Hassegawa2020

Reference

Hassegawa, M., Savard, M., Lenz, P.R.N., Duchateau, E., Gelinas, N., Bousquet, J., Achim, A. (2020) White spruce wood quality for lumber products: Priority traits and their enhancement through tree improvement. Forestry, 93(1):16-37. (Scopus )

Abstract

White spruce breeding has traditionally focused on genetic improvement for high productivity, targeting mostly stem volume. However, new challenges, such as the effects of climate change on individual trees and ecosystems and the changing nature of forest products markets, require action to address these issues while providing improved stock for seed and seedling production. This work aims to define the relative importance of white spruce wood traits for the lumber industry, with the intent of guiding tree breeding programs. This manuscript examines: (1) wood features that are important for lumber, (2) the genetics of wood traits and their improvement and (3) the level of acceptance of raw material with optimal traits, as obtained from a survey conducted with sawmills. Stem diameter at stump height, wood density, bending strength and stiffness were determined as the most important properties for sawmills. Decay proportion, knot diameter, slope of grain and the proportion of compression wood were also determined as important for sawmills, but to a lesser extent. Breeding efforts aiming to produce lumber should focus on stems with improved growth that are capable of sustaining the production of dense wood in greater proportion. © 2019 Institute of Chartered Foresters, 2019. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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@ARTICLE { Hassegawa2020,
    AUTHOR = { Hassegawa, M. and Savard, M. and Lenz, P.R.N. and Duchateau, E. and Gelinas, N. and Bousquet, J. and Achim, A. },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry },
    TITLE = { White spruce wood quality for lumber products: Priority traits and their enhancement through tree improvement },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    PAGES = { 16-37 },
    VOLUME = { 93 },
    ABSTRACT = { White spruce breeding has traditionally focused on genetic improvement for high productivity, targeting mostly stem volume. However, new challenges, such as the effects of climate change on individual trees and ecosystems and the changing nature of forest products markets, require action to address these issues while providing improved stock for seed and seedling production. This work aims to define the relative importance of white spruce wood traits for the lumber industry, with the intent of guiding tree breeding programs. This manuscript examines: (1) wood features that are important for lumber, (2) the genetics of wood traits and their improvement and (3) the level of acceptance of raw material with optimal traits, as obtained from a survey conducted with sawmills. Stem diameter at stump height, wood density, bending strength and stiffness were determined as the most important properties for sawmills. Decay proportion, knot diameter, slope of grain and the proportion of compression wood were also determined as important for sawmills, but to a lesser extent. Breeding efforts aiming to produce lumber should focus on stems with improved growth that are capable of sustaining the production of dense wood in greater proportion. © 2019 Institute of Chartered Foresters, 2019. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. },
    AFFILIATION = { Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Centre de Recherche sur les Matériaux Renouvelables, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada; Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, Canadian Forest Service, Government of Canada, Québec, QC G1V 4C7, Canada; Canada Research Chair in Forest Genomics, Forest Research Centre, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Review },
    DOI = { 10.1093/forestry/cpz050 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85082102567&doi=10.1093%2fforestry%2fcpz050&partnerID=40&md5=f23ddc7e98e570670a20be10da9f0e97 },
}

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