Emma Despland

Membre régulier
Interactions plante-insecte

Université Concordia
Faculté des arts et sciences
Département de biologie
7141, rue Sherbrooke Ouest
Montréal (Québec) H4B 1R6
Canada

(514) 848-2424 Poste 3426

Site départemental 

Personnel
Postdocs
Alvaro Sebastian Fuentealba Morales

Graduate Student Advisor

Master's
Dominic Donkor
Gaspar Legendre
Solène Sagne

Co-Advisor

Doctorates
Edith Pounden
Former Personnel
Jessica Ethier (Postdoc 2016)
Émilie Dion (Postdoc 2013)
Darragh Ennis (Postdoc 2012)
Alessandra Santana (Stage 2011)
Tim Lyons (Tech. 2011)
Yohann Boisnard (Stage 2010)
Audrey Dussutour (Postdoc 2006)
Stamatios Nicolis (Postdoc 2006)
Steve Wallace (Tech. 2006)

Former Students
Director
Chris Plenzich (M.Sc. 2015)
Kalyani Rajalingham (M.Sc. 2014)
Michael Gasse (M.Sc. 2014)
Jessica Ethier (Ph.D. 2013)
Thomas Bourdier (M.Sc. 2012)
Melanie McClure (Ph.D. 2011)
Brian Mader (M.Sc. 2010)
Christopher Adlam (M.Sc. 2009)
Zhe Shi (M.Sc. 2007)
Nadia Colasurdo (M.Sc. 2006)
Co-Director
Melissa Ralph (M.Sc. 2012)
Magali Merkx-Jacques (M.Sc. 2006)
FORMATION
  • Postdoctorat en zoologie, 2001 (University of Oxford, UK)- Canada-UK Millennium Fellow
  • Ph.D. en zoologie, 1999 (University of Oxford, UK)
  • M.Sc. en biologie, 1995 (Université Laval)
  • B.Sc. en biologie environnementale, 1992 (McGill University)
THÈMES DE RECHERCHE

La livrée des forêts (Malacosoma disstria) est un ravageur épidémique Canadien qui cause des dommages significatifs à l'environnement naturel tout comme aux industries forestières. La livrée est une espèce sociale; elle vit en colonies de plusieurs centaines d'individus qui utilisent des pistes de phéromone pour se déplacer entre les sites où ils se nourrissent. L'activité d'une colonie est synchrone et les individus alternent ensemble entre des périodes de repos et de quête alimentaire.

Mon programme de recherche vise à comprendre comment les chenilles profitent à chercher leur nourriture en groupe plutôt que seules. En particulier, j'étudie comment les chenilles communiquent avec leurs voisines pour se synchroniser entre elles et comment chaque individu concilie ses propres besoins nutritionnels avec l'horaire des déplacements de la colonie. J'utilise la vidéographie numérique combinée à des logiciels d'analyse spécialisés pour décrire le comportement des colonies et pour quantifier les réponses des chenilles aux actions de leurs voisines.

Les ravageurs forestiers épidémiques sont plus fréquents parmi les chenilles grégaires que chez les espèces solitaires. La vie en groupe semblerait donc contribuer au succès d'un insecte forestier. Mon laboratoire examine un des principaux avantages postulés pour la vie en groupe: une meilleure efficacité dans la quête alimentaire. Mon objectif à long terme est de comprendre comment le comportement alimentaire et les intéractions sociales de la livrée influencent les cycles d'épidémies et de rémission chez cette espèce.

Le Dr. Despland est aussi chercheur au nouveau Consortium de recherche sur les insectes forestiers (iFor) .

DISTINCTIONS RÉCENTES
  • 2007 Récipiendaire du Prix Léon Provancher Jeune Chercheur de la Societé d'Entomologie du Québec
You can download all my bibliography in the BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV or EndNote format.
PUBLICATIONS
Books



Book chapters


  1. Dussutour, A., Colasurdo, N., Nicolis, S.C. and Despland, E. (2007) How do ants and social caterpillars collectively make decisions? (Chap. 5) In Cognitive Decision-Making: Empirical and Foundational Issues. (Hardy-Vallee, B, Eds.) Newcastle, UK, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pages 48-65. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Edited books and proceedings



Peer-reviewed articles


  1. Ennis, D., Despland, E., Chen, F., Forgione, P. and Bauce, E. (2017) Spruce budworm feeding and oviposition are stimulated by monoterpenes in white spruce epicuticular waxes. Insect Science, 24(1):73-80. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Despland, E., Gervais, D. and Morcos, L. (2017) Double allomimesis of advancing and retreating individuals maintains cohesion in exploring groups of nomadic caterpillars. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 71(3). (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Despland, E. and Santacruz Endara, P. (2016) Silk drives aggregation and following in the neotropical caterpillar Mechanitis menapis (Nymphalidae: Ithomiini). Physiological Entomology, 41(3):274-280. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  4. Despland, E., Bourdier, T., Dion, E. and Bauce, E. (2016) Do white spruce epicuticular wax monoterpenes follow foliar patterns? Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 46(8):1051-1058. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  5. Santana, A.F.K., McClure, M., Ethier, J. and Despland, E. (2015) Exploration costs promote conservative collective foraging in the social caterpillar Malacosoma disstria. Animal Behaviour, 105:245-250. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  6. Ethier, J., Gasse, M., Lake, K., Jones, B.C., Evenden, M.L. and Despland, E. (2015) The costs of colour: Plasticity of melanin pigmentation in an outbreaking polymorphic forest moth. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 154(3):242-250. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  7. Ennis, D.E., Mader, B.J., Burnside, K., Bauce, E. and Despland, E. (2015) Is Feeding Behaviour on Foliage Affected by lab-Rearing on Artificial Diet? Journal of Insect Behavior, 28(2):147-156. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  8. Despland, E. (2014) Butterflies of the high-altitude Atacama desert: Habitat use and conservation. Frontiers in Genetics, 5(SEP). (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  9. Rogers, S.M., Cullen, D.A., Anstey, M.L., Burrows, M., Despland, E., Dodgson, T., Matheson, T., Ott, S.R., Stettin, K., Sword, G.A. and Simpson, S.J. (2014) Rapid behavioural gregarization in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria entails synchronous changes in both activity and attraction to conspecifics. Journal of Insect Physiology, 65:9-26. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  10. Despland, E. (2013) Plasticity of collective behavior in a nomadic early spring folivore. Frontiers in Physiology, 4:-. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  11. McClure, M., Morcos, L. and Despland, E. (2013) Collective choice of a higher-protein food source by gregarious caterpillars occurs through differences in exploration. Behavioral Ecology, 24(1):113-118. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  12. Mader, B.J., Daoust, S.P., Cardinal-Aucoin, M., Bauce, E. and Despland, E. (2012) Larval experience induces adult aversion to rearing host plants: A novel behaviour contrary to Hopkins' host selection principle. Ecological Entomology, 37(3):204-211. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  13. Ethier, J. and Despland, E. (2012) Effects of polymorphic melanism and larval diet on life history traits of Malacosoma disstria moths. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58(1):67-74. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  14. Despland, E., Humire, R. and Martin, S. (2012) Species richness and phenology of butterflies along an altitude gradient in the desert of Northern Chile. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 44(4):423-431. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  15. Despland, E., Gundersen, M., Daoust, S.P., Mader, B.J., Delvas, N., Albert, P.J. and Bauce, E. (2011) Taste receptor activity and feeding behaviour reveal mechanisms of white spruce natural resistance to Eastern spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana. Physiological Entomology, 36(1):39-46. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  16. McClure, M. and Despland, E. (2011) Defensive responses by a social caterpillar are tailored to different predators and change with larval instar and group size. Naturwissenschaften, 98(5):425-434. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  17. McClure, M., Cannell, E. and Despland, E. (2011) Thermal ecology and behaviour of the nomadic social forager Malacosoma disstria. Physiological Entomology, 36(2):120-127. (URL  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  18. McClure, M., Ralph, M. and Despland, E. (2011) Group leadership depends on energetic state in a nomadic collective foraging caterpillar. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(8):1573-1579. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  19. McClure, M. and Despland, E. (2010) Collective foraging patterns of field colonies of Malacosoma disstria caterpillars. Canadian Entomologist, 142(5):473-480. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  20. Daoust, S.P., Mader, B.J., Bauce, E., Despland, E., Dussutour, A. and Albert, P.J. (2010) Influence of epicuticular-wax composition on the feeding pattern of a phytophagous insect: Implications for host resistance. Canadian Entomologist, 142(3):261-270. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  21. Colasurdo, N., Gelinas, Y. and Despland, E. (2009) Larval nutrition affects life history traits in a capital breeding moth. Journal of Experimental Biology, 212(12):1794-1800. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  22. Merkx-Jacques, M., Despland, E. and Bede, J.C. (2008) Nutrient utilization by caterpillars of the generalist beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua. Physiological Entomology, 33(1):51-61. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  23. Dussutour, A., Nicolis, S.C., Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2008) Individual differences influence collective behaviour in social caterpillars. Animal Behaviour, 76:5-16. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  24. Babic, B., Poisson, A., Darwish, S.A., Lacasse, J., Merkx-Jacques, M., Despland, E. and Bede, J.C. (2008) Influence of dietary nutritional composition on caterpillar salivary enzyme activity. Journal of Insect Physiology, 54:286-296. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  25. Nicolis, S.C., Despland, E. and Dussutour, A. (2008) Collective decision-making and behavioral polymorphism in group living organisms. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 254(3):580-586. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  26. Etile, E. and Despland, E. (2008) Developmental variation in the forest tent caterpillar: life history consequences of a threshold size for pupation. Oikos, 117(1):135-143. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  27. Despland, E. and Le Huu, A. (2007) Pros and cons of group living in the forest tent caterpillar: Separating the roles of silk and of grouping. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122(2):181-189. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  28. Colasurdo, N., Dussutour, A. and Despland, E. (2007) Do food protein and carbohydrate content influence the pattern of feeding and the tendency to explore of forest tent caterpillars? Journal of Insect Physiology, 53(11):1160-1168. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  29. Dussutour, A., Simpson, S.J., Despland, E. and Colasurdo, N. (2007) When the group denies individual nutritional wisdom. Animal Behaviour, 74(4):931-939. (Scopus  | Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  30. Nemiroff, L. and Despland, E. (2007) Consistent individual differences in the foraging behaviour of forest tent caterpillars (Malacosoma disstria). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 85:1117-1124. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  31. Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2006) Resource distribution mediates synchronization of physiological rhythms in locust groups. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 273:1517-1522. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  32. Buhl, J., Sumpter, D.J.T., Couzin, I.D., Hale, J.J., Despland, E., Miller, E.R. and Simpson, S.J. (2006) From disorder to order in marching locusts. Science, 312(5778):1402-1406. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  33. Peters, M.I. and Despland, E. (2006) Plasticity in forest tent caterpillar collective foraging schedules. Ethology, 112(6):521-528. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  34. Jones, B.C. and Despland, E. (2006) Effects of synchronization with host plant phenology occur early in the larval development of a spring folivore. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 84(4):628-633. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  35. Noseworthy, M.K. and Despland, E. (2006) How do primary nutrients affect the performance and preference of forest tent caterpillars on trembling aspen? Canadian Entomologist, 138(3):367-375. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  36. Despland, E. and Noseworthy, M. (2006) How well do specialist feeders regulate nutrient intake? Evidence from a gregarious tree-feeding caterpillar. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209(7):1301-1309. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  37. Colasurdo, N. and Despland, E. (2005) Social cues and following behavior in the forest tent caterpillar. Journal of Insect Behavior, 18(1):77-87. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  38. Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2005) Food choices of solitarious and gregarious locusts reflect cryptic and aposematic antipredator strategies. Animal Behaviour, 69(2):471-479. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  39. Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2005) Surviving the change to warning colouration: Density-dependent polyphenism suggests a route for the evolution of aposematism. Chemoecology, 15(2):69-75. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  40. Peters, M.I. and Despland, E. (2005) Plasticity in forest tent caterpillar self-organized collective foraging. Ethology, 112:521-528. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  41. Despland, E. (2005) Diet breadth and anti-predator strategies in desert locusts and other Orthopterans. Journal of Orthoptera Research, 14:227-233. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  42. Despland, E., Rosenberg, J. and Simpson, S.J. (2004) Landscape structure and locust swarming: A satellite's eye view. Ecography, 27(3):381-391. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  43. Despland, E. (2004) Locust transformation: From solitarious Dr Jekyll to swarming Mr Hyde. Biologist, 51(1):18-22. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  44. Despland, E. and Hamzeh, S. (2004) Ontogenetic changes in social behaviour in the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 56(2):177-184. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  45. Rogers, S.M., Matheson, T., Despland, E., Dodgson, T., Burrows, M. and Simpson, S.J. (2003) Mechanosensory-induced behavioural gregarization in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria. Journal of Experimental Biology, 206(22):3991-4002. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  46. Despland, E. (2003) Fractal index captures the role of vegetation clumping in locust swarming. Functional Ecology, 17(3):315-322. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  47. Despland, E. (2001) Role of olfactory and visual cues in the attraction/repulsion responses to conspecifics by gregarious and solitarious desert locusts. Journal of Insect Behavior, 14(1):35-46. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  48. Simpson, S.J., Despland, E., Hagele, B.F. and Dodgson, T. (2001) Gregarious behavior in desert locusts is evoked by touching their back legs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(7):3895-3897. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  49. Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2000) Small-scale vegetation patterns in the parental environment influence the phase state of hatchlings of the desert locust. Physiological Entomology, 25(1):74-81. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  50. Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2000) The role of food distribution and nutritional quality in behavioural phase change in the desert locust. Animal Behaviour, 59(3):643-652. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  51. Despland, E., Collett, M. and Simpson, S.J. (2000) Small-scale processes in desert locust swarm formation: How vegetation patterns influence gregarization. Oikos, 88(3):652-662. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  52. Frechette, M. and Despland, E. (1999) Impaired shell gaping and food depletion as mechanisms of asymmetric competition in mussels. Ecoscience, 6(1):1-11. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  53. Collett, M., Despland, E., Simpson, S.J. and Krakauer, D.C. (1998) Spatial scales of desert locust gregarization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95(22):13052-13055. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  54. Despland, E. and Houle, G. (1997) Climate influences on growth and reproduction of Pinus banksiana (Pinaceae) at the limit of the species distribution in eastern North America. American Journal of Botany, 84(7):928-937. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  55. Despland, E. and Houle, G. (1997) Aspect influences cone abundance within the crown of Pinus banksiana Lamb. trees at the limit of the species distribution in northern Quebec (Canada). Ecoscience, 4(4):521-525. (Abstract | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Articles published in proceedings


  1. McClure, M., Gervais, D.J., Morcos, L., Parrott, L. and Despland, E. (2009) Individual interactions to collective cooperation in the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria). In Proceedings of Cognitio 2007. (Cambridge Scholar Press Ltd, Eds.) (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Scientific reports, manuals and others



Theses, dissertations and essays


  1. Despland, E. (1999) Small-scale environmental factors and Desert locust behaviour and phase state. PhD thesis, University of Oxford. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Despland, E. (1995) Reproduction et croissance du pin gris à la limite nord de sa répartition: influences climatiques et conflits d'allocation. Master's thesis, Université Laval. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Supervised theses, dissertations and essays


  1. Ethier, J. (2013) Costs and Benefits of Melanism in the Malacosoma disstria Moth: Investigating the Maintenance of a Stable Polymorphism. PhD thesis, Concordia University. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Bourdier, T. (2012) Behavioral adaptations of the Eastern spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to natural White spruce (Picea glauca (Moench)) resistance. Master's thesis, Concordia University. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Mader, B.J. (2010) Natural resistance of white spruce and the behavior of the eastern spruce budworm. Master's thesis, Concordia University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  4. Adlam, C. (2009) Seasonal and environmental variability of ground beetle (Coleoptera:Carabidae) assemblages at Mont St-Hilaire, QC. Master's thesis, Concordia University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  5. Shi, Z. (2007) Is Trypsin Inhibitor a Plant Defense Against the Larvae of the Forest Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria)? Master's thesis, Concordia University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  6. Colasurdo, N. (2006) Nutritional ecology of the forest tent caterpillar. Master's thesis, Université Concordia. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  7. Noseworthy, M. (2004) The Role of Primary Nutrients in the Foraging Ecology of the Forest Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma Disstria Ubner). Master's thesis, Concordia University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  8. Le Huu, A. (2004) The Effect of Trails and Group Size on the Performance and Behaviour of the Forest Tent Caterpillar (Malacosoma Distria Hubner). Master's thesis, Concordia University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Non peer-reviewed articles


  1. Despland, E. (2010) Jacqueline Bede, une jeune chercheure dynamique. Antennae, 17(1):11. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


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