AbdelrasoulAnwarMacKayEtAl2020

Reference

Abdelrasoul, G.N., Anwar, A., MacKay, S., Tamura, M., Shah, M.A., Khasa, D.P., Montgomery, R.R., Ko, A.I. Ko, Chen, J. (2020) DNA aptamer-based non-faradaic impedance biosensor for detecting E. coli. Analytica Chimica Acta, 1107:135 - 144. (URL )

Abstract

Developing a real-time, portable, and inexpensive sensor for pathogenic bacteria is crucial since the conventional detection approaches such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays are high cost, time-consuming, and require an expert operator. Here we present a portable, inexpensive, and convenient impedance-based biosensor using Interdigitated Electrode (IDE) arrays to detect Escherichia coli (E. coli) as a model to demonstrate the feasibility of an impedance-based biosensor. We manipulated the affinity of the IDE array towards E. coli (E. coli BL21 series) by functionalizing the IDEs’ surface with an E. coli outer membrane protein (OMP) Ag1 Aptamer. To determine the dominant factors affecting the sensitivity and the performance of the biosensor in detecting E. coli, we investigated the roles of the substrate material used in the fabrication of the IDE, the concentration of the aptamer, and the composition of the carboxy aliphatic thiol mixture used in the pre-treatment of the IDE surface. In the sensing experiments we used an E. coli concentration range of 25–1000 cfu mL−1 and confirmed the binding of the OMP Ag1 Aptamer to the outer membrane protein of the E. coli by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Optical Microscopy, and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). By tuning the surface chemistry, the IDEs’ substrate material, and the concentration of the OMP Ag1 Aptamer, our sensor could detect E. coli with the analytical sensitivity of approximately 1.8 Ohm/cfu and limit of detection of 9 cfu mL−1. We found that the molecular composition of the self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formed on the top of the IDEs before the attachment of the OMP Ag1 Aptamer significantly impacted the sensitivity of the sensor. Notably, with straightforward changes to the molecular recognition elements, this platform device can be used to detect a wide range of other microorganisms and chemicals relevant for environmental monitoring and public health.

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@ARTICLE { AbdelrasoulAnwarMacKayEtAl2020,
    AUTHOR = { Abdelrasoul, G.N. and Anwar, A. and MacKay, S. and Tamura, M. and Shah, M.A. and Khasa, D.P. and Montgomery, R.R. and Ko, A.I. Ko and Chen, J. },
    TITLE = { DNA aptamer-based non-faradaic impedance biosensor for detecting E. coli },
    JOURNAL = { Analytica Chimica Acta },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    VOLUME = { 1107 },
    PAGES = { 135 - 144 },
    ISSN = { 0003-2670 },
    ABSTRACT = { Developing a real-time, portable, and inexpensive sensor for pathogenic bacteria is crucial since the conventional detection approaches such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays are high cost, time-consuming, and require an expert operator. Here we present a portable, inexpensive, and convenient impedance-based biosensor using Interdigitated Electrode (IDE) arrays to detect Escherichia coli (E. coli) as a model to demonstrate the feasibility of an impedance-based biosensor. We manipulated the affinity of the IDE array towards E. coli (E. coli BL21 series) by functionalizing the IDEs’ surface with an E. coli outer membrane protein (OMP) Ag1 Aptamer. To determine the dominant factors affecting the sensitivity and the performance of the biosensor in detecting E. coli, we investigated the roles of the substrate material used in the fabrication of the IDE, the concentration of the aptamer, and the composition of the carboxy aliphatic thiol mixture used in the pre-treatment of the IDE surface. In the sensing experiments we used an E. coli concentration range of 25–1000 cfu mL−1 and confirmed the binding of the OMP Ag1 Aptamer to the outer membrane protein of the E. coli by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Optical Microscopy, and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). By tuning the surface chemistry, the IDEs’ substrate material, and the concentration of the OMP Ag1 Aptamer, our sensor could detect E. coli with the analytical sensitivity of approximately 1.8 Ohm/cfu and limit of detection of 9 cfu mL−1. We found that the molecular composition of the self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formed on the top of the IDEs before the attachment of the OMP Ag1 Aptamer significantly impacted the sensitivity of the sensor. Notably, with straightforward changes to the molecular recognition elements, this platform device can be used to detect a wide range of other microorganisms and chemicals relevant for environmental monitoring and public health. },
    DOI = { https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2020.02.004 },
    KEYWORDS = { , Electrochemical biosensor, Aptamer-based sensor, Water quality monitoring and environmental sensor },
    URL = { http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267020301458 },
}

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