Martin P. Girardin

Chercheur associé
Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)
University of Winnipeg (UW)

Chercheur scientifique
Service canadien des forêts
Centre de Foresterie des Laurentides
1055, rue du P.E.P.S.
Case postale 10380 Succ Sainte-Foy
Québec, Qc
G1V 4C7

Personnal web page

Personnel

Directions d'étudiants


Codirections

FORMATION

  • Baccalauréat en sciences biologiques, Université du Québec à Montréal (1999)
  • Maîtrise en sciences biologiques, Université du Québec à Montréal (2001)
  • Doctorat en botanique, University of Manitoba (2005)
  • Postdoctorat, Université Laval (2005)

THÈMES DE RECHERCHE

Recherche couvrant les domaines suivants : dendrochronologie, écologie et climatologie globale, reconstitution climatique, historique des feux, climatologie et sciences de l’atmosphère, croissance arborescente et environnement, modélisation de la balance hydrique, dynamique forestière, dynamique des tourbières, dynamique des perturbations, historique des perturbations d’insectes, productivité forestière, etc.

Nos travaux dans les médias

Boreal forests threaten to produce climate-warming gases \\(The Ottawa Citizen December 6 2013)
Climate change affecting northern Quebec wildfires Canada \\(19 juillet 2013 CBC Lower North Shore)
Le Nord dévasté \\(6 juillet 2013 La Presse)
Les pompiers resteront en alerte \\ (Le Devoir 29 mai 2010)
Rares, les incendies de forêt \\ (Le Soleil 4 août 2010)
Moins de feux qu'il y a 2000 ans \\ (Radio-Canada Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean 4 août 2010)
Plus fréquents et plus dévastateurs \\ (Radio-Canada Abitibi 5 août 2010)
Rares, les feux de forêt pourraient augmenter \\ (LaSentinelle 13 août 2010)
Questions en rafale \\ (Magazine Géo Plein Air Septembre 2010)
Deux fois plus de bois brûlé dans le futur \\ (LeQuotidien/Cyberpresse 24 Mars 2011)

Autres communications

Profession chercheur: Martin Girardin  (Le Couvert Boréal, été 2010)

Publications scientifiques

Submitted/Under revision

60. Terrier, A., Paquette, M., Gauthier, S., Girardin, M.P., Pelletier-Bergeron, S., Bergeron, Y. 2016. Influence of fuel load dynamics on carbon emission by wildfire: old-growth forests in the Clay Belt boreal landscape generate less carbon. Forest, Under revision.

59. Girardin, M.P., Bouriaud, O., Hogg, E.H., Kurz, W.A., Zimmermann, N.E., Metsaranta, J., de Jong, R., Frank, D.C., Esper, J., Büntgen, U., Guo, X.J., Bhatti, J. 2016. No growth stimulation of Canada’s boreal forest under half-century of combined warming and CO2 fertilization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, in press.

58. Remy, C.C., Lavoie, M. , Girardin, M.P., Hély, C., Bergeron, Y., Grondin, P., Oris, F., Asselin, H., Ali, A.A. 2016. Wildfire size alters long-term vegetation trajectories in boreal forests of eastern North America. J. Biogeography, in press.

2016

57. Housset, J., Carcaillet, C., Girardin, M.P., Xu, X, Bergeron, Y. 2016. In situ comparison of tree-ring responses to climate and population genetics: the need to control for local climate and site variables. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 4: 123, doi: 10.3389/fevo.2016.00123.

56. Abbott, B.W., Jones, J.B., Schuur, E.A.G., Chapin III, F.S., Bowden, W.B., ... 2016. Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire: an expert assessment. Environmental Research Letters, 11 (3), 034014

55. Girardin, M.P.*, Hogg, E.H., Bernier, P.Y., Kurz, W.A., Guo, X.J., Cyr, G. 2016. Negative impacts of high temperatures on growth of black spruce forests intensify with the anticipated climate warming. Global Change Biology, 22: 627–643. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13072.

2015

54. Blarquez, O., Ali, A.A., Girardin, M.P., Grondin, P., Fréchette, B., Bergeron, Y., Hély, C. 2015. Regional paleofire regimes affected by non-uniform climate, vegetation and human drivers. Scientific Reports 5, 13356; doi: 10.1038/srep13356.

53. Girardin, M.P, Terrier, A. 2015. Mitigating risks of future wildfires by management of the forest composition: an analysis of the offsetting potential through boreal Canada. Climatic Change 130(4): 587-601. Manuscript 

52. Housset, J., Girardin, M.P., Baconnet, M., Carcaillet, C., Bergeron, Y. 2015. Unexpected warming-induced growth decline in Thuja occidentalis at its northern limit in North America. Journal of Biogeography 42(7): 1233–1245.

51. Terrier, A., Girardin, M.P., Cantin, A., de Groot, W.J., Anyomi, K.A., Gauthier, S., Bergeron, Y. 2015. Disturbance legacies and paludification mediate the ecological impact of an intensifying wildfire regime in the Clay Belt boreal forest of eastern North America. Journal of Vegetation Science 26(3): 588–602.

50. Waito, J., Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J.C., Hély, C., Blarquez, O., Ali, A.A. 2015. Fire and climate: using the past to predict the future. In Handbook of Forest Ecology, edited by Kelvin Peh, Richard Corlett, and Yves Bergeron.

2014

49. Anyomi, K.A., Raulier, F., Bergeron, Y., Mailly, D., Girardin, M.P. 2014. Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of forest site productivity drivers: a case study within the eastern boreal forests of Canada. Landscape Ecology 29: 905-918.

48. Girardin, M.P., Xiao Guo, J., de Jong, R., Kinnard, C., Bernier, P.Y., Raulier, F. 2014. Unusual forest-growth decline in boreal North America covarying with the retreat of Arctic sea ice. Global Change Biology , 20: 851-866.

47. Terrier, A., de Groot, W.J., Girardin, M.P., Bergeron, Y. 2014. Dynamics of moisture content in spruce-feather moss and spruce-Sphagnum organic layers during an extreme fire season and implications for future depths of burn in Clay Belt black spruce forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire 23: 490-502, http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF13133.

2013

46. Blarquez, O., Girardin, M.P., Leys, B., Ali, A.A., Aleman, J.C., Bergeron, Y., Carcaillet, C. 2013. Paleofire reconstruction based on an ensemble-member strategy applied to sedimentary charcoal. Geophysical Research Letters 40: 2667–2672, doi:10.1002/grl.50504, Open Access .

45. Girardin, M.P., Ali, A.A., Carcaillet, C., Blarquez, O., Hély, C., Terrier, A., Genries, G., Bergeron, Y. 2013. Vegetation limits the impact of a warm climate on boreal wildfires. New Phytologist : 199: 1001–1011. doi: 10.1111/nph.12322.

44. Girardin, M.P., Ali, A.A., Carcaillet, C., Gauthier, S., Hély, C., Le Goff, H., Terrier, A., Bergeron, Y. . 2013. Fire in managed forests of eastern Canada: Risks and options. Forest Ecology and Management 294: 238–249.

43. Terrier, A., Girardin, M.P., Périé, C., Legendre, P., Bergeron, Y. 2013. Potential changes in forest composition could reduce impacts of climate change on boreal wildfires Ecological Applications  23: 21-35.

42. Price, D.T., Alfaro, R.I., Brown, K.J., Flannigan, M., Fleming, R.A., Hogg, E.H., Girardin, M.P., Lakusta, T., Johnston, M., Pedlar, J., McKenney, D.W., Stratton, T., Sturrock, R., Thompson, I., Trofymow, J.A., and Venier, L.A. 2013. Anticipating the consequences of climate change for Canada’s boreal forest ecosystems. Environmental Reviews , 21(4): 322-365, 10.1139/er-2013-0042 The Ottawa Citizen December 6 2013 

41. Meyn, A., Schmidtlein, S., Taylor, S.W., Girardin, M.P., Thonicke, K., and Cramer, W. 2013. Precipitation-driven decrease of wildfires in British Columbia, Regional Environmental Change 13: 165-177 Access to Journal .

2012

40. Ali, A.A., Blarquez, O., Girardin, M.P., Hély, C., Tinquaut, F., Guellab, A.E., Valsecchi, V., Terrier, A., Bremond, L., Genries, A., Gauthier, S., Bergeron, Y. 2012. Control of the multimillennial wildfire size in boreal North America by spring climatic conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109(51), 20966–20970,doi/10.1073/pnas.1203467109

39. Anyomi, K., Raulier, F., Mailly, D., Girardin, M.P., Bergeron, Y. 2012. Using height growth to model local and regional response of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) to climate within the boreal forest of western Québec, Ecological Modelling 243: 123–132.

38. Girardin, M.P., Guo, J.X., Bernier, P.Y., Raulier, F., Gauthier, S. 2012. Changes in growth of pristine boreal North American forests from 1950 to 2005 driven by landscape demographics and species traits. Biogeosciences, 9, 2523-2536. Open Access 

38a. Girardin, M.P.2012. Interactive comment on “Changes in growth of pristine boreal North American forests from 1950 to 2005 driven by landscape demographics and species traits: Detangling age declines from low-frequency climate variability”. Biogeosciences Discuss., 9, C292–C300, 2012 Open Access 
38b. Girardin, M.P., Guo, J.X., Bernier, P.Y., Raulier, F., Gauthier, S. 2012. Interactive comment on “Changes in growth of pristine boreal North American forests from 1950 to 2005 driven by landscape demographics and species traits“. Biogeosciences Discuss., 9, C1092–C1098. Open Access Journal 

2011

37. Terrier, A., Girardin, M.P., Bergeron, Y. 2011. Les réservoirs de carbone en forêt boréale à l’est du Canada : acquis et incertitudes dans la modélisation face aux changements climatiques. VertigO 11, DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.11587. Open Access 

36. Tardif, J.C., Girardin, M.P., and Conciatori, F. 2011. Light rings as bioindicators of climate change in Interior North America. Global and Planetary Changes 79: 134-144.

35. Girardin, M.P., Bernier, P.Y., and Gauthier, S. 2011. Increasing potential NEP of eastern boreal North American forests constrained by decreasing wildfire activity. Ecosphere - A journal of the Ecological Society of America, 2:art25. Open Access Journal 

34. Girardin, M.P., Bernier, P.Y., Raulier, F., Tardif, J.C., Conciatori, F., Guo, X.J. 2011. Testing for a CO2 fertilization effect on growth of Canadian boreal forests. Journal of Geophysical Research Research, 116, G01012, doi:10.1029/2010JG001287. Manuscript Auxilliary material 

2010

33. Girardin, M.P., Ali, A.A, Hély, C. 2010. Wildfires in boreal ecosystems: past, present, and some emerging trends. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 991-995.

32. Drobyshev, I., Flannigan, M.D., Bergeron, Y., Girardin, M.P., Suran, B. 2010. Variation in local weather explains differences in fire regimes within a Québec south-eastern boreal forest landscape. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 1073-1082.

31. Bergeron, Y., Cyr, D. Girardin, M.P., and C. Carcaillet 2010. Will climate change drive 21st century burn rates in Canadian boreal forest outside of its natural variability: collating global climate model experiments with sedimentary charcoal data. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 1127-1139. Manuscript 

30. Carcaillet, C., Bergeron, Y., Ali, A.A., Gauthier, S., Girardin, M.P., and Hély, C. 2010. Holocene fires in eastern Canada: toward a forest management perspective in light of future global changes. PAGES News 18: 68-70

29. Hély, C., Girardin M.P., Ali, A.A., Carcaillet, C., Brewer, S., and Bergeron, Y. 2010. Eastern boreal North American wildfire risk of the past 7000 years: a model-data comparison. Geophysical Research Letters L14709, doi:10.1029/2010GL043706. Auxilliary material 

28. Meyn, A., Schmidtlein, S., Taylor, S.W., Girardin, M.P., Thonicke, K., Cramer, W. 2010. Spatial variation of trends in wildfire and summer drought in British Columbia, Canada, 1920–2000. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19: 272-283.

27. Huang, J., Tardif, J.C., Bergeron, Y., Denneler, B., Berninger, F., Girardin, M.P. 2010. Radial growth response of four dominant boreal tree species to climate along a latitudinal gradient in the eastern Canadian boreal forest. Global Change Biology 16: 711-731. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01990.x

26. Girardin, M.P. 2010. Wildfire risk inferred from tree rings in the Central Laurentians of boreal Quebec, Canada. Dendrochronologia 28: 187–206.

2009

25. Girardin, M.P., Flannigan, M.D., Tardif, J.C. and Bergeron, Y. 2009. Climate, weather, and forest fire. In Ecosystem management in the boreal forest, S. Gauthier, M-A Vaillancourt, A. Leduc, L. De Grandpré, D. Kneeshaw, H. Morin, P. Drapeau and Y. Bergeron (editors). Presses de l’Université du Québec. 392 pages.

24. Girardin, M.P., Ali, A.A., Carcaillet, C., Mudelsee, M., Drobyshev, I., Hély, C., Bergeron, Y. 2009. Heterogeneous response of circumboreal wildfire risk to climate change since the early 1900s. Global Change Biology 15, 2751–2769, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01869.x

23. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J.C., Epp, B.,Conciatori, F. 2009. Frequency of cool summers in interior North America over the past three centuries. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L07705, doi:10.1029/2009GL037242.

22. St. George, S., Meko, D.M., Girardin, M.P., Nielsen, E., Pederson, G., Sauchyn, D.J., Tardif, J. and Watson, E. 2009. The tree-ring record of summer drought in the Canadian Prairies. Journal of Climate 22: 689-710.


July Drought Code across Canada, 1901-2002

21. Girardin, M.P. and Wotton, B.M. 2009. Summer moisture and wildfire risks across Canada. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 48: 517-533. Software SimMDC and related SAS code 

2008

20. Girardin, M.P., Flannigan, M.D., Tardif, J.C. and Bergeron, Y. 2008. Climatologie, météorologie et feux de forêt. pp 83-108. In Aménagement écosystémique en forêt boréale, S. Gauthier, M-A Vaillancourt, A. Leduc, L. De Grandpré, D. Kneeshaw, H. Morin, P. Drapeau and Y. Bergeron (éditeurs). Presses de l’Université du Québec, 600 pp.

19. Le Goff, H., Girardin, M.P., Flannigan, M.D., and Bergeron, Y. 2008. Dendroclimatic inference of wildfire activity in Quebec over the 20th century and implications for natural disturbance based forest management at the northern limit of the commercial forest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 17: 348–362.

18. Mudelsee, M. and Girardin, M.P. 2008. Risk prediction of Canadian wildfires. PAGES News 16(2): 28-30.

17. Girardin, M.P., and Mudelsee, M. 2008. Past and future changes in Canadian boreal wildfire activity. Ecological Applications 18(2): 391-406.

16. Girardin, M.P., Raulier, F., Bernier, P.Y., and Tardif, J.C. 2008. Response of tree growth to a changing climate in boreal central Canada: a comparison of empirical, process-based and hybrid modelling approaches. Ecological Modelling 213: 209-228.

15. Girardin, M.P., and Sauchyn, D. 2008. Three centuries of annual area burned variability in northwestern North America inferred from tree rings. The Holocene 18: 205-214.

2007


Area burned in Canada versus Northern Hemisphere temperatures

14. Le Goff, H., Flannigan, M.D., Bergeron, Y., Girardin, M.P. 2007. Historical fire regime shifts related to climate teleconnections in the Waswanipi area, central Quebec, Canada. International Journal of Wildland Fire 16(5): 607–618

13. Girardin, M.P. 2007. Interannual to decadal changes in area burned in Canada from 1781 to 1982 and the relationship to Northern Hemisphere land temperatures. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16(5): 557-566, doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2007.00321.x.

2006

12. Girardin, M.P., J. Tardif, M. D. Flannigan, and Y. Bergeron. 2006. Forest fire-conducive drought variability in the southern Canadian boreal forest and associated climatology inferred from tree rings. Canadian Water Resources Journal 31: 275-296.

11. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., and Flannigan, M.D. 2006. Temporal variability in area burned for the Province of Ontario, Canada during the past 200 years inferred from tree-rings. Journal of Geophysical Research 111, D17108, doi:10.1029/2005JD006815.

10. Girardin, M.P., Bergeron, Y., Tardif, J.C., Flannigan, M.D., Gauthier, S., and Mudelsee, M. 2006. A 229-year dendroclimatic-inferred record of forest fire activity for the Boreal Shield of Canada. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15: 375-388.

9. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., Flannigan, M.D., and Bergeron, Y. 2006. Synoptic scale atmospheric circulation and boreal Canada summer drought variability of the past three centuries. Journal of Climate 19: 1922-1947.


Photo: Nicolas Mansuy, Baie-Comeau, 2006

2005

8. Girardin, M.P. and Tardif, J. 2005. Sensitivity of tree growth to the atmospheric vertical profile in the Boreal Plains of Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35: 48-64.

7. Girardin, M.P., Berglund, E., Tardif, J., and Monson, K. 2005. Radial growth of tamarack (Larix laricina) in the Churchill area (Manitoba) in relation to climate and larch sawfly (Pristiphora erichsonii) herbivory. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37: 206-217.

2004

6. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., Flannigan, M.D., Wotton, B.M., and Bergeron, Y. 2004. Trends and periodicities in the Canadian Drought Code and their relationships with atmospheric circulation for the southern Canadian boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 103-119.

5. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., Flannigan, M.D., and Bergeron, Y. 2004. Multicentury reconstruction of the Canadian Drought Code from eastern Canada and its relationship with paleoclimatic indices of atmospheric circulation. Climate Dynamics 23: 99-115.

2002

4. Girardin M.P., Tardif. J., and Bergeron, Y. 2002. Dynamics of eastern larch stands and its relationships with larch sawfly outbreaks in the Northern Clay Belt of Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 206-216.

3. Bergeron, Y., Denneler, B., Charron, D. and Girardin, M.P. 2002. Using dendrochronology to reconstruct disturbance and forest dynamics around Lake Duparquet, northwestern Quebec. Dendrochronologia 01-02: 175-190.

2001

2. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., and Bergeron, Y. 2001. Radial growth analysis of Larix laricina from Lake Duparquet area, Québec, in relation to climate and larch sawfly outbreaks. Écoscience 8: 127-138.

1. Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., and Bergeron, Y. 2001. Gradient analysis of Larix laricina dominated wetlands in Canada’s southeastern boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 444-456.


Autres documents officiels

Federal, Provincial and Territorial Governments of Canada. 2010. Canadian Biodiversity: Ecosystem Status and Trends 2010. Canadian Councils of Resource Ministers. Ottawa, ON. vi + 142 p. Contributing author to the Boreal Shield and Hudson Plains Technical Ecozone+ Status and Trends Reports


Anciens étudiants

Aurélie Terrier, Modélisation des impacts des changements climatiques sur les feux et la végétation de la ceinture d'argile au Québec . Sciences de l'environnement, Université du Québec à Montréal. 14 avril 2014.

My tree-ring data collection



Actes de conférence

Girardin, M.P., Tardif, J., Flannigan, M.D., and Bergeron, Y. 2002. Reconstructing atmospheric circulation history using tree rings: one more step toward understanding temporal changes in forest dynamics. In Proceedings for the 3rd International Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference - Advance in forest management: from knowledge to practice, 13-15 November, Edmonton, Alberta. Edited by T.S. Veeman, P.N. Duinker, B.J. Macnab, A,G. Coyne, K.M. Veeman, and D. Korber. Edmonton, Alberta. pp. 105-110.


Résumés de conférence

Voir page web personelle http://www.freewebs.com/mpgirardin/conferences.htm


Présentations sur invitations

Girardin, M.P. 2007. Past and future changes in wildfire activity in Canada as told by some old living trees. Canadian Institute of Forestry Climate Change and Forests lecture series. June 13. http://www.cif-ifc.org/en/resources/AV

Girardin, M.P. 2007. Past and future changes in wildfire activity in Canada. Canadian Interagency Fire Centre Science and Technology Working Group annual meeting. September 30 and October 1. Four Points Sheraton Hotel, Gatineau, Québec.


Autres contributions

Bernier, P.Y., Raulier, F., Girardin, M.G., Paré, D., Kurz, W.A. 2014. New data on tree growth do not impact forest carbon management. Comment arising from "Rate of tree carbon accumulation increases continuously with tree size" by Stevenson et al. Nature doi:10.1038/nature12914.Comment 

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