Species traits : a functional approach to biodiversity, from organisms to ecosystems

Participants au cours en 2016

Next formation

May 19-24th, Île de Porquerolles, France!


In 2019, we are presenting the 8th edition of the graduate thematic course, this year sponsored principally by the following centres : the CNRS, France (sponsored thematic school) the Centre for Forest Research (CFR: http://www.cef-cfr.ca), the Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science (CSBQ ),

Participants au cours en 2015

The course is offered for credit for MSc and PhD students: Sujets spéciaux en écologie fonctionnelle FOR - 7034 (3 credits, summer course at Université Laval) and students from other universities in Quebec can register through the system of exchange of credits among Quebec universities  (CRÉPUQ) . Those students registered for credit will have the price of the course reduced by half.

Registration and Practical Information

The price of 300 euros (450 CAN$, 350 US$ about) includes room and meals. To apply please fill out this form: https://framaforms.org/application-to-the-international-trait-school-porquerolles-france-19-24-may-2019-1548263189 We require this form and CV to evaluate applicants. The deadline for application is March 28th and accepted students will be informed by April 5th. For any questions refer to Eric Garnier : eric.garnier@cefe.cnrs.fr


  1. Presentation of concepts and theory related to functional plant traits
  2. Analysis of traits at organismal, community and ecosystem levels (including relationship to ecosystem function and ecological services)
  3. Examples of use for land use change, climate change, plant-microbe interactions
  4. Measures of traits in the field in teams, analysis and presentation of data
  5. Presentation of available data banks and their correct use

Participants au cours en 2013


Professors confirmed to date for 2019 include Eric Garnier, Alison Munson, Juan Posada, Bill Shipley, Francesco de Bello, Sylvain Delzon, Elena Kazakou et Monique Weemstra.

Course content

A detailed program will be available for the end of March, however, the objectives and many of the topics covered are detailed here. The course includes measurement of traits in the field in teams (supervised by professors), followed by analyses, interpretation and presentation of collected data to the group at the end of the week. Registered students will also present their research topic to the group for discussion.

Participants and pictures

Year Participants Course picture
2009 See See
2011 See See
2012 See See
2013 See See
2015 See See

Participants au cours en 2012


Required reading list

Participants au cours en 2011

Reference book

  • Garnier, E, Navas M-L and Grigulis, K. (in press). Plant Functional Diversity - Organismic traits, community structure, ecosystem properties. Oxford University Press.
  • Garnier, E and Navas M-L. 2013. Diversité fonctionnelle des plantes: Traits des organisms, structure des communautés, propriétés des écosystèmes. De boeck. 353 p.
  • Grime, J.P. (2001) Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties, 2nd Edition edn. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Standard protocols

Recommended by profs in 2018

  • Adler, P.B., Salguero-Gómez, R., Compagnoni, A., Hsu, J.S. & Ray-mukherjee, J. (2014). Functional traits explain variation in plant life history strategies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 111, 740–745.
  • Freschet G.T., Valverde-Barrantes O.J., Tucker C.M., Craine J.M., McCormack M.L., Violle C., Fort F., Blackwood, C.B. et al. (2017) Climate, soil and plant functional types as drivers of global fine-root trait variation. Journal of Ecology, 105, 1182-1196.
  • Jiminez-Alfaro, B. Silveira, F.A.O., Fidelis, A., Poschlod, P., Commander, L.E. (2016). Seed germination traits can contribute better to plant community ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 637–645.
  • Valverde-Barrantes O.J., Freschet G.T., Roumet C., Blackwood C.B. (2017). A worldview of root traits: the influence of ancestry, growth form, climate and mycorrhizal association on the functional trait variation of fine root tissues in seed plants. New Phytologist, 215, 1562-1573.
  • Yang, J., Cao, M. and Swenson, N.G. 2018. Why Functional Traits Do Not Predict Tree Demographic Rates. TREE https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.03.003

Other priority readings

And more if you have extra time…

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