BerthiaumeHebertDupontEtAl2020

Reference

Berthiaume, R., Hebert, C., Dupont, A., Charest, M., Bauce, E. (2020) The spruce budworm, a potential threat for Norway spruce in eastern Canada? Forestry Chronicle, 96(1):71-76.

Abstract

Norway spruce, an exotic tree species in North America, was largely used in reforestation programs in the province of Quebec between 1972 and 1990. Several of these plantations are now reaching their commercial maturity and the resurgence of spruce budworm outbreak is a reminder that the potential threat of this damaging defoliator for Norway spruce still remains unknown. We used two life-history traits, pupal weight and overwintered larval (L-2) weight, to compare spruce budworm biological performance on Norway spruce, white spruce and black spruce. Pupae collected on Norway spruce and overwintered larvae produced by parents that fed on Norway spruce were heavier than those coming from black spruce. Spruce budworm performance was similar on Norway and white spruce, showing similar suitability and suggesting that it can represent a potential threat for Norway spruce plantations established after the last spruce budworm outbreak in eastern North America.

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@ARTICLE { BerthiaumeHebertDupontEtAl2020,
    AUTHOR = { Berthiaume, R. and Hebert, C. and Dupont, A. and Charest, M. and Bauce, E. },
    TITLE = { The spruce budworm, a potential threat for Norway spruce in eastern Canada? },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry Chronicle },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    VOLUME = { 96 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    PAGES = { 71-76 },
    MONTH = { may },
    ISSN = { 0015-7546 },
    ABSTRACT = { Norway spruce, an exotic tree species in North America, was largely used in reforestation programs in the province of Quebec between 1972 and 1990. Several of these plantations are now reaching their commercial maturity and the resurgence of spruce budworm outbreak is a reminder that the potential threat of this damaging defoliator for Norway spruce still remains unknown. We used two life-history traits, pupal weight and overwintered larval (L-2) weight, to compare spruce budworm biological performance on Norway spruce, white spruce and black spruce. Pupae collected on Norway spruce and overwintered larvae produced by parents that fed on Norway spruce were heavier than those coming from black spruce. Spruce budworm performance was similar on Norway and white spruce, showing similar suitability and suggesting that it can represent a potential threat for Norway spruce plantations established after the last spruce budworm outbreak in eastern North America. },
    ADDRESS = { C/O CANADIAN ECOLOGY CENTRE, PO BOX 430, 6905 HWY 17 W, MATTAWA, ONTARIO P0H 1V0, CANADA },
    AFFILIATION = { Berthiaume, R (Reprint Author), Univ Laval, Fac Foresterie Geog \& Geomat, Dept Sci Bois \& Foret, Pavillon Abitibi Price,2405 Rue Terrasse, Quebec City, PQ G1V 0A6, Canada. Berthiaume, Richard; Charest, Martin; Bauce, Eric, Univ Laval, Fac Foresterie Geog \& Geomat, Dept Sci Bois \& Foret, Pavillon Abitibi Price,2405 Rue Terrasse, Quebec City, PQ G1V 0A6, Canada. Hebert, Christian, Ressources Nat Canada, Serv Canadien Forets, Ctr Foresterie Laurentides, 1055 Rue PEPS,Case Postale 10380, Quebec City, PQ G1V 4C7, Canada. Dupont, Alain, Soc Protect Forets Insectes \& Malad, 1780 Rue Semple, Quebec City, PQ G1N 4B8, Canada. },
    AUTHOR-EMAIL = { richard.berthiaume@sbf.ulaval.ca },
    DA = { 2020-06-11 },
    DOC-DELIVERY-NUMBER = { LR8WK },
    DOI = { 10.5558/tfc2020-009 },
    EISSN = { 1499-9315 },
    FUNDING-ACKNOWLEDGEMENT = { Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada; Resolu; Arbec; Cedrico; Societe de protection des forets contre les insectes et maladies du Quebec },
    FUNDING-TEXT = { We are grateful to Veronique Rouleau and Elsa Bourgeois from l'Universite Laval for their help in rearing spruce budworm. Financial support was provided to the iFor research consortium by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Resolu, Arbec, Cedrico, and the Societe de protection des forets contre les insectes et maladies du Quebec. },
    JOURNAL-ISO = { For. Chron. },
    KEYWORDS = { Norway spruce; black spruce; white spruce; spruce budworm; overwintered larvae weight; pupal weight },
    KEYWORDS-PLUS = { LAMBDINA-FISCELLARIA LEPIDOPTERA; BALSAM FIR; COLD-HARDINESS; HEMLOCK LOOPER; HOST TREE; OUTBREAKS; FECUNDITY; QUALITY; ECOLOGY; GROWTH },
    LANGUAGE = { English },
    NUMBER-OF-CITED-REFERENCES = { 34 },
    OA = { Bronze },
    PUBLISHER = { CANADIAN INST FORESTRY },
    RESEARCH-AREAS = { Forestry },
    TIMES-CITED = { 0 },
    TYPE = { Article },
    UNIQUE-ID = { ISI:000535977200009 },
    USAGE-COUNT-LAST-180-DAYS = { 0 },
    USAGE-COUNT-SINCE-2013 = { 0 },
    WEB-OF-SCIENCE-CATEGORIES = { Forestry },
}

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