Pérot20091550

Référence

Perot, A., Villard, M.-A. (2009) Putting density back into the habitat-quality equation: Case study of an open-nesting forest bird. Conservation Biology, 23(6):1550-1557. (Scopus )

Résumé

Ecological traps and other cases of apparently maladaptive habitat selection cast doubt on the relevance of density as an indicator of habitat quality. Nevertheless, the prevalence of these phenomena remains poorly known, and density may still reflect habitat quality in most systems. We examined the relationship between density and two other parameters of habitat quality in an open-nesting passerine species: the Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla). We hypothesized that the average individual bird makes a good decision when selecting its breeding territory and that territory spacing reflects site productivity or predation risk. Therefore, we predicted that density would be positively correlated with productivity (number of young fledged per unit area). Because individual performance is sensitive to events partly determined by chance, such as nest predation, we further predicted density would be weakly correlated or uncorrelated with the proportion of territories fledging young. We collected data in 23 study sites (25 ha each), 16 of which were located in untreated mature northern hardwood forest and seven in stands partially harvested (treated) 1-7 years prior to the survey. Density explained most of the variability in productivity (R2 = 0.73), and there was no apparent decoupling between density and productivity in treated plots. In contrast, there was no significant relationship between density and the proportion of territories fledging ≥1 young over the entire breeding season. These results suggest that density reflects habitat quality at the plot scale in this study system. To our knowledge this is one of the few studies testing the value of territory density as an indicator of habitat quality in an open-nesting bird species on the basis of a relatively large number of sizeable study plots. © 2009 Society for Conservation Biology.

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@ARTICLE { Pérot20091550,
    AUTHOR = { Perot, A. and Villard, M.-A. },
    TITLE = { Putting density back into the habitat-quality equation: Case study of an open-nesting forest bird },
    JOURNAL = { Conservation Biology },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 23 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    PAGES = { 1550-1557 },
    NOTE = { cited By 25 },
    ABSTRACT = { Ecological traps and other cases of apparently maladaptive habitat selection cast doubt on the relevance of density as an indicator of habitat quality. Nevertheless, the prevalence of these phenomena remains poorly known, and density may still reflect habitat quality in most systems. We examined the relationship between density and two other parameters of habitat quality in an open-nesting passerine species: the Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla). We hypothesized that the average individual bird makes a good decision when selecting its breeding territory and that territory spacing reflects site productivity or predation risk. Therefore, we predicted that density would be positively correlated with productivity (number of young fledged per unit area). Because individual performance is sensitive to events partly determined by chance, such as nest predation, we further predicted density would be weakly correlated or uncorrelated with the proportion of territories fledging young. We collected data in 23 study sites (25 ha each), 16 of which were located in untreated mature northern hardwood forest and seven in stands partially harvested (treated) 1-7 years prior to the survey. Density explained most of the variability in productivity (R2 = 0.73), and there was no apparent decoupling between density and productivity in treated plots. In contrast, there was no significant relationship between density and the proportion of territories fledging ≥1 young over the entire breeding season. These results suggest that density reflects habitat quality at the plot scale in this study system. To our knowledge this is one of the few studies testing the value of territory density as an indicator of habitat quality in an open-nesting bird species on the basis of a relatively large number of sizeable study plots. © 2009 Society for Conservation Biology. },
    AFFILIATION = { Chaire de Recherche du Canada en Conservation des Paysages, Département de Biologie, Université de Moncton, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Density-productivity relationship; Ecological traps; Habitat selection; Managed forest landscapes; Neotropical migrant bird conservation; Ovenbird; Seiurus aurocapilla },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01272.x },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-70450235202&doi=10.1111%2fj.1523-1739.2009.01272.x&partnerID=40&md5=af9b57c30f9147719dfbc56b0445bfeb },
}

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