LabrecqueTeodorescuDaigle1997

Référence

Labrecque, M., Teodorescu, T.I., Daigle, S. (1997) Biomass productivity and wood energy of Salix species after 2 years growth in SRIC fertilized with wastewater sludge. Biomass and Bioenergy, 12(6):409-417.

Résumé

The energy equivalent of willows in short-rotation intensive culture (SRIC) varies in terms of yield and woody biomass characteristics. Three willow species (Salix discolor Muhl., Salix petiolaris Smith and Salix viminalis L.) were planted on two sites, well-drained and poorly drained, in two different densities (20 000 and 30 000 plants per ha). Four doses of dried and granulated sludge were applied: the equivalents of 0, 100, 200 and 300 kg available N per ha. At the end of the second season, above-ground biomass was similar for S. discolor and S. viminalis, and greater than that of S. petiolaris on both sites and for all sludge treatments. On the well-drained site, each increment in the sludge dose significantly increased the performance of the species, regardless of plant density. Fertilized with a sludge dose equivalent to 300 kg N per ha, S. viminalis and S. discolor yielded 30.17 and 24.97 t/ha of dry matter respectively. On the poorly drained site, differences in performance were also observed between fertilized and unfertilized plots, but not among the various treatments. The calorific value of the wood of the three species being similar (19.21-19.59 kJ/g), the energy equivalent of a hectare of willows is proportional to the yield of each species. Thus the energy equivalent of S. viminalis and S. discolor is two to three times that of S. petiolaris. S. viminalis had the highest woody biomass quality, with an FVI (fuelwood value index) of 1030.58 (100%), followed by S. petiolaris with 954.25 (92.6%) and S. discolor with 849.08 (82.4%). (C) 1997 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

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@ARTICLE { LabrecqueTeodorescuDaigle1997,
    AUTHOR = { Labrecque, M. and Teodorescu, T.I. and Daigle, S. },
    TITLE = { Biomass productivity and wood energy of Salix species after 2 years growth in SRIC fertilized with wastewater sludge },
    JOURNAL = { Biomass and Bioenergy },
    YEAR = { 1997 },
    VOLUME = { 12 },
    PAGES = { 409-417 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    NOTE = { Labrecque, M Teodorescu, TI Daigle, S },
    ABSTRACT = { The energy equivalent of willows in short-rotation intensive culture (SRIC) varies in terms of yield and woody biomass characteristics. Three willow species (Salix discolor Muhl., Salix petiolaris Smith and Salix viminalis L.) were planted on two sites, well-drained and poorly drained, in two different densities (20 000 and 30 000 plants per ha). Four doses of dried and granulated sludge were applied: the equivalents of 0, 100, 200 and 300 kg available N per ha. At the end of the second season, above-ground biomass was similar for S. discolor and S. viminalis, and greater than that of S. petiolaris on both sites and for all sludge treatments. On the well-drained site, each increment in the sludge dose significantly increased the performance of the species, regardless of plant density. Fertilized with a sludge dose equivalent to 300 kg N per ha, S. viminalis and S. discolor yielded 30.17 and 24.97 t/ha of dry matter respectively. On the poorly drained site, differences in performance were also observed between fertilized and unfertilized plots, but not among the various treatments. The calorific value of the wood of the three species being similar (19.21-19.59 kJ/g), the energy equivalent of a hectare of willows is proportional to the yield of each species. Thus the energy equivalent of S. viminalis and S. discolor is two to three times that of S. petiolaris. S. viminalis had the highest woody biomass quality, with an FVI (fuelwood value index) of 1030.58 (100%), followed by S. petiolaris with 954.25 (92.6%) and S. discolor with 849.08 (82.4%). (C) 1997 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. },
}

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