Saint-GermainDrapeauHebert2004

Référence

Saint-Germain, M., Drapeau, P. and Hebert, C. (2004) Xylophagous insect species composition and patterns of substratum use on fire-killed black spruce in central Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34(3):677-685.

Résumé

Several xylophagous insect species have adapted to recurrent fires in boreal forests and use high-quality habitats created by these disturbances. To characterize the xylophagous insect assemblages of fire-killed black spruce and their patterns of substratum use, eighty-four 40 cm long bole segments were cut in 2000 and 2001 according to tree diameter, segment height, and fire severity criteria in a 1999 burn in the Grands-Jardins provincial park, Quebec, Canada. The segments were suspended in rearing cages, and neonates were collected until November 2001. The cerambycid Monochamus scutellatus (Say) and the scolytids Dryocoetes affaber (Mann.) and Polygraphus rufipennis (Kirby) were the most common beetles collected. For all common taxa, more neonates emerged from larger-diameter trees. Few neonates emerged from the upper parts of the trees, and none of the species were specialist of the upper parts of the tree. Fire severity had a drastic effect, and heavily charred trees yielded very few insects. The effect of fire severity on insect colonization density varies widely among tree species. This effect may be linked to varying bark thickness and to bark's insulating potential against water loss during the fire. The host's vigor before its death, measured from growth rings of the last 10 years, had a positive effect on cerambycid emergence, but no effect on scolytids.

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@ARTICLE { Saint-GermainDrapeauHebert2004,
    AUTHOR = { Saint-Germain, M. and Drapeau, P. and Hebert, C. },
    TITLE = { Xylophagous insect species composition and patterns of substratum use on fire-killed black spruce in central Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    VOLUME = { 34 },
    PAGES = { 677-685 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 8 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Saint-Germain, M.; Grp. Rech. Ecologie Forestiere I.; Dept. des Sciences Biologiques; Univ. du Quebec a Montreal; succursale Centre-ville Montre?al, Que. H3C 3P8, Canada; email: stgermainm@sympatico.ca References: Ahnlund, H., Lindhe, A., Endangered wood-living insects in coniferous forests - Some thoughts from studies of forest-fire sites, outcrops and clearcutting in the province of So?rmland, Sweden (1992) Entomol. Tidskr., 113, pp. 13-23. , In Swedish; Allison, J.D., Borden, J.H., McIntosh, R.L., DeGroot, P., Gries, R., Kairomonal response by four Monochamus species (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) to bark beetle pheromones (2001) J. Chem. Ecol., 27, pp. 633-646; Alya, A.B., Hain, F.P., Life histories of Monochamus carolinensis and Monochamus titillator (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the piedmont of North Carolina (1985) J. Entomol. Sci., 20, pp. 390-397; Amman, G.D., Mountain pine beetle brood production in relation to thickness of lodgepole pine phloem (1972) J. Econ. Entomol., 65, pp. 138-140; Bergeron, Y., Archambault, S., Decreasing frequency of forest fires in the southern boreal zone of Quebec and its relation to global warming since the end of the "Little Ice Age" (1993) Holocene, 3, pp. 255-259; Bergeron, Y., Gauthier, S., Kafka, V., Lefort, P., Lesieur, D., Natural fire frequency for the eastern Canadian boreal forest: Consequences for sustainable forestry (2001) Can. J. For. Res., 31, pp. 384-391; Bright, D.E., (1976) The Insects and Arachnids of Canada, Part II: The Bark Beetles of Canada and Alaska, , Canada Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Ont; Coulson, R.N., Population dynamics of bark beetles (1979) Annu. Rev. Entomol., 24, pp. 417-437; Dixon, W.N., Corneil, J.A., Wilkinson, R.C., Foltz, J.L., Using stem char to predict mortality and insect infestation of fire-damaged Slash pines (1982) South. J. Appl. For., 6, pp. 85-88; Drapeau, P., Nappi, A., Giroux, J.F., Leduc, A., Savard, J.P., Distribution patterns of birds associated with coarse woody debris in natural and managed eastern boreal forests (2002) Symposium Proceedings: Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, pp. 193-206. , 2-4 November 1999, Reno, Nev. Edited by B. Laudenslayer, W.F. Laudenslayer, Jr., P.J. Shea, B.E. Valentine, C.P. Weatherspoon, and T.E. Lisle. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181; Flannigan, M., Campbell, I., Wotton, M., Carcaillet, C., Richard, P., Bergeron, Y., Future fire in Canada's boreal forest: Paleoecology results and general circulation model - Regional climate model simulations (2001) Can. J. For. Res., 31, pp. 854-864; Furniss, M.M., Susceptibility of fire-injured Douglas-fir to bark beetle attack in southern Idaho (1965) J. For., 63, pp. 8-11; Gardiner, L.M., Larval description of Acmaeops proteus (Kirby) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) (1954) Can. Entomol., 86, pp. 190-192; Gardiner, L.M., Deterioration of fire-killed Pine in Ontario and the causal wood-boring beetles (1957) Can. Entomol., 89, pp. 241-263; Haack, R.A., Slansky, F., Nutritional ecology of wood-feeding Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, and Hymenoptera (1987) Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites, Spiders, and Related Invertebrates, pp. 449-486. , Edited by F. Slansky and J.G. Rodriguez. 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    ABSTRACT = { Several xylophagous insect species have adapted to recurrent fires in boreal forests and use high-quality habitats created by these disturbances. To characterize the xylophagous insect assemblages of fire-killed black spruce and their patterns of substratum use, eighty-four 40 cm long bole segments were cut in 2000 and 2001 according to tree diameter, segment height, and fire severity criteria in a 1999 burn in the Grands-Jardins provincial park, Quebec, Canada. The segments were suspended in rearing cages, and neonates were collected until November 2001. The cerambycid Monochamus scutellatus (Say) and the scolytids Dryocoetes affaber (Mann.) and Polygraphus rufipennis (Kirby) were the most common beetles collected. For all common taxa, more neonates emerged from larger-diameter trees. Few neonates emerged from the upper parts of the trees, and none of the species were specialist of the upper parts of the tree. Fire severity had a drastic effect, and heavily charred trees yielded very few insects. The effect of fire severity on insect colonization density varies widely among tree species. This effect may be linked to varying bark thickness and to bark's insulating potential against water loss during the fire. The host's vigor before its death, measured from growth rings of the last 10 years, had a positive effect on cerambycid emergence, but no effect on scolytids. },
    KEYWORDS = { Dryocoetes affaber Monochamus scutellatus Polygraphus rufipennis },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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