FortinMcLoughlinHebblewhite2020

Reference

Fortin, D., McLoughlin, P.D., Hebblewhite, M. (2020) When the protection of a threatened species depends on the economy of a foreign nation. PLoS ONE, 15(3). (Scopus )

Abstract

A significant challenge of conservation biology is to preserve species in places where their critical habitat also attracts significant economic interest. The problem is compounded when species distributions occur across large spatial extents. Threatened boreal caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) epitomize this problem: their critical habitat encompasses a vast expanse of forest that also supplies much of Canada’s merchantable timber. Boreal caribou were protected under the Canada Species at Risk Act in 2003. We investigated putative drivers of reduced disturbance for caribou habitat since then. Where the cumulative logging footprint slowed within caribou habitat, this has resulted neither from decreases in annual allowable cut of timber nor the creation or expansion of protected areas. Rather, it has fluctuated with the American economy relative to that of Canada. For each $0.05 US lost over the $CAD, 129 km2 of caribou habitat was not disturbed by logging in a given year. Recent population declines have been occurring even though logging typically remained at <70% of allowed levels. Our study raises concerns about how caribou are functionally being conserved under the current application of existing legislation. In this globalized world, the economy of foreign nations is increasingly likely to govern national conservation objectives. © 2020 Fortin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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@ARTICLE { FortinMcLoughlinHebblewhite2020,
    AUTHOR = { Fortin, D. and McLoughlin, P.D. and Hebblewhite, M. },
    JOURNAL = { PLoS ONE },
    TITLE = { When the protection of a threatened species depends on the economy of a foreign nation },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    VOLUME = { 15 },
    ABSTRACT = { A significant challenge of conservation biology is to preserve species in places where their critical habitat also attracts significant economic interest. The problem is compounded when species distributions occur across large spatial extents. Threatened boreal caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) epitomize this problem: their critical habitat encompasses a vast expanse of forest that also supplies much of Canada’s merchantable timber. Boreal caribou were protected under the Canada Species at Risk Act in 2003. We investigated putative drivers of reduced disturbance for caribou habitat since then. Where the cumulative logging footprint slowed within caribou habitat, this has resulted neither from decreases in annual allowable cut of timber nor the creation or expansion of protected areas. Rather, it has fluctuated with the American economy relative to that of Canada. For each $0.05 US lost over the $CAD, 129 km2 of caribou habitat was not disturbed by logging in a given year. Recent population declines have been occurring even though logging typically remained at <70% of allowed levels. Our study raises concerns about how caribou are functionally being conserved under the current application of existing legislation. In this globalized world, the economy of foreign nations is increasingly likely to govern national conservation objectives. © 2020 Fortin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. },
    AFFILIATION = { Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada; Wildlife Biology Program, Department of Ecosystem and Conservation Sciences, W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, United States },
    ART_NUMBER = { e0229555 },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1371/journal.pone.0229555 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85081168730&doi=10.1371%2fjournal.pone.0229555&partnerID=40&md5=6c7b632f294a0841c16ed18807acee55 },
}

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