John-William Shipley

Membre régulier
Écologie végétale

Université de Sherbrooke
Département de biologie
2500, boul. de l'Université
Sherbrooke (Québec) J1K 2R1
Canada

(819) 821-8000 Poste 62079

Personnel

Directions d'étudiants


Codirections


Ancien personnel
Antoine Tardif (Postdoc 2017)
Diana Soriano Fernández (Postdoc 2015)
Rafael Otfinowski (Postdoc 2009)
Maycour Diof (Postdoc 2008)
JC Douma (Postdoc 2008)

Étudiants diplômés
Dirigés
Chiara Chelo (M.Sc. 2021)
Xavier Lamontagne (M.Sc. 2021)
Laurent Daniel Daou (Ph.D. 2020)
Françoise Cardou (Ph.D. 2019)
Claude Ndabarushimana (M.Sc. 2019)
Michaël Belluau (Ph.D. 2017)
Yuanzhi Li (Ph.D. 2017)
Jessy Loranger (Ph.D. 2015)
Mark Jewell (M.Sc. 2014)
Antoine Tardif (Ph.D. 2013)
Sébastien Auger (M.Sc. 2012)
Cédric Frenette-Dussault (Ph.D. 2012)
Jessy Loranger (M.Sc. 2012)
Maurice Aulen (Ph.D. 2011)
Pierre-Philippe Lachapelle (M.Sc. 2011)
Grégory Sonnier (Ph.D. 2009)
Giancarlo Marino (M.Sc. 2008)
Guillaume Dostie (M.Sc. 2006)
Denis Vile (Ph.D. 2005)
Codirigés
Mesmin Sedo Kiki (M.Sc. 2006)
FORMATION
  • Postdoctorat en biologie, 1991 (McGill University)
  • Ph.D. en biologie, 1987 (Université d'Ottawa)
  • B.Sc. en biologie, 1983 (Université Bishop)
THÈMES DE RECHERCHE

L'objectif de mon programme de recherche en écologie pure est de lier les attributs morphologiques et physiologiques des individus à la structure et à la dynamique des communautés. À cette fin, l'accent est mis sur les comparaisons interspécifiques. Nos travaux portent sur les déterminants du taux de croissance, sur la production des graines et sur les interactions compétitives des espèces sauvages. Ceci comprend des études sur les échanges gazeux, la nutrition minérale, les composés secondaires et la morphologie. L'objectif est de relier ces attributs par la modélisation statistique.

Je suis aussi membre du Centre de la science de la biodiversité du Québec (CSBQ) 

DISTINCTIONS

2006 - Prix de la recherche et de la création, Université Sherbrooke.

Vous pouvez télécharger toutes mes références bibliographiques en format BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV ou EndNote.
PUBLICATIONS
Livres


  1. Shipley, B. (2021) Ordination methods for biologists: a non-mathematical introduction using R. BS Publishing
  2. Shipley, B. (2016) Cause and Correlation in Biology. A User's Guide to Path Analysis, Structural Equations and Causal Inference with R. Cambridge University Press
  3. Shipley, B. (2009) From plant traits to vegetation structure. Chance and selection in the assembly of ecological communities. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK.
  4. Shipley, B. (2002) Cause and Correlation in Biology: A User’s Guide to Path Analysis, Structural Equations and Causal Inference. UK, Cambridge University Press


Chapitres de livre


  1. Shipley, B. (2009) Entropy maximization and species abundance. In Encyclopedia of Complexity & System Science. (Meyers, R., Eds.) Springer
  2. Shipley, B. (2003) From biological hypotheses to structural equation models : The imperfection of causal translation. In Structural equation modeling : Applications in ecological and evolutionary biology research. (Pugesek, B. and Tomer, A. and von Eye, A., Eds.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK
  3. Fortin, M.-J., Jacquez, G.M., Shipley, B. (2001) Computer intensive sampling in ecology. In Encylopedia of environmetric. (El-Shaarawi, A. H. and Piegorsch, W.W., Eds.) John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 399–402
  4. Shipley, B. (1999) Exploring hypothesis space: Examples from organismal biology. In Computation, Causation and Discovery. (Glymour, C. and Cooper, G., Eds.) AAAI/MIT Press
  5. Keddy, P.A ., Wisheu, I., Shipley, B., Gaudet, C. (1989) Seed banks and vegetation management for conservation. In The Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. (Leck, M.A. and Parker, V.T. and Simpson, R.L., Eds.) Academic Press


Livres et actes de colloques publiés à titre d'éditeur



Articles révisés par un comité de lecture


  1. Zhang, L., Ni, M., Zhu, T., Xu, X., Zhou, S., Shipley, B. (2022) Nitrogen Addition in a Tibetan Alpine Meadow Increases Intraspecific Variability in Nitrogen Uptake, Leading to Increased Community-level Nitrogen Uptake. Ecosystems, 25(1):172-183
  2. Cardou, F., Munson, A.D., Boisvert-Marsh, L., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, F.W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N.J. et al. (2022) Above- and belowground drivers of intraspecific trait variability across subcontinental gradients for five ubiquitous forest plants in North America. Journal of Ecology, 110(7):1590-1605
  3. Cardou, F., Aubin, I., Lapointe, M., Shipley, B. (2022) Multifunctionality in practice: Measuring differences in urban woodland ecosystem properties via functional traits. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 68
  4. Lamontagne, X., Shipley, B. (2022) A measure of generalized soil fertility that is largely independent of species identity. Annals of botany, 129(1):29-36
  5. Daou, L., Garnier, E., Shipley, B. (2021) Quantifying the relationship linking the community-weighted means of plant traits and soil fertility. Ecology, 102(9)
  6. Douma, J.C., Shipley, B. (2021) A multigroup extension to piecewise path analysis. Ecosphere, 12(5)
  7. Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2021) Testing piecewise structural equations models in the presence of latent variables and including correlated errors. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal
  8. Guerrero-Ramirez, N.R., Mommer, L., Freschet, G.T., Iversen, C.M., McCormack, M.L., Kattge, J., Poorter, H., van der Plas, F., Bergmann, J., Kuyper, T.W. et al. (2021) Global root traits (GRooT) database. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 30(1):25-37
  9. Shipley, B., Tardif, A. (2021) Causal hypotheses accounting for correlations between decomposition rates of different mass fractions of leaf litter. Ecology, 102(1):e03196
  10. dos Santos, D., Joner, F., Shipley, B., Teleginski, M., Lucas, R.R., Siddique, I. (2021) Crop functional diversity drives multiple ecosystem functions during early agroforestry succession. Journal of Applied Ecology, 58(8):1718-1727
  11. Li, Y., Jiang, Y., Shipley, B., Li, B., Luo, W., Chen, Y., Zhao, K., He, D., Rodriguez-Hernandez, D.I., Chu, C. (2021) The complexity of trait–environment performance landscapes in a local subtropical forest. New Phytologist, 229(3):1388-1397
  12. Laigle, I., Moretti, M., Rousseau, L., Gravel, D., Venier, L., Handa, I.T., Messier, C., Morris, D., Hazlett, P., Fleming, R. et al. (2021) Direct and Indirect Effects of Forest Anthropogenic Disturbance on Above and Below Ground Communities and Litter Decomposition. Ecosystems, 24(7):1716-1737
  13. Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2020) Generalized AIC and chi-squared statistics for path models consistent with directed acyclic graphs. Ecology, 101(3)
  14. Gagnon, V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C.W., Shipley, B., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020) Differences in elemental composition of tailings, soils, and plant tissues following five decades of native plant colonization on a gold mine site in Northwestern Québec. Chemosphere, 250
  15. Juhasz, C.-C., Shipley, B., Gauthier, G., Berteaux, D., Lecomte, N. (2020) Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra. Journal of Animal Ecology, 89(3):704-715
  16. Cardou, F., Aubin, I., Bergeron, A., Shipley, B. (2020) Functional markers to predict forest ecosystem properties along a rural-to-urban gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science, 31(3):416-428
  17. Gagnon, V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C.W., Shipley, B., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020) Differences in elemental composition of tailings, soils, and plant tissues following five decades of native plant colonization on a gold mine site in Northwestern Québec. Chemosphere, 250
  18. Gagnon, V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Migneault, M., Tardif, A., Garneau, L., Lalonde, S., Shipley, B., Greer, C.W., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020) Survival, growth and element translocation by 4 plant species growing on acidogenic gold mine tailings in Québec. Ecological Engineering, 151
  19. Daou, L., Shipley, B. (2020) Simplifying the protocol for the quantification of generalized soil fertility gradients in grassland community ecology. Plant and Soil, 457(1):457-468
  20. Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Díaz, S., Lavorel, S., Prentice, I.C., Leadley, P., Tautenhahn, S., Werner, G.D.A., Aakala, T., Abedi, M. et al. (2020) TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology, 26(1):119-188
  21. Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2019) Functional niche occupation and species richness in herbaceous plant communities along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Annals of botany, 124(5):861-867
  22. Kumordzi, B.B., Aubin, I., Cardou, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, F.W., Bergeron, Y. et al. (2019) Geographic scale and disturbance influence intraspecific trait variability in leaves and roots of North American understorey plants. Functional Ecology, 33(9):1771-1784
  23. Tardif, A., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Gagnon, V., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. (2019) The relative importance of abiotic conditions and subsequent land use on the boreal primary succession of acidogenic mine tailings. Ecological Engineering, 127:66-74
  24. Daou, L., Shipley, B. (2019) The measurement and quantification of generalized gradients of soil fertility relevant to plant community ecology. Ecology, 100(1)
  25. Belluau, M., Shipley, B. (2018) Linking hard and soft traits: Physiology, morphology and anatomy interact to determine habitat affinities to soil water availability in herbaceous dicots. PLoS ONE, 13(3)
  26. Li, Y., Shipley, B., Price, J.N., Dantas, V.D.L., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V. et al. (2018) Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide. Journal of Ecology, 106(3):1001-1009
  27. Casals, P., Valor, T., Rios, A.I., Shipley, B. (2018) Leaf and bark functional traits predict resprouting strategies of understory woody species after prescribed fires. Forest Ecology and Management, 429:158-174
  28. Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2018) Community divergence and convergence along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Ecology, 99(4):775-781
  29. Ameztegui, A., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Heym, M., Messier, C., Gravel, D. (2017) Shade tolerance and the functional trait: demography relationship in temperate and boreal forests. Functional Ecology, 31(4):821-830
  30. Pierce, S., Negreiros, D., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Kattge, J., Diaz, S., Kleyer, M., Shipley, B., Wright, S.J., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Onipchenko, V.G. et al. (2017) A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes world-wide. Functional Ecology, 31(2):444-457
  31. Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Low-Decarie, E., Tobner, C.M., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2017) Partitioning the effect of composition and diversity of tree communities on leaf litter decomposition and soil respiration. Oikos, 126(7):959-971
  32. Belluau, M., Shipley, B. (2017) Predicting habitat affinities of herbaceous dicots to soil wetness based on physiological traits of drought tolerance. Annals of Botany, 119(6):1073-1084
  33. Shipley, B., Belluau, M., Kuhn, I., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Bahn, M., Penuelas, J., Kattge, J., Sack, L., Cavender-Bares, J., Ozinga, W.A. et al. (2017) Predicting habitat affinities of plant species using commonly measured functional traits. Journal of Vegetation Science, 28(5):1082-1095
  34. Garnier, E., Stahl, U., Laporte, M.-A., Kattge, J., Mougenot, I., Kuhn, I., Laporte, B., Amiaud, B., Ahrestani, F.S., Bonisch, G. et al. (2017) Towards a thesaurus of plant characteristics: an ecological contribution. Journal of Ecology, 105(2):298-309
  35. Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2017) An experimental test of CSR theory using a globally calibrated ordination method. PLoS ONE, 12(4)
  36. Di­az, S., Kattge, J., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Wright, I.J., Lavorel, S., Dray, S., Reu, B., Kleyer, M., Wirth, C., Colin Prentice, I. et al. (2016) The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature, 529(7585):167-171
  37. Pourhassan, N., Bruno, S., Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. (2016) Phosphorus and micronutrient dynamics during gymnosperm and angiosperm litters decomposition in temperate cold forest from Eastern Canada. Geoderma, 273:25-31
  38. Shipley, B., De Bello, F., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Laliberte, E., Laughlin, D.C., Reich, P.B. (2016) Reinforcing loose foundation stones in trait-based plant ecology. Oecologia, 180(4):923-931
  39. Loranger, J., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Lavorel, S., Bonis, A., Cruz, P., Louault, F., Loucougaray, G., Mesleard, F., Yavercovski, N. et al. (2016) Recasting the dynamic equilibrium model through a functional lens: The interplay of trait-based community assembly and climate. Journal of Ecology, 104(3):781-791
  40. Loranger, J., Blonder, B., Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Vile, D., Violle, C. (2016) Occupancy and overlap in trait space along a successional gradient in mediterranean old fields. American Journal of Botany, 103(6):1050-1060
  41. Aubin, I., Munson, A.D., Cardou, F., Burton, P.J., Isabel, N., Pedlar, J.H., Paquette, A., Taylor, A.R., Delagrange, S., Kebli, H. et al. (2016) Traits to stay, traits to move: a review of functional traits to assess sensitivity and adaptive capacity of temperate and boreal trees to climate change. Environmental Reviews, 24(2):164-186
  42. Tardif, A., Shipley, B. (2015) The relationship between functional dispersion of mixed-species leaf litter mixtures and species' interactions during decomposition. Oikos, 124(8):1050-1057
  43. Shipley, B. (2015) Describing, explaining and predicting community assembly: A convincing trait-based case study. Journal of Vegetation Science, 26(4):615-616
  44. Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015) Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in Arabidopsis thaliana. AoB Plants, 7(1)
  45. Warton, D.I., Shipley, B., Hastie, T. (2015) CATS regression - a model-based approach to studying trait-based community assembly. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6(4):389-398
  46. Manning, P., de Vries, F.T., Tallowin, J.R.B., Smith, R., Mortimer, S.R., Pilgrim, E.S., Harrison, K.A., Wright, D.G., Quirk, H., Benson, J. et al. (2015) Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national-scale grassland soil carbon stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(5):1188-1196
  47. Siefert, A., Violle, C., Chalmandrier, L., Albert, C.H., Taudiere, A., Fajardo, A., Aarssen, L.W., Baraloto, C., Carlucci, M.B., Cianciaruso, M.V. et al. (2015) A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Ecology Letters, 18(12):1406-1419
  48. Rivest, D., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Reich. P., Messier, C. (2015) Tree communities rapidly alter soil microbial resistance and resilience to drought. Functional Ecology, 29:570-578
  49. Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2015) A traits-based test of the home-field advantage in mixed-species tree litter decomposition. Annals of Botany, 116(5):781-788
  50. Tardif, A., Shipley, B., Bloor, J.M.G., Soussana, J.-F. (2014) Can the biomass-ratio hypothesis predict mixed-species litter decomposition along a climatic gradient? Annals of Botany, 113(5):843-850
  51. Shipley, B. (2014) Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection versus meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25(1):55-65
  52. Lohier, T., Jabot, F., Meziane, D., Shipley, B., Reich, P.B., Deffuant, G. (2014) Explaining ontogenetic shifts in root–shoot scaling with transient dynamics. Annals of Botany, 114(3):513-524
  53. Tardif, A., Shipley, B. (2013) Using the biomass-ratio and idiosyncratic hypotheses to predict mixed-species litter decomposition. Annals of Botany, 111(1):135-141
  54. Frenette-Dussault, C., Shipley, B., Meziane, D., Hingrat, Y. (2013) Trait-based climate change predictions of plant community structure in arid steppes. Journal of Ecology, 101(2):484-492
  55. Auger, S., Shipley, B. (2013) Inter-specific and intra-specific trait variation along short environmental gradients in an old-growth temperate forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24(3):419-428
  56. Shipley, B. (2013) The AIC model selection method applied to path analytic models compared using a d-separation test. Ecology, 94(3):560-564
  57. Loranger, J., Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Wirth, C., Weisser, W.W. (2013) Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: Polycultures show strong nonadditive effects. Ecology, 94(7):1499-1509
  58. Frenette-Dussault, C., Shipley, B., Hingrat, Y. (2013) Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. Functional Ecology, 27(3):786-792
  59. Frenette-Dussault, C., Shipley, B., Leger, J.-F., Meziane, D., Hingrat, Y. (2012) Functional structure of an arid steppe plant community reveals similarities with Grime's C-S-R theory. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23(2):208-222
  60. Douma, J.C., Shipley, B., Witte, J.P., Aerts, R., van Bodegom, P.M. (2012) Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits: revisiting assembly hypotheses. Ecology, 93(4):825-835
  61. Lachapelle, P.-P., Shipley, B. (2012) Interspecific prediction of photosynthetic light response curves using specific leaf mass and leaf nitrogen content: Effects of differences in soil fertility and growth irradiance. Annals of Botany, 109(6):1149-1157
  62. Shipley, B., Timothy Paine, C.E., Baraloto, C. (2012) Quantifying the importance of local niche-based and stochastic processes to tropical tree community assembly. Ecology, 93(4):760-769
  63. Sonnier, G., Navas, M.-L., Fayolle, A., Shipley, B. (2012) Quantifying trait selection driving community assembly: a test in herbaceous plant communities under contrasted land use regimes. Oikos, 121(7):1103-1111
  64. Aulen, M., Shipley, B., Bradley, R.L. (2012) Prediction of in situ root decomposition rates in an interspecific context from chemical and morphological traits. Annals of Botany, 109(1):287-297
  65. de Vries, F.T., Manning, P., Tallowin, J.R.B., Mortimer, S.R., Pilgrim, E.S., Harrison, K.A., Hobbs, P.J., Quirk, H., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, J.H.C. et al. (2012) Abiotic drivers and plant traits explain landscape-scale patterns in soil microbial communities. Ecology Letters, 15(11):1230-1239
  66. Loranger, J., Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Weisser, W.W. (2012) Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: Evidence from 51 grassland species in experimental monocultures. Ecology, 93(12):2674-2682
  67. Laliberte, E., Shipley, B., Norton, D.A., Scott, D. (2012) Which plant traits determine abundance under long-term shifts in soil resource availability and grazing intensity? Journal of Ecology, 100(3):662-677
  68. Kattge, J., Diaz, S., Lavorel, S., Prentice, I.C., Leadley, P., Bonisch, G., Garnier, E., Westoby, M., Reich, P.B., Wright, I.J. et al. (2011) TRY - a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology, 17(9):2905-2935
  69. Shipley, B., Laughlin, D.C., Sonnier, G., Ottinowski, R. (2011) A strong test of a maximum entropy model of trait-based community assembly. Ecology, 92(2):507-17
  70. Hodgson, J.G., Montserrat-Marti, G., Charles, M., Jones, G., Wilson, P., Shipley, B., Sharafi, M., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Band, S.R. et al. (2011) Is leaf dry matter content a better predictor of soil fertility than specific leaf area? Annals of Botany, 108(7):1337-1345
  71. Marino, G., Aqil, M., Shipley, B. (2010) The leaf economics spectrum and the prediction of photosynthetic light-response curves. Functional Ecology, 24(2):263-272
  72. Useche, A., Shipley, B. (2010) Interspecific correlates of plasticity in relative growth rate following a decrease in nitrogen availability. Annals of Botany, 105(2):333-339
  73. Thomas, D.W., Bourgault, P., Shipley, B., Perret, P., Blondel, J. (2010) Context-dependent Changes in the Weighting of Environmental Cues That Initiate Breeding in a Temperate Passerine, the Corsican Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus). Auk, 127(1):129-139
  74. Sonnier, G., Shipley, B., Navas, M.-L. (2010) Plant traits, species pools and the prediction of relative abundance in plant communities: a maximum entropy approach. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21(2):318-331
  75. Shipley, B. (2010) Community assembly, natural selection and maximum entropy models. Oikos, 119(4):604-609
  76. Useche, A., Shipley, B. (2010) Plasticity in relative growth rate after a reduction in nitrogen availability is related to root morphological and physiological responses. Annals of Botany, 106(4):617-625
  77. Sonnier, G., Shipley, B., Navas, M.-L. (2010) Quantifying relationships between traits and explicitly measured gradients of stress and disturbance in early successional plant communities. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21(6):1014-1024
  78. Bergeron, P., Grignolio, S., Apollonio, M., Shipley, B., Festa-Bianchet, M. (2010) Secondary sexual characters signal fighting ability and determine social rank in Alpine ibex (Capra ibex). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(8):1299-1307
  79. Loranger, J., Shipley, B. (2010) Interspecific covariation between stomatal density and other functional leaf traits in a local flora. Botany, 88(1):30-38
  80. Shipley, B. (2010) Inferential permutation tests for maximum entropy models in ecology. Ecology, 91(9):2794-2805
  81. Shipley, B. (2009) Confirmatory path analysis in a generalized multilevel context. Ecology, 90(2):363-368
  82. Saura-Mas, S., Shipley, B., Lloret, F. (2009) Relationship between post-fire regeneration and leaf economics spectrum in Mediterranean woody species. Functional Ecology, 23(1):103-110
  83. Kang, C., Shipley, B. (2009) A correction note on a new inferential test for path models based on directed acyclic graphs. Structural Equation Modeling, 16(3):537-538
  84. Shipley, B. (2009) Limitations of entropy maximization in ecology: a reply to Haegeman and Loreau. Oikos, 118(1):152-159
  85. Shipley, B. (2009) Trivial and non-trivial applications of entropy maximization in ecology: Shipley's reply. Oikos, 118(8):1279-1280
  86. Dubois, Y., Blouin-Demers, G., Shipley, B., Thomas, D. (2009) Thermoregulation and habitat selection in wood turtles Glyptemys insculpta: chasing the sun slowly. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78(5):1023-1032
  87. Shipley, B. (2007) Comparative plant ecology as a tool for integrating across scales. Annals of Botany, 99:965-966
  88. Thomas, D.W., Shipley, B., Blondel, J., Perret, P., Simon, A., Lambrechts, M.M. (2007) Common paths link food abundance and ectoparasite loads to physiological performance and recruitment in nestling blue tits. Functional Ecology, 21(5):947-955
  89. Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E. (2007) Response to comments on "From plant traits to plant communities: A statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity". Science, 316(5830):U4-U6
  90. Lamarche, J., Bradley, R.L., Hooper, E., Shipley, B., Simao Beaunoir, A.-M., Beaulieu, C. (2007) Forest floor bacterial community composition and catabolic profiles in relation to landscape features in Quebec's southern boreal forest. Microbial Ecology, 54(1):10-20
  91. Niklas, K.J., Cobb, E.D., Niinemets, U., Reich, P.B., Sellin, A., Shipley, B., Wright, I.J. (2007) "Diminishing returns" in the scaling of functional leaf traits across and within species groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(21):8891-8896
  92. Vile, D., Shipley, B., Garnier, E. (2006) A structural equation model to integrate changes in functional strategies during old-field succession. Ecology, 87(2):504-517
  93. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Wright, I., Reich, P.B. (2006) Fundamental trade-offs generating the worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Ecology, 87(3):535-541
  94. Vile, D., Shipley, B., Garnier, E. (2006) Ecosystem productivity can be predicted from potential relative growth rate and species abundance. Ecology Letters, 9(9):1061-1067
  95. Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E. (2006) From plant traits to plant communities: A statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity. Science, 314(5800):812-814
  96. Bradley, R.L., Shipley, B., Beaulieu, C. (2006) Refining numerical approaches for analyzing soil microbial community catabolic profiles based on carbon source utilization patterns. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(3):629-632
  97. Shipley, B. (2006) Net assimilation rate, specific leaf area and leaf mass ratio: which is most closely correlated with relative growth rate? A meta-analysis. Functional Ecology, 20(4):565-574
  98. Kazakou, E., Vile, D., Shipley, B., Gallet, C., Garnier, E. (2006) Co-variations in litter decomposition, leaf traits and plant growth in species from a Mediterranean old-field succession. Functional Ecology, 20(1):21-30
  99. Prevost, K., Couture, G., Shipley, B., Brzezinski, R., Beaulieu, C. (2006) Effect of chitosan and a biocontrol streptomycete on field and potato tuber bacterial communities. BioControl, 51(4):533-546
  100. Vile, D., Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Laurent, G., Navas, M. L., Roumet, C., Lavorel, S., Diaz, S., Hodgson, J. G., Lloret, F. et al. (2005) Specific leaf area and dry matter content estimate thickness in laminar leaves. Annals of Botany, 96(6):1129-1136
  101. Grenon, F., Bradley, R.L., Jones, M.D., Shipley, B., Peat, H. (2005) Soil factors controlling mineral N uptake by Picea engelmannii seedlings: The importance of gross NH4+ production rates. New Phytologist, 165(3):791-799
  102. Lapointe, B., Bradley, R.L., Shipley, B. (2005) Mineral nitrogen and microbial dynamics in the forest floor of clearcut or partially harvested successional boreal forest stands. Plant and Soil, 271(1-2):27-37
  103. Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E., Wright, I.J., Poorter, H. (2005) Functional linkages between leaf traits and net photosynthetic rate: reconciling empirical and mechanistic models. Functional Ecology, 19:602-615
  104. Chbouki, S., Shipley, B., Bamouh, A. (2005) Path models for the abscission of reproductive structures in three contrasting cultivars of faba bean (Vicia faba). Canadian Journal of Botany, 83(3):264-271
  105. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B., Arnason, J.T. (2004) Growth and chemical defense in relation to resource availability: tradeoffs or common responses to environmental stress? Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64:187-194
  106. Shipley, B. (2004) Analysing the allometry of multiple interacting traits. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 6(4):235-241
  107. Shipley, B. (2003) Testing recursive path models with correlated errors using d-separation. Structural Equation Modeling, 10:214-221
  108. Shipley, B., Almeida-Cortez, J. (2003) Interspecific consistency and intraspecific variability of specific leaf area with respect to irradiance and nutrient availability. Ecoscience, 10(1):74-79
  109. Von Hardenberg, A., Shipley, B., Festa-Bianchet, M. (2003) Another one bites the dust: Does incisor-arcade size affect mass gain and survival in grazing ungulates? Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81(9):1623-1629
  110. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B., Arnason, J.T. (2003) Effects of nutrient availability on the production of pentaynene, a secondary compound related to defense, in Rudbeckia hirta. Plant Species Biology, 18(2-3):85-89
  111. Shipley, B. (2002) Trade-offs between net assimilation rate and specific leaf area in determining relative growth rate: Relationship with daily irradiance. Functional Ecology, 16(5):682-689
  112. Hunt, R., Causton, D.R., Shipley, B., Askew, A.P. (2002) A modern tool for classical plant growth analysis. Annals of Botany, 90(4):485-488
  113. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B. (2002) No significant relationship exists between seedling relative growth rate under nutrient limitation and potential tissue toxicity. Functional Ecology, 16(1):122-127
  114. Shipley, B., Vu, T.T. (2002) Dry matter content as a measure of dry matter concentration in plants and their parts. New Phytologist, 153(2):359-364
  115. Shipley, B. (2002) Start and stop rules for exploratory path analysis. Structural Equation Modeling, 9:554-561
  116. Shipley, B., Meziane, D. (2002) The balanced-growth hypothesis and the allometry of leaf and root biomass allocation. Functional Ecology, 16(3):326-331
  117. Meziane, D., Shipley, B. (2001) Direct and indirect relationships between specific leaf area, leaf nitrogen and leaf gas exchange. Effects of irradiance and nutrient supply. Annals of Botany, 88(5):915-927
  118. Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Roumet, C., Laurent, G. (2001) A standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content. Functional Ecology, 15(5):688-695
  119. Shipley, B. (2000) A new inferential test for path models based on directed acyclic graphs. Structural Equation Modeling, 7:206-218
  120. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J. (2000) The functional co-ordination of leaf morphology, nitrogen concentration, and gas exchange in 40 wetland species. Ecoscience, 7(2):183-194
  121. Shipley, B. (2000) Plasticity in relative growth rate and its components following a change in irradiance. Plant, Cell and Environment, 23(11):1207-1216
  122. Shipley, B. (2000) A permutation procedure for testing the equality of pattern hypotheses across groups involving correlation or covariance matrices. Statistics and Computing, 10:253-257
  123. Meziane, D., Shipley, B. (1999) Interacting determinants of specific leaf area in 22 herbaceous species: Effects of irradiance and nutrient availability. Plant, Cell and Environment, 22(5):447-459
  124. Pyankov, V.I., Kondratchuk, A.V., Shipley, B. (1999) Leaf structure and specific leaf mass: The alpine desert plants of the Eastern Pamirs, Tadjikistan. New Phytologist, 143(1):131-142
  125. Shipley, B. (1999) Testing causal explanations in organismal biology: Causation, correlation and structural equation modelling. Oikos, 86(2):374-382
  126. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B., Arnason, J.T. (1999) Do plant species with high relative growth rates have poorer chemical defences? Functional Ecology, 13(6):819-827
  127. Meziane, D., Shipley, B. (1999) Interacting components of interspecific relative growth rate: Constancy and change under differing conditions of light and nutrient supply. Functional Ecology, 13(5):611-622
  128. McKenna, M.F., Shipley, B. (1999) Interacting determinants of interspecific relative growth: Empirical patterns and a theoretical explanation. Ecoscience, 6(2):286-296
  129. Keddy, P., Twolan-Strutt, L., Shipley, B. (1997) Experimental evidence that interspecific competitive asymmetry increases with soil productivity. Oikos, 80(2):253-256
  130. Shipley, B. (1997) Exploratory path analysis with applications in ecology and evolution. American Naturalist, 149(6):1113-1138
  131. Visman, V., Pesant, S., Dion, J., Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1996) Joint effects of maternal and offspring sizes on clutch mass and fecundity in plants and animals. Ecoscience, 3(2):173-182
  132. Shipley, B., Hunt, R. (1996) Regression smoothers for estimating parameters of growth analyses. Annals of Botany, 78(5):569-576
  133. Shipley, B. (1995) Structured interspecific determinants of specific leaf area in 34 species of herbaceous angiosperms. Functional Ecology, 9(2):312-319
  134. McCanny, S.J., Hendershot, W.H., Lechowicz, M.J., Shipley, B. (1995) The effects of aluminum on Picea rubens: Factorial experiments using sand culture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(1):8-17
  135. Reader, R.J., Wilson, S.D., Belcher, J.W., Wisheu, I., Keddy, P.A., Tilman, D., Morris, E.C., Grace, J.B., McGraw, J.B., Olff, H. et al. (1994) Plant competition in relation to neighbor biomass: An intercontinental study with Poa pratensis. Ecology, 75(6):1753-1760
  136. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. (1994) Evaluating the evidence for competitive hierarchies in plant communities. Oikos, 69(2):340-345
  137. Shipley, B. (1993) A null model for competitive hierarchies in competition matrices. Ecology, 74(6):1693-1699
  138. Shipley, B., Dion, J. (1992) The allometry of seed production in herbaceous angiosperms. American Naturalist, 139(3):467-483
  139. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Dumont, S., Hendershot, W.H. (1992) Interacting Effects of Nutrients, Ph-Al and Elevated Co2 on the Growth of Red Spruce (Picea-Rubens Sarg) Seedlings. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 64(3-4):585-600
  140. Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1991) The seduction by mechanism: A reply to Tilman. American Naturalist, 138:1276-1282
  141. Shipley, B., Parent, M. (1991) Germination responses of 64 wetland species in relation to seed size, minimum time to reproduction and seedling relative growth rate. Functional Ecology, 5(1):111-118
  142. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Lefkovitch, L.P. (1991) Mechanisms producing plant zonation along a water depth gradient: a comparison with the exposure gradient. Canadian Journal of Botany, 69(7):1420-1424
  143. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Gaudet, C., Moore, D.R.J. (1991) A model of species density in shoreline vegetation. Ecology, 72(5):1658-1667
  144. Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1990) The allometry of seed weight and seedling relative growth rate. Functional Ecology, 4(4):523-529
  145. Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1990) A test of the Tilman model of plant strategies: relative growth rate and biomass partitioning. American Naturalist, 136(2):139-153
  146. McCanny, S.J., Keddy, P.A., Arnason, T.J., Gaudet, C.L., Moore, D.R.J., Shipley, B. (1990) Fertility and the food quality of wetland plants: a test of the resource availability hypothesis. Oikos, 59(3):373-381
  147. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Moore, D.R.J., Lemky, K. (1989) Regeneration and establishment strategies of emergent macrophytes. Journal of Ecology, 77(4):1093-1110
  148. Shipley, B. (1989) The use of above-ground maximum relative growth rate as an accurate predictor of whole-plant maximum relative growth rate. Functional Ecology, 3(6):771-775
  149. Keddy, P.A., Shipley, B. (1989) Competitive hierarchies in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos, 54(2):234-241
  150. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. (1988) The relationship between relative growth rate and sensitivity to nutrient stress in twenty-eight species of emergent macrophytes. Journal of Ecology, 76(4):1101-1110
  151. Van Hulst, R., Shipley, B., Theriault, A. (1987) Why is Rhinanthus minor ( Scrophulariaceae) such a good invader? Canadian Journal of Botany, 65(11):2373-2379
  152. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. (1987) The individualistic and community-unit concepts as falsifiable hypotheses. Vegetatio, 69(1-3):47-55
  153. Shipley, B. (1987) The relationship between dynamic game theory and the Lotka-Volterra competition equations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 125:121-123
  154. Van Hulst, R., Theriault, A., Shipley, B. (1986) The systematic position of the genus Rhinananthus (Schrophulariaciae) in North America. Canadian Journal of Botany, 64:1443-1449


Articles publiés dans des actes de colloque (proceedings)



Rapports scientifiques, manuels et autres



Thèses, mémoires et essais


  1. Shipley, B. (1987) Pattern and mechanism in the emergent macrophyte communities along the Ottawa River (Canada). Thèse de doctorat, University of Ottawa


Thèses, mémoires et essais supervisés


  1. Aulen, M. (2011) Une approche fonctionnelle pour l'estimation des taux de décomposition racinaire et flux de carbone associés: Contribution à l'estimation du potentiel de séquestration du carbone dans les sols agroforestiers. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Sherbrooke
  2. Sonnier, G. (2009) Des traits des espèces à la structure des communautés végétales : vers une approche fonctionnelle et prédictive de l'écologie des communautés. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Sherbrooke
  3. Marino, G. (2008) Prévoir la capacité photosynthétique d’une feuille à partir d’une combinaison de ses traits fonctionnels : un test en milieu naturel. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  4. Kiki, M.S. (2006) Plasticité phénotypique de Kalmia angustifolia face aux variations de luminosité et de substrat. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  5. Dostie, G. (2006) Réponse de plantes de sous-bois à différentes conditions de luminosité, d'approvissionnement en sels-minéraux et de pH. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  6. Boulanger, F. (2005) Effets direct et indirect de Kalmia angustifolia sur la régénération des Épinettes Noires. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  7. Vile, D. (2005) Significations fonctionnelle et écologique des traits des espèces végétales : exemple dans une succession post-culturale méditerranéenne et généralisations. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Sherbrooke
  8. Nduwamungu, C. (2000) Étude d'une triple interaction sol-boues-plantes dans l'objectif de phytoremédiation des terrains contaminés par une sélection d'hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  9. McKenna, M.F. (1995) La variation interspécifique du taux de croissance relatif en fonction des attributs morphologiques et physiologiques d'angiospermes herbacés. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  10. Brazeau, J. (1994) La révégétation des résidus miniers sulfurés. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke
  11. Leclerc, J.-M. (1993) Le reboisement forestier et ses impacts sur la diversité biologique des forêts Québécoises. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Sherbrooke


Articles non révisés par un comité de lecture



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