HeydariMoradizadehOmidipourEtAl2020

Reference

Heydari, M., Moradizadeh, H., Omidipour, R., Mezbani, A., Pothier, D. (2020) Spatio-temporal changes in the understory heterogeneity, diversity, and composition after fires of different severities in a semiarid oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) forest. Land Degradation and Development, 31(8):1039-1049. (Scopus )

Abstract

In arid and semiarid forests and rangelands, native ranchers and farmers frequently use fire as a tool to improve soil fertility and vegetation composition, and to facilitate soil tilling. Investigating changes in ecosystem characteristics after these measures is of great importance for establishing management and recovery strategies. This study aimed to investigate spatial–temporal changes in the understory heterogeneity, diversity and composition after fires of different severities in a Brant's oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) forest. Vegetation sampling was monitored in 14 patches including unburned sites (UBN), burned sites with low fire severity after 1, 5, and 10 years (LFSO, LFSF, and LFST, respectively), and burned sites with high fire severity after 1, 5, and 10 years (HFSO, HFSF, and HFST, respectively). Fire severity and time since fire significantly affected diversity indices with the lowest values of richness, evenness and diversity in high-severity fires, while the highest values were observed in low-severity fires. Time since fire did not significantly affect the understory evenness in both fire severities. However, species diversity and richness in low-severity fires decreased with time since fire while the reverse was observed in high-severity fires. The results of a detrended correspondence analysis indicated that the severity and time since fire significantly changed vegetation composition. The largest changes in vegetation composition compared to control sites were observed in HFSO, and then in HFSF and HFST. Both fire severity and time since fire caused changes in the heterogeneity of plant communities. We concluded that the use of low-severity fires can be suitable for maintaining and increasing the heterogeneity of understory vegetation in semiarid forest ecosystems. However, low-severity fires have also slightly, while not significantly, increased evenness and can therefore potentially reduce the ecosystem functions of dominant species in such semiarid regions. This could mitigate the positive effect of fire on vegetation heterogeneity and necessitate further investigations. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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@ARTICLE { HeydariMoradizadehOmidipourEtAl2020,
    AUTHOR = { Heydari, M. and Moradizadeh, H. and Omidipour, R. and Mezbani, A. and Pothier, D. },
    JOURNAL = { Land Degradation and Development },
    TITLE = { Spatio-temporal changes in the understory heterogeneity, diversity, and composition after fires of different severities in a semiarid oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) forest },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 1039-1049 },
    VOLUME = { 31 },
    ABSTRACT = { In arid and semiarid forests and rangelands, native ranchers and farmers frequently use fire as a tool to improve soil fertility and vegetation composition, and to facilitate soil tilling. Investigating changes in ecosystem characteristics after these measures is of great importance for establishing management and recovery strategies. This study aimed to investigate spatial–temporal changes in the understory heterogeneity, diversity and composition after fires of different severities in a Brant's oak (Quercus brantii Lindl.) forest. Vegetation sampling was monitored in 14 patches including unburned sites (UBN), burned sites with low fire severity after 1, 5, and 10 years (LFSO, LFSF, and LFST, respectively), and burned sites with high fire severity after 1, 5, and 10 years (HFSO, HFSF, and HFST, respectively). Fire severity and time since fire significantly affected diversity indices with the lowest values of richness, evenness and diversity in high-severity fires, while the highest values were observed in low-severity fires. Time since fire did not significantly affect the understory evenness in both fire severities. However, species diversity and richness in low-severity fires decreased with time since fire while the reverse was observed in high-severity fires. The results of a detrended correspondence analysis indicated that the severity and time since fire significantly changed vegetation composition. The largest changes in vegetation composition compared to control sites were observed in HFSO, and then in HFSF and HFST. Both fire severity and time since fire caused changes in the heterogeneity of plant communities. We concluded that the use of low-severity fires can be suitable for maintaining and increasing the heterogeneity of understory vegetation in semiarid forest ecosystems. However, low-severity fires have also slightly, while not significantly, increased evenness and can therefore potentially reduce the ecosystem functions of dominant species in such semiarid regions. This could mitigate the positive effect of fire on vegetation heterogeneity and necessitate further investigations. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Forest Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran; Department of Rangeland and Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran; Darreh Shahr Natural Resources Office, Ilam, Iran; Centre for Forest Research, and Department of Wood and Forest Sciences, Laval University, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { anthropogenic fires; evenness; MRPP; recovery; vegetation },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1002/ldr.3518 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85077906468&doi=10.1002%2fldr.3518&partnerID=40&md5=89cfa62609838419757a55ebe76d97bf },
}

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