GandinLapointeDizengremel2009

Reference

Gandin, A., Lapointe, L., Dizengremel, P. (2009) The alternative respiratory pathway allows sink to cope with changes in carbon availability in the sink-limited plant Erythronium americanum. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60(15):4235-4248. (Scopus )

Abstract

Mechanisms that allow plants to cope with a recurrent surplus of carbon in conditions of imbalance between source and sink activity has not received much attention. The response of sink growth and metabolism to the modulation of source activity was investigated using elevated CO2 and elevated O3 growth conditions in Erythronium americanum. Sink activity was monitored via slice and mitochondrial respiratory rates, sucrose hydrolysis activity, carbohydrates, and biomass accumulation throughout the growth season, while source activity was monitored via gas exchanges, rubisco and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activities, carbohydrates, and respiratory rates. Elevated CO2 increased the net photosynthetic rate by increasing substrate availability for rubisco. Elevated O3 decreased the net photosynthetic rate mainly through a reduction in rubisco activity. Despite this modulation of the source activity, neither plant growth nor starch accumulation were affected by the treatments. Sucrose synthase activity was higher in the sink under elevated CO2 and lower under elevated O3, thereby modulating the pool of glycolytic intermediates. The alternative respiratory pathway was similarly modulated in the sink, as seen with both the activity and capacity of the pathway, as well as with the alternative oxidase abundance. In this sink-limited species, the alternative respiratory pathway appears to balance carbon availability with sink capacity, thereby avoiding early feedback-inhibition of photosynthesis in conditions of excess carbon availability.

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@ARTICLE { GandinLapointeDizengremel2009,
    AUTHOR = { Gandin, A. and Lapointe, L. and Dizengremel, P. },
    TITLE = { The alternative respiratory pathway allows sink to cope with changes in carbon availability in the sink-limited plant Erythronium americanum },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Experimental Botany },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 60 },
    PAGES = { 4235-4248 },
    NUMBER = { 15 },
    ABSTRACT = { Mechanisms that allow plants to cope with a recurrent surplus of carbon in conditions of imbalance between source and sink activity has not received much attention. The response of sink growth and metabolism to the modulation of source activity was investigated using elevated CO2 and elevated O3 growth conditions in Erythronium americanum. Sink activity was monitored via slice and mitochondrial respiratory rates, sucrose hydrolysis activity, carbohydrates, and biomass accumulation throughout the growth season, while source activity was monitored via gas exchanges, rubisco and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activities, carbohydrates, and respiratory rates. Elevated CO2 increased the net photosynthetic rate by increasing substrate availability for rubisco. Elevated O3 decreased the net photosynthetic rate mainly through a reduction in rubisco activity. Despite this modulation of the source activity, neither plant growth nor starch accumulation were affected by the treatments. Sucrose synthase activity was higher in the sink under elevated CO2 and lower under elevated O3, thereby modulating the pool of glycolytic intermediates. The alternative respiratory pathway was similarly modulated in the sink, as seen with both the activity and capacity of the pathway, as well as with the alternative oxidase abundance. In this sink-limited species, the alternative respiratory pathway appears to balance carbon availability with sink capacity, thereby avoiding early feedback-inhibition of photosynthesis in conditions of excess carbon availability. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 18 December 2009 Source: Scopus CODEN: JEBOA doi: 10.1093/jxb/erp255 },
    ISSN = { 00220957 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Alternative pathway, Bulbous plant, Carbohydrate, Carbon allocation, Carbon metabolism, Erythronium americanum, Respiration, Sink limitation },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2009.12.18 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-70350664230&partnerID=40 },
}

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