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John-William Shipley

Membre régulier
Écologie végétale

Université de Sherbrooke
Département de biologie
2500, boul. de l'Université
Sherbrooke (Québec) J1K 2R1

(819) 821-8000 Poste 62079

  • Postdoctorat en biologie, 1991 (McGill University)
  • Ph.D. en biologie, 1987 (Université d'Ottawa)
  • B.Sc. en biologie, 1983 (Université Bishop)

L'objectif de mon programme de recherche en écologie pure est de lier les attributs morphologiques et physiologiques des individus à la structure et à la dynamique des communautés. À cette fin, l'accent est mis sur les comparaisons interspécifiques. Nos travaux portent sur les déterminants du taux de croissance, sur la production des graines et sur les interactions compétitives des espèces sauvages. Ceci comprend des études sur les échanges gazeux, la nutrition minérale, les composés secondaires et la morphologie. L'objectif est de relier ces attributs par la modélisation statistique.

Je suis aussi membre du Centre de la science de la biodiversité du Québec (CSBQ) 


2006 - Prix de la recherche et de la création, Université Sherbrooke.

You can download all my bibliography in the BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV or EndNote format


  1. Shipley, B. (2021) Ordination methods for biologists: a non-mathematical introduction using R. BS Publishing
  2. Shipley, B. (2016) Cause and Correlation in Biology. A User's Guide to Path Analysis, Structural Equations and Causal Inference with R. Cambridge University Press
  3. Shipley, B. (2009) From plant traits to vegetation structure. Chance and selection in the assembly of ecological communities. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK.
  4. Shipley, B. (2002) Cause and Correlation in Biology: A User’s Guide to Path Analysis, Structural Equations and Causal Inference. UK, Cambridge University Press

Book chapters

  1. Shipley, B. (2009) Entropy maximization and species abundance. In Encyclopedia of Complexity & System Science. (Meyers, R., Eds.) Springer
  2. Shipley, B. (2003) From biological hypotheses to structural equation models : The imperfection of causal translation. In Structural equation modeling : Applications in ecological and evolutionary biology research. (Pugesek, B., Tomer, A. and von Eye, A., Eds.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK
  3. Fortin, M.-J., Jacquez, G.M., Shipley, B. (2001) Computer intensive sampling in ecology. In Encylopedia of environmetric. (El-Shaarawi, A. H. and Piegorsch, W.W., Eds.) John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 399–402
  4. Shipley, B. (1999) Exploring hypothesis space: Examples from organismal biology. In Computation, Causation and Discovery. (Glymour, C. and Cooper, G., Eds.) AAAI/MIT Press
  5. Keddy, P.A ., Wisheu, I., Shipley, B., Gaudet, C. (1989) Seed banks and vegetation management for conservation. In The Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. (Leck, M.A., Parker, V.T. and Simpson, R.L., Eds.) Academic Press

Edited books, special journal editions and proceedings

Peer-reviewed articles

  1. Zhang, L., Ni, M., Zhu, T., Xu, X., Zhou, S., Shipley, B. (2022) Nitrogen Addition in a Tibetan Alpine Meadow Increases Intraspecific Variability in Nitrogen Uptake, Leading to Increased Community-level Nitrogen Uptake. Ecosystems, 25(1):172-183
  2. Cardou, F., Aubin, I., Lapointe, M., Shipley, B. (2022) Multifunctionality in practice: Measuring differences in urban woodland ecosystem properties via functional traits. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 68
  3. Cardou, F., Munson, A.D., Boisvert-Marsh, L., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, F.W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N.J. et al. (2022) Above- and belowground drivers of intraspecific trait variability across subcontinental gradients for five ubiquitous forest plants in North America. Journal of Ecology, 110(7):1590-1605
  4. Lamontagne, X., Shipley, B. (2022) A measure of generalized soil fertility that is largely independent of species identity. Annals of Botany, 129(1):29-36
  5. dos Santos, D., Joner, F., Shipley, B., Teleginski, M., Lucas, R.R., Siddique, I. (2021) Crop functional diversity drives multiple ecosystem functions during early agroforestry succession. Journal of Applied Ecology, 58(8):1718-1727
  6. Daou, L., Garnier, E., Shipley, B. (2021) Quantifying the relationship linking the community-weighted means of plant traits and soil fertility. Ecology, 102(9)
  7. Douma, J.C., Shipley, B. (2021) A multigroup extension to piecewise path analysis. Ecosphere, 12(5)
  8. Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2021) Testing piecewise structural equations models in the presence of latent variables and including correlated errors. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal
  9. Guerrero-Ramirez, N.R., Mommer, L., Freschet, G.T., Iversen, C.M., McCormack, M.L., Kattge, J., Poorter, H., van der Plas, F., Bergmann, J., Kuyper, T.W. et al. (2021) Global root traits (GRooT) database. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 30(1):25-37
  10. Shipley, B., Tardif, A. (2021) Causal hypotheses accounting for correlations between decomposition rates of different mass fractions of leaf litter. Ecology, 102(1):e03196
  11. Li, Y., Jiang, Y., Shipley, B., Li, B., Luo, W., Chen, Y., Zhao, K., He, D., Rodriguez-Hernandez, D.I., Chu, C. (2021) The complexity of trait–environment performance landscapes in a local subtropical forest. New Phytologist, 229(3):1388-1397
  12. Laigle, I., Moretti, M., Rousseau, L., Gravel, D., Venier, L., Handa, I.T., Messier, C., Morris, D., Hazlett, P., Fleming, R. et al. (2021) Direct and Indirect Effects of Forest Anthropogenic Disturbance on Above and Below Ground Communities and Litter Decomposition. Ecosystems, 24(7):1716-1737
  13. Gagnon, V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C.W., Shipley, B., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020) Differences in elemental composition of tailings, soils, and plant tissues following five decades of native plant colonization on a gold mine site in Northwestern Québec. Chemosphere, 250
  14. Gagnon, V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C.W., Shipley, B., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020) Differences in elemental composition of tailings, soils, and plant tissues following five decades of native plant colonization on a gold mine site in Northwestern Québec. Chemosphere, 250
  15. Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2020) Generalized AIC and chi-squared statistics for path models consistent with directed acyclic graphs. Ecology, 101(3)
  16. Daou, L., Shipley, B. (2020) Simplifying the protocol for the quantification of generalized soil fertility gradients in grassland community ecology. Plant and Soil, 457(1):457-468
  17. Cardou, F., Aubin, I., Bergeron, A., Shipley, B. (2020) Functional markers to predict forest ecosystem properties along a rural-to-urban gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science, 31(3):416-428
  18. Gagnon, V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Migneault, M., Tardif, A., Garneau, L., Lalonde, S., Shipley, B., Greer, C.W., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020) Survival, growth and element translocation by 4 plant species growing on acidogenic gold mine tailings in Québec. Ecological Engineering, 151
  19. Juhasz, C.-C., Shipley, B., Gauthier, G., Berteaux, D., Lecomte, N. (2020) Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra. Journal of Animal Ecology, 89(3):704-715
  20. Daou, L., Shipley, B. (2019) The measurement and quantification of generalized gradients of soil fertility relevant to plant community ecology. Ecology, 100(1)
  21. Kumordzi, B.B., Aubin, I., Cardou, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, F.W., Bergeron, Y. et al. (2019) Geographic scale and disturbance influence intraspecific trait variability in leaves and roots of North American understorey plants. Functional Ecology, 33(9):1771-1784
  22. Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2019) Functional niche occupation and species richness in herbaceous plant communities along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Annals of Botany, 124(5):861-867
  23. Tardif, A., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Gagnon, V., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. (2019) The relative importance of abiotic conditions and subsequent land use on the boreal primary succession of acidogenic mine tailings. Ecological Engineering, 127:66-74
  24. Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2018) Community divergence and convergence along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Ecology, 99(4):775-781
  25. Casals, P., Valor, T., Rios, A.I., Shipley, B. (2018) Leaf and bark functional traits predict resprouting strategies of understory woody species after prescribed fires. Forest Ecology and Management, 429:158-174
  26. Li, Y., Shipley, B., Price, J.N., Dantas, V.D.L., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V. et al. (2018) Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide. Journal of Ecology, 106(3):1001-1009
  27. Belluau, M., Shipley, B. (2018) Linking hard and soft traits: Physiology, morphology and anatomy interact to determine habitat affinities to soil water availability in herbaceous dicots. PLOS ONE, 13(3)
  28. Pierce, S., Negreiros, D., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Kattge, J., Diaz, S., Kleyer, M., Shipley, B., Wright, S.J., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Onipchenko, V.G. et al. (2017) A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes world-wide. Functional Ecology, 31(2):444-457
  29. Ameztegui, A., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Heym, M., Messier, C., Gravel, D. (2017) Shade tolerance and the functional trait: demography relationship in temperate and boreal forests. Functional Ecology, 31(4):821-830
  30. Belluau, M., Shipley, B. (2017) Predicting habitat affinities of herbaceous dicots to soil wetness based on physiological traits of drought tolerance. Annals of Botany, 119(6):1073-1084
  31. Garnier, E., Stahl, U., Laporte, M.-A., Kattge, J., Mougenot, I., Kuhn, I., Laporte, B., Amiaud, B., Ahrestani, F.S., Bonisch, G. et al. (2017) Towards a thesaurus of plant characteristics: an ecological contribution. Journal of Ecology, 105(2):298-309
  32. Shipley, B., Belluau, M., Kuhn, I., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Bahn, M., Penuelas, J., Kattge, J., Sack, L., Cavender-Bares, J., Ozinga, W.A. et al. (2017) Predicting habitat affinities of plant species using commonly measured functional traits. Journal of Vegetation Science, 28(5):1082-1095
  33. Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2017) An experimental test of CSR theory using a globally calibrated ordination method. PLOS ONE, 12(4)
  34. Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Low-Decarie, E., Tobner, C.M., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2017) Partitioning the effect of composition and diversity of tree communities on leaf litter decomposition and soil respiration. Oikos, 126(7):959-971
  35. Loranger, J., Blonder, B., Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Vile, D., Violle, C. (2016) Occupancy and overlap in trait space along a successional gradient in mediterranean old fields. American Journal of Botany, 103(6):1050-1060
  36. Shipley, B., De Bello, F., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Laliberte, E., Laughlin, D.C., Reich, P.B. (2016) Reinforcing loose foundation stones in trait-based plant ecology. Oecologia, 180(4):923-931
  37. Loranger, J., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Lavorel, S., Bonis, A., Cruz, P., Louault, F., Loucougaray, G., Mesleard, F., Yavercovski, N. et al. (2016) Recasting the dynamic equilibrium model through a functional lens: The interplay of trait-based community assembly and climate. Journal of Ecology, 104(3):781-791
  38. Pourhassan, N., Bruno, S., Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. (2016) Phosphorus and micronutrient dynamics during gymnosperm and angiosperm litters decomposition in temperate cold forest from Eastern Canada. Geoderma, 273:25-31
  39. Aubin, I., Munson, A.D., Cardou, F., Burton, P.J., Isabel, N., Pedlar, J.H., Paquette, A., Taylor, A.R., Delagrange, S., Kebli, H. et al. (2016) Traits to stay, traits to move: a review of functional traits to assess sensitivity and adaptive capacity of temperate and boreal trees to climate change. Environmental Reviews, 24(2):164-186
  40. Di­az, S., Kattge, J., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Wright, I.J., Lavorel, S., Dray, S., Reu, B., Kleyer, M., Wirth, C., Colin Prentice, I. et al. (2016) The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature, 529(7585):167-171
  41. Tardif, A., Shipley, B. (2015) The relationship between functional dispersion of mixed-species leaf litter mixtures and species' interactions during decomposition. Oikos, 124(8):1050-1057
  42. Shipley, B. (2015) Describing, explaining and predicting community assembly: A convincing trait-based case study. Journal of Vegetation Science, 26(4):615-616
  43. Warton, D.I., Shipley, B., Hastie, T. (2015) CATS regression - a model-based approach to studying trait-based community assembly. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6(4):389-398
  44. Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015) Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in Arabidopsis thaliana. AoB Plants, 7(1)
  45. Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2015) A traits-based test of the home-field advantage in mixed-species tree litter decomposition. Annals of Botany, 116(5):781-788
  46. Manning, P., de Vries, F.T., Tallowin, J.R.B., Smith, R., Mortimer, S.R., Pilgrim, E.S., Harrison, K.A., Wright, D.G., Quirk, H., Benson, J. et al. (2015) Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national-scale grassland soil carbon stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(5):1188-1196
  47. Rivest, D., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Reich. P., Messier, C. (2015) Tree communities rapidly alter soil microbial resistance and resilience to drought. Functional Ecology, 29:570-578
  48. Siefert, A., Violle, C., Chalmandrier, L., Albert, C.H., Taudiere, A., Fajardo, A., Aarssen, L.W., Baraloto, C., Carlucci, M.B., Cianciaruso, M.V. et al. (2015) A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Ecology Letters, 18(12):1406-1419
  49. Lohier, T., Jabot, F., Meziane, D., Shipley, B., Reich, P.B., Deffuant, G. (2014) Explaining ontogenetic shifts in root–shoot scaling with transient dynamics. Annals of Botany, 114(3):513-524
  50. Tardif, A., Shipley, B., Bloor, J.M.G., Soussana, J.-F. (2014) Can the biomass-ratio hypothesis predict mixed-species litter decomposition along a climatic gradient? Annals of Botany, 113(5):843-850
  51. Shipley, B. (2014) Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection versus meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25(1):55-65
  52. Tardif, A., Shipley, B. (2013) Using the biomass-ratio and idiosyncratic hypotheses to predict mixed-species litter decomposition. Annals of Botany, 111(1):135-141
  53. Loranger, J., Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Wirth, C., Weisser, W.W. (2013) Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: Polycultures show strong nonadditive effects. Ecology, 94(7):1499-1509
  54. Frenette-Dussault, C., Shipley, B., Hingrat, Y. (2013) Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. Functional Ecology, 27(3):786-792
  55. Shipley, B. (2013) The AIC model selection method applied to path analytic models compared using a d-separation test. Ecology, 94(3):560-564
  56. Auger, S., Shipley, B. (2013) Inter-specific and intra-specific trait variation along short environmental gradients in an old-growth temperate forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24(3):419-428
  57. Frenette-Dussault, C., Shipley, B., Meziane, D., Hingrat, Y. (2013) Trait-based climate change predictions of plant community structure in arid steppes. Journal of Ecology, 101(2):484-492
  58. Lachapelle, P.-P., Shipley, B. (2012) Interspecific prediction of photosynthetic light response curves using specific leaf mass and leaf nitrogen content: Effects of differences in soil fertility and growth irradiance. Annals of Botany, 109(6):1149-1157
  59. Shipley, B., Timothy Paine, C.E., Baraloto, C. (2012) Quantifying the importance of local niche-based and stochastic processes to tropical tree community assembly. Ecology, 93(4):760-769
  60. Douma, J.C., Shipley, B., Witte, J.P., Aerts, R., van Bodegom, P.M. (2012) Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits: revisiting assembly hypotheses. Ecology, 93(4):825-835
  61. Frenette-Dussault, C., Shipley, B., Leger, J.-F., Meziane, D., Hingrat, Y. (2012) Functional structure of an arid steppe plant community reveals similarities with Grime's C-S-R theory. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23(2):208-222
  62. Sonnier, G., Navas, M.-L., Fayolle, A., Shipley, B. (2012) Quantifying trait selection driving community assembly: a test in herbaceous plant communities under contrasted land use regimes. Oikos, 121(7):1103-1111
  63. Aulen, M., Shipley, B., Bradley, R.L. (2012) Prediction of in situ root decomposition rates in an interspecific context from chemical and morphological traits. Annals of Botany, 109(1):287-297
  64. de Vries, F.T., Manning, P., Tallowin, J.R.B., Mortimer, S.R., Pilgrim, E.S., Harrison, K.A., Hobbs, P.J., Quirk, H., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, J.H.C. et al. (2012) Abiotic drivers and plant traits explain landscape-scale patterns in soil microbial communities. Ecology Letters, 15(11):1230-1239
  65. Loranger, J., Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Weisser, W.W. (2012) Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: Evidence from 51 grassland species in experimental monocultures. Ecology, 93(12):2674-2682
  66. Laliberte, E., Shipley, B., Norton, D.A., Scott, D. (2012) Which plant traits determine abundance under long-term shifts in soil resource availability and grazing intensity? Journal of Ecology, 100(3):662-677
  67. Shipley, B., Laughlin, D.C., Sonnier, G., Ottinowski, R. (2011) A strong test of a maximum entropy model of trait-based community assembly. Ecology, 92(2):507-17
  68. Kattge, J., Diaz, S., Lavorel, S., Prentice, I.C., Leadley, P., Bonisch, G., Garnier, E., Westoby, M., Reich, P.B., Wright, I.J. et al. (2011) TRY - a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology, 17(9):2905-2935
  69. Hodgson, J.G., Montserrat-Marti, G., Charles, M., Jones, G., Wilson, P., Shipley, B., Sharafi, M., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Band, S.R. et al. (2011) Is leaf dry matter content a better predictor of soil fertility than specific leaf area? Annals of Botany, 108(7):1337-1345
  70. Shipley, B. (2010) Inferential permutation tests for maximum entropy models in ecology. Ecology, 91(9):2794-2805
  71. Useche, A., Shipley, B. (2010) Interspecific correlates of plasticity in relative growth rate following a decrease in nitrogen availability. Annals of Botany, 105(2):333-339
  72. Thomas, D.W., Bourgault, P., Shipley, B., Perret, P., Blondel, J. (2010) Context-dependent Changes in the Weighting of Environmental Cues That Initiate Breeding in a Temperate Passerine, the Corsican Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus). Auk, 127(1):129-139
  73. Useche, A., Shipley, B. (2010) Plasticity in relative growth rate after a reduction in nitrogen availability is related to root morphological and physiological responses. Annals of Botany, 106(4):617-625
  74. Shipley, B. (2010) Community assembly, natural selection and maximum entropy models. Oikos, 119(4):604-609
  75. Marino, G., Aqil, M., Shipley, B. (2010) The leaf economics spectrum and the prediction of photosynthetic light-response curves. Functional Ecology, 24(2):263-272
  76. Bergeron, P., Grignolio, S., Apollonio, M., Shipley, B., Festa-Bianchet, M. (2010) Secondary sexual characters signal fighting ability and determine social rank in Alpine ibex (Capra ibex). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(8):1299-1307
  77. Loranger, J., Shipley, B. (2010) Interspecific covariation between stomatal density and other functional leaf traits in a local flora. Botany, 88(1):30-38
  78. Sonnier, G., Shipley, B., Navas, M.-L. (2010) Plant traits, species pools and the prediction of relative abundance in plant communities: a maximum entropy approach. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21(2):318-331
  79. Sonnier, G., Shipley, B., Navas, M.-L. (2010) Quantifying relationships between traits and explicitly measured gradients of stress and disturbance in early successional plant communities. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21(6):1014-1024
  80. Kang, C., Shipley, B. (2009) A correction note on a new inferential test for path models based on directed acyclic graphs. Structural Equation Modeling, 16(3):537-538
  81. Shipley, B. (2009) Confirmatory path analysis in a generalized multilevel context. Ecology, 90(2):363-368
  82. Dubois, Y., Blouin-Demers, G., Shipley, B., Thomas, D. (2009) Thermoregulation and habitat selection in wood turtles Glyptemys insculpta: chasing the sun slowly. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78(5):1023-1032
  83. Shipley, B. (2009) Trivial and non-trivial applications of entropy maximization in ecology: Shipley's reply. Oikos, 118(8):1279-1280
  84. Saura-Mas, S., Shipley, B., Lloret, F. (2009) Relationship between post-fire regeneration and leaf economics spectrum in Mediterranean woody species. Functional Ecology, 23(1):103-110
  85. Shipley, B. (2009) Limitations of entropy maximization in ecology: a reply to Haegeman and Loreau. Oikos, 118(1):152-159
  86. Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E. (2007) Response to comments on "From plant traits to plant communities: A statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity". Science, 316(5830):U4-U6
  87. Thomas, D.W., Shipley, B., Blondel, J., Perret, P., Simon, A., Lambrechts, M.M. (2007) Common paths link food abundance and ectoparasite loads to physiological performance and recruitment in nestling blue tits. Functional Ecology, 21(5):947-955
  88. Shipley, B. (2007) Comparative plant ecology as a tool for integrating across scales. Annals of Botany, 99:965-966
  89. Niklas, K.J., Cobb, E.D., Niinemets, U., Reich, P.B., Sellin, A., Shipley, B., Wright, I.J. (2007) "Diminishing returns" in the scaling of functional leaf traits across and within species groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(21):8891-8896
  90. Lamarche, J., Bradley, R.L., Hooper, E., Shipley, B., Simao Beaunoir, A.-M., Beaulieu, C. (2007) Forest floor bacterial community composition and catabolic profiles in relation to landscape features in Quebec's southern boreal forest. Microbial Ecology, 54(1):10-20
  91. Shipley, B. (2006) Net assimilation rate, specific leaf area and leaf mass ratio: which is most closely correlated with relative growth rate? A meta-analysis. Functional Ecology, 20(4):565-574
  92. Bradley, R.L., Shipley, B., Beaulieu, C. (2006) Refining numerical approaches for analyzing soil microbial community catabolic profiles based on carbon source utilization patterns. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38(3):629-632
  93. Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E. (2006) From plant traits to plant communities: A statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity. Science, 314(5800):812-814
  94. Kazakou, E., Vile, D., Shipley, B., Gallet, C., Garnier, E. (2006) Co-variations in litter decomposition, leaf traits and plant growth in species from a Mediterranean old-field succession. Functional Ecology, 20(1):21-30
  95. Prevost, K., Couture, G., Shipley, B., Brzezinski, R., Beaulieu, C. (2006) Effect of chitosan and a biocontrol streptomycete on field and potato tuber bacterial communities. BioControl, 51(4):533-546
  96. Vile, D., Shipley, B., Garnier, E. (2006) Ecosystem productivity can be predicted from potential relative growth rate and species abundance. Ecology Letters, 9(9):1061-1067
  97. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Wright, I., Reich, P.B. (2006) Fundamental trade-offs generating the worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Ecology, 87(3):535-541
  98. Vile, D., Shipley, B., Garnier, E. (2006) A structural equation model to integrate changes in functional strategies during old-field succession. Ecology, 87(2):504-517
  99. Grenon, F., Bradley, R.L., Jones, M.D., Shipley, B., Peat, H. (2005) Soil factors controlling mineral N uptake by Picea engelmannii seedlings: The importance of gross NH4+ production rates. New Phytologist, 165(3):791-799
  100. Lapointe, B., Bradley, R.L., Shipley, B. (2005) Mineral nitrogen and microbial dynamics in the forest floor of clearcut or partially harvested successional boreal forest stands. Plant and Soil, 271(1-2):27-37
  101. Shipley, B., Vile, D., Garnier, E., Wright, I.J., Poorter, H. (2005) Functional linkages between leaf traits and net photosynthetic rate: reconciling empirical and mechanistic models. Functional Ecology, 19:602-615
  102. Chbouki, S., Shipley, B., Bamouh, A. (2005) Path models for the abscission of reproductive structures in three contrasting cultivars of faba bean (Vicia faba). Canadian Journal of Botany, 83(3):264-271
  103. Vile, D., Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Laurent, G., Navas, M. L., Roumet, C., Lavorel, S., Diaz, S., Hodgson, J. G., Lloret, F. et al. (2005) Specific leaf area and dry matter content estimate thickness in laminar leaves. Annals of Botany, 96(6):1129-1136
  104. Shipley, B. (2004) Analysing the allometry of multiple interacting traits. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 6(4):235-241
  105. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B., Arnason, J.T. (2004) Growth and chemical defense in relation to resource availability: tradeoffs or common responses to environmental stress? Brazilian Journal of Biology, 64:187-194
  106. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B., Arnason, J.T. (2003) Effects of nutrient availability on the production of pentaynene, a secondary compound related to defense, in Rudbeckia hirta. Plant Species Biology, 18(2-3):85-89
  107. Von Hardenberg, A., Shipley, B., Festa-Bianchet, M. (2003) Another one bites the dust: Does incisor-arcade size affect mass gain and survival in grazing ungulates? Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81(9):1623-1629
  108. Shipley, B. (2003) Testing recursive path models with correlated errors using d-separation. Structural Equation Modeling, 10:214-221
  109. Shipley, B., Almeida-Cortez, J. (2003) Interspecific consistency and intraspecific variability of specific leaf area with respect to irradiance and nutrient availability. Ecoscience, 10(1):74-79
  110. Shipley, B., Vu, T.T. (2002) Dry matter content as a measure of dry matter concentration in plants and their parts. New Phytologist, 153(2):359-364
  111. Hunt, R., Causton, D.R., Shipley, B., Askew, A.P. (2002) A modern tool for classical plant growth analysis. Annals of Botany, 90(4):485-488
  112. Shipley, B., Meziane, D. (2002) The balanced-growth hypothesis and the allometry of leaf and root biomass allocation. Functional Ecology, 16(3):326-331
  113. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B. (2002) No significant relationship exists between seedling relative growth rate under nutrient limitation and potential tissue toxicity. Functional Ecology, 16(1):122-127
  114. Shipley, B. (2002) Trade-offs between net assimilation rate and specific leaf area in determining relative growth rate: Relationship with daily irradiance. Functional Ecology, 16(5):682-689
  115. Shipley, B. (2002) Start and stop rules for exploratory path analysis. Structural Equation Modeling, 9:554-561
  116. Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Roumet, C., Laurent, G. (2001) A standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content. Functional Ecology, 15(5):688-695
  117. Meziane, D., Shipley, B. (2001) Direct and indirect relationships between specific leaf area, leaf nitrogen and leaf gas exchange. Effects of irradiance and nutrient supply. Annals of Botany, 88(5):915-927
  118. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J. (2000) The functional co-ordination of leaf morphology, nitrogen concentration, and gas exchange in 40 wetland species. Ecoscience, 7(2):183-194
  119. Shipley, B. (2000) Plasticity in relative growth rate and its components following a change in irradiance. Plant, Cell and Environment, 23(11):1207-1216
  120. Shipley, B. (2000) A permutation procedure for testing the equality of pattern hypotheses across groups involving correlation or covariance matrices. Statistics and Computing, 10:253-257
  121. Shipley, B. (2000) A new inferential test for path models based on directed acyclic graphs. Structural Equation Modeling, 7:206-218
  122. Meziane, D., Shipley, B. (1999) Interacting components of interspecific relative growth rate: Constancy and change under differing conditions of light and nutrient supply. Functional Ecology, 13(5):611-622
  123. McKenna, M.F., Shipley, B. (1999) Interacting determinants of interspecific relative growth: Empirical patterns and a theoretical explanation. Ecoscience, 6(2):286-296
  124. Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Shipley, B., Arnason, J.T. (1999) Do plant species with high relative growth rates have poorer chemical defences? Functional Ecology, 13(6):819-827
  125. Meziane, D., Shipley, B. (1999) Interacting determinants of specific leaf area in 22 herbaceous species: Effects of irradiance and nutrient availability. Plant, Cell and Environment, 22(5):447-459
  126. Shipley, B. (1999) Testing causal explanations in organismal biology: Causation, correlation and structural equation modelling. Oikos, 86(2):374-382
  127. Pyankov, V.I., Kondratchuk, A.V., Shipley, B. (1999) Leaf structure and specific leaf mass: The alpine desert plants of the Eastern Pamirs, Tadjikistan. New Phytologist, 143(1):131-142
  128. Keddy, P., Twolan-Strutt, L., Shipley, B. (1997) Experimental evidence that interspecific competitive asymmetry increases with soil productivity. Oikos, 80(2):253-256
  129. Shipley, B. (1997) Exploratory path analysis with applications in ecology and evolution. American Naturalist, 149(6):1113-1138
  130. Shipley, B., Hunt, R. (1996) Regression smoothers for estimating parameters of growth analyses. Annals of Botany, 78(5):569-576
  131. Visman, V., Pesant, S., Dion, J., Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1996) Joint effects of maternal and offspring sizes on clutch mass and fecundity in plants and animals. Ecoscience, 3(2):173-182
  132. McCanny, S.J., Hendershot, W.H., Lechowicz, M.J., Shipley, B. (1995) The effects of aluminum on Picea rubens: Factorial experiments using sand culture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(1):8-17
  133. Shipley, B. (1995) Structured interspecific determinants of specific leaf area in 34 species of herbaceous angiosperms. Functional Ecology, 9(2):312-319
  134. Reader, R.J., Wilson, S.D., Belcher, J.W., Wisheu, I., Keddy, P.A., Tilman, D., Morris, E.C., Grace, J.B., McGraw, J.B., Olff, H. et al. (1994) Plant competition in relation to neighbor biomass: An intercontinental study with Poa pratensis. Ecology, 75(6):1753-1760
  135. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. (1994) Evaluating the evidence for competitive hierarchies in plant communities. Oikos, 69(2):340-345
  136. Shipley, B. (1993) A null model for competitive hierarchies in competition matrices. Ecology, 74(6):1693-1699
  137. Shipley, B., Dion, J. (1992) The allometry of seed production in herbaceous angiosperms. American Naturalist, 139(3):467-483
  138. Shipley, B., Lechowicz, M.J., Dumont, S., Hendershot, W.H. (1992) Interacting Effects of Nutrients, Ph-Al and Elevated Co2 on the Growth of Red Spruce (Picea-Rubens Sarg) Seedlings. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 64(3-4):585-600
  139. Shipley, B., Parent, M. (1991) Germination responses of 64 wetland species in relation to seed size, minimum time to reproduction and seedling relative growth rate. Functional Ecology, 5(1):111-118
  140. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Lefkovitch, L.P. (1991) Mechanisms producing plant zonation along a water depth gradient: a comparison with the exposure gradient. Canadian Journal of Botany, 69(7):1420-1424
  141. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Gaudet, C., Moore, D.R.J. (1991) A model of species density in shoreline vegetation. Ecology, 72(5):1658-1667
  142. Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1991) The seduction by mechanism: A reply to Tilman. American Naturalist, 138:1276-1282
  143. McCanny, S.J., Keddy, P.A., Arnason, T.J., Gaudet, C.L., Moore, D.R.J., Shipley, B. (1990) Fertility and the food quality of wetland plants: a test of the resource availability hypothesis. Oikos, 59(3):373-381
  144. Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1990) The allometry of seed weight and seedling relative growth rate. Functional Ecology, 4(4):523-529
  145. Shipley, B., Peters, R.H. (1990) A test of the Tilman model of plant strategies: relative growth rate and biomass partitioning. American Naturalist, 136(2):139-153
  146. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A., Moore, D.R.J., Lemky, K. (1989) Regeneration and establishment strategies of emergent macrophytes. Journal of Ecology, 77(4):1093-1110
  147. Shipley, B. (1989) The use of above-ground maximum relative growth rate as an accurate predictor of whole-plant maximum relative growth rate. Functional Ecology, 3(6):771-775
  148. Keddy, P.A., Shipley, B. (1989) Competitive hierarchies in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos, 54(2):234-241
  149. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. (1988) The relationship between relative growth rate and sensitivity to nutrient stress in twenty-eight species of emergent macrophytes. Journal of Ecology, 76(4):1101-1110
  150. Shipley, B., Keddy, P.A. (1987) The individualistic and community-unit concepts as falsifiable hypotheses. Vegetatio, 69(1-3):47-55
  151. Shipley, B. (1987) The relationship between dynamic game theory and the Lotka-Volterra competition equations. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 125:121-123
  152. Van Hulst, R., Shipley, B., Theriault, A. (1987) Why is Rhinanthus minor ( Scrophulariaceae) such a good invader? Canadian Journal of Botany, 65(11):2373-2379
  153. Van Hulst, R., Theriault, A., Shipley, B. (1986) The systematic position of the genus Rhinananthus (Schrophulariaciae) in North America. Canadian Journal of Botany, 64:1443-1449

Articles published in proceedings

Scientific reports, manuals and others

Theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Shipley, B. (1987) Pattern and mechanism in the emergent macrophyte communities along the Ottawa River (Canada). PhD thesis, University of Ottawa

Supervised theses, dissertations and essays

  1. Aulen, M. (2011) Une approche fonctionnelle pour l'estimation des taux de décomposition racinaire et flux de carbone associés: Contribution à l'estimation du potentiel de séquestration du carbone dans les sols agroforestiers. PhD thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  2. Sonnier, G. (2009) Des traits des espèces à la structure des communautés végétales : vers une approche fonctionnelle et prédictive de l'écologie des communautés. PhD thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  3. Marino, G. (2008) Prévoir la capacité photosynthétique d’une feuille à partir d’une combinaison de ses traits fonctionnels : un test en milieu naturel. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  4. Dostie, G. (2006) Réponse de plantes de sous-bois à différentes conditions de luminosité, d'approvissionnement en sels-minéraux et de pH. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  5. Kiki, M.S. (2006) Plasticité phénotypique de Kalmia angustifolia face aux variations de luminosité et de substrat. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  6. Vile, D. (2005) Significations fonctionnelle et écologique des traits des espèces végétales : exemple dans une succession post-culturale méditerranéenne et généralisations. PhD thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  7. Boulanger, F. (2005) Effets direct et indirect de Kalmia angustifolia sur la régénération des Épinettes Noires. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  8. Nduwamungu, C. (2000) Étude d'une triple interaction sol-boues-plantes dans l'objectif de phytoremédiation des terrains contaminés par une sélection d'hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  9. McKenna, M.F. (1995) La variation interspécifique du taux de croissance relatif en fonction des attributs morphologiques et physiologiques d'angiospermes herbacés. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  10. Brazeau, J. (1994) La révégétation des résidus miniers sulfurés. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke
  11. Leclerc, J.-M. (1993) Le reboisement forestier et ses impacts sur la diversité biologique des forêts Québécoises. Master's thesis, Université de Sherbrooke

Non peer-reviewed articles

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