ElieRuel2005

Référence

Elie, J.-G. and Ruel, J.-C. (2005) Windthrow hazard modelling in boreal forests of black spruce and jack pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35(11):2655-2663.

Résumé

In this study we compare the mechanical resistance of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) and quantify the effect of species, forest cover type, and soil conditions on tree stability. To measure tree resistance to an applied load, 85 trees were pulled over using a cable and winch system. Predictive equations for the maximum turning moment that a tree can withstand (M-c) were developed with stem mass, and the other factors were used as explanatory variables. The presence of jack pine within the stand negatively affected black spruce resistance. In mixed stands, M-c was significantly influenced by the interaction between tree species and soil type. Jack pine was the only species with significantly lower resistance when grown on shallow and stony soils, which are likely to restrict root development. Black spruce resistance was not affected by soil conditions. Preliminary calculations of critical wind speeds required to cause damage using an adaptation of the ForestGALES model were much lower than those previously published for black spruce.

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@ARTICLE { ElieRuel2005,
    AUTHOR = { Elie, J.-G. and Ruel, J.-C. },
    TITLE = { Windthrow hazard modelling in boreal forests of black spruce and jack pine },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 35 },
    PAGES = { 2655-2663 },
    NUMBER = { 11 },
    NOTE = { Times Cited: 1 },
    ABSTRACT = { In this study we compare the mechanical resistance of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) and quantify the effect of species, forest cover type, and soil conditions on tree stability. To measure tree resistance to an applied load, 85 trees were pulled over using a cable and winch system. Predictive equations for the maximum turning moment that a tree can withstand (M-c) were developed with stem mass, and the other factors were used as explanatory variables. The presence of jack pine within the stand negatively affected black spruce resistance. In mixed stands, M-c was significantly influenced by the interaction between tree species and soil type. Jack pine was the only species with significantly lower resistance when grown on shallow and stony soils, which are likely to restrict root development. Black spruce resistance was not affected by soil conditions. Preliminary calculations of critical wind speeds required to cause damage using an adaptation of the ForestGALES model were much lower than those previously published for black spruce. },
    KEYWORDS = { TREE STABILITY; BALSAM FIR; SITKA SPRUCE; WIND DAMAGE; RESISTANCE; STANDS; TUNNEL; STEMS; RISK; SNOW },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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