ThiffaultHoeptingFeraEtAl2021

Référence

Thiffault, N., Hoepting, M.K., Fera, J., Lussier, J.-M., Larocque, G.R. (2021) Managing plantation density through initial spacing and commercial thinning: yield results from a 60-year-old red pine spacing trial experiment. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 51(2):181-189. (URL )

Résumé

We report on a 60-year-old red pine (Pinus resinosa Aiton) spacing trial experiment located in Ontario, Canada, that included the combinations between six initial spacings (from 1.2 to 3.0 m) and the presence or absence of a commercial thinning (CT) regime, as well as their impacts on quadratic mean diameter (QMD) and stand volume yield. The CT regime, initiated at age 30, targeted a residual basal area (BA) of 38 m2·ha−1 after each of four entries. Without thinning, as initial spacing increased, QMD increased; gross and net volume production peaked in the 2.1–2.4 m spacings. With thinning, similar trends with spacing were evident for QMD, although piece sizes were larger and differences between spacings were lower. The immediate increase of mean tree size caused by tree selection explained most of the differences in QMD between thinned and unthinned plots. Thinning to a common target BA resulted in similar standing volume across spacings. Cumulative gross yield was similar between spacings of <2.1 m for both thinned and unthinned stands and decreased for thinned plots for wider spacings. Greater net volume production in thinned stands with the narrower spacings confirmed that mortality was captured. Lower gross and net production for wider spacings suggested that thinning resulted in underutilized growing space.

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@ARTICLE { ThiffaultHoeptingFeraEtAl2021,
    AUTHOR = { Thiffault, N. and Hoepting, M.K. and Fera, J. and Lussier, J.-M. and Larocque, G.R. },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    TITLE = { Managing plantation density through initial spacing and commercial thinning: yield results from a 60-year-old red pine spacing trial experiment },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    PAGES = { 181-189 },
    VOLUME = { 51 },
    ABSTRACT = { We report on a 60-year-old red pine (Pinus resinosa Aiton) spacing trial experiment located in Ontario, Canada, that included the combinations between six initial spacings (from 1.2 to 3.0 m) and the presence or absence of a commercial thinning (CT) regime, as well as their impacts on quadratic mean diameter (QMD) and stand volume yield. The CT regime, initiated at age 30, targeted a residual basal area (BA) of 38 m2·ha−1 after each of four entries. Without thinning, as initial spacing increased, QMD increased; gross and net volume production peaked in the 2.1–2.4 m spacings. With thinning, similar trends with spacing were evident for QMD, although piece sizes were larger and differences between spacings were lower. The immediate increase of mean tree size caused by tree selection explained most of the differences in QMD between thinned and unthinned plots. Thinning to a common target BA resulted in similar standing volume across spacings. Cumulative gross yield was similar between spacings of <2.1 m for both thinned and unthinned stands and decreased for thinned plots for wider spacings. Greater net volume production in thinned stands with the narrower spacings confirmed that mortality was captured. Lower gross and net production for wider spacings suggested that thinning resulted in underutilized growing space. },
    DOI = { 10.1139/cjfr-2020-0246 },
    EPRINT = { https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2020-0246 },
    OWNER = { Daniel Lesieur },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2021-02-22 },
    URL = { https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2020-0246 },
}

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