BoucherLavalleeMauffette2001

Référence

Boucher, D., Lavallee, R., Mauffette, Y. (2001) Biological performance of the white pine weevil in relation to the anatomy of the resin canal system of four different host species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31(11):2035-2041.

Résumé

The anatomy of the resin canal system was observed on lateral branches of four host species of the white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi Peck) in relation to weevil performance. The host species studied were Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.), and white pine (Pinus strobus L.). Survival, number, and mass of adult weevils were measured on attacked terminal leaders collected before adult emergence. One uppermost lateral branch was collected at the base of each attacked leader. Cross sections of these lateral branches were observed to measure the number, diameter, depth, and density of inner and outer resin canals. Nearly all resin canal measurements differed significantly among species, with white pine differing greatly from the other species with larger canals and lower canal density. Correlation analysis demonstrated that the anatomy of the resin canal system was principally related to adult mass, with the most important variable being the density of inner canals (r = -0.54). Trees characterized by low density of large inner resin canals, like white pine, seemed to favour mass gain in adult weevils. The present study suggests that a high density of inner resin canals constrains the insect to feed on canals early in larval development, which subsequently reduces weevil mass.

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@ARTICLE { BoucherLavalleeMauffette2001,
    AUTHOR = { Boucher, D. and Lavallee, R. and Mauffette, Y. },
    TITLE = { Biological performance of the white pine weevil in relation to the anatomy of the resin canal system of four different host species },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 31 },
    PAGES = { 2035-2041 },
    NUMBER = { 11 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 5 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA doi: 10.1139/cjfr-31-11-2035 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Boucher, D.; Natural Resources Canada; Canadian Forest Service; Laurentian Forestry Centre; 1055 du P.E.P.S. Sainte-Foy, Que. G1V 4C7, Canada References: Alfaro, R.I., Laboratory feeding and colonization of non-host lodgepole pine by two populations of Pissodes strobi (Peck) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (1988) Can. Entomol., 120, pp. 167-173; Alfaro, R.I., An induced defense reaction in white spruce to attack by the white pine weevil, Pissodes strobi (1995) Can. J. For. Res., 25, pp. 1725-1730; Alfaro, R.I., Feeding and oviposition preferences of white pine weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on resistant and susceptible Sitka spruce clones in laboratory bioassays (1996) Environ. 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    ABSTRACT = { The anatomy of the resin canal system was observed on lateral branches of four host species of the white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi Peck) in relation to weevil performance. The host species studied were Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.), and white pine (Pinus strobus L.). Survival, number, and mass of adult weevils were measured on attacked terminal leaders collected before adult emergence. One uppermost lateral branch was collected at the base of each attacked leader. Cross sections of these lateral branches were observed to measure the number, diameter, depth, and density of inner and outer resin canals. Nearly all resin canal measurements differed significantly among species, with white pine differing greatly from the other species with larger canals and lower canal density. Correlation analysis demonstrated that the anatomy of the resin canal system was principally related to adult mass, with the most important variable being the density of inner canals (r = -0.54). Trees characterized by low density of large inner resin canals, like white pine, seemed to favour mass gain in adult weevils. The present study suggests that a high density of inner resin canals constrains the insect to feed on canals early in larval development, which subsequently reduces weevil mass. },
    KEYWORDS = { Biodiversity Canals Correlation methods White pine Forestry anatomy host selection larval development plant-insect interaction Abies Animalia Coleoptera Curculionidae Hexapoda Insecta Invertebrata Picea abies Picea glauca Picea rubens Pinus strobus Pissodes strobi },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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