BeckerBardatLalanneEtAl2017

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Becker-Scarpitta, A., Bardat, J., Lalanne, A. and Vellend, M. (2017) Long-term community change: bryophytes are more responsive than vascular plants to nitrogen deposition and warming. Journal of Vegetation Science, 28(6):1220-1229. (URL )

Résumé

Abstract Aims Many studies of vegetation change over multiple decades have focused on vascular plants, but very few on bryophytes, despite the importance of bryophytes for overall plant biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Using a repeated survey of vascular plants and bryophytes in a forest ecosystem, we tested predictions of the hypotheses that: (1) vegetation change has been driven by N deposition and climate warming, and (2) bryophytes are more responsive to environmental change than vascular plants. Location Lowland temperate forest, northwest France. Methods In forest plots initially surveyed in 1976, we re-surveyed both vascular plants and bryophytes in 2009 and 2012, respectively. We analysed changes in α-diversity, β-diversity, and species composition, and we used community-weighted mean values of species affinities for temperature, light, pH, soil moisture and N to assess the temporal responses potentially caused by warming, N deposition, or possibly a changing light regime. Results We observed significantly increased species richness of bryophytes and decreased richness of vascular plants. Community affinities to N, pH and temperature increased significantly for bryophytes, but not for vascular plants, although the change over time in N affinities for vascular plants was qualitatively in the predicted direction. Bryophytes showed a higher magnitude of temporal community change than vascular plants, both in terms of overall species composition and environmental affinities, indicating a higher responsiveness of bryophytes to environmental change. Conclusion Overall, the result of more marked temporal community change for bryophytes suggests that the many studies of changes in vascular plant communities over time might underestimate the sensitivity of the broader plant community (including cryptogams) to environmental change.

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@ARTICLE { BeckerBardatLalanneEtAl2017,
    AUTHOR = { Becker-Scarpitta, A. and Bardat, J. and Lalanne, A. and Vellend, M. },
    TITLE = { Long-term community change: bryophytes are more responsive than vascular plants to nitrogen deposition and warming },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Vegetation Science },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 28 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    PAGES = { 1220-1229 },
    ABSTRACT = { Abstract Aims Many studies of vegetation change over multiple decades have focused on vascular plants, but very few on bryophytes, despite the importance of bryophytes for overall plant biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Using a repeated survey of vascular plants and bryophytes in a forest ecosystem, we tested predictions of the hypotheses that: (1) vegetation change has been driven by N deposition and climate warming, and (2) bryophytes are more responsive to environmental change than vascular plants. Location Lowland temperate forest, northwest France. Methods In forest plots initially surveyed in 1976, we re-surveyed both vascular plants and bryophytes in 2009 and 2012, respectively. We analysed changes in α-diversity, β-diversity, and species composition, and we used community-weighted mean values of species affinities for temperature, light, pH, soil moisture and N to assess the temporal responses potentially caused by warming, N deposition, or possibly a changing light regime. Results We observed significantly increased species richness of bryophytes and decreased richness of vascular plants. Community affinities to N, pH and temperature increased significantly for bryophytes, but not for vascular plants, although the change over time in N affinities for vascular plants was qualitatively in the predicted direction. Bryophytes showed a higher magnitude of temporal community change than vascular plants, both in terms of overall species composition and environmental affinities, indicating a higher responsiveness of bryophytes to environmental change. Conclusion Overall, the result of more marked temporal community change for bryophytes suggests that the many studies of changes in vascular plant communities over time might underestimate the sensitivity of the broader plant community (including cryptogams) to environmental change. },
    DOI = { 10.1111/jvs.12579 },
    EPRINT = { https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/jvs.12579 },
    KEYWORDS = { Bryophytes, Community ecology, Global changes, Legacy data, Long-term study, Multivariate analysis, Nitrogen deposition, Plant ecology, Temperate forest, Temporal changes, Vascular plants, Warming },
    OWNER = { Daniel Lesieur },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2018-08-28 },
    URL = { https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jvs.12579 },
}

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