WidlowskiCoteBeland2014

Référence

Widlowski, J.-L., Cote, J.-F. and Beland, M. (2014) Abstract tree crowns in 3D radiative transfer models: Impact on simulated open-canopy reflectances. Remote Sensing of Environment, 142:155-175. (Scopus )

Résumé

Three-dimensional (3D) radiatives transfer models of vegetation canopies are increasingly used to study the reflective properties of specific land cover types and to interpret satellite-based remote sensing observations of such environments. In doing so, most 3D canopy reflectance models simplify the structural representation of individual tree crowns, for example, by using a single ellipsoidal envelope or a series of cubic volumes (known as voxels) to approximate the actual crown shape and the 3D distribution of scatterers therein. Often these tree abstractions ignore or simplify the woody architecture as well. Focusing on broad-leaved Savanna trees, this study investigates the impact that architectural simplifications may have on the fidelity of simulated satellite observations at the bottom of the atmosphere for a variety of spatial resolutions, spectral bands, as well as viewing and illumination geometries. The typical uncertainty associated with vicarious calibration efforts, i.e., 5%, is used as the quality objective for the simulated bidirectional reflectance factors (BRFs). Our results indicate that the size of the voxel as well as the spectral, viewing, and illumination conditions drive the BRF bias at a given spatial resolution. The simulation of remote sensing data at medium spatial resolution is not affected by canopy abstractions except in the near-infrared (NIR) for cases where woody structures are omitted. Here, the BRF simulations of the abstract tree crowns exceeded the 5% tolerance limit even at spatial resolutions coarser than 125m. For high-resolution satellite imagery, i.e., for nominal pixel sizes of 1—1m2 or finer, local BRF biases can be 10 times greater than the 5% tolerance criterion. Both positive and negative local biases are possible depending on the relative weights of the single-collided, single-uncollided, and multiple-collided BRF components. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

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@ARTICLE { WidlowskiCoteBeland2014,
    AUTHOR = { Widlowski, J.-L. and Cote, J.-F. and Beland, M. },
    TITLE = { Abstract tree crowns in 3D radiative transfer models: Impact on simulated open-canopy reflectances },
    JOURNAL = { Remote Sensing of Environment },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 142 },
    PAGES = { 155-175 },
    NOTE = { cited By 2 },
    ABSTRACT = { Three-dimensional (3D) radiatives transfer models of vegetation canopies are increasingly used to study the reflective properties of specific land cover types and to interpret satellite-based remote sensing observations of such environments. In doing so, most 3D canopy reflectance models simplify the structural representation of individual tree crowns, for example, by using a single ellipsoidal envelope or a series of cubic volumes (known as voxels) to approximate the actual crown shape and the 3D distribution of scatterers therein. Often these tree abstractions ignore or simplify the woody architecture as well. Focusing on broad-leaved Savanna trees, this study investigates the impact that architectural simplifications may have on the fidelity of simulated satellite observations at the bottom of the atmosphere for a variety of spatial resolutions, spectral bands, as well as viewing and illumination geometries. The typical uncertainty associated with vicarious calibration efforts, i.e., 5%, is used as the quality objective for the simulated bidirectional reflectance factors (BRFs). Our results indicate that the size of the voxel as well as the spectral, viewing, and illumination conditions drive the BRF bias at a given spatial resolution. The simulation of remote sensing data at medium spatial resolution is not affected by canopy abstractions except in the near-infrared (NIR) for cases where woody structures are omitted. Here, the BRF simulations of the abstract tree crowns exceeded the 5% tolerance limit even at spatial resolutions coarser than 125m. For high-resolution satellite imagery, i.e., for nominal pixel sizes of 1—1m2 or finer, local BRF biases can be 10 times greater than the 5% tolerance criterion. Both positive and negative local biases are possible depending on the relative weights of the single-collided, single-uncollided, and multiple-collided BRF components. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Accuracy; BRDF; Canopy reflectance; GO models; Monte Carlo models; Remote sensing; Savanna; Tree crown abstraction; Voxel },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.rse.2013.11.016 },
    KEYWORDS = { Accuracy; BRDF; Canopy reflectance; Go model; Monte Carlo model; Savanna; Tree crowns; Voxel, Abstracting; Digital storage; Forestry; Infrared devices; Reflection; Remote sensing; Satellite imagery, Three dimensional, accuracy assessment; calibration; canopy reflectance; data set; land cover; Monte Carlo analysis; numerical model; pixel; radiative transfer; satellite imagery; savanna; spatial resolution; three-dimensional modeling; uncertainty analysis, Forest Canopy; Forestry; Models; Reflectance; Reflection; Remote Sensing; Three Dimensional Design },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84891360696&partnerID=40&md5=85106f47f3d8ff8290cf6b58ee181f0a },
}

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