GhilainBelisle2008

Référence

Ghilain, A. and Belisle, M. (2008) Breeding success of tree swallows along a gradient of agricultural intensification. Ecological Applications, 18(5):1140-1154. (Scopus )

Résumé

The intensification of agricultural practices has been identified as the main cause of population decline in farmland birds since the 1960s in both Europe and North America. Although the links between species richness or abundance and various components of agricultural intensification are well established, the mechanisms underlying these trends have rarely been addressed along a gradient of intensification or have been quantified at only one spatial scale. Here we quantified the influence of landscape structure on the nest box occupancy and breeding success of Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) at seven spatial scales (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, and 20 km radii) over a 10200-km2 gradient of agricultural intensification in southern Québec, Canada. A network of 400 nest boxes distributed among 40 farms was visited every two days over three breeding seasons, 2004-2006. Nest box occupancy decreased with the proportion of intensive cultures (maize, cereals, and soybeans) in the landscape, especially when manure heaps and tanks were abundant, and was also determined by local variables (i.e., nest box clearance, interspecific competition) and by previous-year fledging success. Clutch size decreased as the breeding season progressed and with the proportion of intensive cultures in the landscape, with no consistent variation across spatial scales. Hatching success was not related to any landscape variables but increased with clutch size. Both the number of fledglings and fledging probability increased with the proportion of extensive cultures (hayfields, pastures, and fallows). These effects increased with spatial scale and reached a plateau at the 5 km radius: the maximum distance from the nest reached by foraging Tree Swallows. Our results can likely be attributed to lower food availability in intensive cultures compared to extensive ones. This study suggests that several components of breeding that impact on population structure and dynamics of insectivorous birds will be negatively affected by agricultural intensification. © 2008 by the Ecological Society of America.

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@ARTICLE { GhilainBelisle2008,
    AUTHOR = { Ghilain, A. and Belisle, M. },
    TITLE = { Breeding success of tree swallows along a gradient of agricultural intensification },
    JOURNAL = { Ecological Applications },
    YEAR = { 2008 },
    VOLUME = { 18 },
    PAGES = { 1140-1154 },
    NUMBER = { 5 },
    ABSTRACT = { The intensification of agricultural practices has been identified as the main cause of population decline in farmland birds since the 1960s in both Europe and North America. Although the links between species richness or abundance and various components of agricultural intensification are well established, the mechanisms underlying these trends have rarely been addressed along a gradient of intensification or have been quantified at only one spatial scale. Here we quantified the influence of landscape structure on the nest box occupancy and breeding success of Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) at seven spatial scales (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, and 20 km radii) over a 10200-km2 gradient of agricultural intensification in southern Québec, Canada. A network of 400 nest boxes distributed among 40 farms was visited every two days over three breeding seasons, 2004-2006. Nest box occupancy decreased with the proportion of intensive cultures (maize, cereals, and soybeans) in the landscape, especially when manure heaps and tanks were abundant, and was also determined by local variables (i.e., nest box clearance, interspecific competition) and by previous-year fledging success. Clutch size decreased as the breeding season progressed and with the proportion of intensive cultures in the landscape, with no consistent variation across spatial scales. Hatching success was not related to any landscape variables but increased with clutch size. Both the number of fledglings and fledging probability increased with the proportion of extensive cultures (hayfields, pastures, and fallows). These effects increased with spatial scale and reached a plateau at the 5 km radius: the maximum distance from the nest reached by foraging Tree Swallows. Our results can likely be attributed to lower food availability in intensive cultures compared to extensive ones. This study suggests that several components of breeding that impact on population structure and dynamics of insectivorous birds will be negatively affected by agricultural intensification. © 2008 by the Ecological Society of America. },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 20 November 2009 Source: Scopus CODEN: ECAPE doi: 10.1890/07-1107.1 },
    ISSN = { 10510761 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Agricultural intensification, Breeding success, Brood size, Clutch size, Competition, Fledging success, Landscape structure, Nest box occupancy, Spatial scale, Tachycineta bicolor, Tree Swallows, agricultural intensification, breeding season, brood size, clutch size, fledging, landscape structure, manure, nest box, passerine, population decline, reproductive success, Aves, Glycine max, Tachycineta, Tachycineta bicolor, Zea mays, agriculture, animal, article, breeding, clutch size, physiology, swallow (bird), Agriculture, Animals, Breeding, Clutch Size, Swallows },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2009.11.20 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-55949103173&partnerID=40 },
}

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