ThiffaultChalifourBelanger2013

Référence

Thiffault, N., Chalifour, D., Belanger, L. (2013) Enrichment planting of Picea glauca in boreal mixedwoods: Can localized site preparation enhance early seedling survival and growth? New Forests, 44(4):533-546. (Scopus )

Résumé

Conserving forest biodiversity has become a significant global concern. A change in forest composition, compared to pre-industrial values, is an important biodiversity issue. In this regard, there is a significant decrease in Picea glauca densities at the landscape level in boreal mixedwoods of northeastern Canada, compared to pre-industrial abundance. Enrichment planting is considered a promising silvicultural approach for improving P. glauca stocking and re-establishing its natural co-dominance with Abies balsamea. However, optimal enrichment scenarios must be identified, notably regarding site preparation treatments that can enhance planted seedling survival and growth while protecting Abies advance regeneration. We established a field trial in Quebec (Canada), laid out as a complete block split-plot design. Picea glauca and P. mariana seedlings (main plot) were planted according to 3 "microsite" treatments (subplot): (1) planting in the humus layer; (2) planting in the mineral soil, with minimal humus disturbance; and (3) planting in a microsite mechanically-prepared using modified brushsaws. After 3 growing seasons, P. mariana seedlings were taller than P. glauca seedlings, but had smaller ground-level diameters. Seedlings planted in the mineral soil had overcome the initial height difference they had with seedlings planted in the humus and mechanically-prepared microsites, with no interaction with species. Ground-level diameter was similar for seedlings planted in the humus and mechanically-prepared microsites, but smaller for seedlings planted in the mineral soil. Water potentials, available light, and foliar nutrient concentrations were not influenced by treatments or species; survival was >90 %. Our results indicate that P. glauca can be established through enrichment planting in boreal mixedwoods. Localized site preparation is not required to limit initial plantation stress in this ecosystem. © 2013 Crown Copyright as represented by the Government of Québec, Ministry of Natural Resources.

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@ARTICLE { ThiffaultChalifourBelanger2013,
    AUTHOR = { Thiffault, N. and Chalifour, D. and Belanger, L. },
    TITLE = { Enrichment planting of Picea glauca in boreal mixedwoods: Can localized site preparation enhance early seedling survival and growth? },
    JOURNAL = { New Forests },
    YEAR = { 2013 },
    VOLUME = { 44 },
    PAGES = { 533-546 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { Conserving forest biodiversity has become a significant global concern. A change in forest composition, compared to pre-industrial values, is an important biodiversity issue. In this regard, there is a significant decrease in Picea glauca densities at the landscape level in boreal mixedwoods of northeastern Canada, compared to pre-industrial abundance. Enrichment planting is considered a promising silvicultural approach for improving P. glauca stocking and re-establishing its natural co-dominance with Abies balsamea. However, optimal enrichment scenarios must be identified, notably regarding site preparation treatments that can enhance planted seedling survival and growth while protecting Abies advance regeneration. We established a field trial in Quebec (Canada), laid out as a complete block split-plot design. Picea glauca and P. mariana seedlings (main plot) were planted according to 3 "microsite" treatments (subplot): (1) planting in the humus layer; (2) planting in the mineral soil, with minimal humus disturbance; and (3) planting in a microsite mechanically-prepared using modified brushsaws. After 3 growing seasons, P. mariana seedlings were taller than P. glauca seedlings, but had smaller ground-level diameters. Seedlings planted in the mineral soil had overcome the initial height difference they had with seedlings planted in the humus and mechanically-prepared microsites, with no interaction with species. Ground-level diameter was similar for seedlings planted in the humus and mechanically-prepared microsites, but smaller for seedlings planted in the mineral soil. Water potentials, available light, and foliar nutrient concentrations were not influenced by treatments or species; survival was >90 %. Our results indicate that P. glauca can be established through enrichment planting in boreal mixedwoods. Localized site preparation is not required to limit initial plantation stress in this ecosystem. © 2013 Crown Copyright as represented by the Government of Québec, Ministry of Natural Resources. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 2 July 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: NEFOE :doi 10.1007/s11056-012-9361-5 },
    ISSN = { 01694286 (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { Boreal mixedwoods, Ecosystem-based management, Microsite, Reforestation, Silviculture, White spruce },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2013.07.02 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84879201793&partnerID=40&md5=1e98bedc9c6c845f373db9f0b90ba8f6 },
}

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