Camarero2000117

Référence

Camarero, J.J., Gutiérrez, E. and Fortin, M.-J. (2000) Boundary detection in altitudinal treeline ecotones in the Spanish central pyrenees. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 32(2):117-126. (Scopus )

Résumé

Spatial-identification and description of ecological boundaries is fundamental to better understanding of treeline dynamics. Ecological boundaries across two contrasting subalpine Pinus uncinata forest-alpine grassland ecotones were delineated within the Central Pyrenees (Ordesa and Tesso sites). Boundaries were delineated using an edge detection algorithm for two-dimensional data (lattice-wombling). Tree density, size-structure, growth-form, and estimated age were used to reveal spatial location of boundaries for several size and growth-form tree classes. Overlap statistics were applied to quantify spatial relationships among boundaries determined for different sets of variables. The most significant and consistent boundaries were those for structural variables at the Ordesa site. At this site, the sequential disposition of bigger and unistemmed trees descending across the ecotone produced boundaries for size-structure and growth-form variables. These boundaries were located along an ordered spatial pattern (altitudinal diagonal). At the Tesso site, there were few consistent boundaries, most of which were developed along the slope. Overlap statistics showed that boundaries at the Ordesa site were more spatially related than were those at the Tesso site. This result held when any set of variables was considered. The studied ecotones describe sharp (Ordesa site) and gradual (Tesso site) structural changes in tree populations, related to situations similar to the ecotone and ecocline concepts, respectively. The possible environmental driving factors producing these patterns are the strong winds and reduced snow cover at higher altitudes at the Ordesa site, and snow avalanches at the Tesso site. Boundary detection through time in permanent plots might be a better tool for monitoring climate-change impact in the forest-alpine grassland ecotone than the subjective location of treelines.

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@ARTICLE { Camarero2000117,
    AUTHOR = { Camarero, J.J. and Gutiérrez, E. and Fortin, M.-J. },
    TITLE = { Boundary detection in altitudinal treeline ecotones in the Spanish central pyrenees },
    JOURNAL = { Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research },
    YEAR = { 2000 },
    VOLUME = { 32 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    PAGES = { 117-126 },
    NOTE = { cited By 13 },
    ABSTRACT = { Spatial-identification and description of ecological boundaries is fundamental to better understanding of treeline dynamics. Ecological boundaries across two contrasting subalpine Pinus uncinata forest-alpine grassland ecotones were delineated within the Central Pyrenees (Ordesa and Tesso sites). Boundaries were delineated using an edge detection algorithm for two-dimensional data (lattice-wombling). Tree density, size-structure, growth-form, and estimated age were used to reveal spatial location of boundaries for several size and growth-form tree classes. Overlap statistics were applied to quantify spatial relationships among boundaries determined for different sets of variables. The most significant and consistent boundaries were those for structural variables at the Ordesa site. At this site, the sequential disposition of bigger and unistemmed trees descending across the ecotone produced boundaries for size-structure and growth-form variables. These boundaries were located along an ordered spatial pattern (altitudinal diagonal). At the Tesso site, there were few consistent boundaries, most of which were developed along the slope. Overlap statistics showed that boundaries at the Ordesa site were more spatially related than were those at the Tesso site. This result held when any set of variables was considered. The studied ecotones describe sharp (Ordesa site) and gradual (Tesso site) structural changes in tree populations, related to situations similar to the ecotone and ecocline concepts, respectively. The possible environmental driving factors producing these patterns are the strong winds and reduced snow cover at higher altitudes at the Ordesa site, and snow avalanches at the Tesso site. Boundary detection through time in permanent plots might be a better tool for monitoring climate-change impact in the forest-alpine grassland ecotone than the subjective location of treelines. },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Ecology, University of Barcelona, Avda. Diagonal 645, 08028 Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain; Département de Biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, Québec, Que. J1K 2R1, Canada; Dept. de Géographie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, Que. H3C 3J7, Canada },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0343570529&partnerID=40&md5=823329bd57c757a3c8c7a3f606ff4b99 },
}

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