DeFrenneZellwegerRodriguez-SanchezEtAl2019

Référence

De Frenne, P., Zellweger, F., Rodríguez-Sánchez, F., Scheffers, B.R., Hylander, K., Luoto, M., Vellend, M., Verheyen, K., Lenoir, J. (2019) Global buffering of temperatures under forest canopies. Nature Ecology & Evolution. (URL )

Résumé

Macroclimate warming is often assumed to occur within forests despite the potential for tree cover to modify microclimates. Here, using paired measurements, we compared the temperatures under the canopy versus in the open at 98 sites across 5 continents. We show that forests function as a thermal insulator, cooling the understory when ambient temperatures are hot and warming the understory when ambient temperatures are cold. The understory versus open temperature offset is magnified as temperatures become more extreme and is of greater magnitude than the warming of land temperatures over the past century. Tree canopies may thus reduce the severity of warming impacts on forest biodiversity and functioning.

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@ARTICLE { DeFrenneZellwegerRodriguez-SanchezEtAl2019,
    AUTHOR = { De Frenne, P. and Zellweger, F. and Rodríguez-Sánchez, F. and Scheffers, B.R. and Hylander, K. and Luoto, M. and Vellend, M. and Verheyen, K. and Lenoir, J. },
    TITLE = { Global buffering of temperatures under forest canopies },
    JOURNAL = { Nature Ecology \& Evolution },
    YEAR = { 2019 },
    MONTH = { apr },
    ISSN = { 2397-334X },
    ABSTRACT = { Macroclimate warming is often assumed to occur within forests despite the potential for tree cover to modify microclimates. Here, using paired measurements, we compared the temperatures under the canopy versus in the open at 98 sites across 5 continents. We show that forests function as a thermal insulator, cooling the understory when ambient temperatures are hot and warming the understory when ambient temperatures are cold. The understory versus open temperature offset is magnified as temperatures become more extreme and is of greater magnitude than the warming of land temperatures over the past century. Tree canopies may thus reduce the severity of warming impacts on forest biodiversity and functioning. },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    REFID = { De Frenne2019 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2019.04.09 },
    URL = { https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0842-1 },
}

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