Bourget19951

Référence

Bourget, E. and Fortin, M.-J. (1995) A commentary on current approaches in the aquatic sciences. Hydrobiologia, 300-301(1):1-16. (Scopus )

Résumé

This paper reviews some of the current practices in limnology and oceanography and discusses ways to improve our habits in these fields. A survey of all 253 articles published in the journal Limnology and Oceanography in 1980, 1985, and 1990 indicates that the majority of papers (>60%) were predominantly descriptive, only about 30% used an experimental approach. Of the 27% articles presenting models, only 3% validated these models using field data. Only one out of 253 papers presented biological criteria to reject hypotheses. We discuss the significance of descriptive studies in the fields of limnology and oceanography, the use of numerical techniques to detect spatio-temporal patterns in the data, the significance of reductionism in aquatic sciences, the introduction of ad hoc hypotheses, the problem of selecting study sites, stations, and sample locations in shore and pelagic studies, and strategies available when an experimental approach cannot be used because environmental factors cannot be controlled. © 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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@ARTICLE { Bourget19951,
    AUTHOR = { Bourget, E. and Fortin, M.-J. },
    TITLE = { A commentary on current approaches in the aquatic sciences },
    JOURNAL = { Hydrobiologia },
    YEAR = { 1995 },
    VOLUME = { 300-301 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    PAGES = { 1-16 },
    NOTE = { cited By 11 },
    ABSTRACT = { This paper reviews some of the current practices in limnology and oceanography and discusses ways to improve our habits in these fields. A survey of all 253 articles published in the journal Limnology and Oceanography in 1980, 1985, and 1990 indicates that the majority of papers (>60%) were predominantly descriptive, only about 30% used an experimental approach. Of the 27% articles presenting models, only 3% validated these models using field data. Only one out of 253 papers presented biological criteria to reject hypotheses. We discuss the significance of descriptive studies in the fields of limnology and oceanography, the use of numerical techniques to detect spatio-temporal patterns in the data, the significance of reductionism in aquatic sciences, the introduction of ad hoc hypotheses, the problem of selecting study sites, stations, and sample locations in shore and pelagic studies, and strategies available when an experimental approach cannot be used because environmental factors cannot be controlled. © 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers. },
    AFFILIATION = { GIROQ, Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec (Qué), G1K 7P4, Canada; Centre d' études nordiques, Université Laval, Québec (Qué), G1K 7P4, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Experiments; limnology; oceanography; philosophy; spatial patterns },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1007/BF00024444 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0029474177&doi=10.1007%2fBF00024444&partnerID=40&md5=d1f69b288dfec6ff5f5191ec6a2f4535 },
}

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