GaleanoBousquetThomas2021

Référence

Galeano, E., Bousquet, J., Thomas, B.R. (2021) SNP-based analysis reveals unexpected features of genetic diversity, parental contributions and pollen contamination in a white spruce breeding program. Scientific Reports, 11(1). (Scopus )

Résumé

Accurate monitoring of genetic diversity levels of seedlots and mating patterns of parents from seed orchards are crucial to ensure that tree breeding programs are long-lasting and will deliver anticipated genetic gains. We used SNP genotyping to characterize founder trees, five bulk seed orchard seedlots, and trees from progeny trials to assess pollen contamination and the impact of severe roguing on genetic diversity and parental contributions in a first-generation open-pollinated white spruce clonal seed orchard. After severe roguing (eliminating 65% of the seed orchard trees), we found a slight reduction in the Shannon Index and a slightly negative inbreeding coefficient, but a sharp decrease in effective population size (eightfold) concomitant with sharp increase in coancestry (eightfold). Pedigree reconstruction showed unequal parental contributions across years with pollen contamination levels between 12 and 51% (average 27%) among seedlots, and 7–68% (average 30%) among individual genotypes within a seedlot. These contamination levels were not correlated with estimates obtained using pollen flight traps. Levels of pollen contamination also showed a Pearson’s correlation of 0.92 with wind direction, likely from a pollen source 1 km away from the orchard under study. The achievement of 5% genetic gain in height at rotation through eliminating two-thirds of the orchard thus generated a loss in genetic diversity as determined by the reduction in effective population size. The use of genomic profiles revealed the considerable impact of roguing on genetic diversity, and pedigree reconstruction of full-sib families showed the unanticipated impact of pollen contamination from a previously unconsidered source. © 2021, The Author(s).

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@ARTICLE { GaleanoBousquetThomas2021,
    AUTHOR = { Galeano, E. and Bousquet, J. and Thomas, B.R. },
    JOURNAL = { Scientific Reports },
    TITLE = { SNP-based analysis reveals unexpected features of genetic diversity, parental contributions and pollen contamination in a white spruce breeding program },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    VOLUME = { 11 },
    ABSTRACT = { Accurate monitoring of genetic diversity levels of seedlots and mating patterns of parents from seed orchards are crucial to ensure that tree breeding programs are long-lasting and will deliver anticipated genetic gains. We used SNP genotyping to characterize founder trees, five bulk seed orchard seedlots, and trees from progeny trials to assess pollen contamination and the impact of severe roguing on genetic diversity and parental contributions in a first-generation open-pollinated white spruce clonal seed orchard. After severe roguing (eliminating 65% of the seed orchard trees), we found a slight reduction in the Shannon Index and a slightly negative inbreeding coefficient, but a sharp decrease in effective population size (eightfold) concomitant with sharp increase in coancestry (eightfold). Pedigree reconstruction showed unequal parental contributions across years with pollen contamination levels between 12 and 51% (average 27%) among seedlots, and 7–68% (average 30%) among individual genotypes within a seedlot. These contamination levels were not correlated with estimates obtained using pollen flight traps. Levels of pollen contamination also showed a Pearson’s correlation of 0.92 with wind direction, likely from a pollen source 1 km away from the orchard under study. The achievement of 5% genetic gain in height at rotation through eliminating two-thirds of the orchard thus generated a loss in genetic diversity as determined by the reduction in effective population size. The use of genomic profiles revealed the considerable impact of roguing on genetic diversity, and pedigree reconstruction of full-sib families showed the unanticipated impact of pollen contamination from a previously unconsidered source. © 2021, The Author(s). },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Renewable Resources, 442 Earth Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada; Department of Wood and Forest Sciences, Pavillon Charles-Eugène Marchand, Université Laval, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada },
    ART_NUMBER = { 4990 },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1038/s41598-021-84566-2 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85101945215&doi=10.1038%2fs41598-021-84566-2&partnerID=40&md5=b68edfa66ba2f0af137665e985d05170 },
}

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