St-LaurentDussaultFerronEtAl2009

Référence

St-Laurent, M.-H., Dussault, C., Ferron, J. and Gagnon, R. (2009) Dissecting habitat loss and fragmentation effects following logging in boreal forest: Conservation perspectives from landscape simulations. Biological Conservation, 142(10):2240-2249. (Scopus )

Résumé

Habitat loss and fragmentation are recognized as major threats to biodiversity. Their respective effects, however, are sometimes not well distinguished, even though habitat loss is recognized as the most important source of variation affecting species abundance and richness at the landscape scale. As 'habitat' is a species-specific concept (based on species perception of its environment), habitat loss and fragmentation studies should be conducted on a species-specific basis. We here assessed the influence of habitat loss and fragmentation in the context of a boreal forest considering forest clearcutting as an anthropogenic disturbance inducing mature forest loss and fragmentation that has a potential impact on wildlife. Using 16 simulated patterns of mature forest loss and fragmentation and three natural landscapes as replicates, we assessed the respective influence of forest loss and fragmentation on the abundance of 10 bird species common in the boreal forest of eastern Canada. Species-habitat relationships were modeled through habitat use models that were utilized to predict abundance of the 10 species within each combination of loss and fragmentation patterns (3 landscapes × 16 patterns). We used three-way ANOVAs to assess the effects of mature forest loss, fragmentation and replicates (random effect) on species abundance. Our results indicated that: (1) variation in species abundance mostly depended on mature forest loss, followed by static landscape attributes other than cutovers (e.g. streams, lakes, roads) and finally by fragmentation and (2) responses to mature forest loss and fragmentation differed among species, not necessary in relation to the successional status but in relation to their perception of their environment. Decreasing detrimental effects of mature forest loss through conservation of large continuous patches of forest may be suitable to maintain abundances of mature forest bird species. Our results highlight that studies aiming to quantify effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on wildlife should be conducted on a species-specific basis and use several landscape replicates to avoid potentially biased results. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.

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@ARTICLE { St-LaurentDussaultFerronEtAl2009,
    AUTHOR = { St-Laurent, M.-H. and Dussault, C. and Ferron, J. and Gagnon, R. },
    TITLE = { Dissecting habitat loss and fragmentation effects following logging in boreal forest: Conservation perspectives from landscape simulations },
    JOURNAL = { Biological Conservation },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 142 },
    PAGES = { 2240-2249 },
    NUMBER = { 10 },
    NOTE = { cited By 12 },
    ABSTRACT = { Habitat loss and fragmentation are recognized as major threats to biodiversity. Their respective effects, however, are sometimes not well distinguished, even though habitat loss is recognized as the most important source of variation affecting species abundance and richness at the landscape scale. As 'habitat' is a species-specific concept (based on species perception of its environment), habitat loss and fragmentation studies should be conducted on a species-specific basis. We here assessed the influence of habitat loss and fragmentation in the context of a boreal forest considering forest clearcutting as an anthropogenic disturbance inducing mature forest loss and fragmentation that has a potential impact on wildlife. Using 16 simulated patterns of mature forest loss and fragmentation and three natural landscapes as replicates, we assessed the respective influence of forest loss and fragmentation on the abundance of 10 bird species common in the boreal forest of eastern Canada. Species-habitat relationships were modeled through habitat use models that were utilized to predict abundance of the 10 species within each combination of loss and fragmentation patterns (3 landscapes × 16 patterns). We used three-way ANOVAs to assess the effects of mature forest loss, fragmentation and replicates (random effect) on species abundance. Our results indicated that: (1) variation in species abundance mostly depended on mature forest loss, followed by static landscape attributes other than cutovers (e.g. streams, lakes, roads) and finally by fragmentation and (2) responses to mature forest loss and fragmentation differed among species, not necessary in relation to the successional status but in relation to their perception of their environment. Decreasing detrimental effects of mature forest loss through conservation of large continuous patches of forest may be suitable to maintain abundances of mature forest bird species. Our results highlight that studies aiming to quantify effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on wildlife should be conducted on a species-specific basis and use several landscape replicates to avoid potentially biased results. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Forest birds; Fragmentation; Landscape; Mature forest loss; Simulation; Static landscape attributes },
    CODEN = { BICOB },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.04.025 },
    ISSN = { 00063207 },
    KEYWORDS = { abundance; boreal forest; ecological modeling; habitat fragmentation; habitat loss; logging (timber); species richness, Canada; North America, Aves },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-68449104752&partnerID=40&md5=0599086b4f3c9d24feea88608611e423 },
}

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