RuelQuineMeunierEtAl2000

Référence

Ruel, J.-C., Quine, C.P., Meunier, S. and Suarez, J. (2000) Estimating windthrow risk in balsam fir stands with the ForestGales model. Forestry Chronicle, 76(2):329-337.

Résumé

Balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) forests are inherently Vulnerable to windthrow, especially when silvicultural treatments are applied. During recent years, it has become possible to model windthrow risk based on a good understanding of windthrow mechanics. In the present paper, the British ForestGales model has been adapted for balsam fir with data from a winching study in Quebec, Canada. This model calculates the threshold wind speed required to break or overturn the average tree in a stand and then calculates the probability of exceeding the threshold value. Modifications of the equations predicting crown characteristics and overturning resistance were introduced. The effects of age, site quality, wind exposure, thinning and the creation of new edges were assessed. The estimated critical wind speed for overturning and breakage decreases with age but the probability of damage remains low on sheltered sites. The creation of a new edge leads to an increased probability of damage, especially on exposed, highly productive sites. Thinning alone also increases the probability of damage and the magnitude of the increase varies with age and thinning intensity. On highly productive sheltered sites, the effect of thinning becomes especially important when thinning exceeds 35% of the number of stems or when stand age is greater than 70 years for a 35% thinning intensity. Thinning of new edges was also found to further increase the risk of windthrow on the most sheltered, high quality sites.

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@ARTICLE { RuelQuineMeunierEtAl2000,
    AUTHOR = { Ruel, J.-C. and Quine, C.P. and Meunier, S. and Suarez, J. },
    TITLE = { Estimating windthrow risk in balsam fir stands with the ForestGales model },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry Chronicle },
    YEAR = { 2000 },
    VOLUME = { 76 },
    PAGES = { 329-337 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { Times Cited: 11 },
    ABSTRACT = { Balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) forests are inherently Vulnerable to windthrow, especially when silvicultural treatments are applied. During recent years, it has become possible to model windthrow risk based on a good understanding of windthrow mechanics. In the present paper, the British ForestGales model has been adapted for balsam fir with data from a winching study in Quebec, Canada. This model calculates the threshold wind speed required to break or overturn the average tree in a stand and then calculates the probability of exceeding the threshold value. Modifications of the equations predicting crown characteristics and overturning resistance were introduced. The effects of age, site quality, wind exposure, thinning and the creation of new edges were assessed. The estimated critical wind speed for overturning and breakage decreases with age but the probability of damage remains low on sheltered sites. The creation of a new edge leads to an increased probability of damage, especially on exposed, highly productive sites. Thinning alone also increases the probability of damage and the magnitude of the increase varies with age and thinning intensity. On highly productive sheltered sites, the effect of thinning becomes especially important when thinning exceeds 35% of the number of stems or when stand age is greater than 70 years for a 35% thinning intensity. Thinning of new edges was also found to further increase the risk of windthrow on the most sheltered, high quality sites. },
    KEYWORDS = { SPRUCE BUDWORM OUTBREAKS; WIND-TUNNEL; STABILITY; VULNERABILITY; ONTARIO; DAMAGE; CANADA; QUEBEC; SNOW },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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