NiVellend2021

Référence

Ni, M., Vellend, M. (2021) Space-for-time inferences about range-edge dynamics of tree species can be influenced by sampling biases. Global Change Biology, 27(10):2102-2112. (Scopus )

Résumé

Differences between the distributions of tree saplings and adults in geographic or niche space have been used to infer climate change effects on tree range dynamics. Previous studies have reported narrower latitudinal or climatic niche ranges of juvenile trees compared to adults, concluding that tree ranges are contracting, contradicting climate-based predictions. However, more comprehensive sampling of adult trees than juvenile trees in most regional forest inventories could potentially bias ontogenetic comparisons. Here we first report spatial simulations showing that reduced sampling intensity can result in underestimates of range and niche limits, but that resampling the same number of individuals of different life stages can eliminate this bias. We then reanalyzed the U.S. Forest Inventory and Analysis data, comparing the range and niche limits between adult trees and saplings of 92 tree species, both using the original data and two resampling procedures. Resampling aimed to reduce sampling biases by controlling for either sampling area or the number of individuals sampled. Overall, these resampling procedures had a major influence on the estimation of range limits, most often by reducing, eliminating, or even reversing the tendency in the original analyses for saplings to have broader distributions than adult trees. These results indicate that previous conclusions that the distributions of juvenile trees were contracting in response to climate change were potentially artifacts of sampling in the underlying data. More generally, sampling effects involved in the estimation of geographic ranges and environmental niche widths need to be taken into account in studies comparing different life stages, and also likely in other types of distribution comparisons. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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@ARTICLE { NiVellend2021,
    AUTHOR = { Ni, M. and Vellend, M. },
    JOURNAL = { Global Change Biology },
    TITLE = { Space-for-time inferences about range-edge dynamics of tree species can be influenced by sampling biases },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NOTE = { cited By 1 },
    NUMBER = { 10 },
    PAGES = { 2102-2112 },
    VOLUME = { 27 },
    ABSTRACT = { Differences between the distributions of tree saplings and adults in geographic or niche space have been used to infer climate change effects on tree range dynamics. Previous studies have reported narrower latitudinal or climatic niche ranges of juvenile trees compared to adults, concluding that tree ranges are contracting, contradicting climate-based predictions. However, more comprehensive sampling of adult trees than juvenile trees in most regional forest inventories could potentially bias ontogenetic comparisons. Here we first report spatial simulations showing that reduced sampling intensity can result in underestimates of range and niche limits, but that resampling the same number of individuals of different life stages can eliminate this bias. We then reanalyzed the U.S. Forest Inventory and Analysis data, comparing the range and niche limits between adult trees and saplings of 92 tree species, both using the original data and two resampling procedures. Resampling aimed to reduce sampling biases by controlling for either sampling area or the number of individuals sampled. Overall, these resampling procedures had a major influence on the estimation of range limits, most often by reducing, eliminating, or even reversing the tendency in the original analyses for saplings to have broader distributions than adult trees. These results indicate that previous conclusions that the distributions of juvenile trees were contracting in response to climate change were potentially artifacts of sampling in the underlying data. More generally, sampling effects involved in the estimation of geographic ranges and environmental niche widths need to be taken into account in studies comparing different life stages, and also likely in other types of distribution comparisons. © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd },
    AFFILIATION = { Département de Biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { climate change; forest inventory and analysis; ontogenetic shift; sapling; space-for-time; tree migration },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1111/gcb.15524 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85100792736&doi=10.1111%2fgcb.15524&partnerID=40&md5=5d0a811fb6922ac75980b37081b05985 },
}

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