Catherine Potvin

Membre régulier
Changements climatiques, forestiere tropicale

Université McGill
Department of Biology
1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield
Montréal (Québec) Canada, H3A 1B1

(514) 398-3730

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Apartado 2072
Balboa, Republica de Panama

Page départementale  | Neotropical Ecology Lab  | Google Scholar 

  • Ph.D. en botanique, 1985 (Duke University)
  • M.Sc. en sciences biologiques, 1982 (Université de Montréal)
  • B.Sc. en sciences biologiques, 1981 (Université de Montréal)

Over the years I have maintained scientific activities in three fairly distinct fields of research. The first is global change biology in which I have worked almost continuously since my Ph.D. at Duke University in 1985. At that time, most people doubted of the reality of climate change…This main research interest of mine is is evolving to include not only the biological side of climate change but also the socio-economical implications and policy-level aspects.

A second important area of research has been biostatistics. As an ecologist, I am convinced of the importance of appropriate analytical tools to unveil patterns observed in nature. In the last decade, however, I focused much attention on issues of biological diversity and conservation. I have a long-term collaboration with Indigenous people of Panama, especially the Embera. The work carried out by my group with them focuses on plants of traditional uses and is evolving to know consider national scale questions such as deforestation avoidance.

Global Change Biology

Effect of elevated CO2 enrichment on plant growth: Over the years I have been interested by many aspects of Global Change Biology. For many years I studied the effect of elevated CO2 on plant growth. Starting with relatively simple experiments carried out in growth chambers, I moved to the study of "intact ecosystems" using open-top chambers. This field site was located in Farnham, Southern Quebec where, between 1992 and 1996, I monitored the effect of CO2 enrichment on a pasture of southern Québec. This study showed that elevated CO2 significantly influenced the succession pattern of the pasture and maintained a higher biodiversity than would normally occur. My research approach focussed on mainly on community dynamics and contributed a unique approach to the understanding of the impact of elevated CO2.

At the same time, I examined the evolutionary potential of adaptation to elevated CO2. With a graduate student, Mlle. Denise Tousignant (now a scientist at the Ministère des Resources Naturelles-Québec), we conducted a selection experiment examining evolutionary responses to elevated CO2. After seven generations of selection, Brassica juncea failed to show any evolutionary responses to simulated global change. These results cast doubts on the allegation that weeds would be the first plants to show an adaptation to a new climatic and atmospheric environment. The evolutionary research carried out in my laboratory was expanded to look at phenotypic plasticity of coniferous tree species.

Land use, biodiversity and Carbon cycling in the Tropics: I then moved on to work on tropical systems where my research is currenlty focussing on the multiple links existing between land use, biodiversity and carbon (C) sequestration. Changes in land use are believed to account for about 30% of the increase in atmospheric CO2 over the past century. This contribution was initially caused by the conversion of boreal and temperate forests to agricultural and pasture, but over the past 80 years, tropical deforestation has dominated. In the discussions around the issue of greenhouse gas management, the opportunities for establishing significant C sinks in the Tropics through land use change have been touted, but the feasibility, mechanics and magnitude of these sinks has barely been explored. In the context of an interdisciplinary team therefore study the possible use of multi-species tree plantation to improve C storage and diversity.

Much of my research time focusses on a long-term project based in Panama and known as the Sardinilla Project (SP): Biodiversity and Ecosystem. Collectively we examine multiple aspects of C cycling in the tropics. Specific aspects of this large project are the main focus of my current NSERC operating grant: I study the importance of species identity and community richness on C accumulation as well as the impact of changes in land use from pasture to afforested landscape on C fluxes.

Traditional Plant Use and Conservation

After developping the course "Conservation Biology" at McGill, I felt the need for a reality check that brough me to Darien, the Eastern most region of Panama. There I discovered the Embera people and a completely different way to carry out scientific research. The goal of my work with Indigenous people in Panama is not first and foremost to construct knowledge. It is to use the knowledge I have of plants and plants growth in an ethically relevant way, helping these people maintain their pride and tradition while improving their livelyhood. Since 1998 support of IDRC, allowed us to work in the community of Ipeti-Embera in the Bayano region of Panama as well as in two Kuna villages, Nurna and Ukpseni.

The first phase of the project involved the re-introduction of four palm species near Emberá villages and development of sustainable management strategies for culturally important plant species in both Emberá and Kuna villages.

Then we worked at promoting and protecting traditional knowledge on medicinal plant. The project consisted of stimulating local knowledge transmission between Embera elders with a strong knowledge of medicinal plants to younger people eager to learn the tradition.

We continued working with the community of Ipeti-Embera to develop a model of community-based carbon offset project. This work was made possible by a grant from Fondo Panama-Canada through the Canadian Embassy in Panama. The idea was to examine if reforestation, under the Kyoto protocol could directly benefiting local indigenous people while helping Annex I countries, e.g. Canada, to meet the coming obligations of CO2 emission reductions. The Ipeti-carbon project, as we named it, was instrumental in helping me develop strong professional ties with the National Authority for the Environment of Panama, ANAM. Since December 2005 I am working informally as an advisor to ANAM on issues related to avoided deforestation in developing countries, an agenda item in the international negotiations under the Framework Convention of Climate Change.


My work in biostatistics has been driven by necessity. At various moment in my career I felt the need to examine specific issues pertaining to data analysis. These paper all share the common goal to bring statistical problems and solutions to the attention of ecologists.

  • Septembre 2021 - Lauréats de distinctions de la Société royale du Canada de 2021 - Médaille Sir John William Dawson pour une contribution éminente à plusieurs domaines du savoir.
  • Septembre 2016 - Lauréate 2016 de la Fondation Pierre Elliott Trudeau 
  • Septembre 2015 - Membre de la Société royale du Canada. Nommée membre de l'Académie des sciences, division des sciences de la vie.
  • 2013-2015 - Trottier Fellows (McGill) 
  • 2012 - Médaille Miroslaw Romanowski  de la Société royale du Canada et Personnalités La Presse  du 26 novembre 2012.
  • 2008 - Service rendu au pays par l'Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente (Autorité nationale de l'environnement) du Panama.
You can download all my bibliography in the BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV or EndNote format.

Book chapters

  1. Sarlo, M., Healy, C., Potvin, C. (2009) Tropical tree plantations with native species: linking carbon storage with concerns for biodiversity. In Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Sustainability in the Americas. A Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge. (Dallmeier, F., Fenech, A., Maciver, D. and Szar, R., Eds.) Washington, DC, USA, Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
  2. Schwendenmann, L., Pendall, E., Potvin, C. (2007) Surface soil organic carbon pool, mineralization rates and CO2 efflux under different land-use types in Central Panama. In The stability of tropical rainforest margins: linking ecological, economic and social constraints of land use and conservation. (Tscharntke, T., Leuschner, Ch., Guhardja, E. and Zeller, M., Eds.) Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, New York, pages 109-131
  3. Potvin, C., Chapin III, F.S., Gonzales, A., Leadley, P., Reich, P., Roy, J. (2006) Plant biodiversity and responses to elevated carbon dioxide. In In Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. (Canadell, J.G., Pataki, D. and Pitelka, L., Eds.) Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, page 336
  4. Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Potvin, C., Koricheva, J., Schmid, B., Hector, A., Bornik, Z., Reynolds, G., Schulze, E.-D. (2005) The Design of Experimental Tree Plantations for Functional Biodiversity Research. (Chap. 16) In Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems. (Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Korner, C. and Schulze, E.-D., Eds.) Berlin, Allemagne, Springer-Verlag, pages 347-376
  5. Potvin, C., Reveret, J.-P., Patenaude, G., Hutton, J. (2002) The Role of Indigenous Peoples in Conservation Actions: A Case Study of Cultural Differences and Conservation Priorities. (Chap. 8) In Governing global biodiversity: the evolution and implementation of the convention on biological diversity. (Le Prestre, P.G., Eds.) Burlington, VT, USA, Ashgate Publishing, pages 159-177
  6. Potvin, C. (2001) ANOVA: Experimental Layout and Analysis. (Chap. 4) In Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments, 2nd edition. (Scheiner, S.M. and Gurevitch, J., Eds.) New-York, USA, Oxford University Press, pages 63-76
  7. Potvin, C. (1997) La biodiversité pour le biologiste: "protéger" ou "conserver" la nature? In La Biodiversité: Tout préserver ou tout cultiver?. (Parizeau, M.-H., Eds.) Bruxelles, Belgique, De Boech & Larcier, pages 37-46
  8. Potvin, C., Reveret, J.-P., Patenaude, G., Hutton, J. (1996) Selective Responses to Global Change: Experimental Results on Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. (Chap. 3) In Carbon Dioxide, Populations, and Communities. (Korner, C. and Bazzaz, F.A., Eds.) San Diego, CA, USA, Academic Press, pages 23-30
  9. Potvin, C. (1993) Interactive effect of CO2 and temperature on plant growth and physiology. In Plant Responses to the Gaseous Environment: Molecular, Metabolic and Physiological Aspects. (Alscher, R.G. and Wellburn, A.R., Eds.) New-York, USA, Chapman & Hall, pages 39-53
  10. Potvin, C. (1993) ANOVA: Experiments in Controlled Environments. In Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments. (Scheiner, S.M. and Gurevitch, J., Eds.) New-York, USA, Chapman & Hall, pages 46-68
  11. Potvin, C., Reveret, J.-P., Patenaude, G., Hutton, J. (1993) Correlated increases in CO2 and temperature from the plant's viewpoint. In McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. (Parker, S., Eds.) New-York, USA, McGraw-Hill, pages 312-315

Edited books, special journal editions and proceedings

  1. Potvin, C., Kraenzel, M. and Seutin, G., Eds. (2001) Roles and Responsability in the protection of biodiversity. Montreal & Kingston, London, Ithaca, McGill Queen's University Press
  2. Cantin, D. and Potvin, C., Eds. (1996) La Conservation des forêts québécoises: Un défi pour l'an 2000. Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec

Peer-reviewed articles

  1. Kunz, M., Barrios, H., Dan, M., Dogirama, I., Gennaretti, F., Guillemette, M., Koller, A., Madsen, C., Lana, G., Ortega, A. et al. (2022) Bacurú Drõa: Indigenous forest custody as an effective climate change mitigation option. A case study from Darién, Panama. Frontiers in Climate, 4
  2. Muller, S., Mitesser, O., Oschwald, L., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Potvin, C. (2022) Temporal Soundscape Patterns in a Panamanian Tree Diversity Experiment: Polycultures Show an Increase in High Frequency Cover. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 10
  3. Shinbrot, X.A., Holmes, I., Gauthier, M., Tschakert, P., Wilkins, Z., Baragon, L., Opua, B., Potvin, C. (2022) Natural and financial impacts of payments for forest carbon offset: A 14 year-long case study in an indigenous community in Panama. Land Use Policy, 115
  4. Messier, C., Potvin, C., Muys, B., Brancalion, P., Chazdon, R., Seidl, R., Bauhus, J. (2022) Warning: Natural and Managed Forests are Losing their Capacity to Mitigate Climate Change; [Avertissement: Les forêts naturelles et aménagées sont en train de perdre leur capacité d’atténuation des changements climatiques]. Forestry Chronicle, 98(1):2 – 8
  5. Cesarz, S., Craven, D., Auge, H., Bruelheide, H., Castagneyrol, B., Gutknecht, J., Hector, A., Jactel, H., Koricheva, J., Messier, C. et al. (2022) Tree diversity effects on soil microbial biomass and respiration are context dependent across forest diversity experiments. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 31(5):872 – 885
  6. Messier, C., Bauhus, J., Sousa-Silva, R., Auge, H., Baeten, L., Barsoum, N., Bruelheide, H., Caldwell, B., Cavender-Bares, J., Dhiedt, E. et al. (2022) For the sake of resilience and multifunctionality, let's diversify planted forests! Conservation Letters, 15(1):e12829
  7. Alejo, C., Walker, W.S., Gorelik, S.R., Potvin, C. (2022) Community Managed Protected Areas Conserve Aboveground Carbon Stocks: Implications for REDD+. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5
  8. Madsen, C., Kunz, M., von Oheimb, G., Hall, J., Sinacore, K., Turner, B.L., Potvin, C. (2021) Influence of neighbourhoods on the extent and compactness of tropical tree crowns and root systems. Trees - Structure and Function, 35(5):1673-1686
  9. Duarte, M.M., Moral, R.D.A., Guillemot, J., Zuim, C.I.F., Potvin, C., Bonat, W.H., Stape, J.L., Brancalion, P.H.S. (2021) High tree diversity enhances light interception in tropical forests. Journal of Ecology, 109(7):2597-2611
  10. Alejo, C., Meyer, C., Walker, W.S., Gorelik, S.R., Josse, C., Aragon-Osejo, J.L., Rios, S., Augusto, C., Llanos, A., Coomes, O.T. et al. (2021) Are indigenous territories effective natural climate solutions? A neotropical analysis using matching methods and geographic discontinuity designs. PLOS ONE, 16(7 July)
  11. Al-Traboulsi, M., Wilsey, B., Potvin, C. (2021) The effect of long-term CO enrichment on carbon and nitrogen content of roots and soil of natural pastureland. Folia Oecologica, 48(2):180-190
  12. Proß, T., Bruelheide, H., Potvin, C., Sporbert, M., Trogisch, S., Haider, S. (2021) Reprint of: Drivers of within-tree leaf trait variation in a tropical planted forest varying in tree species richness. Basic and Applied Ecology, 55:6-19
  13. Proß, T., Bruelheide, H., Potvin, C., Sporbert, M., Trogisch, S., Haider, S. (2021) Drivers of within-tree leaf trait variation in a tropical planted forest varying in tree species richness. Basic and Applied Ecology, 50:203-216
  14. Madsen, C., Potvin, C., Hall, J., Sinacore, K., Turner, B.L., Schnabel, F. (2020) Coarse root architecture: Neighbourhood and abiotic environmental effects on five tropical tree species growing in mixtures and monocultures. Forest Ecology and Management, 460
  15. Guillemot, J., Kunz, M., Schnabel, F., Fichtner, A., Madsen, C.P., Gebauer, T., Hardtle, W., von Oheimb, G., Potvin, C. (2020) Neighbourhood-mediated shifts in tree biomass allocation drive overyielding in tropical species mixtures. New Phytologist, 228(4):1256-1268
  16. Serran, J.N., Creed, I.F., Ouellet Dallaire, C., Nelson, H., Potvin, C., Sharma, D., Poelzer, G. (2019) Reimagining energy in the Canadian boreal zone: Policy needs to facilitate a successful transition to a low-carbon energy future. Environmental Reviews, 27(3):393-406
  17. Kunert, N., El-Madany, T.S., Aparecido, L.M.T., Wolf, S., Potvin, C. (2019) Understanding the controls over forest carbon use efficiency on small spatial scales: Effects of forest disturbance and tree diversity. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 269-270:136-144
  18. Pelletier, J., Gelinas, N., Potvin, C. (2019) Indigenous perspective to inform rights-based conservation in a protected area of Panama. Land Use Policy, 83:297-307
  19. Schnabel, F., Schwarz, J.A., Dănescu, A., Fichtner, A., Nock, C.A., Bauhus, J., Potvin, C. (2019) Drivers of productivity and its temporal stability in a tropical tree diversity experiment. Global Change Biology, 25(12):4257-4272
  20. Hutchison, C., Gravel, D., Guichard, F., Potvin, C. (2019) Author Correction: Effect of diversity on growth, mortality, and loss of resilience to extreme climate events in a tropical planted forest experiment (Scientific Reports, (2018), 8, 1, (15443), 10.1038/s41598-018-33670-x). Scientific Reports, 9(1)
  21. Mateo-Vega, J., Arroyo-Mora, J.P., Potvin, C. (2019) Tree aboveground biomass and species richness of the mature tropical forests of Darien, Panama, and their role in global climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation. Conservation Science and Practice, 1(8)
  22. Guerrero-Ramirez, N.R., Craven, D., Reich, P.B., Ewel, J.J., Isbell, F., Koricheva, J., Parrotta, J.A., Auge, H., Erickson, H.E., Forrester, D.I. et al. (2019) Author Correction: Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems (Nature Ecology & Evolution, (2017), 1, 11, (1639-1642), 10.1038/s41559-017-0325-1). Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3(9):1365-1366
  23. Paquette, A., Hector, A., Vanhellemont, M., Koricheva, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Abdala-Roberts, L., Auge, H., Barsoum, N., Bauhus, J. et al. (2018) A million and more trees for science. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(5):763-766
  24. Hutchison, C., Gravel, D., Guichard, F., Potvin, C. (2018) Effect of diversity on growth, mortality, and loss of resilience to extreme climate events in a tropical planted forest experiment. Scientific Reports, 8(1)
  25. Moore, T.R., Abraham, M., Kalacska, M., Murphy, M.T., Potvin, C. (2018) Changes from pasture to a native tree plantation affect soil organic matter in a tropical soil, Panama. Plant and Soil, 425(1):133-143
  26. Guerrero-Ramirez, N.R., Craven, D., Reich, P.B., Ewel, J.J., Isbell, F., Koricheva, J., Parrotta, J.A., Auge, H., Erickson, H.E., Forrester, D.I. et al. (2017) Diversity-dependent temporal divergence of ecosystem functioning in experimental ecosystems. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1(11):1639-1642
  27. Mateo-Vega, J., Potvin, C., Monteza, J., Bacorizo, J., Barrigon, J., Barrigon, R., Lopez, N., Omi, L., Opua, M., Serrano, J. et al. (2017) Full and effective participation of indigenous peoples in forest monitoring for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+): Trial in Panama's Darien. Ecosphere, 8(2)
  28. Holmes, I., Potvin, C., Coomes, O.T. (2017) Early REDD+ implementation: The journey of an indigenous community in Eastern Panama. Forests, 8(3)
  29. Holmes, I., Kirby, K.R., Potvin, C. (2017) Agroforestry within REDD+: experiences of an indigenous Embera community in Panama. Agroforestry Systems, 91(6):1181-1197
  30. Potvin, C., Sharma, D., Creed, I., Aitken, S., Anctil, F., Bennett, E., Berkes, F., Bernstein, S., Bleau, N., Bourque, A. et al. (2017) Stimulating a Canadian narrative for climate. FACETS, 2(1):131-149
  31. Guillemette, M., Potvin, C., Martinez, L., Pacheco, B., Cano, D., Perez, I. (2017) Building a common description of land cover in a tropical watershed plagued with intercultural conflicts: The value of participatory 3D modelling. FACETS, 2(1):195-211
  32. Vergara-Asenjo, G., Mateo-Vega, J., Alvarado, A., Potvin, C. (2017) A participatory approach to elucidate the consequences of land invasions on REDD+ initiatives: A case study with Indigenous communities in Panama. PLOS ONE, 12(12)
  33. Sinacore, K., Hall, J.S., Potvin, C., Royo, A.A., Ducey, M.J., Ashton, M.S. (2017) Unearthing the hidden world of roots: Root biomass and architecture differ among species within the same guild. PLOS ONE, 12(10)
  34. Ross, D.A.N., Guzman, H.M., Potvin, C., van Hinsberg, V.J. (2017) A review of toxic metal contamination in marine turtle tissues and its implications for human health. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 15:1-9
  35. Verheyen, K., Vanhellemont, M., Auge, H., Baeten, L., Baraloto, C., Barsoum, N., Bilodeau-Gauthier, S., Bruelheide, H., Castagneyrol, B., Godbold, D. et al. (2016) Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations. Ambio, 45(1):29-41
  36. Guerrero-Ramírez, N.R., Craven, D., Messier, C., Potvin, C., Turner, B.L., Handa, I.T. (2016) Root quality and decomposition environment, but not tree species richness, drive root decomposition in tropical forests. Plant and Soil, 404(1):125-139
  37. Cameron, L., Potvin, C. (2016) Characterizing desired futures of Canadian communities. Futures, 82:37-51
  38. Sharma, D., Holmes, I., Vergara-Asenjo, G., Miller, W.N., Cunampio, M., Cunampio, R.B., Cunampio, M.B., Potvin, C. (2016) A comparison of influences on the landscape of two social-ecological systems. Land Use Policy, 57:499-513
  39. Sardain, A., Tang, C., Potvin, C. (2016) Towards a dashboard of sustainability indicators for Panama: A participatory approach. Ecological Indicators, 70:545-556
  40. Ross, D.A., Guzman, H.M., Van Hinsberg, V.J., Potvin, C. (2016) Metal contents of marine turtle eggs (Chelonia mydas; Lepidochelys olivacea) from the tropical eastern pacific and the implications for human health. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, 51(10):675-687
  41. Paine, C.E.T., Amissah, L., Auge, H., Baraloto, C., Baruffol, M., Bourland, N., Bruelheide, H., Dainou, K., de Gouvenain, R.C., Doucet, J.-L. et al. (2015) Globally, functional traits are weak predictors of juvenile tree growth, and we do not know why. Journal of Ecology, 103(4):978-989
  42. Vergara-Asenjo, G., Sharma, D., Potvin, C. (2015) Engaging Stakeholders: Assessing Accuracy of Participatory Mapping of Land Cover in Panama. Conservation Letters, 8(6):432-439
  43. Sharma, D., Vergara-Asenjo, G., Cunampio, M., Cunampio, R.B., Cunampio, M.B., Potvin, C. (2015) Genesis of an indigenous social-ecological landscape in eastern panama. Ecology and Society, 20(4)
  44. Salisbury, C.L., Potvin, C. (2015) Erratum to Does Tree Species Composition Affect Productivity in a Tropical Planted Forest? [Ecol. Manag., 234, (2006) 245-263]. Biotropica, 47(6):783-783
  45. Galicia, L., Potvin, C., Messier, C. (2015) Maintaining the high diversity of pine and oak species in Mexican temperate forests: a new management approach combining functional zoning and ecosystem adaptability. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45(10):1358-1368
  46. Salisbury, C.L., Potvin, C. (2015) Does Tree Species Composition Affect Productivity in a Tropical Planted Forest? Biotropica, 47(5):559-568
  47. Pelletier, J., Busch, J., Potvin, C. (2015) Addressing uncertainty upstream or downstream of accounting for emissions reductions from deforestation and forest degradation. Climatic Change, 130(4):635-648
  48. Falster, D.S., Duursma, R.A., Ishihara, M.I., Barneche, D.R., FitzJohn, R.G., Varhammar, A., Aiba, M., Ando, M., Anten, N., Aspinwall, M.J. et al. (2015) BAAD: a Biomass And Allometry Database for woody plants. Ecology, 96(5):1445-1445
  49. Vergara-Asenjo, G., Potvin, C. (2014) Forest protection and tenure status: THE key role of indigenous peoples and protected areas in Panama. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 28(1):205-215
  50. Holmes, I., Potvin, C. (2014) Avoiding re-inventing the wheel in a people-centered approach to REDD+. Conservation Biology, 28(5):1380-1393
  51. Sapijanskas, J., Paquette, A., Potvin, C., Kunert, N., Loreau, M. (2014) Tropical tree diversity enhances light capture through crown plasticity and spatial and temporal niche differences. Ecology, 95(9):2479-2492
  52. Riedel, J., Dorn, S., Plath, M., Potvin, C., Mody, K. (2013) Time matters: Temporally changing effects of planting schemes and insecticide treatment on native timber tree performance on former pasture. Forest Ecology and Management, 297:49-56
  53. Sapijanskas, J., Potvin, C., Loreau, M. (2013) Beyond shading: Litter production by neighbors contributes to overyielding in tropical trees. Ecology, 94(4):941-952
  54. Peterson St-Laurent, G., Gelinas, N., Potvin, C. (2013) REDD+ and the agriculture frontier: Understanding colonists' utilization of the land. Land Use Policy, 31:516-525
  55. Potvin, C., Mateo-Vega, J. (2013) Panama: Curb indigenous fears of REDD+. Nature, 500(7463):400-
  56. Sprenger, M., Oelmann, Y., Weihermuller, L., Wolf, S., Wilcke, W., Potvin, C. (2013) Tree species and diversity effects on soil water seepage in a tropical plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 309:76-86
  57. Pelletier, J., Martin, D., Potvin, C. (2013) REDD+ emissions estimation and reporting: Dealing with uncertainty. Environmental Research Letters, 8(3):--
  58. Asner, G.P., Mascaro, J., Anderson, C., Knapp, D.E., Martin, R.E., Kennedy-Bowdoin, T., Breugel, M., Davies, S., Hall, J.S., Muller-Landau, H.C. et al. (2013) High-fidelity national carbon mapping for resource management and REDD+. Carbon Balance and Management, 8(1):1-14
  59. Pelletier, J., Codjia, C., Potvin, C. (2012) Traditional shifting agriculture: Tracking forest carbon stock and biodiversity through time in western Panama. Global Change Biology, 18(12):3581-3595
  60. Pelletier, J., Kirby, K.R., Potvin, C. (2012) Significance of carbon stock uncertainties on emission reductions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. Forest Policy and Economics, 24:3-11
  61. Kunert, N., Schwendenmann, L., Potvin, C., Holscher, D. (2012) Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian forest plantation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(1):135-144
  62. Plath, M., Mody, K., Potvin, C., Dorn, S. (2011) Establishment of native tropical timber trees in monoculture and mixed-species plantations: Small-scale effects on tree performance and insect herbivory. Forest Ecology and Management, 261(3):741-750
  63. Ruiz-Jaen, M.C., Potvin, C. (2011) Can we predict carbon stocks in tropical ecosystems from tree diversity? Comparing species and functional diversity in a plantation and a natural forest. New Phytologist, 189(4):978-987
  64. Potvin, C., Mancilla, L., Buchmann, N., Monteza, J., Moore, T., Murphy, M., Oelmann, Y., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Turner, B.L., Wilcke, W. et al. (2011) An ecosystem approach to biodiversity effects: Carbon pools in a tropical tree plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 261(10):1614-1624
  65. Wolf, S., Eugster, W., Potvin, C., Buchmann, N. (2011) Strong seasonal variations in net ecosystem CO2 exchange of a tropical pasture and afforestation in Panama. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(8):1139-1151
  66. Wolf, S., Eugster, W., Potvin, C., Turner, B.L., Buchmann, N. (2011) Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama. Global Change Biology, 17(9):2763-2780
  67. Plath, M., Mody, K., Potvin, C., Dorn, S. (2011) Do multipurpose companion trees affect high value timber trees in a silvopastoral plantation system? Agroforestry Systems, 81(1):79-92
  68. Pelletier, J., Ramankutty, N., Potvin, C. (2011) Diagnosing the uncertainty and detectability of emission reductions for REDD + under current capabilities: An example for Panama. Environmental Research Letters, 6(2):024005
  69. Ruiz-Jaen, M.C., Potvin, C. (2010) Tree diversity explains variation in ecosystem function in a neotropical forest in Panama. Biotropica, 42(6):638-646
  70. Zeugin, F., Potvin, C., Jansa, J., Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2010) Is tree diversity an important driver for phosphorus and nitrogen acquisition of a young tropical plantation? Forest Ecology and Management, 260(9):1424-1433
  71. Isenberg, J., Potvin, C. (2010) Financing REDD in developing countries: A supply and demand analysis. Climate Policy, 10(2):216-231
  72. Oelmann, Y., Potvin, C., Mark, T., Werther, L., Tapernon, S., Wilcke, W. (2009) Tree mixture effects on aboveground nutrient pools of trees in an experimental plantation in Panama. Plant and Soil, 326(1):199-212
  73. Paquette, A., Hawryshyn, J., Senikas, A.V., Potvin, C. (2009) Enrichment Planting in Secondary Forests: a Promising Clean Development Mechanism to Increase Terrestrial Carbon Sinks. Ecology and Society, 14(1):31
  74. Potvin, C., Dutilleul, P. (2009) Neighborhood effects and size-asymmetric competition in a tree plantation varying in diversity. Ecology, 90(2):321-327
  75. Oestreicher, J.S., Benessaiah, K., Ruiz-Jaen, M.C., Sloan, S., Turner, K., Pelletier, J., Guay, B., Clark, K.E., Roche, D.G., Meiners, M. et al. (2009) Avoiding deforestation in Panamanian protected areas: An analysis of protection effectiveness and implications for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 19(2):279-291
  76. Delagrange, S., Potvin, C., Messier, C., Coll, L. (2008) Linking multiple-level tree traits with biomass accumulation in native tree species used for reforestation in Panama. Trees - Structure and Function, 22(3):337-349
  77. Coomes, O.T., Grimard, F., Potvin, C., Sima, P. (2008) The fate of the tropical forest: Carbon or cattle? Ecological Economics, 65(2):207-212
  78. Murphy, M., Balser, T., Buchmann, N., Hahn, V., Potvin, C. (2008) Linking tree biodiversity to belowground process in a young tropical plantation: Impacts on soil CO2 flux. Forest Ecology and Management, 255(7):2577-2588
  79. Potvin, C., Guay, B., Pedroni, L. (2008) Is reducing emissions from deforestation financially feasible? A Panamanian case study. Climate Policy, 8(1):23-40
  80. Potvin, C., Gotelli, N.J. (2008) Biodiversity enhances individual performance but does not affect survivorship in tropical trees. Ecology Letters, 11(3):217-223
  81. Potvin, C., Bovarnick, A. (2008) Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries: Key actors, negotiations and actions. Carbon and Climate Law Review
  82. Healy, C., Gotelli, N.J., Potvin, C. (2008) Partitioning the effects of biodiversity and environmental heterogeneity for productivity and mortality in a tropical tree plantation. Journal of Ecology, 96(5):903-913
  83. Coll, L., Potvin, C., Messier, C., Delagrange, S. (2008) Root architecture and allocation patterns of eight native tropical species with different successional status used in open-grown mixed plantations in Panama. Trees - Structure and Function, 22(4):585-596
  84. Potvin, C., Tschakert, P., Lebel, F., Kirby, K., Barrios, H., Bocariza, J., Caisamo, J., Caisamo, L., Cansari, C., Casama, J. et al. (2007) A participatory approach to the establishment of a baseline scenario for a reforestation Clean Development Mechanism project. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12(8):1341-1362
  85. Potvin, C., Coomes, O.T., Grimard, F. (2007) Will RED work where it should? Science
  86. Tschakert, P., Coomes, O.T., Potvin, C. (2007) Indigenous livelihoods, slash-and-burn agriculture, and carbon stocks in Eastern Panama. Ecological Economics, 60(4):807-820
  87. Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Bonilla, J.L., Potvin, C. (2007) Tree species richness affects litter production and decomposition rates in a tropical biodiversity experiment. Oikos, 116(12):2108-2124
  88. Kirby, K.R., Potvin, C. (2007) Variation in carbon storage among tree species: Implications for the management of a small-scale carbon sink project. Forest Ecology and Management, 246(2-3):208-221
  89. Potvin, C., Owen, C.T., Melzi, S., Beaucage, P. (2005) Biodiversity and modernization in four coffee-producing villages of Mexico. Ecology and Society, 10(1):18. [online]
  90. Dalle, S.P., Potvin, C. (2004) Conservation of useful plants: An evaluation of local priorities from two indigenous communities in eastern Panama. Economic Botany, 58(1):38-57
  91. Potvin, C., Whidden, E., Moore, T. (2004) A case study of carbon pools under three different land-uses in Panama. Climatic Change, 67(2-3):291-307
  92. Potvin, C., Cansari, R., Hutton, J., Caisamo, I., Pacheco, B. (2003) Preparation for propagation: Understanding germination of giwa (Astrocaryum standleyanum), wagara (Sabal mauritiiformis), and eba (Socratea exorrhiza) for future cultivation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12(11):2161-2171
  93. Elias, M., Potvin, C. (2003) Assessing inter- and intra-specific variation in trunk carbon concentration for 32 neotropical tree species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(6):1039-1045
  94. Kraenzel, M., Castillo, A., Moore, T., Potvin, C. (2003) Carbon storage of harvest-age teak (Tectona grandis) plantations, Panama. Forest Ecology and Management, 173(1-3):213-225
  95. Wilsey, B.J., Parent, G., Roulet, N.T., Moore, T.R., Potvin, C. (2002) Tropical pasture carbon cycling: Relationships between C source/sink strength, above-ground biomass and grazing. Ecology Letters, 5(3):367-376
  96. Dalle, S.P., Lopez, H., Diaz, D., Legendre, P., Potvin, C. (2002) Spatial distribution and habitats of useful plants: An initial assessment for conservation on an indigenous territory, Panama. Biodiversity and Conservation, 11(4):637-667
  97. Wilsey, B.J., Potvin, C. (2000) Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Importance of species evenness in an old field. Ecology, 81(4):887-892
  98. Filion, M., Dutilleul, P., Potvin, C. (2000) Optimum experimental design for free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) studies. Global Change Biology, 6(7):843-854
  99. Ellis, A.R., Hubbell, S.P., Potvin, C. (2000) In situ field measurements of photosynthetic rates of tropical tree species: A test of the functional group hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Botany, 78(10):1336-1347
  100. Vasseur, L., Potvin, C. (1998) Natural pasture community response to enriched carbon dioxide atmosphere. Plant Ecology, 135(1):31-41
  101. Cantin, D., Tremblay, M.F., Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C. (1997) Effects of CO2 enrichment, elevated temperature, and nitrogen availability on the growth and gas exchange of different families of jack pine seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 27(4):510-520
  102. Taylor, K., Potvin, C. (1997) Understanding the long-term effect of CO2 enrichment on a pasture: The importance of disturbance. Canadian Journal of Botany, 75(10):1621-1627
  103. Potvin, C., Vasseur, L. (1997) Long-term CO2 enrichment of a pasture community: Species richness, dominance, and succession. Ecology, 78(3):666-677
  104. Potvin, C., Tousignant, D. (1996) Evolutionary consequences of simulated global change: Genetic adaptation or adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Oecologia, 108(4):683-693
  105. Stewart, J., Potvin, C. (1996) Effects of elevated CO2 on an artificial grassland community: Competition, invasion and neighbourhood growth. Functional Ecology, 10(2):157-166
  106. Wang Zhang, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C. (1995) Responses of black spruce seedlings to simulated present versus future seedbed environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(4):545-554
  107. Dutilleul, P., Potvin, C. (1995) Among-environment heteroscedasticity and genetic autocorrelation: Implications for the study of phenotypic plasticity. Genetics, 139(4):1815-1829
  108. Wang Zhang, M., Lechowicz, M.J., Potvin, C. (1994) Early selection of black spruce seedlings and global change: Which genotypes should we favor? Ecological Applications, 4(3):604-616
  109. Potvin, C., Travis, J. (1993) A Drop in the Ocean ... Concluding Remarks. Ecology, 74(6):1674-1676
  110. Charest, C., Potvin, C. (1993) Maternally-Induced Modification of Progeny Phenotypes in the C-4 Weed Echinochloa-Crus-Galli - an Analysis of Seed Constituents and Performance. Oecologia, 93(3):383-388
  111. Matson, P., Travis, J., Potvin, C. (1993) Statistical-Methods - an Upgrade for Ecologists. Ecology, 74(6):1615-1616
  112. Potvin, C., Roff, D.A. (1993) Distribution-free and robust statistical methods: viable alternatives to parametric statistics? Ecology, 74(6):1617-1628
  113. Potvin, C. (1991) Temperature-induced variation in reproductive success: field and control experiments with the C4 grass Echinochloa crus-galli. Canadian Journal of Botany, 69(7):1577-1582
  114. Potvin, C., Charest, C. (1991) Maternal Effects of Temperature on Metabolism in the C-4 Weed Echinochloa-Crus-Galli. Ecology, 72(6):1973-1979
  115. Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G., Schoen, D. (1990) Spatial, temporal, amd species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments. Canadian Journal of Botany, 68(3):499-504
  116. Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Tardif, S. (1990) The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures. Ecology, 71(4):1389-1400
  117. Simon, J.P., Potvin, C., Strain, B.R. (1989) Effects of temperature and CO2 enrichment on kinetic properties of NADP+-malate dehydrogenase in two ecotypes of barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.) from contrasting climates. Oecologia, 81(1):138-144
  118. Potvin, C., Simon, J.P. (1989) The Evolution of Cold Temperature Adaptation among Populations of a Widely Distributed C-4 Weed - Barnyard Grass. Evolutionary Trends in Plants, 3(2):98-105
  119. Potvin, C., Tardif, S. (1988) Sources of Variability and Experimental Designs in Growth Chambers. Functional Ecology, 2(1):123-130
  120. Potvin, C. (1987) Differences between the effects of partial and whole plant chilling on carbon translocation of a C4 grass. Plant, Cell and Environment, 11(1):51?54
  121. Potvin, C. (1987) Differences in photosynthetic characteristics among northern and southern C4 plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 69(4):659?664
  122. Potvin, C., Simon, J.P., Strain, B.R. (1986) Effect of low temperature on the photosynthetic metabolism of the C4 grass Echinochloa crus-galli. Oecologia, 69(4):499-506
  123. Potvin, C. (1986) Biomass allocation and phenological differences among southern and northern populations of the C4 grass Echinochloa crus- galli. Journal of Ecology, 74(4):915-923
  124. Potvin, C. (1985) Amelioration of chilling effects by CO2 enrichment. Physiologie végétale, 23(4):345-352
  125. Potvin, C., Strain, B.R., Goeschl, J.D. (1985) Low night temperature effect on photosynthate translocation of two C4 grasses. Oecologia, 67(3):305-309
  126. Potvin, C., Strain, B.R. (1985) Effects of CO2 enrichment and temperature on growth in two C4 weeds, Echinochloa crus-galli and Eleusine indica. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63:1495-1499
  127. Potvin, C., Strain, B.R. (1985) Photosynthetic response to growth temperature and CO2 enrichment in two species of C4 grasses. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63(3):483-487
  128. Potvin, C. (1985) Effect of Leaf Detachment on Chlorophyll Fluorescence during Chilling Experiments. Plant Physiology, 78(4):883?886
  129. Simon, J.P., Potvin, C., Strain, B.R. (1984) Effects of temperature and CO2 enrichment on kinetic properties of phospho-enol-pyruvate carboxylase in two ecotypes of Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv., a C4 weed grass species. Oecologia, 63(1):145-152
  130. Potvin, C., Goesch, J.D., Strain, B.R. (1984) Effects of Temperature and CO2 Enrichment on Carbon Translocation of Plants of the C4 Grass Species Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. from Cool and Warm Environments. Plant Physiology, 75:1054-1057
  131. Potvin, C., Simon, J.-P., Blanchard, M.-H. (1983) Thermal properties of NAD malate dehydrogenase and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase in two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana (Cruciferae) from contrasting environments. Plant Science Letters, 31:35-47
  132. Potvin, C., Bergeron, Y., Simon, J.P. (1983) A Numerical Taxonomic Study of Selected Citrus Species (Rutaceae) Based on Biochemical Characters. Systematic Botany, 8:127-133
  133. Simon, J.P., Potvin, C., Blanchard, M.H. (1983) Thermal adaptation and acclimation of higher plants at the enzyme level: kinetic properties of NAD malate dehydrogenase and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase in two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana ( Brassicaceae). Oecologia, 60(2):143-148
  134. Potvin, C., Blanchard, M.-H., Simon, J.-P. (1981) Thermal adaptation and acclimation of two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. (Cruciferae): Morphology, growth rates and kinetic properties of malate dehydrogenase and glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase. Arabidopsis Information Service, 18:100-114

Articles published in proceedings

  1. Potvin, C., Barrios, H., Molina, N., Provost, M. (2005) Conservation of indigenous medicinal plants and associated knowledge: a case study from the Embera community of Ipeti, Panama. In Proceedings of the International Symposium Biodiversity and health. (Arnason, J.T., Catling, P.M., Small, E., Dang, P.T. and Lambert, J.D.H., Eds.) CNR press, pages 25-31

Scientific reports, manuals and others

  1. Potvin, C., Aitken, S., Anctil, F., Bennett, E., Berkes, F., Byrne, J., Creed, I., Consolo Willox, A., Dale, A., de Lange, D. et al. (2015) Agir sur les changements climatiques au Canada : les solutions d’universitaires canadiens et canadiennes.
  2. Sharma, D., Potvin, C. (2015) Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians. Technical report, Trottier Institute for Science and Public Policy

Theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Potvin, C. (1985) Responses of two C4 grasses to CO2 enrichment and low temperature: implications for the biogeographical distribution of C4 plants. PhD thesis, Duke University
  2. Potvin, C. (1982) Adaptation et acclimation à la température chez Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. (Cruciferae). Master's thesis, Université de Montréal

Supervised theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Pelletier, J. (2012) Emissions from land-cover change in Panama: uncertainty, dynamics, and perception. PhD thesis, McGill University
  2. Guay, B. (2007) Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation : the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and policy-making in Panama. Master's thesis, McGill University
  3. Healy, C. (2007) The biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship : separating the effects of species richness, from those of species identity and environmental heterogeneity in a tropical tree plantation. Master's thesis, McGill University

Non peer-reviewed articles

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