BraisCamire1998

Référence

Brais, S. and Camire, C. (1998) Soil compaction induced by careful logging in the claybelt region of northwestern Quebec (Canada). Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 78(1):197-206.

Résumé

Soil compaction induced by forest harvesting operations can reduce site productivity. Intensity, extent and persistence of soil compaction were assessed on fine- to medium- and coarse-textured soils. Severe compaction took place in the wheel track section of the skid trails. On fine- to medium-textured soils, half of the effects on the 0- to 10-cm and 10- to 20-cm mineral soil bulk densities (+11 and +8%) and half of the changes in the 10-cm depth soil strength (+69%) occurred in the course of the first two skidding cycles (cycle of half impact). On coarse soils, half of the effect on the 0- to 10-cm bulk density (+11%) occurred during the first three passes. Cycles of half impact for soil strength were 9, 14, 7 and 6 for the 2.5-, 5-, 10-, and 20-cm depths and corresponded to increases of 235, 402, 157 and 103% respectively. Compaction was more limited between track sections of trails. Six to twelve years following clearcutting on fine- to medium-textured soils, 0- to 10-cm soil bulk density was less in the skid trails than on the undisturbed sections of cutovers. Careful logging on moist, fine-to medium-textured soils is the safest way to limit the extent of soil compaction. On coarse-textured soils, spreading the traffic remains a valid option.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { BraisCamire1998,
    AUTHOR = { Brais, S. and Camire, C. },
    TITLE = { Soil compaction induced by careful logging in the claybelt region of northwestern Quebec (Canada) },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Soil Science },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 78 },
    PAGES = { 197-206 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 00084271 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 14 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJSSA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Brais, S.; URDFAT-UQAT; 445 boulevard de l'Universite Rouyn-Noranda, Que. J9X 5E4, Canada References: Allard, M., Ge?omorphologie des eskers Abitibiens (1974) Cahiers de Ge?ographie du Que?bec, 18, pp. 272-296; Blake, G.R., Nelson, W.W., Allmaras, R.R., Persistence of subsoil compaction in a Mollisol (1976) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 40, pp. 943-948; Bodman, G.B., Constantin, G.K., Influence of particle size distribution in soil compaction (1965) Hilgardia, 36, pp. 567-591; And, B.S., Camire?, C., Keys to soil moisture regime evaluation for northwestern Quebec (1992) Can. J. For. Res., 22, pp. 718-724; Brais, S., Harvey, B., Goyard, J., (1996) Caracte?risation Biophysique des Sentiers de De?busquage Espace?s sur les De?po?ts a? Texture Fine et a? Texture Grossie?re de l'Abitibi, 4034, p. 30. , Proj. 4034, Res. Nat. Canada, Serv. Can. For, Que?bec; Butt, G., Rollerson, T., Prediction of forest soil compaction (1988) Degradation of Forested Land: Forest Soils at Risk, pp. 153-166. , J. D. Louisier and G. W. Still, eds. B.C. Min Forest, Land Manage. Rep. No 56, Victoria, BC; (1987) The Canadian System of Soil Classification. 2nd Ed., p. 164. , Pub. No. 1646e, Agric. Min., Ottawa, ON; Cartier, P., Harvey, B.D., Bergeron, Y., A forest ecosystem guide for the Amos lowlands ecological region, northwestern Quebec: A forest management approach (1996) Environ. Monitor. Assess., 39, pp. 249-263; Conlin, T.S.S., Van den Driessche, R., Short-term effects of soil compaction on growth of Pinus contorta seedlings (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 729-739; Corns, I.G.W., Compaction by forestry equipment and effects on coniferous seedling growth on four soils in the Alberta foothills (1988) Can. J. For. Res., 18, pp. 75-84; Daddow, R.L., Warrington, G.E., The influence of soil texture on growth-limiting soil bulk densities (1983) New Forest for a Changing World. Proc, Convention Society American Foresters, pp. 252-256. , October 16-20. USDA For. Ser., Portland, OR; Edelstein-Keshet, L., (1988) Mathematical Models in Biology, p. 586. , Random House, New York, NY; (1982) Canadian Climate Normals, 1-6. , Canadian Climate Program, Atmospheric Environment Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa, ON; Froehlich, H.A., Aulerich, D.E., Curtis, R., Designing skid trail systems to reduce soil impacts from tractive logging machines (1981) Forest Regeneration. Proc. Symposium on Engineering Systems for Forest Regeneration, pp. 82-89. , Raleigh, NC. 2-6 March 1981. ASAE Pub. 10-81, St-Joseph, MI; Froehlich, H.A., McNabb, D.H., Minimizing soil compaction in Pacific northwest forest (1984) Proc. 6th North American Forest Soil Conference, pp. 159-192. , E. L. Stone, ed. Forest and treatment impacts. 23 June. Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville, TN; Froehlich, H.A., Miles, D.W.R., Robbins, R.W., Growth of young Pinus ponderosa and Pinus contorta on compacted soil in Central Washington (1986) For. Ecol. Manage., 15, pp. 285-294; Greacen, E.L., Sands, R., Compaction of forest soils (1980) A Review. Aust. J. Soil Res., 18, pp. 163-189; Gent Jr., J.A., Ballard, R., Hassan, A.E., The impact of harvesting and site preparaion on the physical properies of Lower Coastal Plain forest soils (1983) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 47, pp. 595-598; Harvey, B.D., Cartier, P., Bergeron, Y., Nolet, P., Development of a practical forest ecosystem classification from existing biophysical studies: An approach used in northwestern Quebec (1996) Environ. Monitor. Assess., 39, pp. 231-247; Hatchell, G.E., Ralston, C.W., Foil, R.R., Soil disturbances in logging, Effects on soil characteristics and growth of loblolly pine in the Atlantic coastal plain (1970) J. For., 68, pp. 772-775; Head, K.H., (1992) Manual of Soil Laboratory Testing. Vol. 1. 2nd Ed., 1, p. 388. , Halsted Press. New York, NY; Holman, G.T., Knight, F.B., Struchtemeyer, R.A., The effects of mechanized harvesting on soil conditions in the spruce-fir region of north-central Maine (1978) Bull. Life Sci. Exp. Stn. (Maine), 751, pp. 1-13; Jakobsen, B.F., Moore, G.A., Effects of two types of skidders and of a slash cover on soil compaction by logging of mountain Ash (1981) Aust. For. Res., 11, pp. 247-255; Jones, C.A., Effect of soil texture on critical bulk densities for root growth (1983) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 47, pp. 1208-1211; Lison, L., Statistique applique?e a? la biologie expe?rimentale (1968) La Planification de L'expe?rience et L'analyse des Re?sultats, p. 346. , Gauthier-Villars, Paris, France; Lockaby, B.G., Vidrine, C.G., Effect of logging equipment traffic on soil density and growth and survival of young loblolly pine (1984) South. J. Appl. For., 8, pp. 109-112; Lull, H.W., (1959) Soil Compaction on Forest and Range Lands, p. 33. , USDA For. Serv. Misc. Publ. 768, Washington, DC; McKeague, J.A., (1976) Manual on Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, , Canadian Society of Soil Science, Ottawa. ON; McNabb, D.H., Boersma, L., Nonlinear model of compressibility of partly saturated soils (1996) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 60, pp. 333-341; Meek, P., Effects of skidder traffic on two soils in the Canadian boreal forest (1994) Interactive Workshop and Seminar, Forsitrisk Soil, Tree, Machine Interactions, , Feldafing, Fed. Rep. Germany, 4-8 July 1994. FERIC Contribution ED-1994-11E; Miles, J.A., Hartsough, B.R., Avlani, P., Chancellor, W.J., A soil compaction study on the Blodgett experimental forest (1981) Forest Regeneration. Proc. Symposium on Engineering Systems for Forest Regeneration, pp. 72-81. , Raleigh, NC. 2-6 March 1981, ASAE Pub. 10-81, St-Joseph, ML; Miller, R.E., Scott, W., Hazard, J.W., Soil compaction and conifer growth after tractor yarding at three coastal Washington locations (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 225-236; (1994) Une Strate?gie: Ame?nager pour Mieux Prote?ger les Fore?ts, p. 197. , Min. Ress. Nat. Que?bec, Dir. Prog. For., Charlesbourg, QC; Moehring, D.M., Rawls, I.W., Detrimental effects of wet weather logging (1970) J. For., 68, pp. 166-167; Power, W.E., Effects and observations of soil compaction in the Salem District (1974) USDA BLM Tech. Note, 256, pp. 1-11; Powers, R.F., Retrospective studies in perspective: Strengths and weaknesses (1989) Research Strategies for Long Term Site Productivity, pp. 47-62. , W. J. Dick and C. A. Mees, eds. IEA/BE A3 Rep. No. 8. For. Res. Ins., New Zealand, Bull. 152; Pre?vost, M., Bolghari, H.A., Croissance et enracinement de deux provenances d'e?pinette noire en fontion de la densite? apparente du sol et de ses proprie?te?s hydriques (1990) Can. J. For. Res., 20, pp. 185-192; Ratkowsky, D.A., (1983) Nonlinear Regression Modeling: A Unified Practical Approach, p. 276. , Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY; Sands, R., Greacen, E.L., Gerard, C.J., Compaction of sandy soils in Radiata pine forests. A penetrometer study (1979) Aust. J. Soil Res., 17, pp. 101-113; (1988) SAS/STAT? User's Guide, Release 6.03 Edition, , SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC; Sidle, R.C., Drlica, D.M., Soil compaction from logging with a low-ground pressure skidder in the Oregon coast ranges (1981) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 45, pp. 1219-1224; Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., (1980) Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 2nd Ed., p. 633. , McGraw-Hill, New York, NY; Steinbrenner, E.C., The effects of repeated tractor trips on the physical properties of forest soils (1955) Northwest Sci., 29, pp. 155-159; Steinbrenner, E.C., Gessel, S.P., The effect of tractor logging on physical properties of some forest soils in southwestern Washington (1955) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 19, pp. 372-376; Turtle, C.L., Golden, M.S., Meldahl, R.S., Soil compaction effects on Pinus taeda establishment from seed and early growth (1988) Can. J. For. Res., 18, pp. 628-632; Vepraskas, M.J., Cone index of loamy sands as influenced by pore size distribution and effective stress (1984) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 48, pp. 1220-1225; Voorhees, W.B., Relative effectiveness of tillage and natural forces in alleviating wheel-induced soil compaction (1983) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 47, pp. 129-133; Voorhees, W.B., Senst, C.G., Nelson, W.W., Compaction and soil structure modification by wheel traffic in the northern Corn Belt (1978) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 42, pp. 344-349; Wasterlund, I., Compaction of till soils and growth tests with Norway spruce and Scots pine (1985) For. Ecol. Manage., 11, pp. 171-189; Wert, S., Thomas, B.R., Effects of skid roads on diameter, height, and volume growth in Douglas-Fir (1981) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 45, pp. 629-632; Williams, J., Shaykewich, C.F., The influence of soil water matric potential on the strength properties of unsaturated soil (1970) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 34, pp. 835-840; Wronski, E.B., Impact of tractor thinning operations on soils and tree roots in a Karri forest, western Australia (1984) Aust. For. Res., 14, pp. 319-332; Yasin, M., Grisso, R.D., Basshford, L.L., Jones, A.J., Mielke, L.N., Normalizing cone resistance values by covariance analysis (1993) Trans ASAE, 36, pp. 1267-1270; Zelazny, V.F., Ng, T.T.M., Hayter, M.G., Bowling, C.L., Bewick, D.A., (1989) Field Guide to Forest Site Classification in New Brunswick, p. 107. , New Brunswick Nat. Res. Ener. Dep., Fredericton, NB; Zisa, R.P., Halverson, H.G., Stout, B.B., Establishment and early growth of conifers on compact soils in urban areas (1980) USDA For. Serv., Res. Pap., NE-451, p. 8. },
    ABSTRACT = { Soil compaction induced by forest harvesting operations can reduce site productivity. Intensity, extent and persistence of soil compaction were assessed on fine- to medium- and coarse-textured soils. Severe compaction took place in the wheel track section of the skid trails. On fine- to medium-textured soils, half of the effects on the 0- to 10-cm and 10- to 20-cm mineral soil bulk densities (+11 and +8%) and half of the changes in the 10-cm depth soil strength (+69%) occurred in the course of the first two skidding cycles (cycle of half impact). On coarse soils, half of the effect on the 0- to 10-cm bulk density (+11%) occurred during the first three passes. Cycles of half impact for soil strength were 9, 14, 7 and 6 for the 2.5-, 5-, 10-, and 20-cm depths and corresponded to increases of 235, 402, 157 and 103% respectively. Compaction was more limited between track sections of trails. Six to twelve years following clearcutting on fine- to medium-textured soils, 0- to 10-cm soil bulk density was less in the skid trails than on the undisturbed sections of cutovers. Careful logging on moist, fine-to medium-textured soils is the safest way to limit the extent of soil compaction. On coarse-textured soils, spreading the traffic remains a valid option. },
    KEYWORDS = { Bulk density Careful logging Forest harvesting Soil compaction Soil strength compaction timber harvesting Canada, Quebec },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Colloque **************************** **********************************************************

1 au 3 mai 2019
UQAC

********************************************************** ************* R à Québec 2019**************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********************* Traits **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Cours intensif sur l'analyse des pistes 
6-10 mai 2019, Université de Sherbrooke
Cours intensif : Taxonomie et méthodes d’échantillonnage en tourbières .
6-17 mai 2019, Université Laval
Dendrochronological Fieldweek 2019 
16-21 mai 2019, Station FERLD
Traits Fonctionnels des Organismes - École thématique internationale
19 au 24 mai 2019, Porquerolles, France
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Terrain avancé en géographie .
10 au 15 juin 2019, FERLD, Abitibi-Témiscamingue
Ecole d'été en Biologie et Ecologie intégratives 
6-12 juillet 2019, Pyrénées françaises
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers .
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Carapace ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Budworm ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Colibri **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********** Pub 6 - Au coeur de l'arbre *********** **********************************************************

...Une exposition
virtuelle sur l'arbre!

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction .

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...