YamasakiFylesTitus2002

Référence

Yamasaki, S.H., Fyles, J.W. and Titus, B.D. (2002) Interactions among Kalmia angustifolia, soil characteristics, and the growth and nutrition of black spruce seedlings in two boreal Newfoundland plantations of contrasting fertility. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 32(12):2215-2224.

Résumé

To determine the nature of the negative influence of Kalmia angustifolia L. on black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) seedling growth and foliar nutrient concentrations, the effect of proximity to Kalmia on spruce seedlings was studied on two Kalmia-dominated sites of contrasting soil characteristics in central Newfoundland. Spruce seedlings and the soil at the base of their stems were sampled, and spruce leader length and foliar N and P concentration, as well as various physicochemical soil characteristics, were determined. Path analysis was used to determine the strength of direct and indirect relationships among variables hypothesized to be causally linked. Path diagrams were generated based on current knowledge of nutrient cycling in boreal ecosystems and mechanisms previously hypothesized to account for the influence of Kalmia on black spruce. On the wetter and richer site, proximity to Kalmia was associated with reduced spruce growth and humus extractable NH4-N, suggesting nutrient competition. On the drier and poorer site, results were consistent with a direct negative effect of Kalmia on the N nutrition of spruce. On both sites, we also found evidence for a direct effect of Kalmia on spruce growth that is consistent with allelopathic effects on spruce function.

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@ARTICLE { YamasakiFylesTitus2002,
    AUTHOR = { Yamasaki, S.H. and Fyles, J.W. and Titus, B.D. },
    TITLE = { Interactions among Kalmia angustifolia, soil characteristics, and the growth and nutrition of black spruce seedlings in two boreal Newfoundland plantations of contrasting fertility },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2002 },
    VOLUME = { 32 },
    PAGES = { 2215-2224 },
    NUMBER = { 12 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 11 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Yamasaki, S.H.; De?pt. des Sci. Biologiques; Univ. du Quebec a Montreal; C.P. 8888, succursale Centre-Ville Montre?al, Que. H3B 3H5, Canada; email: s_yamasaki@yahoo.com References: Soils of the Gander Lake Area Newfoundland (1985) Canadian Soil Survey, , Agriculture Canada, St. John's, N.L. Soil Surv. Rep. 8; Bajwa, R., Abuarghub, S., Read, D.J., The biology of mycorrhiza in the Ericaceae: X. The utilization of proteins and the production of proteolytic enzymes by the mycorrhizal endophyte and by mycorrhizal plants (1985) New Phytol., 101, pp. 469-486; Bradley, R.L., Titus, B.D., Fyles, J.W., Nitrogen acquisition and competitive ability of Kalmia angustifolia L., paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) and black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) seedlings grown on different humus forms (1997) Plant Soil, 195, pp. 209-220; Bradley, R.L., Titus, B.D., Preston, C.P., Changes to mineral N cycling and microbial communities in black spruce humus after additions of (NH4)2SO4 and condensed tannins extracted from Kalmia angustifolia and balsam fir (2000) Soil. Biol. Biochem., 32, pp. 1227-1240; Bremner, J.M., Determination of nitrogen in soils by the Kjedahl method (1960) J. Agric. Sci., 55, pp. 11-33; De Montigny, L.E., Weetman, G.F., The effects of ericaceous plants on forest productivity (1990) IUFRO Working Party S1.05-12 Symposium Proceedings: The Silvics and Ecology of Boreal Spruces, pp. 83-90. , 12-17 Aug. 1989, St. John's, N.L. Edited by B.D. Titus, M.B. Lavigne, P.F. Newton, and W.J. Meades. Can. For. Serv. Maritimes For. Cent. Inf. Rep. N-X-271; Damman, A.W.H., Effect of vegetation change on the fertility of a Newfoundland forest site (1971) Ecol. Monogr., 41, pp. 253-270; Desjardins, J.G., Determination of total major and minor elements (1978) Manual on Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, pp. 140-141. , Edited by J.A. McKeague. Canadian Society of Soil Science, Ottawa, Ont; Duncan, O.D., Path analysis: Sociological examples (1966) Am. J. Sociol., 72, pp. 1-16; Gallet, C., Allelopathic potential in bilberry-spruce forests: Influence of phenolic compounds on spruce seedlings (1994) J. Chem. Ecol., 20, pp. 1009-1024; Hall, I.V., Jackson, L.P., Everett, C.F., The biology of Canadian weeds: I. Kalmia angustifolia L. (1973) Can. J. Plant Sci., 53, pp. 865-873; Handley, W.R.C., Mycorrhizal associations and Calluna heathland afforestation (1963) Br. For. Comm. Bull., p. 36; Inderjit, Mallik, A.U., The nature of interference potential of Kalmia angustifolia (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 1899-1904; Kozlowski, T.T., Water supply and tree growth: II. Flooding (1982) For. Abstr., 43, pp. 145-161; Leake, J.R., Read, D.J., The effects of phenolic compounds on nitrogen mobilization by ericoid mycorrhizal systems (1989) Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 29, pp. 225-236; Legendre, P., Legendre, L., (1998) Numerical Ecology. 3rd Ed., , Elsevier, Amsterdam; Lieffers, V.J., Rothwell, R.L., Effects of depth of water table and substrate temperature on root and top growth of Picea mariana and Larix laricina seedlings (1986) Can. J. For. Res., 16, pp. 1202-1206; Mallik, A.U., Allelopathic potential of Kalmia angustifolia to black spruce (Picea mariana) (1987) For. Ecol. Manage., 20, pp. 43-51; Mallik, A.U., Black spruce growth and understory species diversity with and without sheep laurel (2001) Agron. J., 93, pp. 92-98; Mallik, A.U., Zhu, H., Overcoming allelopathic growth inhibition by micorrhizal [sic] inoculation (1995) Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 582, pp. 39-57. , Allelopathy: Organisms, Processes and Applications. Edited by Inderjit, K.M.M. Dakshini, and F.A. Einhellig; McKeague, J.A., (1978) Manual on Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, , Canadian Society of Soil Science, Ottawa, Ont; Nie, N.H., Hull, C.H., Jenkins, J.G., Steinbrenner, K., Bent, D.H., (1975) SPSS - Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. 2nd Ed., , McGraw-Hill, New York; Nilsson, M.C., Ho?gberg, P., Zackrisson, O., Fengyou, W., Allelopathic effects of Empetrum hermaphroditum on the development and nitrogen uptake by roots and mycorrhizae of Pinus silvestris (1993) Can. J. Bot., 71, pp. 620-628; Northup, R.R., Yu, Z., Dahlgren, R.A., Vogt, K.A., Polyphenol control of nitrogen release from pine litter (1995) Nature (London), 377, pp. 227-229; Olsen, O.A., Ecology, morphology and physiology of Kalmia angustifolia L.: Newfoundland Forestry Centre Kalmia Project progress report for 1974 (1975) Can. For. Serv. Maritimes For. Cent. File Rep., p. 112; Peterson, E.B., Inhibition of black spruce primary roots by a water-soluble substance in Kalmia (1965) For. Sci., 11, pp. 473-479; Rice, E.L., (1984) Allelopathy, , Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Fla; Robinson, R.K., The production by roots of Calluna vulgaris of a factor inhibitory to growth of some mycorrhizal fungi (1972) J. Ecol., 60, pp. 219-224; (1985) SAS User's Guide: Statistics, Version 5 Ed., , SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N.C; Schimel, J.P., Van Cleve, K., Cates, R.G., Clausen, T.P., Reichardt, P.B., Effects of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) tannins and low molecular weight phenolics on microbial activity in taiga floodplain soil: Implications for changes in N cycling during succession (1996) Can. J. Bot., 74, pp. 84-90; Shipley, B., Exploratory path analysis with applications in ecology and evolution (1997) Am. Nat., 149, pp. 1113-1138; Skopp, J., Jawson, M.D., Doran, J.W., Steady-state aerobic microbial activity as a function of soil water content (1990) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54, pp. 1619-1625; Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J., (1995) Biometry. 3rd Ed., , Freeman Press, New York; Titus, B.D., Manipulating succession: Theoretical considerations of a non-chemical alternative to vegetation management on rights-of-ways in certain forest ecosystems (1997) Proceedings of the National Meeting of the Expert Committee on Weeds, pp. 149-153. , Edited by P. Comeau and G. Harper. Government of Canada and Province of British Columbia, Forest Practices Branch, Victoria, B.C; Titus, B.D., English, B., Growth response of conifers following control of Kalmia angustifolia L. (1997) Proceedings of the National Meeting of the Expert Committee on Weeds, pp. 141-147. , Edited by P. Comeau and G. Harper. Government of Canada and Province of British Columbia, Forest Practices Branch, Victoria, B.C; Titus, B.D., English, B., Controlling Kalmia with a Vision® + Sylgard® 309 mixture: 5-Year results (2000) Proceedings of the Joint OVMA/AQGV/AVMA Conference, pp. 259-269. , Vegetation Management: New Millenium - New Challenges, 24-27 Oct. 2000, Que?bec, Que. Association que?becoise de gestion de la ve?ge?tation, Montre?al, Que; Titus, B.D., Pike, D.B., Gillespie, R.T., Helleur, R., Zhang, H., Using remote sensing to monitor Kalmia angustifolia encroachment on disturbed forest sites in central Newfoundland (1993) The Scientific Challenge of Our Changing Environment, pp. 12-13. , Edited by J. Hall and M. Wadleigh. Canadian Global Change Program, Ottawa, Ont. Incidental Rep. Ser. IR93-2; Titus, B.D., Sidhu, S.S., Mallik, A.U., A summary of some studies on Kalmia angustifolia L.: A problem species in Newfoundland forestry (1995) Can. For. Serv. Maritimes For. Cent. Inf. 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Manage., 105, pp. 197-207; Zackrisson, O., Nilsson, M.-C., Allelopathic effects by Empetrum hermaphroditum on seed germination of two boreal tree species (1992) Can. J. For. Res., 22, pp. 1310-1319; Zhu, H., Mallik, A.U., Interactions between Kalmia and black spruce: Isolation and identification of allelopathic compounds (1994) J. Chem. Ecol., 20, pp. 407-421. },
    ABSTRACT = { To determine the nature of the negative influence of Kalmia angustifolia L. on black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) seedling growth and foliar nutrient concentrations, the effect of proximity to Kalmia on spruce seedlings was studied on two Kalmia-dominated sites of contrasting soil characteristics in central Newfoundland. Spruce seedlings and the soil at the base of their stems were sampled, and spruce leader length and foliar N and P concentration, as well as various physicochemical soil characteristics, were determined. Path analysis was used to determine the strength of direct and indirect relationships among variables hypothesized to be causally linked. Path diagrams were generated based on current knowledge of nutrient cycling in boreal ecosystems and mechanisms previously hypothesized to account for the influence of Kalmia on black spruce. On the wetter and richer site, proximity to Kalmia was associated with reduced spruce growth and humus extractable NH4-N, suggesting nutrient competition. On the drier and poorer site, results were consistent with a direct negative effect of Kalmia on the N nutrition of spruce. On both sites, we also found evidence for a direct effect of Kalmia on spruce growth that is consistent with allelopathic effects on spruce function. },
    KEYWORDS = { Ecosystems Seed Soils Black spruce Forestry boreal forest growth interspecific competition nutrition silviculture soil fertility soil property weed Canada Kalmia angustifolia Picea mariana },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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