PaquetteGarantPelletierEtAl2013

Référence

Paquette, S.R., Garant, D., Pelletier, F. and Belisle, M. (2013) Seasonal patterns in Tree Swallow prey (Diptera) abundance are affected by agricultural intensification. Ecological Applications, 23(1):122-133. (Scopus )

Résumé

In many parts of the world, farmland bird species are declining at faster rates than other birds. For aerial insectivores, this decline has been related to a parallel reduction in the abundance of their invertebrate prey in agricultural landscapes. While the effects of agricultural intensification (AI) on arthropod communities at the landscape level have been substantially studied in recent years, seasonal variation in these impacts has not been investigated. To assess the contention that intensive cultures negatively impact food resources for aerial insectivorous birds, we analyzed the spatiotemporal distribution patterns of Diptera, the main food resource for breeding Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), across a gradient of AI in southeastern Quebec, Canada. Linear mixed models computed from a data set of 5000 samples comprising >150 000 dipterans collected over three years (2006-2008) suggest that both Diptera abundance and biomass varied greatly during swallow breeding season, following a quadratic curve. Globally, AI had a negative effect on Diptera abundance (but not biomass), but year-by-year analyses showed that in one of three years (2008), dipterans were more abundant in agro-intensive landscapes. Analyses also revealed a significant interaction between the moment in the season and AI: In early June, Diptera abundances were similar regardless of the landscape, but differences increased as the season progressed, with highly intensive landscapes harboring fewer prey, possibly creating an "ecological trap" for aerial insectivores. While global trends in our results are in agreement with expectations (negative impact of AI on insect abundance), strong discrepancies in 2008 highlight the difficulty of predicting the abundance of insect communities. Our study indicates that predicting the effects of AI may prove more challenging than generally assumed, even when large data sets are collected, and that temporal variation within a season is important to take into consideration. While further work is required to assess the direct impacts of these seasonal trends in Diptera abundance on bird breeding success and post-fledging survival, management strategies in agricultural landscapes may need to consider the phenology of breeding birds and their dipteran prey in order to mitigate the potentially negative effects of AI late in the breeding season. © 2013 by the Ecological Society of America.

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@ARTICLE { PaquetteGarantPelletierEtAl2013,
    AUTHOR = { Paquette, S.R. and Garant, D. and Pelletier, F. and Belisle, M. },
    TITLE = { Seasonal patterns in Tree Swallow prey (Diptera) abundance are affected by agricultural intensification },
    JOURNAL = { Ecological Applications },
    YEAR = { 2013 },
    VOLUME = { 23 },
    PAGES = { 122-133 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    ABSTRACT = { In many parts of the world, farmland bird species are declining at faster rates than other birds. For aerial insectivores, this decline has been related to a parallel reduction in the abundance of their invertebrate prey in agricultural landscapes. While the effects of agricultural intensification (AI) on arthropod communities at the landscape level have been substantially studied in recent years, seasonal variation in these impacts has not been investigated. To assess the contention that intensive cultures negatively impact food resources for aerial insectivorous birds, we analyzed the spatiotemporal distribution patterns of Diptera, the main food resource for breeding Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), across a gradient of AI in southeastern Quebec, Canada. Linear mixed models computed from a data set of 5000 samples comprising >150 000 dipterans collected over three years (2006-2008) suggest that both Diptera abundance and biomass varied greatly during swallow breeding season, following a quadratic curve. Globally, AI had a negative effect on Diptera abundance (but not biomass), but year-by-year analyses showed that in one of three years (2008), dipterans were more abundant in agro-intensive landscapes. Analyses also revealed a significant interaction between the moment in the season and AI: In early June, Diptera abundances were similar regardless of the landscape, but differences increased as the season progressed, with highly intensive landscapes harboring fewer prey, possibly creating an "ecological trap" for aerial insectivores. While global trends in our results are in agreement with expectations (negative impact of AI on insect abundance), strong discrepancies in 2008 highlight the difficulty of predicting the abundance of insect communities. Our study indicates that predicting the effects of AI may prove more challenging than generally assumed, even when large data sets are collected, and that temporal variation within a season is important to take into consideration. While further work is required to assess the direct impacts of these seasonal trends in Diptera abundance on bird breeding success and post-fledging survival, management strategies in agricultural landscapes may need to consider the phenology of breeding birds and their dipteran prey in order to mitigate the potentially negative effects of AI late in the breeding season. © 2013 by the Ecological Society of America. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 7 May 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: ECAPE :doi 10.1890/12-0068.1 },
    ISSN = { 10510761 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Agro-intensive landscapes, Biomass, Diptera abundance, Linear mixed modeling, Southeastern Canada, Spatiotemporal analyses, Tachycineta bicolor, Tree Swallow, agriculture, animal, article, Canada, Diptera, environmental monitoring, physiology, population density, season, swallow (bird), time, weather, Agriculture, Animals, Diptera, Environmental Monitoring, Population Density, Quebec, Seasons, Swallows, Time Factors, Weather },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2013.05.07 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84875772775&partnerID=40&md5=85af71a21f456d52c4f74208ed4c1551 },
}

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