MacVicarParrottRoy2006

Référence

MacVicar, B. J., Parrott, L. and Roy, A.G. (2006) A two-dimensional discrete particle model of gravel bed river systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 111(F3):-.

Résumé

The formation of bed forms in gravel bed rivers acts as a control on stream ecology and the response of rivers to floods. Available models do not reproduce the range of observed bed forms and do not consider interactions between the bed and flow hydraulics. The model presented here considers a gravel bed river as a complex system in which sediment clasts are represented as discrete elements. Simple and local rules describe the sediment and flow dynamics. Using a trimodal sediment distribution, irregular forms that scale with particle diameter develop without explicit feedback mechanisms because of the tendency of large particles to roll along the bed surface and collect into chains. Feedback mechanisms such as imbrication increase the effective entrainment threshold of groups of large particles and increase the stability of these imbricate forms. A second type of bed form is associated with saltating grains and emerges where particles are transported at a preferred distance. The development and maintenance of larger-scale bed forms require feedback between the bed and flow properties. By allowing mean velocity to adjust to bed morphology and considering the effect of acceleration on turbulence generation and mean velocity profiles we demonstrate the emergence of forms similar in morphology to gravel sheets, dunes, and riffle pools. The model is best used to complement field-based studies and is suitable for testing hypotheses of streambed behavior.

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@ARTICLE { MacVicarParrottRoy2006,
    AUTHOR = { MacVicar, B. J. and Parrott, L. and Roy, A.G. },
    TITLE = { A two-dimensional discrete particle model of gravel bed river systems },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 111 },
    PAGES = { - },
    NUMBER = { F3 },
    NOTE = { 078KF Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:89 },
    ABSTRACT = { The formation of bed forms in gravel bed rivers acts as a control on stream ecology and the response of rivers to floods. Available models do not reproduce the range of observed bed forms and do not consider interactions between the bed and flow hydraulics. The model presented here considers a gravel bed river as a complex system in which sediment clasts are represented as discrete elements. Simple and local rules describe the sediment and flow dynamics. Using a trimodal sediment distribution, irregular forms that scale with particle diameter develop without explicit feedback mechanisms because of the tendency of large particles to roll along the bed surface and collect into chains. Feedback mechanisms such as imbrication increase the effective entrainment threshold of groups of large particles and increase the stability of these imbricate forms. A second type of bed form is associated with saltating grains and emerges where particles are transported at a preferred distance. The development and maintenance of larger-scale bed forms require feedback between the bed and flow properties. By allowing mean velocity to adjust to bed morphology and considering the effect of acceleration on turbulence generation and mean velocity profiles we demonstrate the emergence of forms similar in morphology to gravel sheets, dunes, and riffle pools. The model is best used to complement field-based studies and is suitable for testing hypotheses of streambed behavior. },
    KEYWORDS = { load sediment transport riffle-pool sequences open-channel flow self-organization bedload transport computer-simulations stream power turbulence patterns field },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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