Bose2014

Référence

Bose, A.K., Schelhaas, M.-J., Mazerolle, M.J. and Bongers, F. (2014) Temperate forest development during secondary succession: Effects of soil, dominant species and management. European Journal of Forest Research, 133(3):511-523. (Scopus )

Résumé

With the increase in abandoned agricultural lands in Western Europe, knowledge on the successional pathways of newly developing forests becomes urgent. We evaluated the effect of time, soil type and dominant species type (shade tolerant or intolerant) on the development during succession of three stand attributes: above-ground biomass, stand height (HT) and stem density (SD). Additionally, we compared above-ground biomass (AGB) in natural and planted forests, using ten chronosequences (8 from the literature and 2 from this study). Both AGB and HT increased over time, whereas SD decreased. HT, SD and AGB differed among species types. For example, birch had greater HT than alder, willow and ash at a similar age and had higher SD than pine and oak at a similar age. However, birch showed lower AGB than pine. HT and AGB differed among soil types. They were higher in rich soil than in poor soils. Comparative analysis between chronosequences showed an effect of the regeneration method (natural regeneration vs plantation) on above-ground biomass. Planted sites had higher AGB than natural regeneration. Time, soil type, species and regeneration method influenced the mechanism of stand responses during secondary succession. These characteristics could be used to clarify the heterogeneity and potential productivity of such spontaneously growing temperate forest ecosystems. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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@ARTICLE { Bose2014,
    AUTHOR = { Bose, A.K. and Schelhaas, M.-J. and Mazerolle, M.J. and Bongers, F. },
    TITLE = { Temperate forest development during secondary succession: Effects of soil, dominant species and management },
    JOURNAL = { European Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 133 },
    PAGES = { 511-523 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { cited By 2 },
    ABSTRACT = { With the increase in abandoned agricultural lands in Western Europe, knowledge on the successional pathways of newly developing forests becomes urgent. We evaluated the effect of time, soil type and dominant species type (shade tolerant or intolerant) on the development during succession of three stand attributes: above-ground biomass, stand height (HT) and stem density (SD). Additionally, we compared above-ground biomass (AGB) in natural and planted forests, using ten chronosequences (8 from the literature and 2 from this study). Both AGB and HT increased over time, whereas SD decreased. HT, SD and AGB differed among species types. For example, birch had greater HT than alder, willow and ash at a similar age and had higher SD than pine and oak at a similar age. However, birch showed lower AGB than pine. HT and AGB differed among soil types. They were higher in rich soil than in poor soils. Comparative analysis between chronosequences showed an effect of the regeneration method (natural regeneration vs plantation) on above-ground biomass. Planted sites had higher AGB than natural regeneration. Time, soil type, species and regeneration method influenced the mechanism of stand responses during secondary succession. These characteristics could be used to clarify the heterogeneity and potential productivity of such spontaneously growing temperate forest ecosystems. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Above-ground biomass; Forest rejuvenation; Secondary succession; Spontaneously growing forest; Stand height; Stem density },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1007/s10342-014-0781-y },
    KEYWORDS = { aboveground biomass; forest ecosystem; forest management; secondary succession; stand structure; stem; temperate forest, Western Europe, Alnus; Salix },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84897050960&partnerID=40&md5=c51d456c9bf101a045ce3d06145edd46 },
}

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