WangCumming2010

Référence

Wang, X., Cumming, S.G. (2010) Configuration dynamics of boreal forest landscapes under recent fire and harvesting regimes in western Canada. Landscape Ecology, 25(9):1419-1432. (Scopus )

Résumé

Harvesting and forest fire change the spatial configurations of forest habitat. We used multivariate statistical models to evaluate the individual and cumulative effects of these two disturbances on habitat configuration in managed boreal forest landscapes in western Canada. We evaluated three aspects of configuration (core area, inter-patch distance and shape) using indices normalized for total habitat abundance. The two disturbances types had different effects on the three configuration metrics in terms of both the magnitude and direction of change. We found that the magnitudes of harvesting effects were larger than for fire. The direction of change was the same for core area and shape, but opposite for inter-patch distance which decreased slightly after fire. The combined effects of the two disturbances are distinct from the effects of either disturbance alone, and the effects are not always additive or compensatory for all metrics. Pre-treatment configuration was a significant covariate in all models, and total habitat abundance was significant in 4/9 models, but these were often not the most important covariates. In the cumulative disturbance model, covariates for the number or size of cut-blocks were significant. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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@ARTICLE { WangCumming2010,
    AUTHOR = { Wang, X. and Cumming, S.G. },
    TITLE = { Configuration dynamics of boreal forest landscapes under recent fire and harvesting regimes in western Canada },
    JOURNAL = { Landscape Ecology },
    YEAR = { 2010 },
    VOLUME = { 25 },
    PAGES = { 1419-1432 },
    NUMBER = { 9 },
    ABSTRACT = { Harvesting and forest fire change the spatial configurations of forest habitat. We used multivariate statistical models to evaluate the individual and cumulative effects of these two disturbances on habitat configuration in managed boreal forest landscapes in western Canada. We evaluated three aspects of configuration (core area, inter-patch distance and shape) using indices normalized for total habitat abundance. The two disturbances types had different effects on the three configuration metrics in terms of both the magnitude and direction of change. We found that the magnitudes of harvesting effects were larger than for fire. The direction of change was the same for core area and shape, but opposite for inter-patch distance which decreased slightly after fire. The combined effects of the two disturbances are distinct from the effects of either disturbance alone, and the effects are not always additive or compensatory for all metrics. Pre-treatment configuration was a significant covariate in all models, and total habitat abundance was significant in 4/9 models, but these were often not the most important covariates. In the cumulative disturbance model, covariates for the number or size of cut-blocks were significant. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 8 October 2010 Source: Scopus CODEN: LAECE doi: 10.1007/s10980-010-9517-7 },
    ISSN = { 09212973 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Boreal forest, Forest fire, Forest harvesting, Fragmentation, Landscape configuration, Landscape dynamics, Landscape pattern metrics },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2010.10.08 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-77956971685&partnerID=40&md5=b30126f4d9170949102b41c20c177e07 },
}

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