Saint-GermainDrapeauHebert2004a

Référence

Saint-Germain, M., Drapeau, P., Hebert, C. (2004) Landscape-scale habitat selection patterns of Monochamus scutellatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in a recently burned black spruce forest. Environmental Entomology, 33(6):1703-1710.

Résumé

The host selection process of most phytophagous insects can be described as a sequence of behaviors leading from landscape-scale habitat location to host-plant scale, microsite selection. For the whitespotted sawyer, Monochamus scutellatus (Say), a fire-associated xylophagous cerambycid, host location and acceptance patterns have been relatively well described, whereas landscape-scale distribution patterns in recently disturbed areas have received virtually no attention. In a 5,097-ha recently burned black spruce forest of Quebec, Canada, we evaluated the variability of larval density of 569 trees in 114 plots, by using entry hole counts. This variability was then related to environmental variables ranging from tree- to landscape-scale. Both diameter at breast height (positive relationship) and fire severity (negative relationship) were significant at explaining larval density at tree scale. At larger scales, altitude had a negative effect on larval density, whereas plots having a higher percentage of unburned forest in a 500-m radius were more intensely colonized. The importance of the proximity of unburned stands could be linked to the feeding requirements of the adults, which should show preference for stands offering both egg-laying and feeding substrata, because several species of Monochamus have been shown to feed while being reproductively active. In our models, large-scale variables explained more variability in entry hole counts than did tree-scale variables. Thus, our results suggest that large-scale habitat location mechanisms may play an important role in the host selection process of the whitespotted sawyer.

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@ARTICLE { Saint-GermainDrapeauHebert2004a,
    AUTHOR = { Saint-Germain, M. and Drapeau, P. and Hebert, C. },
    TITLE = { Landscape-scale habitat selection patterns of Monochamus scutellatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in a recently burned black spruce forest },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental Entomology },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    VOLUME = { 33 },
    PAGES = { 1703-1710 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    NOTE = { 0046225X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: EVETB Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Saint-Germain, M.; Grp. Rech. Ecologie Forestiere I.; Dept. des Sciences Biologiques; Univ. du Que. A Montreal; CP 8888, succ. Centre-ville Montre?al, Que. H3C 3P8, Canada References: Allison, J.D., Borden, J.H., McIntosh, R.L., DeGroot, P., Gries, R., Kairomonal response by four Monochamus species (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) to bark beetle pheromones (2001) J. Chem. Ecol., 27, pp. 633-646; Alya, A.B., Hain, F.P., Life histories of Monochamus carolinensis and M. titillator (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the Piedmont of North Carolina (1985) J. Entomol. Sci., 20, pp. 390-397; Belyea, R.M., Death and deterioration of balsam fir weakened by spruce budworm defoliation in Ontario (1952) Can. 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Zool., 77, pp. 1850-1860; Jikumaru, S., Togashi, K., Transmission of Bursaphelenchus mucronatus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) through feeding wounds by Monochamus saltuaritus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (2001) Nematology, 3, pp. 325-333; Mamiya, Y., Enda, N., Transmission of Bursaphelenchus lignicolus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) by Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (1972) Nematologica, 18, pp. 159-162; Markalas, S., Site and stand factors related to mortality rate in a fir forest after a combined incidence of drought and insect attack (1992) For. Ecol. Manage., 47, pp. 367-374; Mayhew, P.J., Adaptative patterns of host-plant selection by phytophagous insects (1997) Oikos, 79, pp. 417-428; Murphy, E.C., Lenhausen, W.A., Density and foraging ecology of woodpeckers following a stand-replacement fire (1998) J. Wildl. 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Forest Insect and Disease Survey Leaflet FPL-74, , Forestry Canada; Vlasak, J., Vlasakova, K., Records of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) in Massachusetts with notes on larval hosts (2002) Coleopt. Bull., 56, pp. 203-219; Walsh, K.D., Linit, M.J., Opposition biology of the pine sawyer, Monochamus carolinensis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (1985) Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 78, pp. 81-85; Wingfield, M.J., Blanchette, R.A., Transmission of the pine wilt nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus during oviposition of Monochamus carolinensis, Monochamus scutellatus, and Monochamus mutator (1983) Phytophatology, 73, p. 839. },
    ABSTRACT = { The host selection process of most phytophagous insects can be described as a sequence of behaviors leading from landscape-scale habitat location to host-plant scale, microsite selection. For the whitespotted sawyer, Monochamus scutellatus (Say), a fire-associated xylophagous cerambycid, host location and acceptance patterns have been relatively well described, whereas landscape-scale distribution patterns in recently disturbed areas have received virtually no attention. In a 5,097-ha recently burned black spruce forest of Quebec, Canada, we evaluated the variability of larval density of 569 trees in 114 plots, by using entry hole counts. This variability was then related to environmental variables ranging from tree- to landscape-scale. Both diameter at breast height (positive relationship) and fire severity (negative relationship) were significant at explaining larval density at tree scale. At larger scales, altitude had a negative effect on larval density, whereas plots having a higher percentage of unburned forest in a 500-m radius were more intensely colonized. The importance of the proximity of unburned stands could be linked to the feeding requirements of the adults, which should show preference for stands offering both egg-laying and feeding substrata, because several species of Monochamus have been shown to feed while being reproductively active. In our models, large-scale variables explained more variability in entry hole counts than did tree-scale variables. Thus, our results suggest that large-scale habitat location mechanisms may play an important role in the host selection process of the whitespotted sawyer. },
    KEYWORDS = { Boreal forest Forest fire Habitat location Host selection Monochamus scutellatus boreal forest forest fire habitat selection host selection Canada North America Quebec [Canada] Western Hemisphere World Cerambycidae Coleoptera Hexapoda Insecta Monochamus Picea Picea mariana },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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