Jean2017

Reference

Jean, R. (2017) Développement d'un mélange d'hydro-ensemencement herbacé pour la phytorestauration de résidus miniers aurifères. Master's thesis, Université Laval. (URL )

Abstract

Biochar, hydrogel and plant symbionts were tested as amendments and biostimulants for plant growth of Festuca rubra, Trifolium repens L and Avena sativa L hydro-seeded on gold mine fine tailings and waste rock. A germination test indicated that both biochars favored plant germination between 61% and 91%, except for combination BQ-Érable-500-3with white clover. A first experiment consisting of three hydrogel doses (0 g/kg, 10 g/kg, 15 g/kg of substrate) combined with 0% or 15% v / v of biochar was conducted on the growth of hydro-seeded A. sativa, F. rubra and T. repens planted together on these gold mine tailings under controlled conditions. The addition of hydrogel to biochar increased plant biomass between 20% and 27% compared to the control without biochar. The addition of biochar at 15% v/v to tailings had no effects on the aboveground and total biomass of plants in the mesocosm experiment. An interaction was observed between the hydrogel and the biochar. However, this interaction was negatively influenced by the high rate of biochar applied. In a second experiment, the interaction of both biochars with 15% v/v or without biochar (0%) and of a microbial consortium including two dinitrogen fixing symbiotic bacteria strains (Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoli FH345K and Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoli USDA2046), a free-free-living dinitrogen-fixing bacteria strain (Pseudomonas putida MBN 0213) and a fungal strain of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AMF) (Rhizophagus irregularis DAOM 197198) were observed in mesocosm greenhouse experiment. Biochar made with maple bark at 7000C increased plant biomass by 20% compared to treatment without biochar, but the other biochar made of 75% of wood and bark maple at 500 0C did not influence growth. There was no interaction between biochar and the microbial consortium. Despite their differences in individual biomass, the two plant mixtures did not behave differently in terms of total above ground biomass. These results suggest that hydrogel and biochar are beneficial for plant growth, with either of the plant mixtures, in environments difficult for plants growth such as tailings. On the other hand, the effect of biochar on plant growth depends of the biochar type. Keywords: Biochar, mine reclamation, hydrogel, gold mining, Avena sativa, Trifolium repens, Festuca rubra

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@MASTERSTHESIS { Jean2017,
    TITLE = { Développement d'un mélange d'hydro-ensemencement herbacé pour la phytorestauration de résidus miniers aurifères },
    AUTHOR = { Jean, R. },
    SCHOOL = { Université Laval },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    NOTE = { CEFTMS, Allaire, S.E. and Khasa, D.P. },
    ABSTRACT = { Biochar, hydrogel and plant symbionts were tested as amendments and biostimulants for plant growth of Festuca rubra, Trifolium repens L and Avena sativa L hydro-seeded on gold mine fine tailings and waste rock. A germination test indicated that both biochars favored plant germination between 61% and 91%, except for combination BQ-Érable-500-3with white clover. A first experiment consisting of three hydrogel doses (0 g/kg, 10 g/kg, 15 g/kg of substrate) combined with 0% or 15% v / v of biochar was conducted on the growth of hydro-seeded A. sativa, F. rubra and T. repens planted together on these gold mine tailings under controlled conditions. The addition of hydrogel to biochar increased plant biomass between 20% and 27% compared to the control without biochar. The addition of biochar at 15% v/v to tailings had no effects on the aboveground and total biomass of plants in the mesocosm experiment. An interaction was observed between the hydrogel and the biochar. However, this interaction was negatively influenced by the high rate of biochar applied. In a second experiment, the interaction of both biochars with 15% v/v or without biochar (0%) and of a microbial consortium including two dinitrogen fixing symbiotic bacteria strains (Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoli FH345K and Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifoli USDA2046), a free-free-living dinitrogen-fixing bacteria strain (Pseudomonas putida MBN 0213) and a fungal strain of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AMF) (Rhizophagus irregularis DAOM 197198) were observed in mesocosm greenhouse experiment. Biochar made with maple bark at 7000C increased plant biomass by 20% compared to treatment without biochar, but the other biochar made of 75% of wood and bark maple at 500 0C did not influence growth. There was no interaction between biochar and the microbial consortium. Despite their differences in individual biomass, the two plant mixtures did not behave differently in terms of total above ground biomass. These results suggest that hydrogel and biochar are beneficial for plant growth, with either of the plant mixtures, in environments difficult for plants growth such as tailings. On the other hand, the effect of biochar on plant growth depends of the biochar type. Keywords: Biochar, mine reclamation, hydrogel, gold mining, Avena sativa, Trifolium repens, Festuca rubra },
    URL = { https://corpus.ulaval.ca/jspui/handle/20.500.11794/28232 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2019-10-08 },
}

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