FortinMauffette2001

Référence

Fortin, M., Mauffette, Y. (2001) Forest edge effects on the biological performance of the forest tent caterpillar (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) in sugar maple stands. Ecoscience, 8(2):164-174.

Résumé

Fragmentation of forests has considerably increased the amount of edge habitats. This edge effect could have a direct influence on the dynamics of forest insects by altering the nutritional quality of foliage. In this study, we examined from 1994 to 1997 the effects of foilage from edge trees and interior trees on biological performance of the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.). Each year, ten mature sugar maple trees (Acer saccharum Marsh.) were selected at the forest edge and in the forest interior. Leaves were collected on branches located at 3-6 m above ground at intervals of one or two days. These leaves were immediately brought back to the laboratory for rearing of insects in Petri dishes (8 larvae/Petri dish) and for chemical analyses. Total nitrogen levels were significantly higher in leaves from edge trees as were nonsignificantly higher levels of soluble sugars and total phenolics and lower water content. Generally, performance of the forest tent caterpillar, except for larval and pupal developmental time, varied between the forest edge and the forest interior habitats. Pupal weight, egg production and pupal survivorship were greater for larvae reared on leaves from edge trees. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that total nitrogen, soluble sugars and water content were closely associated with the forest tent caterpillar's performance. These results suggest that forest edge effects, in terms of leaf nutritional quality, could have important implications for forest tent caterpillar populations in sugar maple stands.

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@ARTICLE { FortinMauffette2001,
    AUTHOR = { Fortin, M. and Mauffette, Y. },
    TITLE = { Forest edge effects on the biological performance of the forest tent caterpillar (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) in sugar maple stands },
    JOURNAL = { Ecoscience },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 164-174 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 11956860 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 9 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Fortin, M.; INRS-Intitut Armand-Frappier; 531 Blvd des Prairies Laval, QUE?, Canada; email: disstria@hotmail.com References: Ashton, P.M.S., Berlyn, G.P., A comparison of leaf physiology and anatomy of Quercus (section Erythrobalanus-Fagaceae) species in different light environments (1994) American Journal of Botany, 81, pp. 589-597; Bach, C.E., Plant spatial pattern and herbivore population dynamics: Plant factors affecting the movement patterns of a tropical cucurbit specialist (Acalymma innubum) (1984) Ecology, 65, pp. 175-190; Bauce, E., Lachance, D., Archambault, L., Le ro?le de la livre?e des fore?ts et de l'arpenteuse du Bruce dans le de?pe?rissement des e?rablie?res du sud du Que?bec (1990) Le De?pe?rissement Des E?rablie?res, Causes Et Solutions Possibles, pp. 39-47. , C. Camire?, W. Hendershot and D. Lachance (ed.). 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    ABSTRACT = { Fragmentation of forests has considerably increased the amount of edge habitats. This edge effect could have a direct influence on the dynamics of forest insects by altering the nutritional quality of foliage. In this study, we examined from 1994 to 1997 the effects of foilage from edge trees and interior trees on biological performance of the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.). Each year, ten mature sugar maple trees (Acer saccharum Marsh.) were selected at the forest edge and in the forest interior. Leaves were collected on branches located at 3-6 m above ground at intervals of one or two days. These leaves were immediately brought back to the laboratory for rearing of insects in Petri dishes (8 larvae/Petri dish) and for chemical analyses. Total nitrogen levels were significantly higher in leaves from edge trees as were nonsignificantly higher levels of soluble sugars and total phenolics and lower water content. Generally, performance of the forest tent caterpillar, except for larval and pupal developmental time, varied between the forest edge and the forest interior habitats. Pupal weight, egg production and pupal survivorship were greater for larvae reared on leaves from edge trees. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that total nitrogen, soluble sugars and water content were closely associated with the forest tent caterpillar's performance. These results suggest that forest edge effects, in terms of leaf nutritional quality, could have important implications for forest tent caterpillar populations in sugar maple stands. },
    KEYWORDS = { Acer saccharum Edge and interior forest Insect performance Leaf chemical traits Malacosoma disstria caterpillar chemical analysis edge effect foliage forest edge habitat fragmentation nutritional status Canada Acer saccharum Malacosoma disstria },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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