Martin J. Lechowicz

Membre (Post Retirement)

Université McGill
Department of Biology
Stewart Biology Building
1205 Docteur Penfield Avenue
Room W6/8A
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3A 1B1
(514) 398-6456

  • Ph.D. en écologie végétale, 1976 (University of Wisconsin)
  • M.Sc. en botanique, 1973 (University of Wisconsin)
  • B.Sc. en histoire et litterature (Interdisciplinary humanities), 1969 (cum laude, Michigan State University)

I was born and grew up in Chicago. I have been at McGill University since 1976 with the exception of sabbatics at Cornell, the University of Washington and Kyoto University, plus a stint as a Visiting Research Scientist in a government forestry lab in Hokkaido, northern Japan. My roots at McGill are in the Department of Biology, but I am also involved with the McGill School of Environment. From 1995-2011, I was Director of the university’s Gault Nature Reserve , an old-growth forest that is the core of the Mont St. Hilaire Biosphere Reserve. I retired 31 October 2016 and we are now living on Vancouver Island. I do have a 3-year post-retirement appointment at McGill University.


Ecology and Conservation of Forest Plants

My research concerns the functional basis for variation in plant performance across a range of environments, especially in forests of temperate and boreal regions in the northern hemisphere. One area concerns the comparative ecology of trees, especially how phenological, physiological and architectural traits interact to determine tree establishment, growth and susceptibility to herbivores. Some of this work is strictly ecological, but some also considers the ways that contemporary differences among species have evolved. The second area concerns the evolutionary and ecological responses of herbaceous plants to environmental heterogeneity, with a focus especially on sedges and ferns. This involves studies characterizing heterogeneity at scales from cm to thousands of km, quantifying the interacting contributions of traits to fitness, investigating the role of plasticity in stabilizing fitness across environments, and defining tradeoffs among life history components. My work on adaptation to particular environments bears on questions of niche differentiation among species within functional groups of plants and its relevance to the assembly of plant communities. Finally, I am involved in research on the design of forest corridor networks in and around greater Montreal that favor biodiversity conservation and provision of ecosystem services.

You can download all my bibliography in the BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV or EndNote format.

  1. Kikuzawa, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2011) Ecology of Leaf Longevity. (Iwasa, Y., Eds.) Springer-Verlag. 147 p

Book chapters

  1. Kikuzawa, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2016) Axiomatic Plant Ecology— Reflections toward a Unified Theory for Plant Productivity. (Chap. 18) In Canopy Photosynthesis: From Basics to Applications. (K Hikosaka, U Niinemets & N Anten, Eds.) Springer, Netherlands, pages 399-423
  2. Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Patterns of Biodiversity within North America. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Volume 4. (Levin, S.A., Eds.) San Diego, CA, USA, Academic Press, pages 403-413
  3. Jackson, R.B., Lechowicz, M.J., Li, X., Mooney, H.A. (2001) The roles of phenology, growth, and allocation in global terrestrial productivity. (Chap. 4) In Terrestrial Global Productivity: Past, Present and Future. (Roy, J., Saugier, B. and Mooney, H.A., Eds.) San Diego, CA, USA, Academic Press, pages 61-82
  4. Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Phenology. In Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change. Volume 2 - The Earth system: biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change. (Mooney, H.A. and Canadell, J.G., Eds.) London, UK, Wiley, 461–465

Edited books, special journal editions and proceedings

Peer-reviewed articles

  1. Messier, J., McGill, B.J., Enquist, B.J., Lechowicz, M.J. (2017) Trait variation and integration across scales: is the leaf economic spectrum present at local scales? Ecography, 40(6):685-697
  2. Niu, K., He, J.-S., Lechowicz, M.J., Souza, L. (2016) Grazing-induced shifts in community functional composition and soil nutrient availability in Tibetan alpine meadows. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53(5):1554-1564
  3. Niu, K., He, J.-S., Lechowicz, M.J. (2016) Foliar phosphorus content predicts species relative abundance in P-limited Tibetan alpine meadows. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 22:47-54
  4. Waterway, M.J., Martins, K.T., Dabros, A., Prado, A., Lechowicz, M.J. (2016) Ecological and Evolutionary Diversification within the Genus Carex (Cyperaceae): Consequences for Community Assembly in Subarctic Fens. Systematic Botany, 41(3):558-579
  5. Huang, Y., Lechowicz, M.J., Zhou, D., Price, C.A. (2016) Evaluating general allometric models: interspecific and intraspecific data tell different stories due to interspecific variation in stem tissue density and leaf size. Oecologia, 180(3):671-684
  6. Huang, Y., Lechowicz, M.J., Price, C.A., Li, L., Wang, Y., Zhou, D. (2016) The underlying basis for the trade-off between leaf size and leafing intensity. Functional Ecology, 30(2):199-205
  7. Farahat, E.A., Linderholm, H.W., Lechowicz, M.J. (2016) Influence of dust deposition and climate on the radial growth of Tsuga canadensis near its northern range limit. European Journal of Forest Research, 135(1):69-76
  8. Niu, K., He, J.-S., Zhang, S., Lechowicz, M.J. (2016) Tradeoffs between forage quality and soil fertility: Lessons from Himalayan rangelands. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 234:31-39
  9. Morzillo, A.T., Colocousis, C.R., Munroe, D.K., Bell, K.P., Martinuzzi, S., Van Berkel, D.B., Lechowicz, M.J., Rayfield, B., McGill, B. (2015) “Communities in the middle”: Interactions between drivers of change and place-based characteristics in rural forest-based communities. Journal of Rural Studies, 42:79 - 90
  10. Niu, K., He, J.-S., Zhang, S., Lechowicz, M.J. (2015) Grazing increases functional richness but not functional divergence in Tibetan alpine meadow plant communities. Biodiversity and Conservation
  11. Niu, K., Messier, J., He, J.-S., Lechowicz, M.J. (2015) The effects of grazing on foliar trait diversity and niche differentiation in Tibetan alpine meadows. Ecosphere, 6(9)
  12. Martins, K.T., Gonzalez, A., Lechowicz, M.J. (2015) Pollination services are mediated by bee functional diversity and landscape context. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 200:12-20
  13. Mitchell, M.G.E., Bennett, E.M., Gonzalez, A., Lechowicz, M.J., Rhemtulla, J.M., Cardille, J.A., Vanderheyden, K., Poirier-Ghys, G., Renard, D., Delmotte, S. et al. (2015) The montérégie connection: Linking landscapes, biodiversity, and ecosystem services to improve decision making. Ecology and Society, 20(4)
  14. Beausejour, R., Handa, I.T., Lechowicz, M.J., Gilbert, B., Vellend, M. (2015) Historical anthropogenic disturbances influence patterns of non-native earthworm and plant invasions in a temperate primary forest. Biological Invasions, 17(4):1267-1281
  15. Farahat, E., Lechowicz, M.J. (2013) Functional ecology of growth in seedlings versus root sprouts of Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Trees - Structure and Function, 27(1):337-340
  16. Morin, X., Lechowicz, M.J. (2013) Niche breadth and range area in North American trees. Ecography, 36(3):300-312
  17. Kikuzawa, K., Seiwa, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2013) Leaf longevity as a normalization constant in allometric predictions of plant production. PLOS ONE, 8(12):--
  18. Posada, J.M., Sievanen, R., Messier, C., Perttunen, J., Nikinmaa, E., Lechowicz, M.J. (2012) Contributions of leaf photosynthetic capacity, leaf angle and self-shading to the maximization of net photosynthesis in Acer saccharum: a modelling assessment. Annals of Botany, 110(3):731-741
  19. Paquette, A., Fontaine, B., Berninger, F., Dubois, K., Lechowicz, M.J., Messier, C., Posada, J., Valladares, F., Brisson, J. (2012) Norway maple displays greater seasonal growth and phenotypic plasticity to light than native sugar maple. Tree Physiology, 32(11):1339-1347
  20. Souther, S., Lechowicz, M.J., McGraw, J.B. (2012) Experimental test for adaptive differentiation of ginseng populations reveals complex response to temperature. Annals of Botany, 110(4):829-837
  21. Huebner, K., Lindo, Z., Lechowicz, M.J. (2012) Post-fire succession of collembolan communities in a northern hardwood forest. European Journal of Soil Biology, 48:59-65
  22. White, P.J.T., McGill, B.J., Lechowicz, M.J. (2012) Detecting changes in forest floor habitat after canopy disturbance. Ecological Research, 27(2):397-406
  23. Messier, C., Belanger, N., Brisson, J., Lechowicz, M.J., Gravel, D. (2011) Comment on "Present-day expansion of American beech in northeastern hardwood forests: Does soil base status matter?". Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 41(3):649-653
  24. Morin, X., Lechowicz, M.J. (2011) Geographical and ecological patterns of range size in North American trees. Ecography, 34(5):738-750
  25. White, P.J.T., McGill, B.J., Lechowicz, M.J. (2011) Human-disturbance and caterpillars in managed forest fragments. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20(8):1745-1762
  26. Messier, J., McGill, B.J., Lechowicz, M.J. (2010) How do traits vary across ecological scales? A case for trait-based ecology. Ecology Letters, 13(7):838-848
  27. Flinn, K., Waterway, M., Lechowicz, M.J. (2010) Disjunct performance and distribution in the sedge Carex prasina. Oecologia, 163(1):119-126
  28. Takahashi, K., Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2010) Codominance of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia: The role of Fagus root sprouts along a slope gradient in an old-growth forest. Journal of Plant Research, 123(5):665-674
  29. Flinn, K.M., Gouhier, T.C., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2010) The role of dispersal in shaping plant community composition of wetlands within an old-growth forest. Journal of Ecology, 98(6):1292-1299
  30. Gasser, D., Messier, C., Beaudet, M., Lechowicz, M.J. (2010) Sugar maple and yellow birch regeneration in response to canopy opening, liming and vegetation control in a temperate deciduous forest of Quebec. Forest Ecology and Management, 259(10):2006-2014
  31. Kikuzawa, K., Yagi, M., Ohto, Y., Umeki, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2009) Canopy ergodicity: can a single leaf represent an entire plant canopy? Plant Ecology, 202(2):309-323
  32. Morin, X., Lechowicz, M.J., Augspurger, C., O' Keefe, J., Viner, D., Chuine, I. (2009) Leaf phenology in 22 North American tree species during the 21st century. Global Change Biology, 15(4):961-975
  33. Posada, J.M., Lechowicz, M.J., Kitajima, K. (2009) Optimal photosynthetic use of light by tropical tree crowns achieved by adjustment of individual leaf angles and nitrogen content. Annals of Botany, 103(5):795-805
  34. Flinn, K.M., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2008) Plant species diversity and composition of wetlands within an upland forest. American Journal of Botany, 95(10):1216-1224
  35. Takahashi, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2008) Do interspecific differences in sapling growth traits contribute to the co-dominance of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia? Annals of Botany, 101(1):103-109
  36. Morin, X., Lechowicz, M.J. (2008) Contemporary perspectives on the niche that can improve models of species range shifts under climate change. Biology Letters, 4(5):573-576
  37. Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J. (2007) The ecological and functional correlates of nocturnal transpiration. Tree Physiology, 27:577-584
  38. Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2007) Changes in understory light regime in a beech-maple forest after a severe ice storm. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 37(9):1770-1776
  39. Takahashi, K., Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2007) Quantitative and qualitative effects of a severe ice storm on an old-growth beech-maple forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 37(3):598-606
  40. Karst, A.L., Lechowicz, M.J. (2007) Are correlations among foliar traits in ferns consistent with those in the seed plants? New Phytologist, 173(2):306-312
  41. Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J. (2006) A holistic tree seedling model for the investigation of functional trait diversity. Ecological Modelling, 193(3-4):141-181
  42. Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J. (2006) Alternative designs and the evolution of functional diversity. American Naturalist, 167(1):55-66
  43. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Wright, I., Reich, P.B. (2006) Fundamental trade-offs generating the worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Ecology, 87(3):535-541
  44. Fang, J., Lechowicz, M.J. (2006) Climatic limits for the present distribution of beech (Fagus L.) species in the world. Journal of Biogeography, 33(10):1804-1819
  45. Kikuzawa, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2006) Toward synthesis of relationships among leaf longevity, instantaneous photosynthetic rate, lifetime leaf carbon gain, and the gross primary production of forests. American Naturalist, 168(3):373-383
  46. Linkosalo, T., Lechowicz, M.J. (2006) Twilight far-red treatment advances leaf bud burst of silver birch (Betula pendula). Tree Physiology, 26(10):1249-1256
  47. Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2006) The comparative evidence relating to functional and neutral interpretations of biological communities. Ecology, 87(6):1378-1386
  48. Gilbert, B., Lechowicz, M.J. (2005) Invasibility and abiotic gradients: The positive correlation between native and exotic plant diversity. Ecology, 86(7):1848-1855
  49. Karst, J., Gilbert, B., Lechowicz, M.J. (2005) Fern community assembly: The roles of chance and the environment at local and intermediate scales. Ecology, 86(9):2473-2486
  50. Arii, K., Hamel, B.R., Lechowicz, M.J. (2005) Environmental correlates of canopy composition at Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 132(1):90-102
  51. Miyazawa, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2004) Comparative seedling ecology of eight North American spruce (Picea) species in relation to their geographic ranges. Annals of Botany, 94(4):635-644
  52. Gilbert, B., Lechowicz, M.J. (2004) Neutrality, niches, and dispersal in a temperate forest understory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(20):7651-7656
  53. Delagrange, S., Messier, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Dizengremel, P. (2004) Physiological, morphological and allocational plasticity in understory deciduous trees: Importance of plant size and light availability. Tree Physiology, 24(7):775-784
  54. Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2002) The influence of overstory trees and abiotic factors on the sapling community in an old-growth Fagus-Acer forest. Ecoscience, 9(3):386-396
  55. Naidoo, R., Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Effects of gypsy moth on radial growth of deciduous trees. Forest Science, 47(3):338-348
  56. Perttunen, J., Nikinmaa, E., Lechowicz, M.J., Sievanen, R., Messier, C. (2001) Application of the functional-structural tree model LIGNUM to sugar maple saplings (Acer saccharum Marsh) growing in forest gaps. Annals of Botany, 88(3):471-481
  57. Duguay, S.M., Arii, K., Hooper, M., Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Ice storm damage and early recovery in an old-growth forest. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 67(1-2):97-108
  58. Hooper, M.C., Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Impact of a major ice storm on an old-growth hardwood forest. Canadian Journal of Botany, 79(1):70-75
  59. Lo, E., Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M.J., Messier, C., Nikinmaa, E., Perttunen, J., Sievanen, R. (2001) Adaptation of the LIGNUM model for simulations of growth and light response in Jack pine. Forest Ecology and Management, 150(3):279-291
  60. Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2000) Environmental heterogeneity and species diversity of forest sedges. Journal of Ecology, 88(1):67-87
  61. Beaudet, M., Messier, C., Hilbert, D.W., Lo, E., Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M.J. (2000) Leaf- and plant-level carbon gain in yellow birch, sugar maple, and beech seedlings from contrasting forest light environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30(3):390-404
  62. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J. (2000) The functional co-ordination of leaf morphology, nitrogen concentration, and gas exchange in 40 wetland species. Ecoscience, 7(2):183-194
  63. Leckie, S., Vellend, M., Bell, G., Waterway, M.J., Lechowicz, M.J. (2000) The seed bank in an old-growth, temperate deciduous forest. Canadian Journal of Botany, 78(2):181-192
  64. Vellend, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2000) Germination and establishment of forest sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae): Tests for home-site advantage and effects of leaf litter. American Journal of Botany, 87(10):1517-1525
  65. Vellend, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2000) Environmental distribution of four Carex species (Cyperaceae) in an old-growth forest. American Journal of Botany, 87(10):1507-1516
  66. Ackerly, D.D., Dudley, S.A., Sultan, S.E., Schmitt, J., Coleman, J.S., Linder, C.R., Sandquist, D.R., Geber, M.A., Evans, A.S., Dawson, T.E. et al. (2000) The evolution of plant ecophysiological traits: Recent advances and future directions. BioScience, 50(11):979-995
  67. Wang, Z.M., Johnsen, K.H., Lechowicz, M.J. (1999) Is climate simulation in growth chambers necessary? Biotronics, 28:13-21
  68. Messier, C., Doucet, R., Ruel, J.-C., Claveau, Y., Kelly, C., Lechowicz, M.J. (1999) Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29(6):812-823
  69. Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J. (1998) Diverse responses of maple saplings to forest light regimes. Annals of Botany, 82(1):9-19
  70. Naidoo, R., Lechowicz, M.J. (1998) Foliage suitability of saplings grown under contrasting water regimes to the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. Canadian Entomologist, 130(6):853-857
  71. Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M.J. (1998) Effect of sowing date on the germination and establishment of black spruce and jack pine under simulated field conditions. Ecoscience, 5(1):95-99
  72. Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J. (1997) Functional responses of Acer species to two simulated forest gap environments: Leaf-level properties and photosynthesis. Photosynthetica, 33(2):277-289
  73. Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J. (1997) The photosynthetic response of eight species of Acer to simulated light regimes from the centre and edges of gaps. Functional Ecology, 11(1):16-23
  74. Cantin, D., Tremblay, M.F., Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C. (1997) Effects of CO2 enrichment, elevated temperature, and nitrogen availability on the growth and gas exchange of different families of jack pine seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 27(4):510-520
  75. Kikuzawa, K., Koyama, H., Umeki, K., Lechowicz, M.J. (1996) Some evidence for an adaptive linkage between leaf phenology and shoot architecture in sapling trees. Functional Ecology, 10(2):252-257
  76. Lechowicz, M.J. (1995) Seasonality of flowering and fruiting in temperate forest trees. Canadian Journal of Botany, 73(2):175-182
  77. Lechowicz, M.J., Koike, T. (1995) Phenology and Seasonality of Woody-Plants - an Unappreciated Element in Global Change Research. Canadian Journal of Botany, 73(2):147-148
  78. McCanny, S.J., Hendershot, W.H., Lechowicz, M.J., Shipley, B. (1995) The effects of aluminum on Picea rubens: Factorial experiments using sand culture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(1):8-17
  79. Wang Zhang, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C. (1995) Responses of black spruce seedlings to simulated present versus future seedbed environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(4):545-554
  80. Zhang, J., Lechowicz, M.J. (1995) Responses to CO2 enrichment by two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana differing in their sensitivity to nutrient availability. Annals of Botany, 75(5):491-499
  81. Schoen, D.J., Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J. (1994) The ecology and genetic of fitness in forest plants. IV.Quantitative genetics of fitness components in Impatiens pallida (Balsaminaceae). American Journal of Botany, 81(2):232-239
  82. Wang Zhang, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C. (1994) Early selection of black spruce seedlings and global change: Which genotypes should we favor? Ecological Applications, 4(3):604-616
  83. Zhang, J., Lechowicz, M.J. (1994) Correlation between time of flowering and phenotypic plasticity in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany, 81(10):1336-1342
  84. Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Appenzeller, A., Chandler, M., Deblois, E., Jackson, L., Mackenzie, B., Preziosi, R., Schallenberg, M., Tinker, N. (1993) The Spatial Structure of the Physical-Environment. Oecologia, 96(1):114-121
  85. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Dumont, S., Hendershot, W.H. (1992) Interacting Effects of Nutrients, Ph-Al and Elevated Co2 on the Growth of Red Spruce (Picea-Rubens Sarg) Seedlings. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 64(3-4):585-600
  86. Wang, J., Ives, N.E., Lechowicz, M.J. (1992) The relation of foliar phenology to xylem embolism in trees. Functional Ecology, 6(4):469-475
  87. Hunter, A.F., Lechowicz, M.J. (1992) Foliage quality changes during canopy development of some northern hardwood trees. Oecologia, 89(3):316-323
  88. Hunter, A.F., Lechowicz, M.J. (1992) Predicting the timing of budburst in temperate trees. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29(3):597-604
  89. Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G. (1991) The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. II. Microspatial heterogeneity of the edaphic environment. Journal of Ecology, 79(3):687-696
  90. Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J. (1991) The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. I. Environmental heterogeneity measured by explant trials. Journal of Ecology, 79(3):663-685
  91. Hamilton, D.J., Lechowicz, M.J. (1991) Host effects on the development and fecundity of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L., reared under field conditions. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69(8):2217-2224
  92. Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Schoen, D.J. (1991) The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. III. Environmental variance in natural populations of Impatiens pallida. Journal of Ecology, 79(3):697-713
  93. Lei, T.T., Lechowicz, M.J. (1990) Shade adaptation and shade tolerance in saplings of three Acer species from eastern North America. Oecologia, 84(2):224-228
  94. Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G., Schoen, D. (1990) Spatial, temporal, amd species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments. Canadian Journal of Botany, 68(3):499-504
  95. Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Tardif, S. (1990) The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures. Ecology, 71(4):1389-1400
  96. Farris, M.A., Lechowicz, M.J. (1990) Functional interactions among traits that determine reproductive success in a native annual plant. Ecology, 71(2):548-557
  97. Blais, P.A., Lechowicz, M.J. (1989) Variation among populations of Xanthium strumarium (Compositae) from natural and ruderal habitats. American Journal of Botany, 76(6):901-908
  98. Lubbers, A.E., Lechowicz, M.J. (1989) Effects of leaf removal on reproduction vs. belowground storage in Trillium grandiflorum. Ecology, 70(1):85-96
  99. Lechowicz, M.J., Schoen, D.J., Bell, G. (1988) Environmental correlates of habitat distribution and fitness components in Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida. Journal of Ecology, 76(4):1043-1054
  100. Melancon, S., Lechowicz, M.J. (1987) Differences in the damage caused by glaze ice on codominant Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia. Canadian Journal of Botany, 65(6):1157-1159
  101. Lechowicz, M.J. (1987) Resistance of the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris (Opiz.) brodo to growth reduction by simulated acidic rain. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 34(1):71-77
  102. Groulx, M., Lechowicz, M.J. (1987) Net photosynthetic recovery in subarctic lichens with contrasting water relations. Oecologia, 71(3):360-368
  103. Lechowicz, M.J. (1987) Resource allocation by plants under air pollution stress: implications for plant-pest-pathogen interactions. Botanical Review, 53(3):281-300
  104. Jasieniuk, M., Lechowicz, M.J. (1987) Spatial and Temporal Variation in Chasmogamy and Cleistogamy in Oxalis montana (Oxalidaceae). American Journal of Botany, 74(11):1672-1680
  105. Dudley, S., Lechowicz, M.J. (1987) Losses of Polyol through Leaching in Subarctic Lichens. Plant Physiology, 83:813-815
  106. Schoen, D.J., Stewart, S.C., Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G. (1986) Partitioning the transplant site effect in reciprocal transplant experiments with Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida. Oecologia, 70(1):149-154
  107. Schultz, J.C., Lechowicz, M.J. (1986) Hostplant, larval age, and feeding behavior influence midgut pH in the gypsy moth ( Lymantria dispar). Oecologia, 71(1):133-137
  108. Lechowicz, M.J., Mauffette, Y. (1986) Host preferences of the gypsy moth in North American versus European forests. Revue d'Entomologie du Québec, 31:43 51
  109. Shaver, G.R., Lechowicz, M.J. (1985) A multivariate approach to plant mineral nutrition: dose-response relationships and nutrient dominance in factorial experiments. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63(12):2138-2143
  110. Lechowicz, M.J., Dudley, S.A., Groulx, M. (1984) Critical research problems on the ecology of lichens in subarctic Quebec. McGill Subarctic Research Paper, 39:21-27
  111. Waterway, M.J., Lechowicz, M.J., Moore, T.R. (1984) Vegetation of the Schefferville region, Nouveau-Quebec. McGill Subarctic Research Paper, 39:7-20
  112. Lechowicz, M.J. (1984) Why do temperate deciduous trees leaf out at different times? Adaptation and ecology of forest communities. American Naturalist, 124(6):821-842
  113. Lechowicz, M.J. (1984) The Effects of Individual Variation in Physiological and Morphological Traits on the Reproductive Capacity of the Common Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium L. Evolution, 38(4):833-844
  114. Mauffette, Y., Lechowicz, M.J. (1984) Differences in the utilization of tree species as larval hosts and pupation sites by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar ( Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Canadian Entomologist, 116(5):685-690
  115. Lemon, R.E., Struger, J., Lechowicz, M.J. (1983) Song features as species discriminants in American warblers (Parulidae). Condor, 85:308-322
  116. Mauffette, Y., Lechowicz, M.J., Jobin, L. (1983) Host preferences of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), in southern Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 13(1):53-60
  117. Lechowicz, M.J. (1983) Age-dependence of photosynthesis in the caribou lichen, Cladina stellaris (Opiz.) Brodo. Plant Physiology, 71:893-895
  118. Lechowicz, M.J., Jobin, L. (1983) Estimating the susceptibility of tree species to attack by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. Ecological Entomology, 8(2):171-183
  119. Zimmerman, J.K., Lechowicz, M.J. (1982) Responses to moisture stress in male and female plants of Rumex acetosella L. ( Polygonaceae). Oecologia, 53(3):305-309
  120. Weaver, S.E., Lechowicz, M.J. (1982) The Biology of Canadian weeds - Xanthium strumarium L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 63(1):211-225
  121. Lechowicz, M.J. (1982) The effects of simulated acid precipitation on photosynthesis in the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 18(1-3):421-430
  122. Lechowicz, M.J., Shaver, G.R. (1982) A multivariate approach to the analysis of factorial fertilization experiments in Alaskan arctic tundra. Ecology, 63(4):1029-1038
  123. Lechowicz, M.J. (1982) Ecological trends in lichen photosynthesis. Oecologia, 53(3):330-336
  124. Lechowicz, M.J. (1981) The sampling characteristics of electivity indices. Oecologia, 52:22-30
  125. Lechowicz, M.J. (1981) effects of climatic pattern on lichen productivity: Cetraria cucullata (Bell) Ach. in the arctic tundra of northern Alaska. Oecologia, 50:210-216
  126. Lemon, R.E., Struger, J., Lechowicz, M.J., Norman, R.F. (1981) Song features and singing heights of American warblers: Maximization or optimization of distance? Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 69(4):1169-1176
  127. Lechowicz, M.J., Hellens, L., Simon, J.-P. (1980) Latitudinal trends in the responses of growth respiration and maintenance respiration to temperature in the beach pea, Lathyrus japonicus Willd. Canadian Journal of Botany, 58:1521-1524
  128. Lechowicz, M.J. (1978) Carbon dioxide exchange in Cladina lichens from subarctic and south temperate habitats. Oecologia, 32:225-237
  129. Lechowicz, M.J., Adams, M.S. (1978) Diurnal and seasonal structure of the climate at Schefferville, Quebec. Arctic and Alpine Research, 10(1):95-104
  130. Kowal, R.R., Lechowicz, M.J., Adams, M.S. (1976) The use of canonical analysis to compare response curves in physiological ecology. Flora, 165:29-46
  131. Lechowicz, M.J., Jordan, W.P., Adams, M.S. (1974) Ecology of Cladonia lichens, III. Comparison of C. caroliniana, endemic to southeastern North America, with three northern Cladonia. Canadian Journal of Botany, 52:565-573

Articles published in proceedings

  1. Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Waterway, M.J. (2001) The precision of adaptation in forest plants. In Integrating ecology and evolution in a spatial context. (Silvertown, J. and Antonovics, J., Eds.) Blackwells, London
  2. Lechowicz, M.J., St-Jacques, B. (2000) Influence of a late spring freeze on the quantity and quality of birch foliage. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Birch Sap Symposium. Bifuka, Hokkaido, Japan. Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo, pages 21-28

Scientific reports, manuals and others

  1. Rayfield, B., Dupras, J., Francoeur, X., Dumitru, M., Dagenais, D., Vachon, J., PaquetteA., Lechowicz, M.J., Messier, C., Gonzalez, A. (2015) Les Infrastructures vertes : Un outil d’adaptation aux changements climatiques pour le Grand Montréal.

Theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Lechowicz, M.J. (1976) Environmental response structure of Cladonia lichens from contrasting climates. PhD thesis, University of Wisconsin
  2. Lechowicz, M.J. (1973) Comparative physiological ecology of three Cladonia lichens on the Wisconsin pine barrens. Master's thesis, University of Wisconsin

Supervised theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Messier, J. (2009) How do leaf functional traits vary across ecological scales ? Master's thesis, McGill University
  2. Plourde, L. (2007) Environmental niche partitioning among riparian sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae) in the St. Lawrence Valley, Quebec. Master's thesis, McGill University
  3. Vellend, M. (1999) Environmental distribution and regeneration of four forest sedges. Master's thesis, McGill University

Non peer-reviewed articles

  1. Lechowicz, M.J. (2007) La conquête du soleil. Quatre Temps

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