McCulloughWorkCaveyEtAl2006

Référence

McCullough, D.G., Work, T.T., Cavey, J.F., Liebhold, A.M., Marshall, D. (2006) Interceptions of nonindigenous plant pests at US ports of entry and border crossings over a 17-year period. Biological Invasions, 8(4):611-630.

Résumé

Despite the substantial impacts of nonindigenous plant pests and weeds, relatively little is known about the pathways by which these organisms arrive in the U.S. One source of such information is the Port Information Network (PIN) database, maintained by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) since 1984. The PIN database is comprised of records of pests intercepted by APHIS personnel during inspections of travelers' baggage, cargo, conveyances and related items arriving at U.S. ports of entry and border crossings. Each record typically includes the taxonomic identify of the pest, its country of origin, and information related to the commodity and interception site. We summarized more than 725,000 pest interceptions recorded in PIN from 1984 to 2000 to examine origins, interception sites and modes of transport for nonindigenous insects, mites, mollusks, nematodes, plant pathogens and weeds. Roughly 62% of intercepted pests were associated with baggage, 30% were associated with cargo and 7% were associated with plant propagative material. Pest interceptions occurred most commonly at airports (73%), U.S.-Mexico land border crossings (13%) and marine ports (9%). Insects dominated the database, comprising 73 to 84% of the records annually, with the orders Homoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera collectively accounting for over 75% of the insect records. Plant pathogens, weeds and mollusks accounted for 13, 7 and 1.5% of all pest records, respectively, while mites and nematodes comprised less than 1% of the records. Pests were intercepted from at least 259 different locations. Common origins included Mexico, Central and South American countries, the Caribbean and Asia. Within specific commodity pathways, richness of the pest taxa generally increased linearly with the number of interceptions. Application of PIN data for statistically robust predictions is limited by nonrandom sampling protocols, but the data provide a valuable historical record of the array of nonindigenous organisms transported to the U.S. through international trade and travel. © Springer 2006.

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@ARTICLE { McCulloughWorkCaveyEtAl2006,
    AUTHOR = { McCullough, D.G. and Work, T.T. and Cavey, J.F. and Liebhold, A.M. and Marshall, D. },
    TITLE = { Interceptions of nonindigenous plant pests at US ports of entry and border crossings over a 17-year period },
    JOURNAL = { Biological Invasions },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 611-630 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 13873547 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: BLINF doi: 10.1007/s10530-005-1798-4 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: McCullough, D.G.; Department of Entomology; Michigan State University; 243 Natural Science Building East Lansing, MI 48824-1115, United States; email: mccullo6@msu.edu References: Bierne, B.P., Biological control attempts by introductions against pest insects in the field in Canada (1975) Canadian Entomologist, 107, pp. 225-236; Cavey, J.F., Mitigating introductions of invasive plant pests in the United States (2003) Invasive Species, Vectors and Management Strategies, pp. 350-361. , Ruiz GM and Carlton JT (eds). Island Press, Washington, D.C. 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    ABSTRACT = { Despite the substantial impacts of nonindigenous plant pests and weeds, relatively little is known about the pathways by which these organisms arrive in the U.S. One source of such information is the Port Information Network (PIN) database, maintained by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) since 1984. The PIN database is comprised of records of pests intercepted by APHIS personnel during inspections of travelers' baggage, cargo, conveyances and related items arriving at U.S. ports of entry and border crossings. Each record typically includes the taxonomic identify of the pest, its country of origin, and information related to the commodity and interception site. We summarized more than 725,000 pest interceptions recorded in PIN from 1984 to 2000 to examine origins, interception sites and modes of transport for nonindigenous insects, mites, mollusks, nematodes, plant pathogens and weeds. Roughly 62% of intercepted pests were associated with baggage, 30% were associated with cargo and 7% were associated with plant propagative material. Pest interceptions occurred most commonly at airports (73%), U.S.-Mexico land border crossings (13%) and marine ports (9%). Insects dominated the database, comprising 73 to 84% of the records annually, with the orders Homoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera collectively accounting for over 75% of the insect records. Plant pathogens, weeds and mollusks accounted for 13, 7 and 1.5% of all pest records, respectively, while mites and nematodes comprised less than 1% of the records. Pests were intercepted from at least 259 different locations. Common origins included Mexico, Central and South American countries, the Caribbean and Asia. Within specific commodity pathways, richness of the pest taxa generally increased linearly with the number of interceptions. Application of PIN data for statistically robust predictions is limited by nonrandom sampling protocols, but the data provide a valuable historical record of the array of nonindigenous organisms transported to the U.S. through international trade and travel. © Springer 2006. },
    KEYWORDS = { Exotic insects Exotic species Exotic weeds Invasion pathways Nonindigenous pest arrival Port Information Network database airport biological invasion border region marine environment mite mollusc nematode plant-insect interaction port species richness taxonomy weed Asia Central America Eurasia Mexico [North America] North America South America United States Acari Animalia Diptera Hemiptera Hexapoda Insecta Lepidoptera Mollusca Nematoda },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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