LavoieSirois1998

Référence

Lavoie, L. and Sirois, L. (1998) Vegetation changes caused by recent fires in the northern boreal forest of eastern Canada. Journal of Vegetation Science, 9(4):483-492. (Scopus )

Résumé

From 1980-1989, fires burned 32 440 km<sup>2</sup> of boreal forest, 200 km south of the forest-tundra border in northern Quebec, Canada. An assessment of the impact of fire on tree population densities was carried out by comparing the number of Pinus banksiana and Picea mariana in 83 sites before and after the sites burned in 1981, 1983, 1988 or 1989. Age structure analysis of post-fire populations burned in 1972, 1976 and 1983, along with the rapid exhaustion of the seed bank from burned trees, suggest that the majority of seedlings were established within 3 to 10 yr after fire. Consequently, given the absence of nearby living seed bearers, little (if any) further recruitment can be expected in the even-aged, regenerating populations. According to the tree density comparison (pre-fire vs post-fire), a shift from Picea- to Pinus-dominated communities occurred in most of the sites burned in 1981 or 1983, and in some of the sites burned in 1988 or 1989. The 1988 fire reduced the tree population density by 95% in 10 of the 15 sites; total tree density decreased by at least 75% in 28 out of 40 sites burned in 1989. This suggests that the areas burned in 1988 and 1989 will mainly regenerate as very open forests or lichen-heath communities that are more commonly found in the forest-tundra zone, north of the study area. Fire intensity, short fire interval, and unfavorable climate during and after fires are three plausible mechanisms associated with these post-fire vegetation changes.

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@ARTICLE { LavoieSirois1998,
    AUTHOR = { Lavoie, L. and Sirois, L. },
    TITLE = { Vegetation changes caused by recent fires in the northern boreal forest of eastern Canada },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Vegetation Science },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 9 },
    PAGES = { 483-492 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { From 1980-1989, fires burned 32 440 km<sup>2</sup> of boreal forest, 200 km south of the forest-tundra border in northern Quebec, Canada. An assessment of the impact of fire on tree population densities was carried out by comparing the number of Pinus banksiana and Picea mariana in 83 sites before and after the sites burned in 1981, 1983, 1988 or 1989. Age structure analysis of post-fire populations burned in 1972, 1976 and 1983, along with the rapid exhaustion of the seed bank from burned trees, suggest that the majority of seedlings were established within 3 to 10 yr after fire. Consequently, given the absence of nearby living seed bearers, little (if any) further recruitment can be expected in the even-aged, regenerating populations. According to the tree density comparison (pre-fire vs post-fire), a shift from Picea- to Pinus-dominated communities occurred in most of the sites burned in 1981 or 1983, and in some of the sites burned in 1988 or 1989. The 1988 fire reduced the tree population density by 95% in 10 of the 15 sites; total tree density decreased by at least 75% in 28 out of 40 sites burned in 1989. This suggests that the areas burned in 1988 and 1989 will mainly regenerate as very open forests or lichen-heath communities that are more commonly found in the forest-tundra zone, north of the study area. Fire intensity, short fire interval, and unfavorable climate during and after fires are three plausible mechanisms associated with these post-fire vegetation changes. },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996): 39 Export Date: 10 February 2010 Source: Scopus CODEN: JVESE },
    ISSN = { 11009233 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Black spruce, Climate-fire interaction, Deforestation, Jack Pine, Picea mariana, Pinus banksiana, Post-fire regeneration, Picea mariana, Pinus banksiana },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2010.02.10 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0031795656&partnerID=40&md5=0f5fa2388747c871cfdf8e01335d9448 },
}

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