SimardPayette2005

Reference

Simard, M. and Payette, S. (2005) Reduction of black spruce seed bank by spruce budworm infestation compromises postfire stand regeneration. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35(7):1686-1696. (Scopus )

Abstract

In the southern boreal forest of eastern Canada, black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) is subjected to both defoliating insect and fire disturbances. As black spruce depends on its aerial seed bank for postfire regeneration, reduction of cone crop during a spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) outbreak opens a vulnerability window during which stand regeneration could be hindered in the event of a fire. To assess the long-term effect of spruce budworm outbreak on black spruce reproductive potential, cone production and viable seed bank were estimated using cone crop surveys and germination trials in black spruce - lichen woodland stands that sustained different levels of defoliation during the 1980s. Black spruce cone crop was significantly related to the defoliation history of the stands (R2 = 0.89), but not to stand age, basal area, or tree density. Black spruce stands damaged by severe defoliation showed a smaller number of cones, a higher incidence of insect-damaged cones, and a viable seed bank 3 to 17 times smaller than a lightly defoliated stand. The vulnerability window for black spruce regeneration following a spruce budworm outbreak may be as long as 20 years in the study area because black spruce seed bank in heavily defoliated stands has not yet replenished. Our work supports conclusions from stand reconstruction studies that suggest closed-crown spruce-moss stands convert to open lichen woodlands as a result of weak postfire regeneration caused by successive insect and fire disturbances. © 2005 NRC.

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@ARTICLE { SimardPayette2005,
    AUTHOR = { Simard, M. and Payette, S. },
    TITLE = { Reduction of black spruce seed bank by spruce budworm infestation compromises postfire stand regeneration },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 35 },
    PAGES = { 1686-1696 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    NOTE = { cited By 14 },
    ABSTRACT = { In the southern boreal forest of eastern Canada, black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) is subjected to both defoliating insect and fire disturbances. As black spruce depends on its aerial seed bank for postfire regeneration, reduction of cone crop during a spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) outbreak opens a vulnerability window during which stand regeneration could be hindered in the event of a fire. To assess the long-term effect of spruce budworm outbreak on black spruce reproductive potential, cone production and viable seed bank were estimated using cone crop surveys and germination trials in black spruce - lichen woodland stands that sustained different levels of defoliation during the 1980s. Black spruce cone crop was significantly related to the defoliation history of the stands (R2 = 0.89), but not to stand age, basal area, or tree density. Black spruce stands damaged by severe defoliation showed a smaller number of cones, a higher incidence of insect-damaged cones, and a viable seed bank 3 to 17 times smaller than a lightly defoliated stand. The vulnerability window for black spruce regeneration following a spruce budworm outbreak may be as long as 20 years in the study area because black spruce seed bank in heavily defoliated stands has not yet replenished. Our work supports conclusions from stand reconstruction studies that suggest closed-crown spruce-moss stands convert to open lichen woodlands as a result of weak postfire regeneration caused by successive insect and fire disturbances. © 2005 NRC. },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1139/x05-083 },
    KEYWORDS = { Crops; Fires; Forestry; Wood, Black spruce seed; Cone crops; Seed bank; Stand regeneration, Seed, boreal forest; pest outbreak; regeneration; seed bank; wildfire, Defoliation; Farm Crops; Forest Fires; Forestry; Germination; Seeds; Spruce Budworm; Wood, Canada; North America; Western Hemisphere; World, Bryophyta; Choristoneura fumiferana; Insecta; Picea; Picea mariana },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-26944500720&partnerID=40&md5=20dbfe84f7eacd2c8065c9475a1944e0 },
}

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