hughes, J.S., Fortin, M.-J., Nealis, V., Regniere, J. (2014) Pollen cone production in jack pine: Spatial and temporal patterns subject to natural disturbance by the jack pine budworm. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 44(3):195-211
  35. Sturtevant, B.R., Miranda, B.R., Wolter, P.T., James, P.M.A., Fortin, M.-J., Townsend, P.A. (2014) Forest recovery patterns in response to divergent disturbance regimes in the Border Lakes region of Minnesota (USA) and Ontario (Canada). Forest Ecology and Management, 313:199-211
  36. Wagner, H.H., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) A conceptual framework for the spatial analysis of landscape genetic data. Conservation Genetics, 14(2):253-261
  37. Gil-Tena, A., Brotons, L., Fortin, M.-J., Burel, F., Saura, S. (2013) Assessing the role of landscape connectivity in recent woodpecker range expansion in Mediterranean Europe: Forest management implications. European Journal of Forest Research, 132(1):181-194
  38. Cuddington, K., Fortin, M.-J., Gerber, L.R., Hastings, A., Liebhold, A., O'connor, M., Ray, C. (2013) Process-based models are required to manage ecological systems in a changing world. Ecosphere, 4(2)
  39. Naujokaitis-Lewis, I.R., Rico, Y., Lovell, J., Fortin, M.-J., Murphy, M.A. (2013) Erratum to: Implications of incomplete networks on estimation of landscape genetic connectivity (Conserv Genet, 10.1007/s10592-012-0385-3). Conservation Genetics, 14(2):557
  40. Naujokaitis-Lewis, I.R., Rico, Y., Lovell, J., Fortin, M.-J., Murphy, M.A. (2013) Implications of incomplete networks on estimation of landscape genetic connectivity. Conservation Genetics, 14(2):287-298
  41. Beyer, H.L., Morales, J.M., Murray, D., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) The effectiveness of Bayesian state-space models for estimating behavioural states from movement paths. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4(5):433-441
  42. Brotons, L., Aquilue, N., de Caceres, M., Fortin, M.-J., Fall, A. (2013) How Fire History, Fire Suppression Practices and Climate Change Affect Wildfire Regimes in Mediterranean Landscapes. PLOS ONE, 8(5)
  43. Naujokaitis-Lewis, I.R., Curtis, J.M.R., Tischendorf, L., Badzinski, D., Lindsay, K., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) Uncertainties in coupled species distribution-metapopulation dynamics models for risk assessments under climate change. Diversity and Distributions, 19(5-6):541-554
  44. De Caceres, M., Brotons, L., Aquilue, N., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) The combined effects of land-use legacies and novel fire regimes on bird distributions in the Mediterranean. Journal of Biogeography, 40(8):1535-1547
  45. Ruppert, J.L.W., Travers, M.J., Smith, L.L., Fortin, M.-J., Meekan, M.G. (2013) Caught in the Middle: Combined Impacts of Shark Removal and Coral Loss on the Fish Communities of Coral Reefs. PLOS ONE, 8(9)
  46. Peterson, E.E., Ver Hoef, J.M., Isaak, D.J., Falke, J.A., Fortin, M.-J., Jordan, C.E., McNyset, K., Monestiez, P., Ruesch, A.S., Sengupta, A. et al. (2013) Modelling dendritic ecological networks in space: An integrated network perspective. Ecology Letters, 16(5):707-719
  47. Remmel, T.K., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) Categorical, class-focused map patterns: Characterization and comparison. Landscape Ecology, 28(8):1587-1599
  48. Anstett, D., O'Brien, H., Larsen, E.W., McMullin, R.T., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) Corrigendum to Dispersal analysis of three Peltigera species based on landscape genetics data (Mycology, (2013), 10.1080/21501203.2013.875955). Mycology, 4(4):221
  49. Anstett, D.N., O'Brien, H., Larsen, E.W., Troy McMullin, R., Fortin, M.-J. (2013) Dispersal analysis of three Peltigera species based on landscape genetics data. Mycology, 4(4):187-195
  50. Linke, J., McDermid, G.J., Fortin, M.-J., Stenhouse, G.B. (2013) Relationships between grizzly bears and human disturbances in a rapidly changing multi-use forest landscape. Biological Conservation, 166:54-63
  51. Landguth, E.L., Fedy, B.C., Oyler-Mccance, S.J., Garey, A.L., Emel, S.L., Mumma, M., Wagner, H.H., Fortin, M.-J., Cushman, S.A. (2012) Effects of sample size, number of markers, and allelic richness on the detection of spatial genetic pattern. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12(2):276-284
  52. Dray, S., Pelissier, R., Couteron, P., Fortin, M.-J., Legendre, P., Peres-Neto, P.R., Bellier, E., Bivand, R., Blanchet, F.G., De Caceres, M. et al. (2012) Community ecology in the age of multivariate multiscale spatial analysis. Ecological Monographs, 82(3):257-275
  53. Luque, S., Saura, S., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) Landscape connectivity analysis for conservation: Insights from combining new methods with ecological and genetic data. Landscape Ecology, 27(2):153-157
  54. Eros, T., Olden, J.D., Schick, R.S., Schmera, D., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) Characterizing connectivity relationships in freshwaters using patch-based graphs. Landscape Ecology, 27(2):303-317
  55. Graves, T.A., Wasserman, T.N., Ribeiro, M.C., Landguth, E.L., Spear, S.F., Balkenhol, N., Higgins, C.B., Fortin, M.-J., Cushman, S.A., Waits, L.P. (2012) The influence of landscape characteristics and home-range size on the quantification of landscape-genetics relationships. Landscape Ecology, 27(2):253-266
  56. Murray, D.L., Hussey, K.F., Finnegan, L.A., Lowe, S.J., Price, G.N., Benson, J., Loveless, K.M., Middel, K.R., Mills, K., Potter, D. et al. (2012) Assessment of the status and viability of a population of moose (alces alces) at its southern range limit in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 90(3):422-434
  57. Broennimann, O., Fitzpatrick, M.C., Pearman, P.B., Petitpierre, B., Pellissier, L., Yoccoz, N.G., Thuiller, W., Fortin, M.-J., Randin, C., Zimmermann, N.E. et al. (2012) Measuring ecological niche overlap from occurrence and spatial environmental data. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21(4):481-497
  58. Finnegan, L.A., Wilson, P.J., Price, G.N., Lowe, S.J., Patterson, B.R., Fortin, M.-J., Murray, D.L. (2012) The complimentary role of genetic and ecological data in understanding population structure: A case study using moose (Alces alces). European Journal of Wildlife Research, 58(2):415-423
  59. Brotons, L., De Caceres, M., Fall, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) Modeling bird species distribution change in fire prone Mediterranean landscapes: Incorporating species dispersal and landscape dynamics. Ecography, 35(5):458-467
  60. Vepakomma, U., Kneeshaw, D., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) Spatial contiguity and continuity of canopy gaps in mixed wood boreal forests: Persistence, expansion, shrinkage and displacement. Journal of Ecology, 100(5):1257-1268
  61. Fortin, M.-J., James, P.M.A., MacKenzie, A., Melles, S.J., Rayfield, B. (2012) Spatial statistics, spatial regression, and graph theory in ecology. Spatial Statistics, 1:100-109
  62. Weaver, J.E., Conway, T.M., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) An invasive species' relationship with environmental variables changes across multiple spatial scales. Landscape Ecology, 27(9):1351-1362
  63. Windle, M.J.S., Rose, G.A., Devillers, R., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) Spatio-temporal variations in invertebrate-cod-environment relationships on the Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf, 1995-2009. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 469:263-278
  64. Melles, S., Fortin, M.-J., Badzinski, D., Lindsay, K. (2012) Relative importance of nesting habitat and measures of connectivity in predicting the occurrence of a forest songbird in fragmented landscapes [Importance relative de l'habitat de nidification et du degré de connectivité comme prédicteurs de l'occurrence d'un passereau forestier en paysages fragmentés]. Avian Conservation and Ecology, 7(2)
  65. Polakowska, A.E., Fortin, M.-J., Couturier, A. (2012) Quantifying the spatial relationship between bird species' distributions and landscape feature boundaries in southern Ontario, Canada. Landscape Ecology, 27(10):1481-1493
  66. Vepakomma, U., Kneeshaw, D.D., Fortin, M.-J. (2012) Spatial contiguity and continuity of canopy gaps in mixed wood boreal forests: Persistence, expansion, shrinkage and displacement. Journal of Ecology, 100(5):1257-1268
  67. Safner, T., Miller, M.P., McRae, B.H., Fortin, M.-J., Manel, S. (2011) Comparison of Bayesian clustering and edge detection methods for inferring boundaries in landscape genetics. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12(2):865-889
  68. Rayfield, B., Fortin, M.-J., Fall, A. (2011) Connectivity for conservation: A framework to classify network measures. Ecology, 92(4):847-858
  69. Strecker, A.L., Casselman, J.M., Fortin, M.-J., Jackson, D.A., Ridgway, M.S., Abrams, P.A., Shuter, B.J. (2011) A multi-scale comparison of trait linkages to environmental and spatial variables in fish communities across a large freshwater lake. Oecologia, 166(3):819-831
  70. James, P.M.A., Sturtevant, B.R., Townsend, P., Wolter, P., Fortin, M.-J. (2011) Two-dimensional wavelet analysis of spruce budworm host basal area in the Border Lakes landscape. Ecological Applications, 21(6):2197-2209
  71. Mccauley, S.J., Rowe, L., Fortin, M.-J. (2011) The deadly effects of "nonlethal" predators. Ecology, 92(11):2043-2048
  72. James, P.M.A., Fortin, M.-J., Sturtevant, B.R., Fall, A., Kneeshaw, D.D. (2011) Modelling Spatial Interactions Among Fire, Spruce Budworm, and Logging in the Boreal Forest. Ecosystems, 14(1):60-75
  73. Segelbacher, G., Cushman, S.A., Epperson, B.K., Fortin, M.-J., Francois, O., Hardy, O.J., Holderegger, R., Taberlet, P., Waits, L.P., Manel, S. (2010) Applications of landscape genetics in conservation biology: Concepts and challenges. Conservation Genetics, 11(2):375-385
  74. Grillet, M.-E., Barrera, R., Martinez, J.-E., Berti, J., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) Disentangling the effect of local and global spatial variation on a mosquito-borne infection in a neotropical heterogeneous environment. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82(2):194-201
  75. Anderson, C.D., Epperson, B.K., Fortin, M.-J., Holderegger, R., James, P.M.A., Rosenberg, M.S., Scribner, K.T., Spear, S. (2010) Considering spatial and temporal scale in landscape-genetic studies of gene flow. Molecular Ecology, 19(17):3565-3575
  76. Remmel, T.K., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) Research in the spatial sciences: How are Canadian geographers contributing? Canadian Geographer, 54(1):4-14
  77. Rayfield, B., Fortin, M.-J., Fall, A. (2010) The sensitivity of least-cost habitat graphs to relative cost surface values. Landscape Ecology, 25(4):519-532
  78. Ruppert, J.L.W., Fortin, M.-J., Rose, G.A., Devillers, R. (2010) Environmental mediation of Atlantic cod on fish community composition: An application of multivariate regression tree analysis to exploited marine ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 411:189-201
  79. Dale, M.R.T., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) From graphs to spatial graphs. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 41:21-38
  80. Spear, S.F., Balkenhol, N., Fortin, M.-J., McRae, B.H., Scribner, K. (2010) Use of resistance surfaces for landscape genetic studies: Considerations for parameterization and analysis. Molecular Ecology, 19(17):3576-3591
  81. Grillet, M.-E., Jordan, G.J., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) State transition detection in the spatio-temporal incidence of malaria. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, 1(4):251-259
  82. Epperson, B.K., McRae, B.H., Scribner, K., Cushman, S.A., Rosenberg, M.S., Fortin, M.-J., James, P.M.A., Murphy, M., Manel, S., Legendre, P. et al. (2010) Utility of computer simulations in landscape genetics. Molecular Ecology, 19(17):3549-3564
  83. James, P.M.A., Fleming, R.A., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) Identifying significant scale-specific spatial boundaries using wavelets and null models: Spruce budworm defoliation in Ontario, Canada as a case study. Landscape Ecology, 25(6):873-887
  84. Cote, P., Tittler, R., Messier, C., Kneeshaw, D.D., Fall, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) Comparing different forest zoning options for landscape-scale management of the boreal forest: Possible benefits of the TRIAD. Forest Ecology and Management, 259(3):418-427
  85. Manel, S., Joost, S., Epperson, B.K., Holderegger, R., Storfer, A., Rosenberg, M.S., Scribner, K.T., Bonin, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) Perspectives on the use of landscape genetics to detect genetic adaptive variation in the field. Molecular Ecology, 19(17):3760-3772
  86. Windle, M.J.S., Rose, G.A., Devillers, R., Fortin, M.-J. (2010) Exploring spatial non-stationarity of fisheries survey data using geographically weighted regression (GWR): An example from the Northwest Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67(1):145-154
  87. Barbeito, I., Fortin, M.-J., Montes, F., Canellas, I. (2009) Response of pine natural regeneration to small-scale spatial variation in a managed Mediterranean mountain forest. Applied Vegetation Science, 12(4):488-503
  88. Dale, M.R.T., Fortin, M.-J. (2009) Spatial autocorrelation and statistical tests: Some solutions. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics, 14(2):188-206
  89. Richardson, M.C., Fortin, M.-J., Branfireun, B.A. (2009) Hydrogeomorphic edge detection and delineation of landscape functional units from lidar digital elevation models. Water Resources Research, 45(10)
  90. Ruppert, J.L.W., Fortin, M.-J., Rose, G.A., Devillers, R. (2009) Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) distribution response to environmental variability in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 66(6):909-918
  91. Melles, S.J., Badzinski, D., Fortin, M.-J., Csillag, F., Lindsay, K. (2009) Disentangling habitat and social drivers of nesting patterns in songbirds. Landscape Ecology, 24(4):519-531
  92. Rayfield, B., Moilanen, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2009) Incorporating consumer-resource spatial interactions in reserve design. Ecological Modelling, 220(5):725-733
  93. Fortin, M.-J., Dale, M.R.T. (2009) Spatial autocorrelation in ecological studies: A legacy of solutions and myths. Geographical Analysis, 41(4):392-397
  94. Rayfield, B., James, P.M.A., Fall, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2008) Comparing static versus dynamic protected areas in the Québec boreal forest. Biological Conservation, 141(2):438-449
  95. Jordan, G.J., Fortin, M.-J., Lertzman, K.P. (2008) Spatial pattern and persistence of historical fire boundaries in southern interior British Columbia. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 15(4):523-535
  96. Jacquez, G.M., Fortin, M.-J., Goovaerts, P. (2008) Preface to the special issue on spatial statistics for boundary and patch analysis. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 15(4):365-367
  97. Philibert, M.D., Fortin, M.-J., Csillag, F. (2008) Spatial structure effects on the detection of patches boundaries using local operators. Environmental and Ecological Statistics, 15(4):447-467
  98. Didion, M., Fortin, M.-J., Fall, A. (2007) Forest age structure as indicator of boreal forest sustainability under alternative management and fire regimes: A landscape level sensitivity analysis. Ecological Modelling, 200(1-2):45-58
  99. Fall, A., Fortin, M.-J., Manseau, M., O'Brien, D. (2007) Spatial graphs: Principles and applications for habitat connectivity. Ecosystems, 10(3):448-461
  100. James, P.M.A., Fortin, M.-J., Fall, A., Kneeshaw, D.D., Messier, C. (2007) The effects of spatial legacies following shifting management practices and fire on boreal forest age structure. Ecosystems, 10(8):1261-1277
  101. J. B. McIntire, E., Fortin, M.-J. (2006) Structure and function of wildfire and mountain pine beetle forest boundaries. Ecography, 29(3):309-318
  102. O'Brien, D., Manseau, M., Fall, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2006) Testing the importance of spatial configuration of winter habitat for woodland caribou: An application of graph theory. Biological Conservation, 130(1):70-83
  103. Camarero, J.J., Gutierrez, E., Fortin, M.-J. (2006) Spatial patterns of plant richness across treeline ecotones in the Pyrenees reveal different locations for richness and tree cover boundaries. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15(2):182-191
  104. Julio Camarero, J., Gutierrez, E., Fortin, M.-J., Ribbens, E. (2005) Spatial patterns of tree recruitment in a relict population of Pinus uncinata: Forest expansion through stratified diffusion. Journal of Biogeography, 32(11):1979-1992
  105. Jordan, G.J., Fortin, M.-J., Lertzman, K.P. (2005) Assessing spatial uncertainty associated with forest fire boundary delineation. Landscape Ecology, 20(6):719-731
  106. Fortin, M.-J., Agrawal, A.A. (2005) Landscape ecology comes of age. Ecology, 86(8):1965-1966
  107. Wagner, H.H., Fortin, M.-J. (2005) Spatial analysis of landscapes: Concepts and statistics. Ecology, 86(8):1975-1987
  108. Green, J.L., Hastings, A., Arzberger, P., Ayala, F.J., Cottingham, K.L., Cuddington, K., Davis, F., Dunne, J.A., Fortin, M.-J., Gerber, L. et al. (2005) Complexity in ecology and conservation: Mathematical, statistical, and computational challenges. BioScience, 55(6):501-510
  109. Fortin, M.-J., Keitt, T.H., Maurer, B.A., Taper, M.L., Kaufman, D.M., Blackburn, T.M. (2005) Species' geographic ranges and distributional limits: Pattern analysis and statistical issues. Oikos, 108(1):7-17
  110. James, P.M.A., Rayfield, B., Fortin, M.-J., Fall, A., Farley, G. (2005) Reserve network design combining spatial graph theory and species' spatial requirements. Geomatica, 59(3):323-333
  111. Fall, A., Fortin, M.-J., Kneeshaw, D.D., Yamasaki, S.H., Messier, C., Bouthillier, L., Smyth, C. (2004) Consequences of various landscape-scale ecosystem management strategies and fire cycles on age-class structure and harvest in boreal forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34(2):310-322
  112. Plante, M., Lowell, K., Potvin, F., Boots, B., Fortin, M.-J. (2004) Studying deer habitat on Anticosti Island, Québec: Relating animal occurrences and forest map information. Ecological Modelling, 174(4):387-399
  113. Redding, T.E., Hope, G.D., Schmidt, M.G., Fortin, M.-J. (2004) Analytical methods for defining stand-clearcut edge effects demonstrated for N mineralization. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34(5):1018-1024
  114. St-Louis, V., Fortin, M.-J., Desrochers, A. (2004) Spatial association between forest heterogeneity and breeding territory boundaries of two forest songbirds. Landscape Ecology, 19(6):591-601
  115. Legendre, P., Dale, M.R.T., Fortin, M.-J., Casgrain, P., Gurevitch, J. (2004) Effects of spatial structures on the results of field experiments. Ecology, 85(12):3202-3214
  116. Pennanen, J., Greene, D.F., Fortin, M.-J., Messier, C. (2004) Spatially explicit simulation of long-term boreal forest landscape dynamics: Incorporating quantitative stand attributes. Ecological Modelling, 180(1):195-209
  117. Fagan, W.F., Fortin, M.-J., Soykan, C. (2003) Integrating edge detection and dynamic modeling in quantitative analyses of ecological boundaries. BioScience, 53(8):730-738
  118. Fortin, M.-J., Boots, B., Csillag, F., Remmel, T.K. (2003) On the role of spatial stochastic models in understanding landscape indices in ecology. Oikos, 102(1):203-212
  119. Redding, T.E., Hope, G.D., Fortin, M.-J., Schmidt, M.G., Bailey, W.G. (2003) Spatial patterns of soil temperature and moisture across subalpine forest-clearcut edges in the southern interior of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 83(1):121-130
  120. Asselin, H., Payette, S., Fortin, M.-J., Vallee, S. (2003) The northern limit of Pinus banksiana Lamb. in Canada: Explaining the difference between the eastern and western distributions. Journal of Biogeography, 30(11):1709-1718
  121. Asselin, H., Payette, S., Fortin, M.-J., Vallee, S. (2003) The northern limit of Pinus banksiana Lamb. in Canada: Explaining the difference between the eastern and western distributions. Journal of Biogeography, 30(11):1709-1718
  122. Jordan, G.J., Fortin, M.-J. (2002) Scale and topology in the ecological economics sustainability paradigm. Ecological Economics, 41(2):361-366
  123. Dale, M.R.T., Fortin, M.-J. (2002) Spatial autocorrelation and statistical tests in ecology. Ecoscience, 9(2):162-167
  124. Fortin, M.-J., Payette, S. (2002) How to test the significance of the relation between spatially autocorrelated data at the landscape scale: A case study using fire and forest maps. Ecoscience, 9(2):213-218
  125. D'Eon, R.G., Glenn, S.M., Parfitt, I., Fortin, M.-J. (2002) Landscape connectivity as a function of scale and organism vagility in a real forested landscape. Ecology and Society, 6(2)
  126. Legendre, P., Dale, M.R.T., Fortin, M.-J., Gurevitch, J., Hohn, M., Myers, D. (2002) The consequences of spatial structure for the design and analysis of ecological field surveys. Ecography, 25(5):601-615
  127. Dale, M.R.T., Dixon, P., Fortin, M.-J., Legendre, P., Myers, D.E., Rosenberg, M.S. (2002) Conceptual and mathematical relationships among methods for spatial analysis. Ecography, 25(5):558-577
  128. Dungan, J.L., Perry, J.N., Dale, M.R.T., Legendre, P., Citron-Pousty, S., Fortin, M.-J., Jakomulska, A., Miriti, M., Rosenberg, M.S. (2002) A balanced view of scale in spatial statistical analysis. Ecography, 25(5):626-640
  129. Greene, D.F., Messier, C., Asselin, H., Fortin, M.-J. (2002) The effect of light availability and basal area on cone production in Abies balsamea and Picea glauca. Canadian Journal of Botany, 80(4):370-377
  130. Potvin, F., Lowell, K., Fortin, M.-J., Belanger, L. (2001) How to test habitat selection at the home range scale: A resampling random windows technique. Ecoscience, 8(3):399-406
  131. Asselin, H., Fortin, M.-J., Bergeron, Y. (2001) Spatial distribution of late-successional coniferous species regeneration following disturbance in southwestern Quebec boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 140(1):29-37
  132. Payette, S., Fortin, M.-J., Gamache, I. (2001) The subarctic forest-tundra: The structure of a biome in a changing climate. BioScience, 51(9):709-718
  133. Belisle, M., Desrochers, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2001) Influence of forest cover on the movements of forest birds: A homing experiment. Ecology, 82(7):1893-1904
  134. Asselin, H., Fortin, M.-J., Bergeron, Y. (2001) Spatial distribution of late-successional coniferous species regeneration following disturbance in southwestern Québec boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 140(1):29-37
  135. Delage, V., Fortin, M.-J., Desrochers, A. (2000) Edge and isolation effects on songbird habitat in mined bogs [Effets de lisiere et d'isolement des habitats d'oiseaux chanteurs dans les tourbieres exploitees]. Ecoscience, 7(2):149-156
  136. Fortin, M.-J., Olson, R.J., Ferson, S., Iverson, L., Hunsaker, C., Edwards, G., Levine, D., Butera, K., Klemas, V. (2000) Issues related to the detection of boundaries. Landscape Ecology, 15(5):453-466
  137. Desrochers, A., Fortin, M.-J. (2000) Understanding avian responses to forest boundaries: A case study with chickadee winter flocks. Oikos, 91(2):376-384
  138. Jacquez, G.M., Maruca, S., Fortin, M.-J. (2000) From fields to objects: A review of geographic boundary analysis. Journal of Geographical Systems, 2(3):221-241
  139. Bradshaw, G.A., Fortin, M.-J. (2000) Landscape heterogeneity effects on scaling and monitoring large areas using remote sensing data. Geographic Information Sciences, 6(1):61-68
  140. Camarero, J.J., Gutierrez, E., Fortin, M.-J. (2000) Spatial pattern of subalpine forest-alpine grassland ecotones in the Spanish Central Pyrenees. Forest Ecology and Management, 134(1-3):1-16
  141. Camarero, J.J., Gutierrez, E., Fortin, M.-J. (2000) Boundary detection in altitudinal treeline ecotones in the Spanish central pyrenees. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 32(2):117-126
  142. Cain, M.L., Subler, S., Evans, J.P., Fortin, M.-J. (1999) Sampling spatial and temporal variation in soil nitrogen availability. Oecologia, 118(4):397-404
  143. Fortin, M.-J. (1999) Effects of quadrat size and data measurement on the detection of boundaries. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10(1):43-50
  144. Drolet, B., Desrochers, A., Fortin, M.-J. (1999) Effects of landscape structure on nesting songbird distribution in a harvested boreal forest. Condor, 101(3):699-704
  145. Fortin, M.-J., Payette, S., Marineau, K. (1999) Spatial vegetation diversity index along a postfire successional gradient in the northern Boreal forest. Ecoscience, 6(2):204-213
  146. Parish, R., Antos, J.A., Fortin, M.-J. (1999) Stand development in an old-growth subalpine forest in southern interior British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29(9):1347-1356
  147. Fortin, M.-J. (1999) Effects of sampling unit resolution on the estimation of spatial autocorrelation. Ecoscience, 6(4):636-641
  148. Fortin, M.-J. (1997) Effects of data types on vegetation boundary delineation. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 27(11):1851-1858
  149. Longpre, D., Jarry, V., Fortin, M.-J. (1997) Environmental impact sampling designs used to evaluate accidental spills. Spill Science and Technology Bulletin, 4(3):133-139
  150. Crete, M., Huot, J., Fortin, M.-J., Jean Doucet, G. (1997) Comparison of plant and animal diversity on new reservoir islands and established lake islands in the northern boreal forest of Quebec. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 111(3):407-416
  151. Bourget, E., Fortin, M.-J. (1995) A commentary on current approaches in the aquatic sciences. Hydrobiologia, 300-301(1):1-16
  152. Brodie, C., Houle, G., Fortin, M.-J. (1995) Development of a Populus balsamifera clone in subarctic Quebec reconstructed from spatial analyses. Journal of Ecology, 83(2):309-320
  153. Fortin, M.-J., Drapeau, P., Legendre, P. (1989) Spatial autocorrelation and sampling design in plant ecology. Vegetatio, 83(1-2):209-222
  154. Legendre, P., Troussellier, M., Jarry, V., Fortin, M.-J. (1989) Design for simultaneous sampling of ecological variables: from concepts to numerical solutions. Oikos, 55(1):30-42

Articles published in proceedings

Scientific reports, manuals and others

  1. Fall, A., Sturtevant, B., Fortin, M.-J., Papaik, M., Doyon, F., Morgan, D., Berninger, K., Messier, C. (2010) A practical approach for comparing management strategies in complex forest ecosystems using meta-modelling toolkits. Research Note Series 56, Sustainable Forest Management Network, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

Theses, dissertations and essays

Supervised theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Asselin, H. (1999) Répartition spatiale de la régénération coniférienne dans le sud-ouest de la forêt boréale québécoise et effet de changements de résolution spatiale sur la classification du couvert forestier. Master's thesis, Université de Montréal

Non peer-reviewed articles

  1. Kneeshaw, D.D., Yamasaki, S., Fortin, M.-J., Messier, C., Leduc, A. (2001) Développement d'indicateurs et d'outils d'évaluation de GDF à une échelle opérationnelle: un défi d'intégration. L'Aubelle, numéro 142:134-135

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