StrukeljBraisQuideauEtAl2012

Référence

Strukelj, M., Brais, S., Quideau, S.A. and Oh, S.W. (2012) Chemical transformations of deadwood and foliar litter of mixed boreal species during decomposition. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 42(4):772-788. (URL )

Résumé

Deadwood constitutes an important input of carbon to soil, but its role in carbon sequestration over the long term is not well documented in the eastern boreal forests of Canada, especially when compared with foliar litter. The objectives of this study were to characterize and compare patterns of mass loss and changes in chemical composition of deadwood and foliar litter of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) during a 5- to 6-year period of field decomposition, using litterbags, solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance analysis, and lignin monomer quantification by cupric oxide oxidation. The maximum decomposition limit was similar between foliar litter and wood material, but foliar litter decomposed faster, reached the estimated maximum decomposition limit, and converged to a composition rich in alkyl, phenolic, and carbonyl carbon. However, wood did not reach the estimated maximum decomposition limit and underwent relatively little chemical changes, remaining with high carbohydrate content. At the end of the experiment, aspen wood still had a lower lignin concentration than that of conifers, but contained higher proportions of alkyl and carbonyl carbon. Although wood contributes to a greater diversity in the chemical composition of the forest floor, foliar litter, which keeps a high alkyl C content throughout its decay, could generate more recalcitrant residual organic matter.

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@ARTICLE { StrukeljBraisQuideauEtAl2012,
    AUTHOR = { Strukelj, M. and Brais, S. and Quideau, S.A. and Oh, S.W. },
    TITLE = { Chemical transformations of deadwood and foliar litter of mixed boreal species during decomposition },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 42 },
    PAGES = { 772-788 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { Deadwood constitutes an important input of carbon to soil, but its role in carbon sequestration over the long term is not well documented in the eastern boreal forests of Canada, especially when compared with foliar litter. The objectives of this study were to characterize and compare patterns of mass loss and changes in chemical composition of deadwood and foliar litter of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.), white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss), and balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) during a 5- to 6-year period of field decomposition, using litterbags, solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance analysis, and lignin monomer quantification by cupric oxide oxidation. The maximum decomposition limit was similar between foliar litter and wood material, but foliar litter decomposed faster, reached the estimated maximum decomposition limit, and converged to a composition rich in alkyl, phenolic, and carbonyl carbon. However, wood did not reach the estimated maximum decomposition limit and underwent relatively little chemical changes, remaining with high carbohydrate content. At the end of the experiment, aspen wood still had a lower lignin concentration than that of conifers, but contained higher proportions of alkyl and carbonyl carbon. Although wood contributes to a greater diversity in the chemical composition of the forest floor, foliar litter, which keeps a high alkyl C content throughout its decay, could generate more recalcitrant residual organic matter. },
    DOI = { 10.1139/x2012-027 },
    EPRINT = { http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/pdf/10.1139/x2012-027 },
    OWNER = { amriv2 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2012.08.07 },
    URL = { http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/x2012-027 },
}

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