BelleauBraisPare2006

Référence

Belleau, A., Brais, S. and Pare, D. (2006) Soil nutrient dynamics after harvesting and slash treatments in boreal aspen stands. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70(4):1189-1199.

Résumé

The effects of harvesting and slash treatments on soil nutrient dynamics were assessed in boreal aspen stands growing on mesic clayey sites. Stem-only harvested stands were compared with unharvested controls according to a complete block design with three replications. Within harvested areas, four slash treatments (stem-only harvesting [SOH], whole-tree harvesting [WHT], wood chip application, and slash burns) were compared. Treatments created a gradient of slash that ranged from 52.3 Mg ha-1 in stem-only to 13.8 Mg ha -1 in control stands. The amount of slash had no effect on wood decomposition rates but was strongly associated with higher forest floor organic C, Kjeldahl N and base cation concentrations (Cae and Mg e), base saturation, pH, and effective cation exchange capacity (CEC) and lower microbial C/N when control stands were compared with stem-only harvested stands. Slash burn severity was too low to significantly reduce slash loads and induce base cation release but severe enough to reduce forest floor microbial C and N concentrations (-48 and -55%, respectively) for at least one complete growing season. Slash burn also induced increases in forest floor available P (54%) concentration compared with other slash treatments. Chipping reduced forest floor microbial N concentration by 25% and increased microbial C/N by 28% but had no impact on nutrient availability. Differences between WTH and SOH were linked to the abundance of slash. Finally, the results illustrate that whatever the treatment, the amount of slash left on the ground is the main factor found to affect soil microbial community characteristics and soil nutrient availability. © Soil Science Society of America.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { BelleauBraisPare2006,
    AUTHOR = { Belleau, A. and Brais, S. and Pare, D. },
    TITLE = { Soil nutrient dynamics after harvesting and slash treatments in boreal aspen stands },
    JOURNAL = { Soil Science Society of America Journal },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 70 },
    PAGES = { 1189-1199 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 03615995 (ISSN) Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: SSSJD doi: 10.2136/sssaj2005.0186 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Belleau, A.; AFD; De?p. des Sciences Applique?es; Univ. du Que?bec en Abitibi-Te?miscamingue; 445, Boulevard de l'Universite Rouyn-Noranda, Que. J9X 5E4, Canada; email: annie.belleau@uqat.ca References: Abbott, D.T., Crossley Jr., D.A., Woody litter decomposition following clear-cutting (1982) Ecology, 63, pp. 35-42; Adams, P.W., Boyle, J.R., Soil fertility changes following clearcut and whole-tree harvesting and burning in central Michigan (1982) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 46, pp. 638-640; (1987) The Canadian System of Soil Classification. 2nd Ed., , Agriculture Canada, Publ. No. 1646; Alef, K., Nannipieri, P., (1995) Methods in Applied Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry, , Academic Press Limited, London; Amacher, M.C., Henderson, R.E., Breithaupt, M.D., Seale, C.L., Labauve, J.M., Unbuffered and buffered salt methods of exchangeable cations and effective cation-exchange capacity (1990) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54, pp. 1036-1042; Baldock, J.A., Nelson, P.N., Soil organic matter (1999) Handbook of Soil Science, pp. B25-B84. , M.E. Sumner (ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida; Ba?a?th, E., Soil fungal biomass after clear-cutting of a pine forest in central Sweden (1980) Soil Biol. Biochem., 12, pp. 495-500; Be?langer, N., Pare?, D., Yamasaki, S.H., The soil acid-base status of boreal black spruce stands after whole-tree and stem-only harvesting (2003) Can. J. For. Res., 33, pp. 1874-1879; Belleau, A., (2002) Impacts de Divers Traitements de Re?sidus Ligneux sur les sols de Peuplements de Peuplier Faux-tremble, , Me?moire pre?sente? comme exigence partielle a? M. Sc. Biologique, Universite? du Que?bec en Abitibi- Te?miscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda, Que?bec; Bergeron, Y., The influence of island and mainland lakeshore landscapes on boreal forest fire regimes (1991) Ecology, 72, pp. 1980-1992; Brais, S., Camire?, C., Pare?, D., Impacts of whole-tree harvesting and winter windrowing on soil pH and base status of clayey sites of northwestern Quebec (1995) Can. J. For. Res., 25, pp. 997-1007; Brais, S., Harvey, B., Tremblay, F., (1996) E?tude des Relations Entre L'intensite? de la Pre?paration de Terrain et les Impacts sur les sols, la Ve?ge?tation Compe?titive et la Croissance des Plants, , Projet EETTF no. 4010, Service Canadien des Fore?ts, Ressources Naturelles Canada; Brais, S., Pare?, D., Ouimet, R., Impacts of wild fire severity and salvage harvesting on the nutrient balance of jack pine and black spruce boreal stands (2000) For. Ecol. Manage., 137, pp. 231-243; Brais, S., Pare?, D., Camire?, C., Rochon, P., Vasseur, C., Nitrogen net mineralization and dynamics following whole-tree harvesting and winter windrowing on clayey sites of northwestern Quebec (2002) For. Ecol. Manage., 157, pp. 119-130; Brais, S., Harvey, B.D., Bergeron, Y., Messier, C., Greene, D., Belleau, A., Pare?, D., Testing ecosystem management in boreal mixed woods of northwestern Quebec: Initial response of aspen stands to different levels of harvesting (2004) Can. J. For. Res., 34, pp. 431-446; Bremner, J.M., Mulvaney, C.S., Nitrogen-total (1982) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2, pp. 505-624. , A.L. Page et al. (ed.) Agron. Monogr. No. 9, ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI; Brookes, P.C., Landman, A., Pruden, G., Jenkinson, D.S., Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil nitrogen: A rapid direct extraction method to measure microbial biomass nitrogen in soil (1985) Soil Biol. Biochem., 17, pp. 837-842; Burger, J.A., Pritchett, W.L., Effects of clearfelling and site preparation on nitrogen mineralization in a southern pine stand (1984) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 48, pp. 1432-1437; Cabrera, M.L., Beare, M.H., Alkaline persulfate oxidation for determining total nitrogen in microbial biomass extracts (1993) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 57, pp. 1007-1012; Cade-Menun, B.J., Berch, S.M., Preston, C.M., Lavkulich, L.M., Phosphorus forms and related soil chemistry of podzolic soils on northern Vancouver Island. II. The effects of clear-cutting and burning (2000) Can. J. For. Res., 30, pp. 1726-1741; Carter, M.C., Foster, C.D., Prescribed burning and productivity in southern pine forests: A review (2004) For. Ecol. Manage., 191, pp. 93-109; Corns, I.G.W., Maynard, D.G., Effects of soil compaction and chipped aspen residue on aspen regeneration and soil nutrients (1998) Can. J. Soil Sci., 78, pp. 85-92; Daniels, L.D., Dobry, J., Klinka, K., Feller, M.C., Determining year of death of logs and snags of Thuja plicata in southwestern coastal British Columbia (1997) Can. J. For. Res., 27, pp. 1132-1141; Dansereau, P.-R., Bergeron, Y., Fire history in the southern boreal forest of northwestern Quebec (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 25-32; (1993) Normales Climatiques au Canada, 1961-1990, , Service de l'environnement atmosphe?rique, Ottawa, ON; Fahey, T.J., Stevens, P.A., Hornung, M., Rowland, P., Decomposition and nutrient release from logging residue following conventional harvest of Sitka spruce in North Wales (1991) Forestry, 64, pp. 289-301; Fahey, T.J., Hill, M.O., Stevens, P.A., Hornung, M., Rowland, P., Nutrient accumulation in vegetation following conventional and whole-tree harvest of Sitka spruce plantations in North Wales (1991) Forestry, 64, pp. 271-288; Giardina, C.P., Rhoades, C.C., Clear cutting and burning affect nitrogen supply, phosphorus fractions and seedling growth in soils from a Wyoming lodgepole pine forest (2001) For. Ecol. Manage., 140, pp. 19-28; Harmon, M.E., Franklin, J.F., Swanson, F.J., Sollins, P., Gregory, S.V., Lattin, J.D., Anderson, N.H., Cummins, K.W., Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems (1986) Adv. Ecol. Res., 15, pp. 133-302; Harvey, A.E., Jurgensen, M.F., Larsen, M.J., Clearcut harvesting and ectomycorrhizae: Survival of activity on residual roots and influence on a bordering forest stand in western Montana (1980) Can. J. For. Res., 10, pp. 300-303; Hassett, J.E., Zak, D.R., Aspen harvest intensity deceases microbial biomass, extracellular enzyme activity, and soil nitrogen cycling (2005) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 69, pp. 227-235; Hendershot, W.H., Lalande, H., Duquette, M., Soil reaction and exchangeable acidity (1993) Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, pp. 141-145. , M.R. Carter (ed.). Canadian Society of Soil Science, Lewis Publishers, London; Hendrickson, O.Q., Chatarpaul, L., Burgess, D., Nutrient cycling following whole-tree and conventional harvest in northern mixed forest (1989) Can. J. For. Res., 19, pp. 725-735; Hornbeck, J.W., Kropelin, W., Nutrient removal and leaching from a whole-tree harvest of northern hardwoods (1982) J. Environ. Qual., 11, pp. 309-316; Huang, W.Z., Schoenau, J.J., Distribution of water-soluble organic carbon in an aspen forest soil (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 1266-1272; Joergensen, R.G., Mueller, T., The fumigation-extraction method to estimate soil microbial biomass: Calibration of the kEN-value (1996) Soil Biol. Biochem., 28, pp. 33-37; Kalra, Y.P., Maynard, D.G., (1991) Methods Manual for Forest Soil and Plant Analysis, , Forestry Canada, Northern Forestry Centre. Inf. Rep. NOR-X-319; Keenan, R.J., Kimmins, J.P., The ecological effects of clear-cutting (1993) Environ. Rev., 1, pp. 121-144; Likens, G.E., Bormann, F.H., (1995) Biogeochemistry of a Forested Watershed, , Springer, New York; MacLean, D.A., Woodley, S.J., Weber, M.G., Wein, R.W., Fire and nutrient cycling (1983) The Role of Fire in Northern Circumpolar Ecosystems, pp. 111-132. , R.W. Wein and D.A. MacLean (ed.). John Wiley \& Sons Ltd, New York; Mann, L.K., Johnson, D.W., West, D.C., Cole, D.W., Hornbeck, J.W., Martin, C.W., Riekerk, H., Van Lear, D.H., Effects of whole-tree and stem-only clearcutting on postharvest hydrologic losses, nutrient capital, and regrowth (1988) For. Sci., 34, pp. 412-428; Marumoto, T., Anderson, J.P.E., Domsch, K.H., Decomposition of14C- and15N-labelled microbial cells in soil (1982) Soil Biol. Biochem., 14, pp. 461-467; McKeague, J.A., (1976) Manual of Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, , Canadian Society of Soil Science, Ottawa, ON; McRae, D.J., Alexander, M.E., Stocks, B.J., (1979) Measurement and Description of Fuels and Fire Behavior on Prescribed Burns: A Handbook, , Great Lakes Forest Research Centre, Canadian Forestry Service. Inf. Rep. O-X-287; Miller, W.E., Decomposition rates of aspen bole and branch litter (1983) For. Sci., 29, pp. 351-356; Niemela?, J., Management in relation to disturbance in the boreal forest (1999) For. Ecol. Manage., 115, pp. 127-134; O'Connell, A.M., Grove, T.S., Mendham, D.S., Rance, S.J., Impact of harvest residue management on soil nitrogen dynamics in Eucalyptus globulus plantations in south western Australia (2004) Soil Biol. Biochem., 36, pp. 39-48; Pare?, D., Rochon, P., Brais, S., Assessing the geochemical balance of managed boreal forests (2002) Ecol. Indice., 1, pp. 293-311; Parkinson, J.A., Allen, S.E., A wet oxidation procedure suitable for the determination of nitrogen and mineral nutrients in biological material (1975) Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 6, pp. 1-11; Payette, S., Fire as a controlling process in the North American boreal forest (1992) A Systems Analysis of the Global Boreal Forest, pp. 144-169. , H.H. Shugart et al. (ed.). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK; Pennock, D.J., Van Kessel, C., Clear-cut forest harvest impacts on soil quality indicators in the mixedwood forest of Saskatchewan, Canada (1997) Geoderma, 75, pp. 13-32; Peterson, E.B., Peterson, N.M., (1992) Ecology, Management, and Use of Aspen and Balsam Poplar in the Prairie Provinces, Canada. Special Report 1, , Forestry Canada, Northwest Region, Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta; Pietika?inen, J., Fritze, H., Microbial biomass and activity in the humus layer following burning: Short-term effects of two different fires (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 1275-1285; Powers, R.F., If you build it, will they come? Survival skills for silvicultural studies (1999) For. Chron., 75, pp. 367-373; Prescott, C.E., Effects of clearcutting and alternative silvicultural systems on rates of decomposition and nitrogen mineralization in a coastal montane coniferous forest (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 95, pp. 253-260; Pritchett, W.L., Fisher, R.F., (1987) Properties and Management of Forest Soils. 2nd Ed., , J. Wiley and Son, New York; Raison, R.J., Connell, M.J., Khanna, P.K., Methodology for studying fluxes of soil mineral-N in situ (1987) Soil Biol. Biochem., 19, pp. 521-530; Romanya?, J., Khanna, P.K., Raison, R.J., Effects of slash burning on soil phosphorus fractions and sorption and desorption of phosphorus (1994) For. Ecol. Manage., 65, pp. 89-103; (1988) SAS/STAT User's Guide, Release 6.03 Ed., , Cary, NC; Scherer, G., Zabowski, D., Java, B., Everett, R., Timber harvesting residue treatment. Part II. Understory vegetation response (2000) For. Ecol. Manage., 126, pp. 35-50; Silkworth, D.R., Grigal, D.F., Determining and evaluating nutrient losses following whole-tree harvesting of aspen (1982) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 46, pp. 626-631; Simard, D.G., Fyles, J.W., Pare?, D., Nguyen, T., Impacts of clearcut harvesting and wildfire on soil nutrient status in the Quebec boreal forest (2001) Can. J. Soil Sci., 81, pp. 229-237; Skoog, D.A., West, D.M., (1965) Analytical Chemistry: An Introduction, , Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Austin, TX; Sparling, G.P., Feltham, C.W., Reynolds, J., West, A.W., Singleton, P., Estimation of soil microbial C by a fumigation-extraction method: Use on soils of high organic matter content, and a reassessment of the k ec-factor (1990) Soil Biol. Biochem., 22, pp. 301-307; Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., (1980) Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 2nd Ed., , McGraw-Hill, New York; Stevens, P.A., Norris, D.A., Williams, T.G., Hughes, S., Durrant, D.W.H., Anderson, M.A., Weatherley, N.S., Woods, C., Nutrient losses after clearfelling in Beddgelert Forest: A comparison of the effects of conventional and whole-tree harvest on soil water chemistry (1995) Forestry, 68, pp. 115-131; Titus, B.D., Roberts, B.A., Deering, K.W., Soil solution concentrations on three white birch sites in Central Newfoundland following different harvesting intensities (1997) Biomass Bioenergy, 13, pp. 313-330; Trofymow, J.A., (1998) The Canadian Intersite Decomposition Experiment (CIDET): Project and Site Establishment Report, , Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, British Columbia. Inf. Rep. BC-X-378; Vincent, J.-S., Hardy, L., L'e?volution et l'extension des lacs glaciaires Barlow et Ojibway en territoire que?be?cois (1977) Ge?ogr. Phys. Quat., 31, pp. 357-372; Vitousek, P.M., Matson, P.A., Disturbance, nitrogen availability, and nitrogen losses in an intensively managed loblolly pine plantation (1985) Ecology, 66, pp. 1360-1376; Volney, W.J.A., Spence, J.R., Weber, M.G., Langor, D.W., Mallett, K.I., Johnson, J.D., Edwards, I.K., Kishchuk, B.E., The Alberta EMEND project: Recipe and cooks' argument (1999) Science and Practice: Sustaining the Boreal Forest, pp. 244-249. , T. S. Veeman et al. (ed.). SFM Network. 14-17 Feb. 1999. Edmonton; Voroney, R.P., Winter, J.P., Beyaert, R.P., Soil microbial biomass C and N (1993) Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, pp. 277-286. , M.R. Carter (ed.). Canadian Society of Soil Science. Lewis Publishers, London; Yeomans, J.C., Bremner, J.M., A rapid and precise method for routine determination of organic carbon in soil (1988) Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 19, pp. 1467-1476; Zabowski, D., Java, B., Scherer, G., Everett, R.L., Ottmar, R., Timber harvesting residue treatment: Part 1. Responses of conifer seedlings, soils and microclimate (2000) For. Ecol. Manage., 126, pp. 25-34. },
    ABSTRACT = { The effects of harvesting and slash treatments on soil nutrient dynamics were assessed in boreal aspen stands growing on mesic clayey sites. Stem-only harvested stands were compared with unharvested controls according to a complete block design with three replications. Within harvested areas, four slash treatments (stem-only harvesting [SOH], whole-tree harvesting [WHT], wood chip application, and slash burns) were compared. Treatments created a gradient of slash that ranged from 52.3 Mg ha-1 in stem-only to 13.8 Mg ha -1 in control stands. The amount of slash had no effect on wood decomposition rates but was strongly associated with higher forest floor organic C, Kjeldahl N and base cation concentrations (Cae and Mg e), base saturation, pH, and effective cation exchange capacity (CEC) and lower microbial C/N when control stands were compared with stem-only harvested stands. Slash burn severity was too low to significantly reduce slash loads and induce base cation release but severe enough to reduce forest floor microbial C and N concentrations (-48 and -55%, respectively) for at least one complete growing season. Slash burn also induced increases in forest floor available P (54%) concentration compared with other slash treatments. Chipping reduced forest floor microbial N concentration by 25% and increased microbial C/N by 28% but had no impact on nutrient availability. Differences between WTH and SOH were linked to the abundance of slash. Finally, the results illustrate that whatever the treatment, the amount of slash left on the ground is the main factor found to affect soil microbial community characteristics and soil nutrient availability. © Soil Science Society of America. },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Colloque **************************** **********************************************************

1 au 3 mai 2019
UQAC

********************************************************** ************* R à Québec 2019**************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********************* Traits **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Traits Fonctionnels des Organismes - École thématique internationale
19 au 24 mai 2019, Porquerolles, France
Cours aux cycles supérieurs : Terrain avancé en géographie .
10 au 15 juin 2019, FERLD, Abitibi-Témiscamingue
Dendrochronological Fieldweek 2019 
16-21 mai 2019, Station FERLD
Cours aux cycles supérieurs : Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers .
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Carapace ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Budworm ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Colibri **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********** Pub 6 - Au coeur de l'arbre *********** **********************************************************

...Une exposition
virtuelle sur l'arbre!

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction .

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...