KerneckerWhalenBradley2015

Référence

Kernecker, M., Whalen, J.K. and Bradley, R.L. (2015) Agricultural management and flooding shape habitats for non-native earthworms in southern Quebec, Canada. Applied Soil Ecology, 96:240-250. (Scopus )

Résumé

Agricultural intensification leading to the cultivation of unmanaged field margins along rivers and streams is expected to impact soil biodiversity. Earthworm communities are typically smaller with fewer species in agricultural soils, but the effect of agriculture on earthworms could be mitigated by the more favorable soil moisture regime in riparian areas, as well as planting perennial grasses or keeping forest fragments as permanently vegetated buffers. The objective of this study was to compare earthworm community composition under contrasting land use (agricultural vs. riparian forest) ~5m and ~30m away from the Pike River in southern Quebec, Canada. Furthermore, we evaluated how earthworm communities were affected by management intensity, flooding, soil and vegetation patterns within these land uses. We established 4 transects at 3 sites along the Pike River representing 4 land uses (agricultural field, agricultural buffer, riparian forest fragment, upland forest fragment). Along each transect, earthworm populations and soil properties were evaluated at 5 discrete points on 4 occasions from fall 2009 to spring 2011. Vegetation cover and plant species richness were measured, and management and flooding intensity were documented through farmer surveys. Earthworm abundance and diversity were highest in a riparian forest transect (460individualsm-2, 9 species) and agricultural buffer (325individualsm-2, 10 species), and lowest in the agricultural fields with annual crop rotations and agrochemical inputs, which also had the lowest plant diversity. Redundancy analysis revealed that differences in earthworm species compositions across the study area were linked to site-specific management and flooding, represented by differences in soil moisture, vegetation diversity, and soil nutrient concentrations (dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, mineral nitrogen, extractable phosphorus). Generalized linear mixed modeling also showed that less intensively managed agricultural buffers and forest fragments with regular flooding supported higher earthworm diversity. We recommend further research on soil functions affected by earthworms in riparian areas because these non-native earthworms could affect the conservation value of unmanaged agricultural buffers and forest fragments in southern Quebec, Canada. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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@ARTICLE { KerneckerWhalenBradley2015,
    AUTHOR = { Kernecker, M. and Whalen, J.K. and Bradley, R.L. },
    TITLE = { Agricultural management and flooding shape habitats for non-native earthworms in southern Quebec, Canada },
    JOURNAL = { Applied Soil Ecology },
    YEAR = { 2015 },
    VOLUME = { 96 },
    PAGES = { 240-250 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Agricultural intensification leading to the cultivation of unmanaged field margins along rivers and streams is expected to impact soil biodiversity. Earthworm communities are typically smaller with fewer species in agricultural soils, but the effect of agriculture on earthworms could be mitigated by the more favorable soil moisture regime in riparian areas, as well as planting perennial grasses or keeping forest fragments as permanently vegetated buffers. The objective of this study was to compare earthworm community composition under contrasting land use (agricultural vs. riparian forest) ~5m and ~30m away from the Pike River in southern Quebec, Canada. Furthermore, we evaluated how earthworm communities were affected by management intensity, flooding, soil and vegetation patterns within these land uses. We established 4 transects at 3 sites along the Pike River representing 4 land uses (agricultural field, agricultural buffer, riparian forest fragment, upland forest fragment). Along each transect, earthworm populations and soil properties were evaluated at 5 discrete points on 4 occasions from fall 2009 to spring 2011. Vegetation cover and plant species richness were measured, and management and flooding intensity were documented through farmer surveys. Earthworm abundance and diversity were highest in a riparian forest transect (460individualsm-2, 9 species) and agricultural buffer (325individualsm-2, 10 species), and lowest in the agricultural fields with annual crop rotations and agrochemical inputs, which also had the lowest plant diversity. Redundancy analysis revealed that differences in earthworm species compositions across the study area were linked to site-specific management and flooding, represented by differences in soil moisture, vegetation diversity, and soil nutrient concentrations (dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, mineral nitrogen, extractable phosphorus). Generalized linear mixed modeling also showed that less intensively managed agricultural buffers and forest fragments with regular flooding supported higher earthworm diversity. We recommend further research on soil functions affected by earthworms in riparian areas because these non-native earthworms could affect the conservation value of unmanaged agricultural buffers and forest fragments in southern Quebec, Canada. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. },
    ART_NUMBER = { 2264 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Agricultural landscapes; Earthworms; Flooding; Management intensity; Riparian areas },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.apsoil.2015.08.011 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84940841548&partnerID=40&md5=c9966b27a4cde2d1fc9ecbafb34ebe4e },
}

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