NappiDrapeauGirouxEtAl2003

Référence

Nappi, A., Drapeau, P., Giroux, J.F., Savard, J.-P.L. (2003) Snag use by foraging Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus) in a recently burned eastern boreal forest. Auk, 120(2):505-511.

Résumé

We studied snag use for foraging by Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus) one year after a fire in an eastern black spruce (Picea mariana) boreal forest in Quebec, Canada. We searched for signs of foraging (bark flaking and excavation holes) by Black-backed Woodpeckers on 6,536 snags sampled in 56 plots located in portions of the burned forest that had not been salvage logged. A logistic regression model was developed based on the presence or absence of foraging signs. Results showed that Black-backed Woodpeckers used larger snags that were less deteriorated by fire (qualified as high-quality snags). Direct field observations of individuals foraging on 119 snags also indicated that used snags corresponded to those of high predicted quality. Finally, we assessed the relationship between food availability and snag characteristics by measuring the density of wood-boring beetle larvae holes on 30 snags of different size and deterioration classes. High-quality snags contained higher prey densities (wood-boring beetle holes) than smaller and more deteriorated snags. We recommend that forest blocks characterized by large and less deteriorated trees be preserved from salvage logging in recently burned boreal forests in northeastern North America.

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@ARTICLE { NappiDrapeauGirouxEtAl2003,
    AUTHOR = { Nappi, A. and Drapeau, P. and Giroux, J.F. and Savard, J.-P.L. },
    TITLE = { Snag use by foraging Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus) in a recently burned eastern boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Auk },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 120 },
    PAGES = { 505-511 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 00048038 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 16 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: AUKJA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Nappi, A.; Grp. Rech. Ecologie Forestiere I.; Dept. des Sciences Biologiques; Univ. du Que. a Montreal; Succursale Centre-Ville Montre?al, Que. H3C 3P8, Canada; email: nappiantoine@sympatico.ca References: Apfelbaum, S., Haney, A., Bird populations before and after wildfire in a Great Lakes pine forest (1981) Condor, 83, pp. 347-354; Bergeron, Y., Gauthier, S., Kafka, V., Lefort, P., Lesieur, D., Natural fire frequency for the eastern Canadian boreal forest: Consequences for sustainable forestry (2001) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31, pp. 384-391; Bergeron, Y., Leduc, A., Harvey, B., Gauthier, S., Natural fire regime: A guide for sustainable management of the Canadian boreal forest (2002) Silva Fennica, 36, pp. 81-95; Bordeleau, P., (1998) The Val-Paradis Fire 322/97 Case Study Presented Withing the Framework of the Wildland Fire Behaviour Specialist Course, , Socie?te? de protection des fore?ts contre le feu (SOPFEU). Quebec City, Quebec; Field manual for describing terrestrial ecosystems: Tree attributes for wildlife (1998) Land Management Handbook, 25. , British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands, and Parks, Victoria; Desrochers, A., Age and foraging success in European Blackbirds: Variation between and within individuals (1992) Animal Behaviour, 43, pp. 885-894; Drapeau, P., Nappi, A., Giroux, J.-F., Leduc, A., Savard, J.-P., Distribution patterns of birds associated with snags in natural and managed eastern boreal forests (2002) Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, pp. 193-205. , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, General Technical Report PSW-GTR 181; Goggans, R., Dixon, R., Seminara, L.C., (1989) Habitat Use by Three-toed and Black-backed Woodpeckers: Deschutes National Forest, Oregon, , Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Technical Report 87-3-02; Hanks, L.M., Influence of the larval host plant on reproductive strategies of cerambycid beetles (1999) Annual Review of Entomology, 44, pp. 483-505; Hosmer, D.W., Lemeshow, S., (2000) Applied Logistic Regression, 2nd Ed., , John Wiley and Sons, New York; Hoyt, J.S., Hannon, S.J., Habitat associations of Black-backed and Three-toed woodpeckers in the boreal forest of Alberta (2002) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 32, pp. 1881-1888; Hutto, R.L., Composition of bird communities following stand-replacement fires in northern Rocky Mountain (USA) conifer forests (1995) Conservation Biology, 9, pp. 1041-1058; Imbeau, L., Savard, J.-P.L., Gagnon, R., Comparing bird assemblages in successional black-spruce stands originating from fire and logging (1999) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77, pp. 1850-1860; Machlis, L., Dood, P.W.D., Fentress, J.C., The pooling fallacy: Problems arising when individuals contribute more than one observation to the data set (1985) Zeitschrift fu?r Tierpsychologie, 68, pp. 201-214; Mannan, R.W., Meslow, E.C., Wight, H.M., Use of snags by birds in Douglas-fir forests, western Oregon (1980) Journal of Wildlife Management, 44, pp. 787-797; Murphy, E.C., Lehnhausen, W.A., Density and foraging ecology of woodpeckers following a stand-replacement fire (1998) Journal of Wildlife Management, 62, pp. 1359-1372; Nappi, A., (2000) Distribution des Pics et Utilisation des Arbres Morts dans Les Fore?ts Soumises aux Perturbations Naturelles en Pessie?re a? Mousses (Distribution of Woodpeckers and Use of Snags in Naturally Disturbed Boreal Black-spruce Forests), , M.S. thesis, Universite? du Que?bec a? Montre?al, Montre?al; Powell, H.D.W., Hejl, S.J., Six, D.L., Measuring woodpecker food: A simple method for comparing wood-boring beetle abundance among fire-killed trees (2002) Journal of Field Ornithology, 73, pp. 130-140; Purdon, M., Noe?l, J., Nappi, A., Drapeau, P., Harvey, B., Brais, S., Bergeron, Y., Greene, D., (2002) The Impact of Salvage-logging After Wildfire in the Boreal Forest: Lesson from the Abitibi, , NSERC-UQAT-UQAM Industrial Chair in Sustainable Forest Management, SFM Chair, 4th Research note; Quebec Government. 2002. Forest Act. R.S.Q., Chapter F-4.1 (updated to 1 November 2002). 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    ABSTRACT = { We studied snag use for foraging by Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus) one year after a fire in an eastern black spruce (Picea mariana) boreal forest in Quebec, Canada. We searched for signs of foraging (bark flaking and excavation holes) by Black-backed Woodpeckers on 6,536 snags sampled in 56 plots located in portions of the burned forest that had not been salvage logged. A logistic regression model was developed based on the presence or absence of foraging signs. Results showed that Black-backed Woodpeckers used larger snags that were less deteriorated by fire (qualified as high-quality snags). Direct field observations of individuals foraging on 119 snags also indicated that used snags corresponded to those of high predicted quality. Finally, we assessed the relationship between food availability and snag characteristics by measuring the density of wood-boring beetle larvae holes on 30 snags of different size and deterioration classes. High-quality snags contained higher prey densities (wood-boring beetle holes) than smaller and more deteriorated snags. We recommend that forest blocks characterized by large and less deteriorated trees be preserved from salvage logging in recently burned boreal forests in northeastern North America. },
    KEYWORDS = { bird boreal forest food availability foraging behavior snag Canada Picea mariana Picoides arcticus },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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