SonnentagChenRouletEtAl2008

Référence

Sonnentag, O., Chen, J.M., Roulet, N.T., Ju, W., Govind, A. (2008) Spatially explicit simulation of peatland hydrology and carbon dioxide exchage: Influence of mesoscale topography. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113(2). (Scopus )

Résumé

Carbon dynamics in peatlands are controlled, in large part, by their wetness as defined by water table depth and volumetric liquid soil moisture content. A common type of peatland is raised bogs that typically have a multiple-layer canopy of vascular plants over a Sphagnum moss ground cover. Their convex form restricts water supply to precipitation and water is shed toward the margins, usually by lateral subsurface flow. The hydraulic gradient for lateral subsurface flow is governed by the peat surface topography at the mesoscale (∼200 m to 5 km). To investigate the influence of mesoscale topography on wetness, evapotranspiration (ET), and gross primary productivity (GPP) in a bog during the snow-free period, we compare the outputs of a further developed version of the daily Boreal Ecosystem Productivity Simulator (BEPS) with observations made at the Mer Bleue peatland, located near Ottawa, Canada. Explicitly considering mesoscale topography, simulated total ET and GPP correlate well with measured ET (r = 0.91) and derived gross ecosystem productivity (GEP; r = 0.92). Both measured ET and derived GEP are simulated similarly well when mesoscale topography is neglected, but daily simulated values are systematically underestimated by about 10% and 12% on average, respectively, due to greater wetness resulting from the lack of lateral subsurface flow. Owing to the differences in moss surface conductances of water vapor and carbon dioxide with increasing moss water content, the differences in the spatial patterns of simulated total ET and GPP are controlled by the mesotopographic position of the moss ground cover. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

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@ARTICLE { SonnentagChenRouletEtAl2008,
    AUTHOR = { Sonnentag, O. and Chen, J.M. and Roulet, N.T. and Ju, W. and Govind, A. },
    TITLE = { Spatially explicit simulation of peatland hydrology and carbon dioxide exchage: Influence of mesoscale topography },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences },
    YEAR = { 2008 },
    VOLUME = { 113 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { cited By 34 },
    ABSTRACT = { Carbon dynamics in peatlands are controlled, in large part, by their wetness as defined by water table depth and volumetric liquid soil moisture content. A common type of peatland is raised bogs that typically have a multiple-layer canopy of vascular plants over a Sphagnum moss ground cover. Their convex form restricts water supply to precipitation and water is shed toward the margins, usually by lateral subsurface flow. The hydraulic gradient for lateral subsurface flow is governed by the peat surface topography at the mesoscale (∼200 m to 5 km). To investigate the influence of mesoscale topography on wetness, evapotranspiration (ET), and gross primary productivity (GPP) in a bog during the snow-free period, we compare the outputs of a further developed version of the daily Boreal Ecosystem Productivity Simulator (BEPS) with observations made at the Mer Bleue peatland, located near Ottawa, Canada. Explicitly considering mesoscale topography, simulated total ET and GPP correlate well with measured ET (r = 0.91) and derived gross ecosystem productivity (GEP; r = 0.92). Both measured ET and derived GEP are simulated similarly well when mesoscale topography is neglected, but daily simulated values are systematically underestimated by about 10% and 12% on average, respectively, due to greater wetness resulting from the lack of lateral subsurface flow. Owing to the differences in moss surface conductances of water vapor and carbon dioxide with increasing moss water content, the differences in the spatial patterns of simulated total ET and GPP are controlled by the mesotopographic position of the moss ground cover. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union. },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Geography and Program in Planning, University of Toronto, St. George Campus, 100 St., George St., Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada; Department of Geography, McGill Univcrsity, Burnside Hall, 805 Sherbrooke West, Montreal, QC H3A 2K6, Canada; International Institute for Earth System Science, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093 Jiang Su, China },
    ART_NUMBER = { G02005 },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1029/2007JG000605 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-51449121659&doi=10.1029%2f2007JG000605&partnerID=40&md5=74d2e202f6685e30368466c28e924543 },
}

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