DengLiuKimEtAl2017

Reference

Deng, L., Liu, S., Kim, D.G., Peng, C., Sweeney, S., Shangguan, Z. (2017) Past and future carbon sequestration benefits of China's grain for green program. Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, 47:13-20. (Scopus )

Abstract

Carbon sequestration through ecological restoration programs is an increasingly important option to reduce the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. China's Grain for Green Program (GGP) is likely the largest centrally organized land-use change program in human history and yet its carbon sequestration benefit has yet to be systematically assessed. Here we used seven empirical/statistical equations of forest biomass carbon sequestration and five soil carbon change models to estimate the total and decadal carbon sequestration potentials of the GGP during 1999–2050, including changes in four carbon pools: aboveground biomass, roots, forest floor and soil organic carbon. The results showed that the total carbon stock in the GGP-affected areas was 682 Tg C in 2010 and the accumulative carbon sink estimates induced by the GGP would be 1697, 2635, 3438 and 4115 Tg C for 2020, 2030, 2040 and 2050, respectively. Overall, the carbon sequestration capacity of the GGP can offset about 3%–5% of China's annual carbon emissions (calculated using 2010 emissions) and about 1% of the global carbon emissions. Afforestation by the GGP contributed about 25% of biomass carbon sinks in global carbon sequestration in 2000–2010. The results suggest that large-scale ecological restoration programs such as afforestation and reforestation could help to enhance global carbon sinks, which may shed new light on the carbon sequestration benefits of such programs in China and also in other regions. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

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@ARTICLE { DengLiuKimEtAl2017,
    AUTHOR = { Deng, L. and Liu, S. and Kim, D.G. and Peng, C. and Sweeney, S. and Shangguan, Z. },
    TITLE = { Past and future carbon sequestration benefits of China's grain for green program },
    JOURNAL = { Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 47 },
    PAGES = { 13-20 },
    NOTE = { cited By },
    ABSTRACT = { Carbon sequestration through ecological restoration programs is an increasingly important option to reduce the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. China's Grain for Green Program (GGP) is likely the largest centrally organized land-use change program in human history and yet its carbon sequestration benefit has yet to be systematically assessed. Here we used seven empirical/statistical equations of forest biomass carbon sequestration and five soil carbon change models to estimate the total and decadal carbon sequestration potentials of the GGP during 1999–2050, including changes in four carbon pools: aboveground biomass, roots, forest floor and soil organic carbon. The results showed that the total carbon stock in the GGP-affected areas was 682 Tg C in 2010 and the accumulative carbon sink estimates induced by the GGP would be 1697, 2635, 3438 and 4115 Tg C for 2020, 2030, 2040 and 2050, respectively. Overall, the carbon sequestration capacity of the GGP can offset about 3%–5% of China's annual carbon emissions (calculated using 2010 emissions) and about 1% of the global carbon emissions. Afforestation by the GGP contributed about 25% of biomass carbon sinks in global carbon sequestration in 2000–2010. The results suggest that large-scale ecological restoration programs such as afforestation and reforestation could help to enhance global carbon sinks, which may shed new light on the carbon sequestration benefits of such programs in China and also in other regions. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd },
    AFFILIATION = { State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China; Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling, Shaanxi, China; State Engineering Laboratory of Southern Forestry Applied Ecology and Technology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan, China; Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, PO Box 128, Shashemene, Ethiopia; Center of CEF/ESCER, Department of Biological Science, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, Canada; Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of the Bosphorus, Istanbul, Turkey },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Afforestation; Carbon sequestration; Carbon stock; Forest ecosystem; Grain for green program; Land use change },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.09.006 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85033680422&doi=10.1016%2fj.gloenvcha.2017.09.006&partnerID=40&md5=4923039a3b2c96a17f7460406a3c99c8 },
}

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