Touihri2017198

Référence

Touihri, M., Charfi, F., Villard, M.-A. (2017) Effects of landscape composition and native oak forest configuration on cavity-nesting birds of North Africa. Forest Ecology and Management, 385:198-205. (Scopus )

Résumé

In the Kroumirie ecoregion of northwestern Tunisia, habitat fragmentation and degradation are the main drivers of contemporary landscape change. Continuous native oak forests have been converted into heterogeneous landscapes characterized by small forest fragments surrounded by a scrubby matrix. We examined the response of five species of cavity-nesting birds to these phenomena because they play a keystone role in these forest ecosystems. We quantified the relative effects of landscape composition and the configuration of mature oak forest on the occurrence of the focal species. We hypothesized that the occurrence of all focal species would increase with forest cover, whereas the effects of matrix type and mature forest configuration would be species-specific. For each focal species, we tested a set of 12 candidate models predicting their occurrence. Each model included landscape metrics describing oak forest configuration and landscape composition. We applied multimodel inference and model averaging on generalized linear models. Forest cover at the landscape level was the main driver of species occurrence. Secondary cavity-nesters responded positively to the proportion of oak forest at landscape and local scales, whereas the five focal species responded negatively to the proportion of low scrub. Great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) and Levaillant's woodpecker (Picus vaillantii) responded positively to both forest amount and high scrub, suggesting a landscape complementation process. Lesser spotted woodpecker (D. minor) was the only species responding to forest configuration, possibly as a result of landscape supplementation. High scrub appeared to moderate the contrast between low scrub and forest fragments for primary cavity-nesters. However, it did not influence the occurrence of secondary cavity-nesters (e.g., Atlas flycatcher Ficedula speculgera and short-toed treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla). If an increase in the amount of mature oak forest cannot be achieved over the short term, the maintenance of high scrub around forest fragments and an improvement in the quality of low scrub through the addition of vertical structure should increase the frequency of occurrence of many of our focal species in oak forest of the Mediterranean Basin. © 2016

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@ARTICLE { Touihri2017198,
    AUTHOR = { Touihri, M. and Charfi, F. and Villard, M.-A. },
    TITLE = { Effects of landscape composition and native oak forest configuration on cavity-nesting birds of North Africa },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 385 },
    PAGES = { 198-205 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { In the Kroumirie ecoregion of northwestern Tunisia, habitat fragmentation and degradation are the main drivers of contemporary landscape change. Continuous native oak forests have been converted into heterogeneous landscapes characterized by small forest fragments surrounded by a scrubby matrix. We examined the response of five species of cavity-nesting birds to these phenomena because they play a keystone role in these forest ecosystems. We quantified the relative effects of landscape composition and the configuration of mature oak forest on the occurrence of the focal species. We hypothesized that the occurrence of all focal species would increase with forest cover, whereas the effects of matrix type and mature forest configuration would be species-specific. For each focal species, we tested a set of 12 candidate models predicting their occurrence. Each model included landscape metrics describing oak forest configuration and landscape composition. We applied multimodel inference and model averaging on generalized linear models. Forest cover at the landscape level was the main driver of species occurrence. Secondary cavity-nesters responded positively to the proportion of oak forest at landscape and local scales, whereas the five focal species responded negatively to the proportion of low scrub. Great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) and Levaillant's woodpecker (Picus vaillantii) responded positively to both forest amount and high scrub, suggesting a landscape complementation process. Lesser spotted woodpecker (D. minor) was the only species responding to forest configuration, possibly as a result of landscape supplementation. High scrub appeared to moderate the contrast between low scrub and forest fragments for primary cavity-nesters. However, it did not influence the occurrence of secondary cavity-nesters (e.g., Atlas flycatcher Ficedula speculgera and short-toed treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla). If an increase in the amount of mature oak forest cannot be achieved over the short term, the maintenance of high scrub around forest fragments and an improvement in the quality of low scrub through the addition of vertical structure should increase the frequency of occurrence of many of our focal species in oak forest of the Mediterranean Basin. © 2016 },
    AFFILIATION = { Université de Tunis El Manar, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, UR11-ES11, Unité de recherche de Bio-Ecologie Animale et Systématique Evolutive, Tunis, Tunisia; Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300 Allée des Ursulines, C.P. 3300, succursale A Rimouski, QC, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Forest conservation; Grazing; Habitat fragmentation; Maquis vegetation, Mediterranean Basin; Woodpeckers },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.11.040 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85002662401&doi=10.1016%2fj.foreco.2016.11.040&partnerID=40&md5=0cb6f2850a12ed31d13d45a0cdafd4e9 },
}

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